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180 degree rule. This schematic shows the axis between two characters and the 180° arc on which cameras may be positioned (green).

180 degree rule

When cutting from the green arc to the red arc, the characters switch places on the screen. In film making, the 180-degree rule[1] is a basic guideline regarding the on-screen spatial relationship between a character and another character or object within a scene. An imaginary line called the axis connects the characters, and by keeping the camera on one side of this axis for every shot in the scene, the first character is always frame right of the second character, who is then always frame left of the first.

The camera passing over the axis is called jumping the line or crossing the line; breaking the 180-degree rule by shooting on all sides is known as shooting in the round. The object that is being filmed must always remain in the center, while the camera must always face towards the object. Example[edit] Common usage, pitfalls and solutions[edit] Usage[edit] Pitfalls[edit] Camera Angles. Camera angles and movements combine to create a sequence of images, just as words, word order and punctuation combine to make the meaning of a sentence.

Camera Angles

You need a straightforward set of key terms to describe them. Describing Shots When describing camera angles, or creating them yourself, you have to think about three important factors. Film Speak. “Know your Bolex from your Barney with our glossary of film industry terms.”A – B – C – D – E – F – G – H – I – J – L – M – N – O – P – R – S – U – W – ZA A and B ROLLS - The negative of an edited film, cut to picture, but built into 2 rolls, A and B, to allow for invisible splices, instant changes of the timing lights, fades and dissolves.

Film Speak

A roll will have all the odd numbered shots, with black leader in place of any missing shots contained on the B roll. B roll has all the even numbered shots, with black leader in place of all the shots on the A roll. Negative is printed in 3 passes through the contact printer, one for each roll, and another for soundtrack. ACADEMY APERTURE - In 35mm this is the full frame exposed by the camera, with an aspect ratio of 1:33. A.D.R. - Automated Dialogue Recording. Movie Making Manual. Mental_floss Blog » 15 Film Production Credits Explained. Ever wonder what all those strange credits are when they roll by at the end of a film?

mental_floss Blog » 15 Film Production Credits Explained

I used to, until I moved to LA, where I started meeting Best Boys and Dolly Grips with their kids when I took my son to the playground—yes, Hollywood, where you meet Gaffers and Armourers at your average Saturday night house party. So I started asking questions, and here's what I've learned: 1. Boom Operator No, this job has nothing to do with explosives or pyrotechnics. 2. Now this job does deal with explosives, of a sort. 3. Though the gaffer manages the entire electrical department, all the guys who run cables and hang lights, his main responsibility is mounting and positioning lights and lighting rigs. 4. Grips are sort of like worker bees. 5.

This guy runs the Grips dept and assists the Gaffer. 6. This guy has nothing at all to do with a wedding, unless we're talking something like Wedding Crashers . 7. Exhibits Collection. Imagine a young child, eye level with a floor full of miniature toys, concentrating intently on building a make-believe world.

Exhibits Collection

To the child, the toys are not miniature figures made of plastic or wood. They are real characters with real adventures. The child frames the action, crafting scenes that unfold in a world of imagination. Looking through the lens of a camera as actors bring to life a writer's story, the filmmaker is also peering into a world of imagination. Join us as we explore this creative process, from the screenwriter's words to the editor's final cut. Film Directing and Film Making Tips for the Independent Filmmaker » Blog Archive » The 7-Step Film Directing Formula. I’ve been working professionally in the film and TV business for 37 years.

Film Directing and Film Making Tips for the Independent Filmmaker » Blog Archive » The 7-Step Film Directing Formula

During that time, I’ve had the opportunity to work on industrial films, educational films, documentaries, commercials, music videos, episodic TV shows, TV movies, Indie films and Hollywood features. I’ve worked with dozens of good, mediocre and bad directors - as well as hundred’s of good, mediocre and bad actors. I’ve read 100′s of film scripts before they were produced: some which were so terrible I couldn’t get past the first 10 pages, to scripts which went on to win Academy Awards. I’ve also had the opportunity to spend months at a time teaching and mentoring film students as they write, prep and shoot their own short films. I believe my years in the “film production trenches” has given me a unique insight into finding the answer to the question: “Is there a formula, or guide, that film directors (anywhere in the world) can follow, that will help them make successful and compelling films?”

Why? A. B. A. B. C. D. Film-Makers.com - Filmmaking and Movie Making Resources. Make Better Video for YouTube. Bags & Cases Buyer’s Guide vmeditor - Mon, 12/30/2013 - 12:25pm How to find the bag or case for your cameras and gear that is right for your purpose.

Make Better Video for YouTube

How Does Green Screen Work? Vmeditor - Wed, 12/25/2013 - 8:50pm How do you move characters around in a world that lives only in your imagination? Bokeh and Depth of Field vmeditor - Wed, 12/25/2013 - 6:45pm “Bokeh” describes the character of the out of focus areas in a shot and is directly related to depth of field to get the most beautiful and effective images possible. What Type of Lens Do you Need? Vmeditor - Sun, 12/15/2013 - 8:30pm Are you shooting with a DSLR, cinema camera or camcorder with an interchangeable lens?

Camera Lenses Buyer’s Guide vmeditor - Sun, 12/15/2013 - 7:38pm Buying a lens can be confusing. Digital Signage Offers New Opportunity for Video Entrepreneurs vmeditor - Sat, 12/14/2013 - 7:34pm Producing content for digital signage is a great opportunity for videographers to find new work and new clients. Camera Rig Buyer’s Guide.