Altered Neuronal Response During Rapid Auditory Processing and Its Relation to Phonological Processing in Prereading Children at Familial Risk for Dyslexia. Skip to Main Content Sign In Register Advanced Search Online ISSN 1460-2199 Print ISSN 1047-3211 Copyright © 2017 Oxford University Press Connect Resources Explore.
Auditory-Motor Processing of Speech Sounds. Skip to Main Content Sign In Register Advanced Search Online ISSN 1460-2199 Print ISSN 1047-3211 Copyright © 2017 Oxford University Press Connect Resources Explore Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford.
Auditory Selective Attention to Speech Modulates Activity in the Visual Word Form Area. + Author Affiliations Address correspondence to Bruce D.
McCandliss, PhD, Box 552, 230 Appleton Place, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203-5721, USA. Email: email@example.com. Brain Activation during Sentence Comprehension among Good and Poor Readers. + Author Affiliations Address correspondence to Ann Meyler, PhD, Center for Cognitive Brain Imaging, Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA.
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Abstract This study sought to increase current understanding of the neuropsychological basis of poor reading ability by using fMRI to examine brain activation during a visual sentence comprehension task among good and poor readers in the third (n = 32) and fifth (n = 35) grades. Reading ability, age, and the combination of both factors made unique contributions to cortical activation. Introduction The central aim of this study was to examine brain activation during visual sentence comprehension among poor readers. Like any cognitive task, reading is neurally underpinned not by a single area but a set of areas functioning as a large-scale cortical network. Methods Participants Table 1 Demographic and behavioral profile of good and poor readers: fifth and third grades Recruitment Results.
Email: email@example.com. Abstract Recent findings indicate that regions in the medial temporal lobe (MTL) do not only play a crucial role in long-term memory (LTM) encoding, but contribute to working memory (WM) as well. However, very few studies investigated the interaction between these processes so far. Introduction. Multisensory Visual–Auditory Object Recognition in Humans: a High-density Electrical Mapping Study. + Author Affiliations Abstract Multisensory object-recognition processes were investigated by examining the combined influence of visual and auditory inputs upon object identification — in this case, pictures and vocalizations of animals.
Behaviorally, subjects were significantly faster and more accurate at identifying targets when the picture and vocalization were matched (i.e. from the same animal), than when the target was represented in only one sensory modality. This behavioral enhancement was accompanied by a modulation of the evoked potential in the latency range and general topographic region of the visual evoked N1 component, which is associated with early feature processing in the ventral visual stream.
Musicians' Enhanced Neural Differentiation of Speech Sounds Arises Early in Life: Developmental Evidence from Ages 3 to 30. Participants All experimental procedures were approved by the Northwestern University Institutional Review Board.
Seventy-six normal hearing children and adults (<20 dB HL pure tone thresholds at octave frequencies from 125 to 8000 Hz) between the ages of 3–30 years participated in this study and were grouped by age: preschoolers (3–5 years old, N = 21), school-aged children (7–13 years old, N = 26), and adults (18–30 years old, N = 29). Although all adults were tested on the neurophysiological paradigm, only 17 of the 29 adults (10 musicians) received the full cognitive assessment. Parietal Functional Connectivity in Numerical Cognition. Reading and Subcortical Auditory Function. Abstract Although it is largely agreed that phonological processing deficits are a major cause of poor reading, the neural origins of phonological processing are not well understood.
We now show, for the first time, that phonological decoding, measured with a test of single-nonword reading, is significantly correlated with the timing of subcortical auditory processing and also, to a lesser extent, with the robustness of subcortical representation of the harmonic content of speech, but not with pitch encoding. The relationships we observe between reading and subcortical processing fall along a continuum, with poor readers at one end and good readers at the other. These data suggest that reading skill may depend on the integrity of subcortical auditory mechanisms and are consistent with the idea that subcortical representation of the acoustic features of speech may play a role in normal reading as well as in the development of reading disorders. Introduction Materials and Methods Table 1. Silence Is Golden: Transient Neural Deactivation in the Prefrontal Cortex during Attentive Reading.
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The Neural Correlates of Reading Fluency Deficits in Children. + Author Affiliations Address correspondence to Dr Nicolas Langer, Laboratories of Cognitive Neuroscience, Division of Developmental Medicine, Department of Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston, 1 Autumn Street (Office 643), Boston, MA 02115, USA. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Multiple studies have shown that individuals with a reading disability (RD) demonstrate deficits in posterior left-hemispheric brain regions during reading-related tasks. Visual Word Recognition in the Left and Right Hemispheres: Anatomical and Functional Correlates of Peripheral Alexias. + Author Affiliations Address correspondence to Laurent Cohen, MD, PhD, Service de Neurologie 1, Hôpital de la Salpêtrière, 47/83 Bd de l’Hôpital, 75651 Paris Cedex 13, France.