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Zombie Borders. Spitfire down: The WWII camp where Allies and Germans mixed. 28 June 2011Last updated at 03:50 An attempt to recover a Spitfire from a peat bog in Donegal will highlight the peculiar story of the men - both British and German - who spent much of World War II in relative comfort in neighbouring camps in Dublin, writes historian Dan Snow.

Spitfire down: The WWII camp where Allies and Germans mixed

In Northern Ireland in 1941, a routine Sunday afternoon sortie by a pilot flying one of Britain's Spitfire fighters runs into difficulties. Returning to base after flying "top-cover" for maritime convoys off the coast of Donegal, the Rolls Royce Merlin engine overheats and fails. World War II: The Holocaust - Alan Taylor - In Focus. One of the most horrific terms in history was used by Nazi Germany to designate human beings whose lives were unimportant, or those who should be killed outright: Lebensunwertes Leben, or "life unworthy of life".

World War II: The Holocaust - Alan Taylor - In Focus

The phrase was applied to the mentally impaired and later to the "racially inferior," or "sexually deviant," as well as to "enemies of the state" both internal and external. From very early in the war, part of Nazi policy was to murder civilians en masse, especially targeting Jews. Later in the war, this policy grew into Hitler's "final solution", the complete extermination of the Jews. It began with Einsatzgruppen death squads in the East, which killed some 1,000,000 people in numerous massacres, and continued in concentration camps where prisoners were actively denied proper food and health care. A PRIEST BEARS WITNESS. Father Patrick Desbois is on a mission to uncover the mass graves of nearly two million Jews. Sixty years after the Holocaust, time is running out. by Sarah Breger Father Patrick Desbois seldom smiles. Adam Kirsch Reviews Vasily Grossman's "Life And Fate" WRITING THE STORY of the Holocaust is a futile ambition—not because the events of 1939 to 1945 are too horrible to be told, but because they are too various to be compressed into one definitive or representative story.

Adam Kirsch Reviews Vasily Grossman's "Life And Fate"

The 6 million Jews murdered by the Nazis came from every part of Europe, from every social class and profession and age group, from every point on the spectrum of Jewish life between militant atheism and traditional piety. All these stories had a similar ending—but then, so do all human stories, and the monotony of death does not annul the immense multiplicity of life.

Inevitably, however, we tend to create a generic Holocaust narrative out of the tales we hear most often, and find most easy to identify with. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Concentration Camp - Magazine. In Germany the words 'protective custody' have a double meaning.

Concentration Camp - Magazine

Originally the term meant the incarceration of people who were threatened by others and who were guarded for their own safety so that they might be protected from their enemies. Now, however, men in protective custody are mostly those who are brought, for the 'protection of the people and the State,' into a concentration camp without hearing, without court sentence, without the possibility of redress, and for an indefinite time. Frequently people sentenced by a court are taken into protective custody by the Gestapo after serving their prison sentence, often directly from the prison gate. Such, for example, was the fate of Pastor Niemöller, who, after being released from prison, was taken into the camp Sachsenhausen near Oranienburg, the camp with which we shall be concerned here. He is in solitary confinement there, and I never saw him. Why an Accidental Holocaust Expert Stopped Teaching About the Final Solution. It should have been a straightforward talk on the impossibility of talking about the Final Solution.

Why an Accidental Holocaust Expert Stopped Teaching About the Final Solution

But a funny thing happened on the way to the abyss that night—an event that led me to rethink the place of the Holocaust in modern history. I was giving a guest lecture on the subject of Primo Levi at a synagogue in Houston, presenting Levi’s masterpiece, Survival in Auschwitz, to a crowd of 50 or so. I spoke about the nature of Levi’s experience at Auschwitz: his relationship with fellow prisoners, the camp’s makeshift economy and pecking order, the reasons he thought he survived while so many others died, and the narrative strategies he adopted to describe something that could not be described.

