Zombie Borders. Spitfire down: The WWII camp where Allies and Germans mixed. 28 June 2011Last updated at 03:50.
World War II: The Holocaust - Alan Taylor - In Focus. One of the most horrific terms in history was used by Nazi Germany to designate human beings whose lives were unimportant, or those who should be killed outright: Lebensunwertes Leben, or "life unworthy of life".
The phrase was applied to the mentally impaired and later to the "racially inferior," or "sexually deviant," as well as to "enemies of the state" both internal and external. From very early in the war, part of Nazi policy was to murder civilians en masse, especially targeting Jews. Later in the war, this policy grew into Hitler's "final solution", the complete extermination of the Jews.
It began with Einsatzgruppen death squads in the East, which killed some 1,000,000 people in numerous massacres, and continued in concentration camps where prisoners were actively denied proper food and health care. A PRIEST BEARS WITNESS. Father Patrick Desbois is on a mission to uncover the mass graves of nearly two million Jews. Sixty years after the Holocaust, time is running out. by Sarah Breger Father Patrick Desbois seldom smiles. Adam Kirsch Reviews Vasily Grossman's "Life And Fate" WRITING THE STORY of the Holocaust is a futile ambition—not because the events of 1939 to 1945 are too horrible to be told, but because they are too various to be compressed into one definitive or representative story.
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Concentration Camp - Magazine. In Germany the words 'protective custody' have a double meaning.
Originally the term meant the incarceration of people who were threatened by others and who were guarded for their own safety so that they might be protected from their enemies. Now, however, men in protective custody are mostly those who are brought, for the 'protection of the people and the State,' into a concentration camp without hearing, without court sentence, without the possibility of redress, and for an indefinite time. Frequently people sentenced by a court are taken into protective custody by the Gestapo after serving their prison sentence, often directly from the prison gate. Such, for example, was the fate of Pastor Niemöller, who, after being released from prison, was taken into the camp Sachsenhausen near Oranienburg, the camp with which we shall be concerned here. He is in solitary confinement there, and I never saw him.
Why an Accidental Holocaust Expert Stopped Teaching About the Final Solution. It should have been a straightforward talk on the impossibility of talking about the Final Solution.
But a funny thing happened on the way to the abyss that night—an event that led me to rethink the place of the Holocaust in modern history. I was giving a guest lecture on the subject of Primo Levi at a synagogue in Houston, presenting Levi’s masterpiece, Survival in Auschwitz, to a crowd of 50 or so. I spoke about the nature of Levi’s experience at Auschwitz: his relationship with fellow prisoners, the camp’s makeshift economy and pecking order, the reasons he thought he survived while so many others died, and the narrative strategies he adopted to describe something that could not be described. Setting the record straight about Jewish mathematicians in Nazi Germany. Mengele’s Skull. It was an unusual coincidence, one that presented a difficult choice. Mossad agent Rafi Eitan described the missed opportunity to an interviewer from Der Spiegel almost fifty years later: In the spring of 1960, as we were planning the arrest of Adolf Eichmann, we learned that [Josef] Mengele was also in Buenos Aires.
Our people checked out the address and it proved to be correct. … There were just 11 of us and we had our hands full dealing with Eichmann. After we had brought Eichmann to the house where we kept him until we flew him out, my boss at the Mossad, Isser Harel, called. He wanted us to arrest Mengele as well, but Mengele had left his home in the meantime. So Eichmann went to Jerusalem, and Mengele remained in South America.
One of Mengele’s fake Brazilian ID cards, acquired by substituting his own photograph over that of Wolfgang Gerhard, an Austrian national living in Brazil. Reinhard Heydrich Biography: The First In-depth Look at a Nazi 'God of Death' - SPIEGEL ONLINE - News - International. The site for the assassination was carefully chosen at a point where a steeply sloping street in Prague's Libe district made a hairpin turn, forcing approaching cars to slow down considerably.
This is precisely what the driver of a heavy convertible Mercedes did as his vehicle climbed toward the curve at approximately 10:30 a.m. on May 27, 1942. Dieser Artikel ist aus dem SPIEGEL Hier geht es zum digitalen Heft. NEVER SURRENDER: THE LONELY WAR OF HIROO ONODA. His home was a dense area of rainforest and he lived on the wild coconuts that grew in abundance.
His principal enemy was the army of mosquitoes that arrived with each new shower of rain. But for Hiroo Onoda there was another enemy - one that remained elusive. Unaware that the Second World War had ended 29 years earlier, he was still fighting a lonely guerrilla war in the jungles of Lubang Island in the Philippines. His story is one of courage, farce and loyalty gone mad. Hiroo Onoda was born to be a soldier. Coco Chanel: Nazi agent? She was one of the most remarkable women of the 20th Century, but Coco Chanel's reputation is again under scrutiny over allegations that she was a Nazi agent in World War II France.
