Annie Leibovitz - American Music. Bruce Weber Official Website. Berenice Abbott Archive. Peter Lik USA - Fine Art Photographer and Luxury Photography. Diane Arbus. Diane Arbus (/diːˈæn ˈɑrbəs/; March 14, 1923 – July 26, 1971) was an American photographer and writer noted for black-and-white square photographs of "deviant and marginal people (dwarfs, giants, transgender people, nudists, circus performers) or of people whose normality seems ugly or surreal". Arbus believed that a camera could be "a little bit cold, a little bit harsh" but its scrutiny revealed the truth; the difference between what people wanted others to see and what they really did see – the flaws. A friend said that Arbus said that she was "afraid ... that she would be known simply as 'the photographer of freaks'", and that phrase has been used repeatedly to describe her. Personal life Diane and Allan Arbus separated in 1958, and were divorced in 1969. Photographic career Death Notable photographs Eddie Carmel, Jewish Giant, taken at Home with His Parents in the Bronx, New York, 1970 Arbus's most well-known individual photographs include:
Eugène Atget. Organ Grinder (1898) Eugène Atget (12 February 1857 – 4 August 1927) was a French flaneur and a pioneer of documentary photography, noted for his determination to document all of the architecture and street scenes of Paris before their disappearance to modernization. Most of his photographs were first published by Berenice Abbott after his death. An inspiration for the surrealists and other artists, his genius was only recognized by a handful of young artists in the last two years of his life, and he did not live to see the wide acclaim his work would eventually receive. Biography Atget's birthplace in Libourne (France) Jean-Eugène-Auguste Atget was born 12 February 1857 in Libourne.
His father, carriage builder Jean-Eugène Atget, died in 1862, and his mother, Clara-Adeline Atget née Hourlier died shortly after. Atget moved to Paris in 1878. Still living in Paris he became an actor with a travelling group, performing in the Paris suburbs and the provinces. Legacy Eugène Atget. (French, 1857-1927) French photographer.
An only child of working-class parents, he was orphaned at an early age and went to sea. Determined to be an actor, he managed to study at the Conservatoire d’Art Dramatique in Paris for a year but was dismissed to finish his military service. Thereafter he acted for several seasons in the provinces but failed to distinguish himself and left the stage. An interest in painting but lack of facility led him to take up photography in the late 1880s.
At this time photography was experiencing unprecedented expansion in both commercial and amateur fields. By 1891 Atget had found a niche in the Parisian artistic community selling to painters photographs of animals, flowers, landscapes, monuments and urban views. The oeuvre demonstrates this variance throughout; while Old Paris was Atget’s main theme, as he worked he occasionally made photographs that seem more picturesque, imaginative or formally inventive than others. Maria Morris Hambourg From Grove Art Online top. George Eastman House Eugene Atget Series. Todd Webb. John Vachon. Family and education Vachon's daughter, Christine Vachon, is a noted independent film producer.
Later years John Vachon's first job at the Farm Security Administration carried the title "assistant messenger. " He was twenty-one, and had come to Washington from his native Minnesota to attend The Catholic University of America. Vachon had no intention of becoming a photographer when he took the position in 1936, but as his responsibilities increased for maintaining the FSA photographic file, his interest in photography grew. By 1937 Vachon had looked enough to want to make photographs himself, and with advice from Ben Shahn he tried out a Leica in and around Washington. The hallmark of this style of photography is the portrayal of people and places encountered on the street, unembellished by the beautifying contrivances used by calendar and public relations photographers. He died in 1975 in New York at age 60. Samples of photography Notes External links
Henri Cartier-Bresson. Henri Cartier-Bresson (August 22, 1908 – August 3, 2004) was a French photographer considered to be the father of photojournalism.
He was an early adopter of 35 mm format, and the master of candid photography. He helped develop the street photography or life reportage style that was coined The Decisive Moment that has influenced generations of photographers who followed. Early life Cartier-Bresson was born in Chanteloup-en-Brie, Seine-et-Marne, France, the oldest of five children. His father was a wealthy textile manufacturer, whose Cartier-Bresson thread was a staple of French sewing kits. He attended École Fénelon, a Catholic school that prepared students to attend Lycée Condorcet.
Studies painting After unsuccessfully trying to learn music, as a boy Cartier-Bresson was introduced to oil painting by his uncle Louis, a gifted painter. Experiments with photography Cartier-Bresson matured artistically in this stormy cultural and political environment. Filmmaking Henri Cartier - Bresson. Martin Munkácsi. Martin Munkácsi (born Mermelstein Márton; 18 May 1896 – 13 July 1963) was a Hungarian photographer who worked in Germany (1928–34) and the United States, where he was based in New York City.
Life and works Munkácsi was a newspaper writer and photographer in Hungary, specializing in sports. At the time, sports action photography could only be done in bright light outdoors. Munkácsi's innovation was to make sports photographs as meticulously composed action photographs, which required both artistic and technical skill. Munkácsi's legendary big break was to happen upon a fatal brawl, which he photographed. More than just sports and fashion, he photographed Berliners, rich and poor, in all their activities. The speed of the modern age and the excitement of new photographic viewpoints enthralled him, especially flying. On 21 March 1933, he photographed the fateful Day of Potsdam, when the aged President Paul von Hindenburg handed Germany over to Adolf Hitler.
