Being philosophical about crowdsourced geographic information. By Renée Sieber (McGill University, Canada) and Muki Haklay (University College London, UK) Our recent paper, The epistemology(s) of volunteered geographic information: a critique, started from a discussion we had about changes within the geographic information science (GIScience) research communities over the past two decades.
La «smart city» n’est pas si «smart» que ça. Au vu de ce méga test de QI urbain, l’Europe ne compterait en tout et pour tout que six surdouées présentant la caractéristique d’être dotées d'une «politique ou d'une stratégie de ville intelligente»: Amsterdam, Barcelone, Copenhague, Helsinki, Manchester et Vienne.
Sur un échantillon constitué des 468 plus grandes villes européennes analysées, pas de quoi pavoiser. » Demain, la ville collaborative. Mobil2040 - Le crowdsourcing dans le domaine de la mobilité et du transport. Smart Cities and China. We did a series of events in China last week on smart cities, one with Tsinghua University, another with the smart cities department at the Tongheng Urban Planning & Design Institute - a 900 strong team of city planners and researchers, a third with Intel and the Beijing government (focused on air pollution) and another with the China Executive Leadership Academy Pudong (CELAP) in Shanghai.
Nesta is heavily involved in some aspects of smart cities, from open data to i-teams and we have been trying to shift the framework for thinking about smart cities. The discussion has become polarised between an overly technology-determinist approach pushed by tech companies (which has achieved surprisingly little, relative to the hype) and increasingly vocal critics (who sometimes appear to suggest that none of the smart city ideas will achieve anything).
As in the West, the discourse is shifting away from the cruder technology push ideas to an interest in intelligent problem solving and even wisdom. Stockholm Royal Seaport Dashboard. 3 million data points collected by Safecast to warn Japan about radiation. Home / GIScience / 3 million data points collected by Safecast to warn Japan about radiation Safecast have implemented Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI), where the Japanese public have been able to create, edit and uploaded content to provide online information regarding radiation levels due to the major leak at Fukushima.
This method is commonly know as locational crowd sourcing, whereby members of the public undertake tasks that are normally done by professionals. Nevertheless, this type of data has been criticized owing to the fact it may not be consistent or to the required standard of regulating authorities. Environmental Information: The Roles of Experts and the Public. Le génie des cartes collaboratives - Dossiers. A Grassroots Environmental Sensor Network, So You Don't Need The Government To Say The Air Is Okay. Relying on governments to monitor the environment is all very well, but governments are limited by budgets, politics, and manpower.
DI 2014. Vernacular Place Names by OS and UK Coastguard. Two of the most prominent UK governmental agencies, the HM Coastguard of the Maritime and Coastguard Agency (MCA), responsible for the initiation and coordination of all civilian maritime search and rescue operations within the UK and Ordnance Survey (OS), Great Britain’s national mapping agency, have joined forces to create an up-to-dated dataset of vernacular place names.
Open Source Beehives. "Empreinte de mouvement" en dit long sur vos déplacements. Brasilia: From Placeless to Place-Centered. Created from scratch in the plains of central Brazil in the 1950s and 1960s, Brasilia is the largest city in the world that did not exist at the beginning of the 20th Century.
It lacks the sexiness and excitement of Rio and the earthiness of Sao Paolo, but this was deliberate. Remarkable in its own right, the city was intentionally designed for efficiency, not flair, nor sense of place. A quand la ville sans enfants? Tout part d’une carte largement diffusée sur Internet, représentant le périmètre de marche autorisée de six générations d’enfants de 8 ans, de 1919 à nos jours, dans la ville anglaise de Sheffield.
UNOSAT to launch crowdsourcing challenge at Citizen Cyberscience Summit. 04 February 2014, Geneva, Switzerland - On 20-22 February 2014 London will host the 3rd Citizen Cyberscience Summit, an initiative of the Citizen Cyberscience Centre founded by CERN, UNITAR and University of Geneva, together with the University College of London and other innovators in the field of collaborative thinking and on-line science volunteering.
UNOSAT, which is behind UNITAR involvement in the research of volunteer cyberscience for humanitarian and disaster risk reduction goals, is presenting a challenge on the occasion of the Summit designed to generate new ideas and useful applications in the area of crowdsourcing and emergency response. UNOSAT is calling on volunteers at the Summit and on-line to “help come up with ideas for disaster response crowdsourcing applications”. UNOSAT is not new to collaborative computing and volunteer thinking to produce maps and analysis for emergency response and impact assessment. The Dark Side of the "Smart City" So by Greenfield's reasoning, it would be better if we put all of the traffic lights in New York on random timers instead of trying to time them to improve traffic flow as we do now.
Also, health inspectors should stop inspecting restaurants, to allow people to experience the true, organic, democratic nature of food poisoning. Unless someone is seriously proposing that citizens be monitored and controlled to prevent them from "helping each other when the chips are down," I don't see the downside to keeping traffic moving a little better, improving air quality, or making sure policemen go where they're needed. Participatory Avenues, Gateway to Community Mapping, P3DM, PGIS & PPGIS. A Bottom-Up Smart City?
Alicia Rouault at Data-Smart City Solutions: “America’s shrinking cities face a tide of disinvestment, abandonment, vacancy, and a shift toward deconstruction and demolition followed by strategic reinvestment, rightsizing, and a host of other strategies designed to renew once-great cities. Thriving megacity regions are experiencing rapid growth in population, offering a different challenge for city planners to redefine density, housing, and transportation infrastructure. As cities shrink and grow, policymakers are increasingly called to respond to these changes by making informed, data-driven decisions. Smart Cities. Efficace, innovante, participative : comment rendre la ville plus intelligente ? Map Action: Mapping Disasters Throughout The World. When disaster strikes in any area of the World, one of the first questions that arises is ‘how can we effectively distribute information to mitigate the problem at hand’.
