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Bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder, also known as bipolar affective disorder (and originally called manic-depressive illness), is a mental disorder characterized by periods of elevated mood and periods of depression.[1][2] The elevated mood is significant and is known as mania or hypomania depending on the severity or whether there is psychosis.

Bipolar disorder

During mania an individual feels or acts abnormally happy, energetic, or irritable.[1] They often make poorly thought out decisions with little regard to the consequences. The need for sleep is usually reduced.[2] During periods of depression there may be crying, poor eye contact with others, and a negative outlook on life.[1] The risk of suicide among those with the disorder is high at greater than 6% over 20 years, while self harm occurs in 30–40%.[1] Other mental health issues such as anxiety disorder and drug misuse are commonly associated.[1] Signs and symptoms Manic episodes Hypomanic episodes Depressive episodes Mixed affective episodes Associated features.

Kintsugi. Slouching Towards Bedlam. Summary[edit] The player character awakens in an office in Bedlam Asylum.

Slouching Towards Bedlam

Space law. Space law is an area of the law that encompasses national and international law governing activities in outer space.

Space law

International lawyers have been unable to agree on a uniform definition of the term "outer space", although most lawyers agree that outer space generally begins at the lowest altitude above sea level at which objects can orbit the Earth, approximately 100 km (60 mi). List of cognitive biases. Illustration by John Manoogian III (jm3).[1] Cognitive biases can be organized into four categories: biases that arise from too much information, not enough meaning, the need to act quickly, and the limits of memory. Cognitive biases are tendencies to think in certain ways that can lead to systematic deviations from a standard of rationality or good judgment, and are often studied in psychology and behavioral economics.

There are also controversies over some of these biases as to whether they count as useless or irrational, or whether they result in useful attitudes or behavior. For example, when getting to know others, people tend to ask leading questions which seem biased towards confirming their assumptions about the person. File:Diadème de limpératrice Eugénie (musée du Louvre) (7166066743).jpg. Cronyism. Space colonization. Space colonization (also called space settlement, or extraterrestrial colonization) is permanent human habitation that is not on Earth.

Space colonization

Many arguments have been made for space colonization. The two most common ones are survival of human civilization and the biosphere from possible disasters (natural or man-made), and the huge resources in space for expansion of human society. However right now the challenges, both technological and economic, involved in building a space colony are as great as the potential payoff.

Space settlements would have to provide for all the material needs of hundreds or thousands of humans in an environment out in space that is very hostile to human life. They would involve technologies, such as closed-loop life support systems, that have yet to be developed in any meaningful way. Generation X. Generation X, commonly abbreviated to Gen X, is the generation born after the Western Post–World War II baby boom.

Generation X

Demographers, historians and commentators use beginning birth dates from the early 1960s to the early 1980s. Origin and etymology[edit] Hungarian photographer Robert Capa initially referred to post-World War II youth as "Generation X" Douglas Coupland popularized the term "Generation X" in a novel about young adults and their lifestyles in the late 1980s. Space Sciences Laboratory. Coordinates: The Space Sciences Laboratory (SSL) is an Organized Research Unit of the University of California, Berkeley.

Space Sciences Laboratory

It is located in the Berkeley Hills above the university campus. It has developed and continues to develop many projects in the space sciences. Current work[edit] SSL developed and maintains the SETI@home project which pioneered the application of distributed computing to the space sciences. Spelling alphabet. A spelling alphabet, voice procedure alphabet, radio alphabet, or telephone alphabet is a set of words used to stand for the letters of an alphabet in oral communication. Each word in the spelling alphabet typically replaces the name of the letter with which it starts (acrophony). It is used to spell out words when speaking to someone not able to see the speaker, or the audio channel is not clear. The lack of high frequencies on standard telephones makes it hard to distinguish an 'F' from an 'S' for example.

Also, the lack of visual cues during oral communication can cause confusion. For example, lips are closed at the start of saying the letter "bee" but open at the beginning of the letter "dee" making these otherwise similar sounding letters more easily discriminated when looking at the speaker. Voice procedure[edit] Text 2 Mind Map - Simple mind mapping online. What Is Similar To PearlTrees -

Middle age. Middle age is the period of age beyond young adulthood but before the onset of old age .

