Psychology

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Dunning-Kruger_effect from wikimedia.org. The Dunning–Kruger effect is a cognitive bias in which unskilled individuals suffer from illusory superiority, mistakenly rating their ability much higher than is accurate.

Dunning-Kruger_effect from wikimedia.org

This bias is attributed to a metacognitive inability of the unskilled to recognize their ineptitude.[1] Actual competence may weaken self-confidence, as competent individuals may falsely assume that others have an equivalent understanding. David Dunning and Justin Kruger of Cornell University conclude, "the miscalibration of the incompetent stems from an error about the self, whereas the miscalibration of the highly competent stems from an error about others".[2] Proposal[edit] Dunning and Kruger proposed that, for a given skill, incompetent people will: tend to overestimate their own level of skill;fail to recognize genuine skill in others;fail to recognize the extremity of their inadequacy;recognize and acknowledge their own previous lack of skill, if they are exposed to training for that skill.[5] Awards[edit]

Motion Induced Blindness. How we change what others think, believe,... Classic Lateral Thinking Exercises. Test yourself with these thinking excercises.

Classic Lateral Thinking Exercises

The solutions are at the bottom of the page. Don't be lazy. Try hard to figure these out before you look! It'll be a lot more satisfying. There is a man who lives on the top floor of a very tall building. The solutions are below. Solutions The man is very, very short and can only reach halfway up the elevator buttons. Alternate Solutions Kyle Powerly offers several alternate solutions that fit and that are actually simpler, thus meeting Occam's Razor.

The Power of Positive Thinking - Can We Literally Will Ourselves to Become... When you are sick, either from something minor like a cold or from a more serious health problem, have you ever noticed how your mental attitude can really contribute to the way you feel?

The Power of Positive Thinking - Can We Literally Will Ourselves to Become...

I can remember throwing myself some pretty good pity parties when I was bed-ridden with the flu or pneumonia or something. Along with feeling very sorry for myself, I would think things like, “I feel so sick.” “My fever is not going away.” “This is just horrible…I’m never going to get better.” If we’re all being honest here, I think thoughts like these are pretty normal. I also had a difficult time staying positive while I was recovering from my hysterectomy.

In the past few months, a few things happened that have really shown me how our thoughts and feelings can impact our health. On the other hand, my friend explained, if we make an effort to think positive thoughts about our health and how we are feeling, our bodies will “listen” and respond accordingly. Top 10 Common Faults In Human Thought. Humans The human mind is a wonderful thing.

Top 10 Common Faults In Human Thought

Cognition, the act or process of thinking, enables us to process vast amounts of information quickly. For example, every time your eyes are open, you brain is constantly being bombarded with stimuli. You may be consciously thinking about one specific thing, but you brain is processing thousands of subconscious ideas. Unfortunately, our cognition is not perfect, and there are certain judgment errors that we are prone to making, known in the field of psychology as cognitive biases. The Gambler’s fallacy is the tendency to think that future probabilities are altered by past events, when in reality, they are not. Reactivity is the tendency of people to act or appear differently when they know that they are being observed.

Pareidolia is when random images or sounds are perceived as significant. Interesting Fact: the Rorschach Inkblot test was developed to use pareidolia to tap into people’s mental states. Self-fulfilling Prophecy. Dreamviews Lucid Dreaming Community & Resource. Bananas and Monkeys. Original source unknown.

Bananas and Monkeys

(But the story appears to have some basis in fact.) Start with a cage containing five monkeys. Inside the cage, hang a banana on a string and place a set of stairs under it. Before long, a monkey will go to the stairs and start to climb towards the banana. As soon as he touches the stairs, spray all of the other monkeys with cold water. After a while, another monkey makes an attempt with the same result - all the other monkeys are sprayed with cold water.

Now, put away the cold water. Color Psychology & Infoplease.com. By David Johnson Like death and taxes, there is no escaping color.

Color Psychology & Infoplease.com

It is ubiquitous. Yet what does it all mean? How to Detect Lies - body language, reactions, speech patterns. Interesting Info -> Lying Index -> How to Detect Lies Become a Human Lie Detector (Part 1) Warning: sometimes ignorance is bliss.

How to Detect Lies - body language, reactions, speech patterns

After gaining this knowledge, you may be hurt when it is obvious that someone is lying to you. The following deception detection techniques are used by police, forensic psychologists, security experts and other investigators. Introduction to Detecting Lies: This knowledge is also useful for managers, employers, and for anyone to use in everyday situations where telling the truth from a lie can help prevent you from being a victim of fraud/scams and other deceptions. This is just a basic run down of physical (body language) gestures and verbal cues that may indicate someone is being untruthful.