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Being philosophical about crowdsourced geographic information | Geo: Geography and Environment. By Renée Sieber (McGill University, Canada) and Muki Haklay (University College London, UK) Our recent paper, The epistemology(s) of volunteered geographic information: a critique, started from a discussion we had about changes within the geographic information science (GIScience) research communities over the past two decades. We’ve both been working in the area of participatory geographic information systems (GIS) and critical studies of geographic information science (GIScience) since the late 1990s, where we engaged with people from all walks of life with the information that is available in GIS. Many times we’d work together with people to create new geographic information and maps.

Our goal was to help reflect their point of view of the world and their knowledge about local conditions, not always aim for universal rules and principles. Participatory Mapping in Hackney Wick, London, 2007 About the authors: Renée E. Like this: Like Loading... La «smart city» n’est pas si «smart» que ça. Au vu de ce méga test de QI urbain, l’Europe ne compterait en tout et pour tout que six surdouées présentant la caractéristique d’être dotées d'une «politique ou d'une stratégie de ville intelligente»: Amsterdam, Barcelone, Copenhague, Helsinki, Manchester et Vienne. Sur un échantillon constitué des 468 plus grandes villes européennes analysées, pas de quoi pavoiser. Ni pour l’Europe, ni a fortiori pour la France. Heureusement, Lyon, classée dixième, sauve l’honneur.

Cette place honorable ne doit rien au hasard. Ces dernières années, la capitale des Gaules a mis les bouchées doubles. Appellation fourre-tout Mais, au fait, que faut-il entendre par «smart city»? Bien sûr, le palmarès des smart cities françaises hisse, lui aussi, la mobilité au rang de priorité. On pourrait égrener à l’infini les variations conceptuelles de la smart city À la limite peu importe. Lyon n’est pas un cas isolé. Logique d’empilement sans cohérence d’ensemble Partenaires très privilégiés Que de la com’? » Demain, la ville collaborative. Minecraft City ; Copyright : hobbymb Aux prémisses, la ville 2.0 Le sujet n’est pas vraiment nouveau, du moins sur le papier. A la fin des années 2000 – ce qui représente une éternité dans le monde de la prospective -, quelques sociologues et urbanistes avaient flairé l’émergence d’une “ville 2.0”, en référence à l’émergence des pratiques collaboratives sur Internet : blogs, Wikipedia, cartographies, etc.

Cette ville 2.0, “complexe et familière” selon le titre d’un ouvrage de Fabien Eychenne, préfigurait déjà les fondations d’un urbanisme “collaboratif”, dans lequel seraient intégrées les doléances et propositions des habitants. L’essor de la ville intelligente a acheté ce mouvement, en rendant la question du numérique encore plus prégnante dans nos villes contemporaines. Mais à dire vrai, l’urbanisme collaboratif n’est pas proprement lié au numérique. La co-construction numérique, tâtonnements réjouissants Et bientôt, la “wiki-construction” ? Pour aller plus loin :

Mobil2040 - Le crowdsourcing dans le domaine de la mobilité et du transport. Le crowdsourcing est la traduction littérale de « approvisionnement par la foule ». L’un des exemples les plus connus de crowdsourcing est l’encyclopédie Wikipédia. Mais, il existe également de plus en plus d’applications en matière de transports et de mobilité. Que ce soit de manière passive (données issues des téléphones portables, par exemple), ou consciente, la massification de l’internet mobile et des ressources informatiques permettent aux utilisateurs lambda de contribuer à fournir une information bénéfique à une institution ou au public.

On voit naître des applications d’information en temps réel où les usagers s’auto-organisent pour recueillir et diffuser des informations sur le trafic. Parmi ces applications, on peut citer : Waze : application de trafic et de navigation communautaire où on partage en temps réel le trafic et l'état des routes Betrains : permet aux utilisateurs d’un même train de se de retrouver sur une plateforme de discussion en ligne. Smart Cities and China. We did a series of events in China last week on smart cities, one with Tsinghua University, another with the smart cities department at the Tongheng Urban Planning & Design Institute - a 900 strong team of city planners and researchers, a third with Intel and the Beijing government (focused on air pollution) and another with the China Executive Leadership Academy Pudong (CELAP) in Shanghai.