Map Action attempt to solve this issue through providing maps such as the one seen below of the September 2010 Pakistan floods. Map Action is an organisation that are ready to respond 365 days a year with a team of professional GIS experts to create and distribute the required information. Evidently trying to prepare maps in a disaster zone creates several challenges. I recently had an opportunity to speak with a Map Action team member regarding their deployment to Khartoum. Social media helps aid efforts after typhoon Haiyan - environment - 12 November 2013. Ten million people affected. Half a million displaced. Ten thousand feared dead. As the numbers roll in it is becoming clear that typhoon Haiyan, which left a trail of destruction across the central Philippines on 8 November, is living up to its status as one of the fiercest storms ever recorded to hit land. How Online Mapmakers Are Helping the Red Cross Save Lives in the Philippines - Robinson Meyer.
Volunteers across the world are building the digital infrastructure for the organization's Typhoon Haiyan relief efforts It will be months before we know the true damage brought about by super typhoon Haiyan. The largest death tolls now associated with the storm are only estimates. Aid workers from across the world are now flying to the island nation, or they just recently arrived there. They—and Filipinos—will support survivors and start to rebuild. Crowdsourcing goes mainstream in typhoon response. Residents of Giporlos, Philippines, wave to a US Navy helicopter. Disaster relief operations have benefited from maps created with the online help of volunteers from around the world. After typhoon Haiyan smashed into the Philippines on 8 November, an army of volunteers mobilized and worked around the clock to help guide relief efforts.
But these were no boots on the ground. Typhoon Haiyan: how crisis mapping works! Home / GIS • Maps / Typhoon Haiyan: how crisis mapping works! We all heard about the devastating typhoon Haiynan hitting the mid Phillippines on 7th to 8th November last week. With wind speeds of around 300km/h at landfall and gusts going up to 380km/h Haiynan became the strongest typhoon to ever hit land and corresponds to a Hurricane of category 1. It not only caused sever damage particularly in Tacloban City and Ormoc City on Leyte Island but also left a dozen thousands of deaths behind.
In that catastrophic situation first aid and subsequent help for taking care of the devastations (houses, infrastructure) is most important. Cartography 2013 of Volunteering for International Exchange and Solidarity – L’Observatoire. Home. Smart Citizen : Mixed. Smart Citizen : Mixed. TESS - EU funded project FP7: French project description.
French project description Le projet TESS a été conçu d’une part dans le but de permettre aux décideurs de prendre en considération l’ensemble des données de niveaux communautaire, national, régional et local lors des prises de décision et d’autre part dans le but d’encourager les communautés locales à préserver et restaurer les services fournis par les écosystèmes et la biodiversité. Une condition nécessaire à la réalisation de ces objectifs est la mise en place d’un système transactionnel de support à la décision en matière d’environnement permettant d’associer les communautés locales à la planification politique de niveau central. Un tel système permettra notamment de veiller à la prise en considération de nombreuses recherches sur les services fournis par les écosystèmes et la biodiversité ainsi qu’à l’élaboration de cartes à petite échelle décrivant la répartition des habitats et des espèces dans les zones cultivées et aménagées.
Alléger la ville : des stratégies de lieux partagés. La ville: ouverte et/ou intelligente. Les premières pistes d’innovation d’Alléger la Ville. Après plusieurs mois de travail, la Fing publie les premières pistes d’innovation de l’expédition Alléger la Ville. Internet of Things, Quantified Self and Smart Cities in the context… Comment les hommes bougent ?
Mapping How Cities Smell, Block By Block. Les villes face aux défis des nouvelles cartographies numériques. La ville augmentée, la vi(ll)e en mieux ? Mapping and the citizen sensor. Citizen Sense. Maptime (#maptime!) Smart Cities. Favorite tools and resources for cartographers. Citizen cartographers fill the gaps in maps - tech - 03 July 2013. Training Kit on participatory spatial information management and communication. The Real-Time City? Big Data and Smart Urbanism by Rob Kitchin. Can You Trust The Maritime Crowd? Liste des offreurs de solutions (im)mobilité.docx.
UCL's interdisciplinary research group on Extreme Citizen Science. The Smart Citizen Kit: Crowdsourced Environmental Monitoring by Acrobotic Industries. A geospatial cyberinfrastructure for sustainable community planning. Researchers Use Data from Cheap Cell Phones in the Developing World to Combat Disease Outbreaks. Citoyens Capteurs - Pour un Internet des Objets citoyen : vers une intelligence collective environnementale. 5 minutes avec… Carlo Ratti.
MapMill - Crowdsourced Disaster Damage Assessment. Mapping for Change. Influence du numérique sur notre civilisation. Saskia Sassen at TED2013. Les objets intelligents nous rendent-ils bêtes. Mapping and the citizen sensor - Management Committee. Community Petitions. CASA Working Paper 188. 30 thought-provoking picks on smart cities beyond the hype. The Role of Advanced Sensing in Smart Cities. Anatomy of a Smart City [INFOGRAPHIC] Memoire final matthieu rater. Les 4 territoires de l’expédition Alléger la Ville. Ta ville, trop smart pour toi. Citizen Powered Change. Comprendre les nouvelles formes de citoyenneté à l’heure du numérique. Devenir observateur BioLit.