Munkácsi's influence Jim Brandenburg Gallery. Alfred Stieglitz. Alfred Stieglitz (January 1, 1864 – July 13, 1946) was an American photographer and modern art promoter who was instrumental over his fifty-year career in making photography an accepted art form.
In addition to his photography, Stieglitz is known for the New York art galleries that he ran in the early part of the 20th century, where he introduced many avant-garde European artists to the U.S. He was married to painter Georgia O'Keeffe. Life Early years (1864–1890) Stieglitz was born in Hoboken, New Jersey, the first son of German-Jewish immigrants Edward Stieglitz (1833–1909) and Hedwig Ann Werner (1845–1922). At that time his father was a lieutenant in the Union Army, but after three years of fighting and earning an officer's salary he was able to buy an exemption from future fighting. This allowed him to stay near home during his first son's childhood, and he played an active role in seeing that he was well-educated. 1886 Self-portrait.
Gordon Parks. Early life Parks was born in Fort Scott, Kansas, the son of Sarah (née Ross) and Jackson Parks. He was the last child born to them.
His father was a farmer who grew corn, beets, turnips, potatoes, collard greens, and tomatoes. They also had a few ducks, chickens, and hogs. He attended a segregated elementary school. The town was too small to afford a separate high school that would facilitate segregation of the secondary school, but blacks were not allowed to play sports or attend school social activities, and they were discouraged from developing any aspirations for higher education. When Parks was eleven years old, three white boys threw him into the Marmaton River, knowing he couldn't swim. His mother died when he was fourteen. In 1929, he briefly worked in a gentlemen's club, the Minnesota Club. Photography career Over the next few years, Parks moved from job to job, developing a freelance portrait and fashion photographer sideline. Film career Writing Gordon Parks - Legends Online.
Berenice Abbott. Berenice Abbott (July 17, 1898 – December 9, 1991), born Bernice Abbott, was an American photographer best known for her black-and-white photography of New York City architecture and urban design of the 1930s.
Youth Abbott was born in Springfield, Ohio and brought up there by her divorced mother. She attended the Ohio State University, but left in early 1918. Europe: Photography and poetry Abbott's subjects were people in the artistic and literary worlds, including French nationals (Jean Cocteau), expatriates (James Joyce), and others just passing through the city. In 1925, Man Ray introduced her to Eugène Atget's photographs. Changing New York Bowery restaurant photograph for Changing New York, 1935.
In early 1929, Abbott visited New York City, ostensibly to find an American publisher for Atget's photographs. Encampment of the unemployed, New York City, 1935. Abbott's project was primarily a sociological study embedded within modernist aesthetic practices. Bernice Abbot Collection. Dorothea Lange. Dorothea Lange (May 26, 1895 – October 11, 1965) was an influential American documentary photographer and photojournalist, best known for her Depression-era work for the Farm Security Administration (FSA).
Lange's photographs humanized the consequences of the Great Depression and influenced the development of documentary photography. Early life Born of second generation German immigrants on May 26, 1895, at 1041 Bloomfield Street, Hoboken, New Jersey, Dorothea Lange was named Dorothea Margaretta Nutzhorn at birth. She dropped her middle name and assumed her mother's maiden name after her father abandoned the family when she was 12 years old, one of two traumatic incidents early in her life. The other was her contraction of polio at age seven which left her with a weakened right leg and a permanent limp. "It formed me, guided me, instructed me, helped me and humiliated me," Lange once said of her altered gait. Career Death and legacy See also Dorothea Lange Collection 1919-1965. Description In the three decades since its acquisition by the Oakland Museum of California, the Dorothea Lange archive has received heavy use by scholars, researchers, and the general public.
The astonishing range of subjects and themes addressed by Lange over a fifty-year career, coupled with her unusual sensitivity and vision, have made her photographs useful for publications and research in a wide variety of disciplines and fields. Background The insightful and compassionate photographs of Dorothea Lange (1895 - 1965) have exerted a profound influence on the development of modern documentary photography.
Lange's concern for people, her appreciation of the ordinary, and the striking empathy she showed for her subjects make her unique among photographers of her day. Restrictions Please contact the Oakland Museum of California Art Department, Dorothea Lange Collection, for any questions regarding copyright. Availability Collection is open for research. Dorothea Lange. (American, 1895-1965) Ansel Adams. Ansel Easton Adams (February 20, 1902 – April 22, 1984) was an American photographer and environmentalist. His black-and-white landscape photographs of the American West, especially Yosemite National Park, have been widely reproduced on calendars, posters, and in books. With Fred Archer, Adams developed the Zone System as a way to determine proper exposure and adjust the contrast of the final print.
The resulting clarity and depth characterized his photographs. Adams primarily used large-format cameras because their high resolution helped ensure sharpness in his images. Adams founded the Group f/64 along with fellow photographers Willard Van Dyke and Edward Weston. Early life Childhood Adams was born in the Western Addition of San Francisco, California, to distinctly upper-class parents Charles Hitchcock Adams and Olive Bray Adams. In 1903, his family moved 2 miles (3 km) west to a new home near the Seacliff neighborhood, just south of the Presidio Army Base. Youth The Ansel Adams Gallery. Picturing the Century : Portfolio: Ansel Adams.