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Littérature et journalisme américain

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Technology and jobs: Coming to an office near you. INNOVATION, the elixir of progress, has always cost people their jobs. In the Industrial Revolution artisan weavers were swept aside by the mechanical loom. Over the past 30 years the digital revolution has displaced many of the mid-skill jobs that underpinned 20th-century middle-class life. Typists, ticket agents, bank tellers and many production-line jobs have been dispensed with, just as the weavers were. For those, including this newspaper, who believe that technological progress has made the world a better place, such churn is a natural part of rising prosperity.

Remember Ironbridge Optimism remains the right starting-point, but for workers the dislocating effects of technology may make themselves evident faster than its benefits (see article). Why be worried? Worse, it seems likely that this wave of technological disruption to the job market has only just started. Until now the jobs most vulnerable to machines were those that involved routine, repetitive tasks. No time to be timid. Deep freeze following snowstorm lets up in New York area | 7online. Eyewitness News NEW YORK (WABC) -- Temperatures began to moderate in the New York area Saturday after some of the coldest weather in several years sent the mercury below zero in some areas. By Saturday afternoon, temperatures had returned to the mid-20's after plunging into the single digits Friday night, as the area continued to dig out from this week's snowstorm.

Warming centers opened around the region, homeless shelters saw larger crowds and cities in the New York area are taking special measures to look after those most vulnerable to the cold. Outreach teams were searching New York City streets for homeless people at risk of freezing to death. The weekend will see rising temperatures before another blast of frigid air arrives from the Midwest, where forecasters say cold temperature records will probably be broken Sunday. Temperature predictions include 25 below zero in Fargo, N.D., minus 31 in International Falls, Minn., and 15 below in Indianapolis and Chicago. --- More information: Trial by Twitter - The New Yorker. One Saturday last August, a sixteen year-old girl in West Virginia did something that teen-agers do: she told her parents that she was sleeping at another girl’s house, across the Ohio River, and then, after her mother dropped her off there, she and a few friends headed into the hot summer night to a party.

She brought a bottle of vodka with her, and she used it to spike a slushy that she bought at a gas station on the way to their destination, in a town called Steubenville. At the party, she met up with a sixteen-year-old named Trent Mays, a good-looking, dark-haired football player with whom she’d been flirting by text and tweet. She’d been “talking to him,” a porous term that teen-agers use to refer to a romantic relationship that is unlikely to be exclusive, and can involve spending time together or just courting through social media. A friend of Mays’s named Anthony Craig had also been talking to the girl that summer. About fifty teen-agers were at the party, and no adults.

Getting In - The New Yorker. There was, first of all, that strange initial reluctance to talk about the matter of college at all—a glance downward, a shuffling of the feet, a mumbled mention of Cambridge. “Did you go to Harvard?” I would ask. I had just moved to the United States. I didn’t know the rules. An uncomfortable nod would follow. Don’t define me by my school, they seemed to be saying, which implied that their school actually could define them. And, of course, it did. In 1905, Harvard College adopted the College Entrance Examination Board tests as the principal basis for admission, which meant that virtually any academically gifted high-school senior who could afford a private college had a straightforward shot at attending.

As the sociologist Jerome Karabel writes in “The Chosen” (Houghton Mifflin; $28), his remarkable history of the admissions process at Harvard, Yale, and Princeton, that meritocratic spirit soon led to a crisis. Krueger says that there is one exception to this. Rogue Element - The New Yorker. In June of 2011, Isaac Aguigui and his wife, Deirdre, learned that they were going to have a boy. Aguigui, then twenty years old and a private in the Army, spoke excitedly with friends about becoming a parent. Deirdre, twenty-three and a sergeant, sent her father a text announcing, “It’s a boy,” repeating the final word eight times to punctuate her glee. They picked out a name, Kalvin James, and when Deirdre adopted an orange tabby they named it Hobbes, evoking the comic strip “Calvin and Hobbes.” The two had met in 2009, as cadet candidates at the U.S. Aguigui went to basic training, and then to Fort Huachuca, Arizona, for advanced instruction in military intelligence; Deirdre deployed to Iraq.

