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Modèle de Kolb

Facebook Twitter Réfléchir à son enseignement. 24 mai 2009 par Amaury Daele Parmi les nombreuses façons d’apprendre à enseigner et de développer ses compétences en la matière, il en est une qui reste relativement méconnue.

Réfléchir à son enseignement

Il s’agit de la réflexion personnelle à propos de sa propre façon d’enseigner. En Sciences de l’Education, depuis les travaux de Schön (1983), un large courant de recherche s’est intéressé à la façon dont les enseignant-e-s développent leurs connaissances et leurs compétences en menant une réflexion personnelle rigoureuse et systématique à propos de leur enseignement. En particulier, Kolb (1984) a développé un modèle de l’apprentissage "expérientiel", c’est-à-dire qui se fonde sur l’expérience (professionnelle par exemple) pour aller plus loin dans l’acquisition de connaissances et de compétences. Kolb présente cette forme d’apprentissage dans le schéma suivant: Ce modèle en cycle a pour but de rendre compte de la démarche de questionnement et de réflexion d’un-e enseignant-e à propos de sa pratique.

Like this: The Kolb Model. Researcher and organizational psychologist David Kolb asserts that knowledge results from the interaction between theory and experience.

The Kolb Model

He states that learning takes place in four stages in a cycle that continues the more one learns: This learning cycle shows a model of learning through experience. For complete learning to occur, one must proceed through all four parts of the cycle. As interpreted by educators at Iowa State University, "Experiential learning takes place when a person is involved in an activity, looks back at it critically, determines what was useful or important to remember, and uses this information to perform another activity. " What is important to remember for the purposes of PLA portfolio especially, is that experience alone does not create experiential learning. Kolb finds that there are two dimensions to the learning process: grasping and transforming experience.

People who learn in the Assimilator style grasp experience by thinking/theorizing. Experiential Learning. Kolb's Learning Styles and Experiential Learning Model. Note: While you can start at any of the major themes listed to the left of this screen, you should read the Introduction to get a background of learning styles.

Kolb's Learning Styles and Experiential Learning Model

While VAK may have popularized learning styles, David Kolb, Professor of Organizational Behavior at Case Western Reserve University, is credited with launching the learning styles movement in the early seventies and is perhaps one of the most influential learning models developed. Learning is the process whereby knowledge is created through the transformation of experience. Knowledge results from the combination of grasping experience and transforming it. - Kolb (1984, 41) Kolb proposes that experiential learning has six main characteristics: Learning is best conceived as a process, not in terms of outcomes. Kolb's learning theory sets out four distinct learning styles, which are based on a four-stage learning cycle. Basis of Kolb's Experiential Learning Model Kolb's learning model is based on two continuums that form a quadrant:

Tools. The Learning Style Inventory (LSI) describes the way you learn and how you deal with ideas and day-to-day situations.


We all learn in different ways. This inventory can serve as a stimulus for you to interpret and reflect on the ways you prefer to learn in specific settings. Learning can be described as a cycle made up of four basic processes. The LSI takes you through those processes to give you better understanding of how you learn. Purchase from Hay Group The Kolb Learning Style Inventory 4.0 is the first major revision of the KLSI since 1999 and the third since the original LSI was published in 1971. A new 9 Learning Style Typology. Assessment of Learning Flexibility. An Expanded Personal Report Focused on Improving Learning Effectiveness.

Improved Psychometrics.