Nesta is heavily involved in some aspects of smart cities, from open data to i-teams and we have been trying to shift the framework for thinking about smart cities. The discussion has become polarised between an overly technology-determinist approach pushed by tech companies (which has achieved surprisingly little, relative to the hype) and increasingly vocal critics (who sometimes appear to suggest that none of the smart city ideas will achieve anything).

As in the West, the discourse is shifting away from the cruder technology push ideas to an interest in intelligent problem solving and even wisdom. Stockholm Royal Seaport Dashboard. 3 million data points collected by Safecast to warn Japan about radiation. Home / GIScience / 3 million data points collected by Safecast to warn Japan about radiation Safecast have implemented Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI), where the Japanese public have been able to create, edit and uploaded content to provide online information regarding radiation levels due to the major leak at Fukushima. This method is commonly know as locational crowd sourcing, whereby members of the public undertake tasks that are normally done by professionals. Nevertheless, this type of data has been criticized owing to the fact it may not be consistent or to the required standard of regulating authorities. Additionally uploaded data may not be anonymised, raising concerns about being able to identify participants.

However, owing to the fact that people are volunteering information they should be well aware of the risks, and may be more willing to contribute if data can be assigned to their username to gain awards such as the online site Wikimapia and Open Street Map. Environmental Information: The Roles of Experts and the Public. Le génie des cartes collaboratives - Dossiers. A Grassroots Environmental Sensor Network, So You Don't Need The Government To Say The Air Is Okay. Relying on governments to monitor the environment is all very well, but governments are limited by budgets, politics, and manpower. There's only so much they can do to ensure the air is decent and the noise level isn't crushing your sanity. That's where cheap sensors distributed to a community can help. And if you want a good example of that, look no further than the Smart Citizen network. It is the world's largest independent environmental sensing network, and its potential is bigger.

At the heart of the Smart Citizen project is a kit with sensors for carbon dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, temperature and humidity, light, and sound. "It's a tool for people to recover a productive role in cities," says Tomas Diez, director of Fab Lab Barcelona, which developed the platform. Fab Lab started working on the kit back in 2010, and has grown the project through crowdfunding campaigns. The ultimate goal is to create a worldwide network around local data generation and sharing. DI 2014. Vernacular Place Names by OS and UK Coastguard | Crowdsourcing and Government. Two of the most prominent UK governmental agencies, the HM Coastguard of the Maritime and Coastguard Agency (MCA), responsible for the initiation and coordination of all civilian maritime search and rescue operations within the UK and Ordnance Survey (OS), Great Britain’s national mapping agency, have joined forces to create an up-to-dated dataset of vernacular place names.

Vernacular place names are those place names that are in common usage irrespective of whether they are official names or not. There has been an increasing recognition by OS for capturing richer and more detail vernacular place names. At the same time, the UK Coastguard where in the process of closing approximately half of their Coastguard centres and recognised that there was a day that a lot of local knowledge could be lost. An updated database of vernacular place names is a priceless apparatus when it comes to providing swift response to life-threatening situations. Main lessons: Like this: Like Loading... Open Source Beehives. Welcome! We're trying to solve the colony collapse issue by making it easier than ever to keep bees.

Contribute now to become a beekeeper or support our research! More Information: What is Colony Collapse Disorder? We're a team of ecologists, beekeepers, makers, engineers, and open source advocates who believe that citizens, rather than governments or corporations, can solve this problem by taking action together. Fab Lab Barcelona Open Tech Collaborative Valldaura We've designed two downloadable, printable beehives: the Colorado Top Bar, and the Barcelona Warré.

