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Antebellum America 3

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The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Background The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (gwah-dah-loop-ay ee-dahl-go), which brought an official end to the Mexican-American War (1846-1848) was signed on February 2, 1848, at Guadalupe Hidalgo, a city north of the capital where the Mexican government had fled with the advance of U.S. forces.

The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

To explore the circumstances that led to this war with Mexico, visit the Teaching with Documents lesson, "Lincoln's Spot Resolutions. " With the defeat of its army and the fall of the capital, Mexico City, in September 1847 the Mexican government surrendered to the United States and entered into negotiations to end the war. The peace talks were negotiated by Nicholas Trist, chief clerk of the State Department, who had accompanied General Winfield Scott as a diplomat and President Polk's representative.

Trist and General Scott, after two previous unsuccessful attempts to negotiate a treaty with Santa Anna, determined that the only way to deal with Mexico was as a conquered enemy. Kansas-Nebraska Act Exclusive Videos & Features. John Brown's Raid in American Memory. Inside The Lincoln Douglas Debates - Documentary. Digital Story: Secrets and Codes of the Underground Railroad. Nat Turner's Rebellion - History.com. War & Expansion: Crash Course US History #17. John_Brown_daguerreotype_c1856.png (PNG Image, 694 × 868 pixels) HWFireHouseBrown.jpg (JPEG Image, 620 × 420 pixels) Second Debate: Freeport, Illinois - Lincoln Home National Historic Site.

Mr.

Second Debate: Freeport, Illinois - Lincoln Home National Historic Site

Douglas' Speech Ladies and Gentlemen-The silence with which you have listened to Mr. Lincoln during his hour is creditable to this vast audience, composed of men of various political parties. Nothing is more honorable to any large mass of people assembled for the purpose of a fair discussion, than that kind and respectful attention that is yielded not only to your political friends, but to those who are opposed to you in politics. I am glad that at last I have brought Mr. First, he desires to know if the people of Kansas shall form a Constitution by means entirely proper and unobjectionable and ask admission into the Union as a State, before they have the requisite population for a member of Congress, whether I will vote for that admission. The next question propounded to me by Mr. [Deacon Bross spoke.] In this connection, I will notice the charge which he has introduced in relation to Mr. His amendment was to this effect. The third question which Mr.

Facethenation_sept08_631.jpg__800x600_q85_crop.jpg (JPEG Image, 631 × 300 pixels) Debatex_030801.jpg (JPEG Image, 523 × 400 pixels) The Dred Scott Case. DredScott.jpg (JPEG Image, 600 × 850 pixels) DredScott_DredandHarrietScott.jpg (JPEG Image, 340 × 510 pixels) Lincolns_shifting_1854.jpg (JPEG Image, 500 × 320 pixels) 1854OstendManifesto.pdf. Ostend_doctrine.jpg (JPEG Image, 1499 × 1113 pixels) - Scaled (68%) Eastmantp.jpg (JPEG Image, 220 × 275 pixels) UncleTomsCabinCover.jpg (JPEG Image, 1159 × 2012 pixels) - Scaled (49%) 220px-John_Brown_-_Treason_broadside,_1859.png (PNG Image, 220 × 160 pixels) Reward.jpg (JPEG Image, 1532 × 1320 pixels) - Scaled (66%) 1_3217882.jpg (JPEG Image, 320 × 240 pixels) 00080486.gif (GIF Image, 400 × 261 pixels) Slavery in America - Black History. The South would reach the breaking point the following year, when Republican candidate Abraham Lincoln was elected as president.

Slavery in America - Black History

Within three months, seven southern states had seceded to form the Confederate States of America; four more would follow after the Civil War (1861-65) began. Though Lincoln’s antislavery views were well established, the central Union war aim at first was not to abolish slavery, but to preserve the United States as a nation. Abolition became a war aim only later, due to military necessity, growing anti-slavery sentiment in the North and the self-emancipation of many African Americans who fled enslavement as Union troops swept through the South.

Underground Railroad. Map of various Underground Railroad routes §Political background[edit] At its peak, nearly 1,000 slaves per year escaped from slave-holding states using the Underground Railroad – more than 5,000 court cases for escaped slaves were recorded – many fewer than the natural increase of the enslaved population.

Underground Railroad

The resulting economic impact was minuscule, but the psychological influence on slaveholders was immense. Under the original Fugitive Slave Law of 1793, officials from slave-holding states were responsible for the recovery of runaway slaves, but citizens and governments of many free states ignored the law, and the Underground Railroad thrived. §Structure[edit] Harriet Tubman (photo H. Gabriel's Rebellion E-102. Gabriel’s Rebellion Marker, E-102 Gabriel, a slave of Thomas Prosser of nearby Brookfield plantation, planned a slave insurrection against Richmond on 30 Aug. 1800.