Middle age

Various attempts have been made to define this age, which is around the third quarter of the average life span of human beings . Definitions [ edit ] According to Collins Dictionary , this is "... usually considered to occur approximately between the ages of 40 and 60". [ 1 ] The current edition of the Oxford English Dictionary gives a similar definition but with a shorter span: "The period of life between young adulthood and old age, now usually regarded as between about forty-five and sixty. " The US Census lists middle age as including both the age categories 35 to 44 and 45 to 54, while prominent psychologist Erik Erikson saw it ending a little later and defines middle adulthood as between 40 and 65. Aging [ edit ] Ageing. Ageing (British English) or aging (American English) is the accumulation of changes in a person over time.[1] Ageing in humans refers to a multidimensional process of physical, psychological, and social change.


Some dimensions of ageing grow and expand over time, while others decline. Reaction time, for example, may slow with age, while knowledge of world events and wisdom may expand. Research shows that even late in life, potential exists for physical, mental, and social growth and development.[2] Ageing is an important part of all human societies reflecting the biological changes that occur, but also reflecting cultural and societal conventions.

Ageing is among the largest known risk factors for most human diseases.[3] Roughly 100,000 people worldwide die each day of age-related causes.[4] Natural science. The natural sciences are the sciences that seek to elucidate the rules that govern the natural world through scientific methods, the cornerstone of which is measured by quantitative data.

Natural science

Based on formal sciences, they also attempt to provide mathematical (either deterministic or stochastic) models of natural processes. The term "natural science" is used to distinguish the subject from the social sciences, such as economics, psychology and sociology, which apply the scientific method to the study of human behavior and social patterns; the humanities, which use a critical or analytical approach to study the human condition; and the formal sciences such as mathematics and logic, which use an a priori, as opposed to empirical methodology to study formal systems. There are five branches of natural science: astronomy, biology, chemistry, the Earth sciences and physics. Criteria[edit] Branches of natural science[edit] Tchotchke. Tchotchke (/ˈtʃɒtʃkə/ CHOCH-ka)[1][2][3][4][5] is a small bauble or miscellaneous item.


Depending on context, the term has a connotation of worthlessness or disposability as well as tackiness,[6][7] and has long been used by Jewish-Americans and in the regional speech of New York City and elsewhere. The word may also refer to free promotional items dispensed at trade shows, conventions, and similar large events. Also, stores that sell cheap souvenirs in tourist areas like Times Square, Venice Beach, and Waikiki Beach in Hawaii are sometimes called "tchotchke shops". Leo Rosten, author of The Joys of Yiddish, gives an alternate sense of tchotchke as meaning a desirable young girl, a "pretty young thing".

Generation Z. Terminology[edit] USA Today sponsored an online contest for readers to choose the name of the next generation after the Millennials. In the article, Bruce Horovitz wrote that some might call the term "Generation Z" rather "off-putting" and a name that is "still in-the-running" for the next generation. The article proposed some alternate names including: iGeneration, Gen Tech, Gen Wii, Net Gen, Digital Natives, Gen Next, Post Gen.[1][3] In 2013, Jeanine Poggi reported in Ad Age that Nickelodeon channel is looking to serve a new breed of kids born after 2005 who it dubs "post-millennials".[2] "Scholars Generation" was proposed by a writer at A Time to Succeed coalition who "works to ensure that all children in the nation’s high-poverty communities have better learning time in school".[4] Authors William Strauss and Neil Howe wrote several popular books on the subject of generations.

Theoretical astronomy. Sky & Telescope. Triarchic theory of intelligence. Data management. Difficulty of learning languages. Second-language acquisition, second-language learning, or L2 acquisition, is the process by which people learn a second language.[1] Second-language acquisition (often abbreviated to SLA) also refers to the scientific discipline devoted to studying that process.

Second language refers to any language learned in addition to a person's first language; although the concept is named second-language acquisition, it can also incorporate the learning of third, fourth, or subsequent languages. Second-language acquisition refers to what learners do; it does not refer to practices in language teaching. Cambridge University Press. For the football club, see Cambridge University Press F.C.. Commercialization of space. History[edit] Space exploration. Saturn V rocket, used for the American manned lunar landing missions. Spanish orthography. Space archaeology. NASA's Phoenix Mars Lander. Guilford's Structure of Intellect. Category:Collective intelligence. French orthography.

List of ethnic, regional, and folk dances by origin. First Amendment to the United States Constitution. Hemp. Group intelligence. File:Hartjesdag.jpg. Judaism myths. List of continents @ Information science. File:Diadème de limpératrice Eugénie (musée du Louvre) (7166066743).jpg. Islam myths. Jardin d'Acclimatation. Haeckel Ascidiae. Hinduism myths. Alchemy. Computational sociology. BBC. Baby boomers. What was the fashion in 1920.

Forensic astronomy. Sacrebleu.