Your contribution will help us develop sensors to enhance our hives, connecting them to the Internet to log data about what is causing the bees to disappear around the world. A Word About the Open Source Ethic and Beekeeping Beekeepers have a long history of sharing ideas, skills, honey and collaborating. If you want to add to this list, send us an email at The Colorado Top Bar The Barcelona Warré - U.S. "Empreinte de mouvement" en dit long sur vos déplacements. Baptisée Empreinte de mouvement, l’expérimentation se voulait à la fois artistique et technologique. Son but, expliqué par Catherine Ramus, ingénieur chez Orange : « Matérialiser de façon tangible les mouvements d’individus captés par leur mobile ». Ceci grâce aux traces de géolocalisation laissés par les téléphones d’une quarantaine d’habitants du Blosne, au sud de Rennes, qui ont accepté de participer à l’opération pendant cinq semaines en octobre-novembre 2013. Une aide à la décision pour les aménageurs « On s’est rendu compte par exemple qu’aucun de nos volontaires ne fréquentait le parc des Hautes Ourmes, alors que c’est un lieu jugé important au Blosne » souligne Jean-Pascal Josselin, chargé de mission à l’IAUR.

Quelles perspectives d’utilisation demain de cet « outil d’analyse du projet urbain » ? Les réticences des habitants Orange espérait recruter 200 volontaires pour mener cette expérimentation au Blosne. "Un outil intéressant " Brasilia: From Placeless to Place-Centered. Created from scratch in the plains of central Brazil in the 1950s and 1960s, Brasilia is the largest city in the world that did not exist at the beginning of the 20th Century. It lacks the sexiness and excitement of Rio and the earthiness of Sao Paolo, but this was deliberate. Remarkable in its own right, the city was intentionally designed for efficiency, not flair, nor sense of place.

Based on my week in Brasilia in September 2013, I can attest that they succeeded in creating a city devoid of places in ways they could not have imagined. Eastbound lanes of Monumental Axis, which at 250 meters including the median, is described in the Guiness World Records as the widest avenue in the world. PPS is engaged with a project that will change the landscape of Brasilia forever. More on that later; first a bit of background on Brasilia.

Whether you love it or hate it – and Brasilia inspires both extremes – there is no denying that it is a landmark in the history of city planning. A quand la ville sans enfants? Tout part d’une carte largement diffusée sur Internet, représentant le périmètre de marche autorisée de six générations d’enfants de 8 ans, de 1919 à nos jours, dans la ville anglaise de Sheffield. L’avantage d’une telle carte réside dans le fait qu’on peut y lire à peu près ce qu’on souhaite, et de nombreux internautes ont naturellement fait part de leur réactions, tantôt intrigués, tantôt nostalgiques. Certains y verront par exemple un symbole de la paranoïa parentale qui définit notre époque, d’autres au contraire la multiplication des dangers qui guettent nos enfants dans la rue. De notre côté, nous préférons y voir un prétexte de choix pour évoquer cette question cruciale dans l’urbanisme contemporain, et pourtant trop souvent laissée pour compte: quelle place pour les enfants, dans des villes construites par et pour les adultes?

Publicité L'exode familial Comme souvent dans ces situations, un adage résume tout: les Simpson l’ont déjà fait. Que nous disent les Simpson? Philippe Gargov. UNOSAT to launch crowdsourcing challenge at Citizen Cyberscience Summit. 04 February 2014, Geneva, Switzerland - On 20-22 February 2014 London will host the 3rd Citizen Cyberscience Summit, an initiative of the Citizen Cyberscience Centre founded by CERN, UNITAR and University of Geneva, together with the University College of London and other innovators in the field of collaborative thinking and on-line science volunteering.

UNOSAT, which is behind UNITAR involvement in the research of volunteer cyberscience for humanitarian and disaster risk reduction goals, is presenting a challenge on the occasion of the Summit designed to generate new ideas and useful applications in the area of crowdsourcing and emergency response. UNOSAT is calling on volunteers at the Summit and on-line to “help come up with ideas for disaster response crowdsourcing applications”.

UNOSAT is not new to collaborative computing and volunteer thinking to produce maps and analysis for emergency response and impact assessment. Images courtesy of Citizen Cyberscience Summit and UNOSAT. The Dark Side of the "Smart City" So by Greenfield's reasoning, it would be better if we put all of the traffic lights in New York on random timers instead of trying to time them to improve traffic flow as we do now. Also, health inspectors should stop inspecting restaurants, to allow people to experience the true, organic, democratic nature of food poisoning. Unless someone is seriously proposing that citizens be monitored and controlled to prevent them from "helping each other when the chips are down," I don't see the downside to keeping traffic moving a little better, improving air quality, or making sure policemen go where they're needed.