Gabriel's Rebellion E-102

The slaves intended to kidnap Governor James Monroe and compel him to support political, social, and economic equality but intense rains delayed the insurgents' scheme. Mosby Sheppard, of Meadow Farm, informed of the plot by family slaves Tom and Pharaoh, dispatched a warning letter to the governor. THOUGHT PROVOKING PERSPECTIVES: Black History: Gabriel’s Rebellion. Gabriel Prosser was a literate enslaved blacksmith who planned a large slave rebellion in the Richmond area in the summer of 1800.

THOUGHT PROVOKING PERSPECTIVES: Black History: Gabriel’s Rebellion

Information regarding the revolt was leaked prior to its execution, and he and twenty-five followers were taken captive and hanged in punishment. In reaction, Virginia and other state legislatures passed restrictions on free blacks, as well as prohibiting the education, assembly and hiring out of slaves, to restrict their chances to learn and to plan similar rebellions. History reports that Gabriel was born into slavery at Brookfield, a tobacco plantation in Henrico County, Virginia, Gabriel had two brothers, Solomon and Martin.

They were all held by Thomas Prosser, the owner. As Gabriel and Solomon were trained as blacksmiths, their father may have had that skill. Nat Turner. Nat Turner was a slave who led a failed 1831 slave rebellion in Southampton County, Virginia.

Nat Turner

That attempt became a reference to the justification for the Civil War. Early years Nat Turner was born on a small plantation in Virginia, owned by slaveholder Benjamin Turner.* Nat's mother was born in Africa and had been shipped to the United States as a slave. The Cultural Significance of Solomon Northup’s Twelve Years a Slave. Drugged and beaten, Solomon Northup was illegally kidnapped from his hometown in Saratoga Springs in upstate New York and taken to Washington, D.C. in 1841.

The Cultural Significance of Solomon Northup’s Twelve Years a Slave

He woke up in the slave pen where he was sadistically remade from a black free man in the North into a slave in the South. Questioning his fate, Northup asked, “could it be possible that I was thousands of miles from home—that I had been chained and beaten without mercy—that I was even herded with a drove of slaves, a slave myself? Web Inquiry Projects - For Richer or For Poorer: The California Gold Rush. For Richer or For Poorer: The California Gold Rush Hook | Questions | Procedures | Data Investigation | Analysis | Findings | New Questions Student Page Kelly Beitz.

Web Inquiry Projects - For Richer or For Poorer: The California Gold Rush

CALIFORNIA GOLD RUSH Native American Indian History in California Largest Natural Gold Nuggets Photos Kumeyaay Gold Coins. The great CALIFORNIA GOLD RUSH 1848-1855 is historically paramount to Native American Indian history in California — it was estimated that some 300,000 immigrants poured into California during this seven-year period effectively tripling California's population.

CALIFORNIA GOLD RUSH Native American Indian History in California Largest Natural Gold Nuggets Photos Kumeyaay Gold Coins

It's been estimated that some $10 BILLION (2002 dollars) in gold was mined from California tribal lands between 1849 and 1862. When James Marshall discovered gold at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California, on January 24th, 1848, it was estimated there were some 150,000 Indigenous Native American Indians living in California. In 1848, Indians in California outnumbered whites by 10 to one — can you imagine that — walking out of your house today and hiking to your favorite park or beach in an 1848 California countryside?

It is believed the Kumeyaay (Tipay-Iipay-Diegueño) Indians — one of the largest and strongest pre-contact tribal groups in California — had only 1,000 surviving tribal members at the turn of the 20th century (1900). United_States_1848-02-1848-05.png (PNG Image, 1000 × 677 pixels) Aa_polk_wilmot_1_e.jpg (JPEG Image, 580 × 1063 pixels) - Scaled (94%) Treaty_of_Guadalupe_Hidalgo.jpg (JPEG Image, 600 × 940 pixels) 92785-004-2B1B59F6.jpg (JPEG Image, 550 × 384 pixels) 51790021-H.jpeg (JPEG Image, 1389 × 454 pixels) - Scaled (73%) The U.S.-Mexican War . Biographies . Captian John C. Frémont. John C. Frémont Captian John C. Frémont John C. Frémont, one of the United States’ leading western explorers in the 1830s and 1840s, was born in Savannah, Georgia in 1813.

Thoreau1a.jpg (JPEG Image, 200 × 237 pixels) Civil Disobedience Excerpts. The Biglow papers : Lowell, James Russell, 1819-1891. The Biglow papers. Aa00282_0001.jpg (JPEG Image, 663 × 1024 pixels) - Scaled (97%) The U.S.-Mexican War . Biographies . General Zachary Taylor. The Treaty of Annexation - Texas; April 12, 1844. 00009845.jpg (JPEG Image, 450 × 146 pixels) Oregon_boundary_dispute_map.PNG (PNG Image, 606 × 599 pixels) Treaty of Oregon. The Oregon Territory, 1846 - 1830–1860.

The Oregon Territory, 1846 Along with territorial disputes with Spain and Mexico over the Southwest, the fate of the Oregon Territory was one of the major diplomatic issues of the first half of the 19th century. Landscape in Oregon Country (Charles Marion Russell) The territory became a focus of those who believed that it was the United States’ obligation and right to extend its rule and liberties across the North American continent.