To millions of people around the globe Chanel stands for style, opulence and understated elegance, from haute couture worn by the few to ready-to-wear treasured by the masses. Her achievements are undeniable. Chanel's instantly recognisable suits have been sported by stylistas from the Duchess of Windsor to Carla Bruni-Sarkozy. Hans Litten: The man who annoyed Adolf Hitler. 19 August 2011Last updated at 11:19 By Jon Kelly BBC News Magazine A new drama tells the story of a Jewish lawyer who confronted Hitler 80 years ago - earning the dictator's life-long hatred.
So who was Hans Litten? In the Berlin courtroom, Adolf Hitler's face burned a deep, furious red. The future dictator was not accustomed to this kind of scrutiny. Germania: Hitler's Dream Capital. Ian Kershaw on the Last Days of the Third Reich: 'Hitler's Influence Was Fatal' - SPIEGEL ONLINE - News - International. Why did Japan surrender? For nearly seven decades, the American public has accepted one version of the events that led to Japan’s surrender.
By the middle of 1945, the war in Europe was over, and it was clear that the Japanese could hold no reasonable hope of victory. After years of grueling battle, fighting island to island across the Pacific, Japan’s Navy and Air Force were all but destroyed. The production of materiel was faltering, completely overmatched by American industry, and the Japanese people were starving. A full-scale invasion of Japan itself would mean hundreds of thousands of dead GIs, and, still, the Japanese leadership refused to surrender. But in early August 66 years ago, America unveiled a terrifying new weapon, dropping atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
The forgotten history of Pearl Harbor. In a straight line between the US and Japan, Hawaii is the first piece of land due west of San Francisco. In 1941 its shallow-water port, Pearl Harbor, provided the best place to anchor in the whole Pacific. There, at 7.49am (local time) on 7 December of that year, a first wave of torpedo bombers began to destroy the US Pacific Fleet.
A special report.; Japan Confronting Gruesome War Atrocity. By NICHOLAS D. KRISTOFPublished: March 17, 1995 He is a cheerful old farmer who jokes as he serves rice cakes made by his wife, and then he switches easily to explaining what it is like to cut open a 30-year-old man who is tied naked to a bed and dissect him alive, without anesthetic. From Dictatorship to Democracy: The Role Ex-Nazis Played in Early West Germany - SPIEGEL ONLINE - News - International. Ten days before Christmas, the German Interior Ministry acquitted itself of an embarrassing duty. It published a list of all former members of the German government with a Nazi past. The Left Party's parliamentary group had forced the government to come clean about Germany's past by submitting a parliamentary inquiry. Stalin & Hitler: Mass Murder by Starvation by Timothy Snyder. Poker Lessons From Richelieu. Armand-Jean du Plessis, better known to history as Cardinal Richelieu (1585–1642), spent most of his career contending for and then exercising control over a deeply divided, indebted, and dysfunctional superpower.
His country’s politics were vicious, and its government paralyzingly complex. In short, if he were dropped into Washington today, he might feel right at home. The Aftermath of Mountain Meadows. 1911, The Other Revolution. Photo by Gregory Jordan. Beijing’s underground system, hastily expanded for the 2008 Olympics, is spacious and modern.
Its trains move so quietly that the ringing of mobile phones and the shouted conversations that ensue almost drown them out. Peremptory public announcements order passengers to Stand Back! China 1911: The Birth of China's Tragedy. Jonathan Fenby argues that the failings of China's 1911 revolution heralded decades of civil conflict, occupation and suffering for the Chinese people. Chinese rebel leaders Liu Fuji (left) and Peng Chufan were arrested and beheaded early on October 10th. The Most Terrible Polar Exploration Ever: Douglas Mawson's Antarctic Journey. Amelia Earhart: New evidence tells of her last days on a Pacific atoll. For decades, pioneer aviator Amelia Earhart was said to have “disappeared” over the Pacific on her quest to circle the globe along a 29,000-mile equatorial route.
Skip to next paragraph. Edison vs. Westinghouse: A Shocking Rivalry. Agent Orange, by Lam Yik Fei. News Desk: A Reporter’s Lawyer. My lawyer died last week. His name was Michael Nussbaum, of Washington, D.C. He was seventy-six years old and Stage 4 lung cancer got him after a brave two-year struggle. He was survived by his wife, Gloria Weissberg, and her two daughters. The FBI and Martin Luther King - Magazine. Martin Luther King was never himself a Communist—far from it. Hendrik Hertzberg: King Day (I): Quote Unquote. The unfortunate Martin Luther King, Jr., Memorial in Washington—as unequal to its subject as Maya Lin’s magnificently somber Vietnam War memorial is worthy of its—has gotten a little taste of the comeuppance it deserves. “The Drum Major Instinct"** Civil Rights and Black Identity.
Fifty years ago today, Martin Luther King wrote this landmark missive. The Media Made Malcolm X. The Gorbachev Files: Secret Papers Reveal Truth Behind Soviet Collapse - SPIEGEL ONLINE - News - International. And when did we know it? A question for the genocide deniers. Genocide without corpses. Mladic and the piano player. Murder in Tibet's High Places.