In July, when Deirdre was five months pregnant, she complained on Facebook of terrible heartburn. At Deirdre’s funeral, Aguigui was withdrawn, avoiding her parents. Fort Stewart, in southeast Georgia, is the home of the 3rd Infantry Division, which led the invasion of Iraq, in 2003. Britney. Quand elle laisse une équipe de tournage s'installer dans son sillage, deux mois durant, début 2008, la jeune reine de la pop mondiale revient de loin.

Devenue la proie favorite des tabloïds, de démêlés conjugaux en cure de désintoxication, Britney a envie, dit-elle, de montrer "une image vraie d'elle-même" après avoir "perdu son chemin". Face caméra et sans fard, elle entend rétablir sa vérité, au fil d'un entretien au long cours dont aucune question, même celles qui fâchent, ne sera bannie ; en parallèle, elle laisse filmer un pan de son quotidien survolté de mégastar protégée, entourée, assiégée. La star et le système Intelligente entreprise de promo ou réelle volonté de faire le point ? Peu importe. Découvrir au jour le jour cette existence en forme de grand show "à l'américaine" constitue une expérience étonnante en soi, qui se nourrit de la fascination people, mais ne se limite pas à elle.

Why there's no such thing as "Reverse Racism" Tim Wise just wrote a great diary on right wing racism. As usual, though, in the comments some folks started claiming that white folks could be the victims of "racism" too. Even though I thought, from Tim's article, that the impossibility of that was clear, it's a point that's very hard to get across. Coincidentally, an ex-student of mine wrote to me last night and asked me to remind her of my explanation of the impossibility of "Reverse Racism" -- she's in an M.A. program and found herself in a heated argument with some of her peers. So I wrote it down for her and sent it off. I thought, though, that it might be a useful document to post on DailyKos, so here it is... In any discussion of racism and it's alleged "Reverse," it's crucial to start with the definitions of prejudice and discrimination, to lay the foundation for understanding racism in context.

There's a reason these three terms exist, and a very good reason not to conflate them, as I'll demonstrate below. Littérature américaine - Tag. Où va la littérature américaine? ÉTATS-UNIS • Lettre ouverte aux Etats conservateurs. C'est le texte viral du moment aux Etats-Unis. Réapparu peu avant la réélection de Barack Obama le 6 novembre dernier, cette lettre humoristique s'en prend aux Etats républicains et leur intime de faire sécession. L'Amérique progressiste ne s'en porterait que mieux, selon l'auteur anonyme. Courrier international 16 novembre 2012 | Partager : Une lettre satirique adressée aux Etats républicains (Red States) a refait surface sur les réseaux sociaux ces derniers jours. Le message, posté la première fois sur le site américain Craigslist en 2005, est clair : les Etats démocrates veulent se faire la malle.

"Nous ne supportons plus votre attitude digne de l'homme de Néandertal et vos idées politiques, nous avons donc décidé de vous quitter. " La blague ne s'arrête pas là. D'un point de vue économique, les E.S.A n'ont pas trop à sans faire. White House receives secession pleas from all 50 states. A screenshot of the petition for the state of Texas to secede from the U.S.… (We the People ) WASHINGTON -- What began as a small group of citizens voicing their disappointment with President Obama's victory in last week's presidential election has turned into a plea from hundreds of thousands of citizens to have their states be granted independence from the federal government.

The White House has now received secession petitions from all 50 states by citizens requesting that the administration “peacefully grant” them the opportunity to form their own sovereign government. The petitions are created through the Obama administration’s "We The People" initiative, which was launched in 2011 as an effort to give citizens an opportunity to have their voices heard by the administration. PHOTOS: 2016 presidential possibilities To appear on the website, a petition must receive more than 150 signatures.

