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This article is a list of the color palettes for notable computer graphics , terminals and video game console hardware. Only a sample and the palette's name are given here. More specific articles are linked from the name of each palette, for the test charts, samples, simulated images, and further technical details (including references). In the past, manufacturers have developed many different display systems in a competitive, non-collaborative basis (with a few exceptions, as the VESA consortium), creating many proprietary, non-standard different instances of display hardware . Often, as with early personal and home computers , a given machine employed its unique display subsystem, with its also unique color palette. Also, software developers had made use of the color abilities of distinct display systems in many different ways.
The following is a list of colors . A number of the color swatches below are taken from domain-specific naming schemes such as X11 or HTML4 . RGB values are given for each swatch because such standards are defined in terms of the sRGB color space . It is not possible to accurately convert many of these swatches to CMYK values because of the differing gamuts of the two spaces, but the color management systems built into operating systems and image editing software attempt such conversions as accurately as possible. The HSV (hue, saturation, value) color space values, also known as HSB (hue, saturation, brightness), and the hex triplets (for HTML web colors ) are also given in the following table. Colors that appear on the web-safe color palette—which includes the sixteen named colors —are noted. [ 1 ] (Those four named colors corresponding to the neutral grays have no hue value, which is effectively ignored—i.e., left blank.)