If you've ever been convinced by a salesperson that you truly wanted a product, done something too instinctively, or made choices that seemed entirely out of character, then you've had an idea planted in your mind.
Emotional regulation is the ability to respond to the ongoing demands of experience with the range of emotions in a manner that is socially tolerable and sufficiently flexible to permit spontaneous reactions as well as the ability to delay spontaneous reactions as needed [ 1 ] . It can also be defined as extrinsic and intrinsic processes responsible for monitoring, evaluating, and modifying emotional reactions [ 2 ] . Emotional regulation is a complex process that involves initiating , inhibiting , or modulating one's state or behaviour in a given situation – for example the subjective experience (feelings), cognitive responses (thoughts), emotion-related physiological responses (for example heart rate or hormonal activity), and emotion-related behaviour (bodily actions or expressions). Functionally, emotional regulation can also refer to processes such as the tendency to focus one's attention to a task and the ability to suppress inappropriate behavior under instruction.
Self psychology is a school of psychoanalytic theory and therapy created by Heinz Kohut and developed in the United States at the Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis . Self psychology explains psychopathology as being the result of disrupted or unmet developmental needs. Essential to understanding self psychology are the concepts of empathy , self-object, mirroring, idealising, alter ego/twinship and the tripolar self.
Codependency is defined as a psychological condition or a relationship in which a person is controlled or manipulated by another who is affected with a pathological condition (typically narcissism or drug addiction ); and in broader terms, it refers to the dependence on the needs of, or control of, another. [ 1 ] It also often involves placing a lower priority on one's own needs, while being excessively preoccupied with the needs of others. [ 2 ] Codependency can occur in any type of relationship, including family, work, friendship, and also romantic, peer or community relationships. [ 2 ] Codependency may also be characterized by denial , low self-esteem , excessive compliance , or control patterns. [ 2 ] Narcissists are considered to be natural magnets for the codependent. [ edit ] Development and scope of concept
Narcissism is a generalized personality trait characterized by egotism , vanity , pride , or selfishness .
Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is a form of psychotherapy that was originally developed by Marsha M.
An interpretation of Maslow's hierarchy of needs, represented as a pyramid with the more basic needs at the bottom [ 1 ]
Splitting (also called all-or-nothing thinking in cognitive distortion ) may mean two things: splitting of the mind, and splitting of mental concepts (or black and white thinking ). The latter is thinking purely in extremes (e.g., goodness vs. evil, innocence vs. corruption, victimization vs. oppression, etc.), and can be seen as a developmental stage and as a defense mechanism . In psychoanalysis , there are the concepts of splitting of the self as well as splitting of the ego . This stems from existential insecurity, or instability of one's self-concept .