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San Francisco TI. Mes articles du New Yorker. Mes articles du New York Times. “The Better Angels of Our Nature: Why Violence Has Declined,” by Steven Pinker. Most people, however, think they live in uniquely violent times, a popular misconception that encourages panic. Travelers frightened of terrorism spurn airplanes in favor of much more dangerous cars. Parents worried about sidewalk pedophiles drive children to school and thereby exponentially increase the risks they face.

The world seems violent partly because films, Web sites, video games and music pummel us with images of brutality. Parents cringe when Ice Cube boasts: “I can act like an animal, ain’t nothin’ to it/Gangsta rap made me do it.” Pinker, however, thinks that’s simply hot air — pretend violence has replaced the real thing. The rather unfortunate title of this book will encourage readers to assume that this is another installment in self-help spiritualism encouraging us to befriend our angels.

Statistics, however, also deceive. Pinker’s analysis of the ’60s is equally simplistic. The status quo back then deserved to be toppled. The Weekly Standard | A Weekly Conservative Magazine and Blog of News and Opinion. Ron Paul: The Prophet. Twilight descends in new Hampshire as an old man climbs onto his soapbox. LIBERTY: TOO BIG TO FAIL reads a banner hanging in the jam-packed tent.

He is hardly a commanding figure, but a thousand people chant his name and lean in to listen, ready to follow, as Ron Paul delivers his genre-bending stump speech. There are no focus-grouped slogans, no empty calories: Paul's talk is more like a high-fiber graduate seminar on economic theory, forgotten history and the nooks and crannies of the U.S. Constitution. "The Federal Reserve system and all their members have been counterfeiters for a long time,"... Subscribe Now Get TIME the way you want it One Week Digital Pass — $4.99 Monthly Pay-As-You-Go DIGITAL ACCESS — $2.99 One Year ALL ACCESS — Just $30! To Tweet or Not to Tweet. The economy may be troubled, but one area is thriving: social media. They begin with Facebook and extend through a dizzying array of companies that barely existed five years ago: Twitter, LinkedIn, Groupon, Yammer, Yelp, Flickr, Ning, Digg — and the list goes on.

These companies are mostly private but have attracted the ardent attention of Wall Street and investors, with Facebook now worth a purported $75 billion and Groupon valued at close to $25 billion. There can be little doubt that these companies enrich their founders as well as some investors. But do they add anything to overall economic activity? While jobs in social media are growing fast, there were only about 21,000 listings last spring, a tiny fraction of the 150 million — member U.S. workforce. So do social-media tools enhance productivity or help us bridge the wealth divide? Or are they simply social — entertaining and diverting us but a wash when it comes to national economic health? And that is the rub. The Tyranny of Meritocracy - Megan McArdle - Business. I don't care about income inequality. I care about the absolute condition of the poor--whether they are hungry, cold, and sick. But I do not care about the gap between their incomes, and those of Warren Buffett and Bill Gates.

Nor the ratio of Gates and Buffett's incomes to mine. And I'm not sure why anyone should. Other than pure envy, it's hard to see how I could somehow be made worse off if Bill Gates' income suddenly doubled, but everything else remained the same. But while I do not care about gaps and ratios, I do care about opportunity. It is fine that CEOs earn many times what their workers do--but it is not fine if some are born to be workers, and others to be CEOs.

If you're reading this essay, chances are pretty good that your household income puts you in one of the top two fifths, or that you can expect to be there at age 40. That paragraph captures the essence of the problem--and also, why we may well despair of solving it. Arguably, this is just what they've done. Our Reckless Meritocracy. Amy Chua - The 2011 TIME 100. Amy Chua, 48, started a firestorm when she published her memoir, Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother. When an entire nation reacts so strongly to something, you know you have hit a nerve. And Amy did. She hit us where it hurts, questioning our parenting, our kids' educational achievement and our nation's ability to compete globally in today's world. Unlike the excerpt that appeared in the Wall Street Journal, titled (not by her) "Why Chinese Mothers Are Superior," Amy's book is a nuanced story of how her parenting had to evolve to take into account the differences between her children.

Parenting is hard and humbling for all of us. Few have the guts to parent in public. And by the way, I've met her daughters. Yonder.