Someone is controlling these things in modern cities, unless Mr. Greenfield is writing from Mogadishu. If the dispatcher who tells cops where to go now looks at a computer screen first, will hip, savoir-faire-filled urban dwellers suddenly shave off their hipster beards and go to Wal-Mart? None of this is to say that the tech will actually work, of course. Participatory Avenues, Gateway to Community Mapping, P3DM, PGIS & PPGIS. A Bottom-Up Smart City? Alicia Rouault at Data-Smart City Solutions: “America’s shrinking cities face a tide of disinvestment, abandonment, vacancy, and a shift toward deconstruction and demolition followed by strategic reinvestment, rightsizing, and a host of other strategies designed to renew once-great cities.

Thriving megacity regions are experiencing rapid growth in population, offering a different challenge for city planners to redefine density, housing, and transportation infrastructure. As cities shrink and grow, policymakers are increasingly called to respond to these changes by making informed, data-driven decisions. What is the role of the citizen in this process of collecting and understanding civic data?

Writing for Forbes in “Open Sourcing the Neighborhood,” Professor of Sociology at Columbia University Saskia Sassen calls for “open source urbanism” as an antidote to the otherwise top-down smart city movement. Vacancy is not unique to the Midwest. Smart Cities. Efficace, innovante, participative : comment rendre la ville plus intelligente ? Map Action: Mapping Disasters Throughout The World. Social media helps aid efforts after typhoon Haiyan - environment - 12 November 2013.

How Online Mapmakers Are Helping the Red Cross Save Lives in the Philippines - Robinson Meyer. Crowdsourcing goes mainstream in typhoon response. Typhoon Haiyan: how crisis mapping works! Cartography 2013 of Volunteering for International Exchange and Solidarity – L’Observatoire. Home. Smart Citizen : Mixed. Smart Citizen : Mixed. TESS - EU funded project FP7: French project description. Alléger la ville : des stratégies de lieux partagés. La ville: ouverte et/ou intelligente. Les premières pistes d’innovation d’Alléger la Ville. Internet of Things, Quantified Self and Smart Cities in the context… Comment les hommes bougent ? Mapping How Cities Smell, Block By Block. Les villes face aux défis des nouvelles cartographies numériques. La ville augmentée, la vi(ll)e en mieux ? Mapping and the citizen sensor. Citizen Sense. Maptime (#maptime!)

Technicity | Smart Cities. Favorite tools and resources for cartographers. Citizen cartographers fill the gaps in maps - tech - 03 July 2013. Training Kit on participatory spatial information management and communication. The Real-Time City? Big Data and Smart Urbanism by Rob Kitchin. Can You Trust The Maritime Crowd? | GeoConnexion. Liste des offreurs de solutions (im)mobilité.docx. Extreme Citizen Science blog | UCL's interdisciplinary research group on Extreme Citizen Science. The Smart Citizen Kit: Crowdsourced Environmental Monitoring by Acrobotic Industries.

A geospatial cyberinfrastructure for sustainable community planning. Researchers Use Data from Cheap Cell Phones in the Developing World to Combat Disease Outbreaks. Citoyens Capteurs - Pour un Internet des Objets citoyen : vers une intelligence collective environnementale. 5 minutes avec… Carlo Ratti | Carlos Moreno. MapMill - Crowdsourced Disaster Damage Assessment. Mapping for Change. Influence du numérique sur notre civilisation.

Saskia Sassen at TED2013. Les objets intelligents nous rendent-ils bêtes. Mapping and the citizen sensor - Management Committee. Community Petitions. CASA Working Paper 188. 30 thought-provoking picks on smart cities beyond the hype. The Role of Advanced Sensing in Smart Cities | The Programmable City. Anatomy of a Smart City [INFOGRAPHIC] Memoire final matthieu rater. Les 4 territoires de l’expédition Alléger la Ville. Ta ville, trop smart pour toi. CITY2.0 | Citizen Powered Change. Comprendre les nouvelles formes de citoyenneté à l’heure du numérique. Devenir observateur BioLit | Biolit.