Setting the record straight about Jewish mathematicians in Nazi Germany. Mengele’s Skull. It was an unusual coincidence, one that presented a difficult choice. Mossad agent Rafi Eitan described the missed opportunity to an interviewer from Der Spiegel almost fifty years later: In the spring of 1960, as we were planning the arrest of Adolf Eichmann, we learned that [Josef] Mengele was also in Buenos Aires.

Our people checked out the address and it proved to be correct. … There were just 11 of us and we had our hands full dealing with Eichmann. After we had brought Eichmann to the house where we kept him until we flew him out, my boss at the Mossad, Isser Harel, called. He wanted us to arrest Mengele as well, but Mengele had left his home in the meantime. So Eichmann went to Jerusalem, and Mengele remained in South America. One of Mengele’s fake Brazilian ID cards, acquired by substituting his own photograph over that of Wolfgang Gerhard, an Austrian national living in Brazil.

Reinhard Heydrich Biography: The First In-depth Look at a Nazi 'God of Death' - SPIEGEL ONLINE - News - International. The site for the assassination was carefully chosen at a point where a steeply sloping street in Prague's Libe district made a hairpin turn, forcing approaching cars to slow down considerably.

Reinhard Heydrich Biography: The First In-depth Look at a Nazi 'God of Death' - SPIEGEL ONLINE - News - International

This is precisely what the driver of a heavy convertible Mercedes did as his vehicle climbed toward the curve at approximately 10:30 a.m. on May 27, 1942. Dieser Artikel ist aus dem SPIEGEL Hier geht es zum digitalen Heft Neu:Lesen Sie den vollständigen SPIEGEL auf Tablets, Smartphones oder am PC/MACMit vielen zusätzlichen Videos, interaktiven Grafiken und BildernLesbar über Apps oder Browser. NEVER SURRENDER: THE LONELY WAR OF HIROO ONODA. His home was a dense area of rainforest and he lived on the wild coconuts that grew in abundance.


His principal enemy was the army of mosquitoes that arrived with each new shower of rain. But for Hiroo Onoda there was another enemy - one that remained elusive. Unaware that the Second World War had ended 29 years earlier, he was still fighting a lonely guerrilla war in the jungles of Lubang Island in the Philippines. His story is one of courage, farce and loyalty gone mad. Hiroo Onoda was born to be a soldier. Their mission was to destroy the island’s little airstrip and port facilities. ‘You are absolutely forbidden to die by your own hand…’ read Onoda’s military order.

Coco Chanel: Nazi agent? She was one of the most remarkable women of the 20th Century, but Coco Chanel's reputation is again under scrutiny over allegations that she was a Nazi agent in World War II France.

Coco Chanel: Nazi agent?

To millions of people around the globe Chanel stands for style, opulence and understated elegance, from haute couture worn by the few to ready-to-wear treasured by the masses. Her achievements are undeniable. Chanel's instantly recognisable suits have been sported by stylistas from the Duchess of Windsor to Carla Bruni-Sarkozy. Jackie Kennedy was wearing a pink version when JFK was assassinated in Dallas in 1963. Hans Litten: The man who annoyed Adolf Hitler. 19 August 2011Last updated at 11:19 By Jon Kelly BBC News Magazine A new drama tells the story of a Jewish lawyer who confronted Hitler 80 years ago - earning the dictator's life-long hatred.

Hans Litten: The man who annoyed Adolf Hitler

So who was Hans Litten? In the Berlin courtroom, Adolf Hitler's face burned a deep, furious red. The future dictator was not accustomed to this kind of scrutiny. Germania: Hitler's Dream Capital. Albert Speer’s plan to transform Berlin into the capital of a 1,000-year Reich would have created a vast monument to misanthropy, as Roger Moorhouse explains. Albert Speer presents Hitler with a model of the German Pavilion designed for the World's Fair in Paris, 1937. Mary Evans Picture LibraryIn 1937 Hitler’s architect Albert Speer was given the task of transforming Berlin from the sprawling metropolis that it was into Germania, the gleaming new capital of a Greater German ‘World Empire’, the centrepiece of the civilised world.

