Full text of "A Descriptive Dictionary of the Indian Islands & Adjacent Countries" Batavia, Dutch East Indies. Applying Kartini’s Message In Present-Day Indonesia. Kartini, usually referred to by her title Raden Ajeng, was born into an aristocratic Javanese family on April 21, 1879.
Her father was a district head of Jepara in Central Java. Her mother was his father’s first wife. During the Dutch colonial era, polygamy was a common practice. Her father being a Javanese aristocrat working for the colonial administration, Kartini had the privilege to attend school, which exposed her to Western ideas and feminist thinking. She was fluent in Dutch, an unusual accomplishment for Javanese women at the time. Great Post Road. The Great Post Road (Indonesian: Jalan Raya Pos or Dutch: De Grote Postweg), is the name for the historical road that runs across Java that connects Anyer and Panarukan.
It was built during the reign of Herman Willem Daendels (1808–1811), governor-general of the Dutch East Indies. Construction Java Great Post Road, span from Anjer (Anyer) to Panaroecan (Panarukan). La Grande Route, as Daendels called it, was a military road which was laid down under the order of King Lodewijk Napoleon who ruled the Kingdom of Holland at that time. France was at war with England and the road was intended to ease military support, e.g. transfer of soldiers, in order to defend Java.
In 1750, before the road was constructed, connections existed between Batavia and Semarang and onwards to Surabaya. A North-south connection between Semarang, Surakarta and onwards to Yogyakarta was also available at that time. Indonesia - The Java War and Cultivation System. Indonesia Table of Contents During the VOC period, the Dutch depended on the compliance of the Javanese aristocratic class, which allowed them to rule in an indirect manner.
The regents' role of expropriating cash crops from the peasants to deliver to the VOC gave them a comfortable income, since they also continued to tax their subjects for rice and labor. Variations on this pattern were found throughout Java, with local adaptations. INDONESIA. Third Javanese War of Succession. Wilhelmina of the Netherlands. Wilhelmina (Wilhelmina Helena Pauline Maria; 31 August 1880 – 28 November 1962) was Queen of the Kingdom of the Netherlands from 1890 to 1948.
She reigned for nearly 58 years, longer than any other Dutch monarch. Her reign saw World War I and World War II, the economic crisis of 1933, and the decline of the Netherlands as a major colonial power. Outside the Netherlands she is primarily remembered for her role in World War II, in which she proved to be a great inspiration to the Dutch resistance. Early life Kartini School in Indonesia: A Short Description. Kartini School in Indonesia: A Short Description.
Education in Indonesia has developed from time to time initiated by the establishment of schools in colonial era such as the European countries including the Dutch in the past. As Indonesia people got more educated, many attempted to establish school and provided more education for their generation. Some native pioneers in Indonesia appeared such as M. Syafii, Ki Hajar Dewantoro, and also a very famous female hero, Kartini. They were struggled hard to contribute something to bring their people to better education. This paper provides a short overview on the biography of Kartini, Kartini’s school establishment and Kartini’s school development. Biography of R.A. Feminist Reads Challenge: Out of Darkness Comes Light. Evangelical Christianity and Democracy in Asia - David Halloran Lumsdaine - Google Books.
The Bedhaya Court Dances of Central Java - Clara Brakel-Papenhuijzen - Google Books. Urban railway exist in form of commuter rail in Jakarta, Bandung, and Surabaya.
New mass rapid transit and light rail transit system are currently under construction in Jakarta and Palembang. Indonesia's rail gauge is 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in), although 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) and 750 mm (2 ft 5 1⁄2 in) lines previously existed. Merak - Rangkasbitung - Jakarta.
The shipyard of the Dutch East India Company in Amsterdam. 1726 engraving by Joseph Mulder.
The United East Indian Company (Dutch: Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie; VOC), referred to by the British as the Dutch East India Company, was originally established as a chartered company in 1602, when the Dutch government granted it a 21-year monopoly on Dutch spice trade. It is often considered to have been the first multinational corporation in the world  and it was the first company to issue stock. It was a powerful company, possessing quasi-governmental powers, including the ability to wage war, imprison and execute convicts, negotiate treaties, strike its own coins, and establish colonies.
Java after the Treaty of Giyanti, 1755. Untitled. You are running an unsupported browser and/or an unsupported version of the TLS Protocol.
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Incompatible browsers include: The Treaty of Giyanti (also known as the Treaty of Gianti Java, the Gianti Agreement, or the Giyanti Treaty) was signed and ratified on February 13, 1755 in Giyanti (southeast of Karanganyar, Central Java) between Prince Mangkubumi, the Dutch East India Company, and Sunan Pakubuwono III along with his allies.
Based on the terms of the agreement, the eastern half of the Sultanate of Mataram in central Java was given to Pakubuwono III with Surakarta as its capital, while the western half was given to Prince Mangkubumi with its capital in Yogyakarta. This treaty marked the division of former territory of Mataram Sultanate between Surakarta Sunanate and Yogyakarta Sultanate. After the signing of the treaty, Prince Mangkubumi changed his title as prince and became known as Sultan Hamengkubuwono I.
The accord did not end hostilities in the area since Prince Sambernyawa (or Raden Mas Said) continued to fight against Pakubuwono III. See also. The Origins of the Java War (1825-30) on JSTOR. The English Historical Review Description: Tables of contents for recent issues of The English Historical Review are available at Authorized users may be able to access the full text articles at this site. First published in 1886, The English Historical Review is the oldest journal of historical scholarship in the English-speaking world.
It deals not only with British history, but with almost all aspects of European and world history since the classical era. Royal Batavian Society of Arts and sciences. Timeline of Indonesian history. This is a timeline of Indonesian history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Indonesia and its predecessor states. To read about the background to these events, see History of Indonesia. See also the list of Presidents of Indonesia. 4th century BC 2nd century BC 4th century AD 5th century AD 7th century Dutch Colonization - Indonesia Imperialism.