It was a vast undertaking. Ian Kershaw on the Last Days of the Third Reich: 'Hitler's Influence Was Fatal' - SPIEGEL ONLINE - News - International. SPIEGEL: Professor Kershaw, you have spent the last three years studying the collapse of Nazi Germany.

Ian Kershaw on the Last Days of the Third Reich: 'Hitler's Influence Was Fatal' - SPIEGEL ONLINE - News - International

In the end, are we left to shake our heads in amazement at the absurdity of the final phase, or do you, as a historian, also feel something akin to admiration for the perseverance of the Germans? Kershaw: The head-shaking predominates, at any rate. I'm convinced that we English would have given up much earlier. It's certainly unusual for a country to continue fighting to the point of complete self-destruction. Why did Japan surrender? For nearly seven decades, the American public has accepted one version of the events that led to Japan’s surrender. By the middle of 1945, the war in Europe was over, and it was clear that the Japanese could hold no reasonable hope of victory. After years of grueling battle, fighting island to island across the Pacific, Japan’s Navy and Air Force were all but destroyed.

The production of materiel was faltering, completely overmatched by American industry, and the Japanese people were starving. A full-scale invasion of Japan itself would mean hundreds of thousands of dead GIs, and, still, the Japanese leadership refused to surrender. But in early August 66 years ago, America unveiled a terrifying new weapon, dropping atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The forgotten history of Pearl Harbor. In a straight line between the US and Japan, Hawaii is the first piece of land due west of San Francisco. In 1941 its shallow-water port, Pearl Harbor, provided the best place to anchor in the whole Pacific. There, at 7.49am (local time) on 7 December of that year, a first wave of torpedo bombers began to destroy the US Pacific Fleet. A special report.; Japan Confronting Gruesome War Atrocity. By NICHOLAS D. From Dictatorship to Democracy: The Role Ex-Nazis Played in Early West Germany - SPIEGEL ONLINE - News - International.

Ten days before Christmas, the German Interior Ministry acquitted itself of an embarrassing duty. Stalin & Hitler: Mass Murder by Starvation by Timothy Snyder. Poker Lessons From Richelieu. Armand-Jean du Plessis, better known to history as Cardinal Richelieu (1585–1642), spent most of his career contending for and then exercising control over a deeply divided, indebted, and dysfunctional superpower. His country’s politics were vicious, and its government paralyzingly complex. In short, if he were dropped into Washington today, he might feel right at home. The Aftermath of Mountain Meadows. 1911, The Other Revolution. Photo by Gregory Jordan. Beijing’s underground system, hastily expanded for the 2008 Olympics, is spacious and modern.

Its trains move so quietly that the ringing of mobile phones and the shouted conversations that ensue almost drown them out. Peremptory public announcements order passengers to Stand Back! China 1911: The Birth of China's Tragedy. The Most Terrible Polar Exploration Ever: Douglas Mawson's Antarctic Journey. Amelia Earhart: New evidence tells of her last days on a Pacific atoll. For decades, pioneer aviator Amelia Earhart was said to have “disappeared” over the Pacific on her quest to circle the globe along a 29,000-mile equatorial route.

Skip to next paragraph. Edison vs. Westinghouse: A Shocking Rivalry. Agent Orange, by Lam Yik Fei. Agent Orange. News Desk: A Reporter’s Lawyer. My lawyer died last week. His name was Michael Nussbaum, of Washington, D.C. He was seventy-six years old and Stage 4 lung cancer got him after a brave two-year struggle. He was survived by his wife, Gloria Weissberg, and her two daughters. The FBI and Martin Luther King - Magazine. Martin Luther King was never himself a Communist—far from it. Hendrik Hertzberg: King Day (I): Quote Unquote. “The Drum Major Instinct"** Civil Rights and Black Identity. The Media Made Malcolm X. The Gorbachev Files: Secret Papers Reveal Truth Behind Soviet Collapse - SPIEGEL ONLINE - News - International. And when did we know it? A question for the genocide deniers.

Genocide without corpses. Mladic and the piano player. Murder in Tibet's High Places.