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Greek Mythology: “Prometheus, The Rebel Titan”.- | La Audacia de Aquiles. ►Greek Mythology: “Prometheus, The Rebel Titan”: “Prometheus bringt der Menschheit das Feuer” by Heinrich Friedrich Füger. (1817).- Prometheus was a son of Iapetus by Clymene (one of the Oceanids). He was brother of Epimetheus, Menoetius and Atlas. Prometheus and Epimetheus, were two titans who were spared imprisonment in Tartarus because they had not fought with the Titans during the war with the Gods.
They were both given the task of creating man. Prometheus shaped man out of mud, and Athena breathed life into his clay figure. Prometheus had assigned Epimetheus the task of giving the creatures of the earth their various qualities, such as swiftness, cunning, strength, fur, and wings. Woefully, by the time he got to man, Epimetheus had given all the good qualities out and there were none left for man.
So Prometheus decided to make man stand upright as the gods did and to give him fire. His attempts to better the lives of his creation brought him into direct conflict with Zeus. ►Links Post: 1. Fatal Lust, Fatal Consequences | Eternal Atlantis. ‘What is left when honour is lost?’ Publilius Syrus To love and be loved is the greatest desire every person hopes to have. It is human nature, written in our DNA since the conception of people. The image of stone-age man dragging a female by her hair, whether correct hypothesis or not, is a scene a few may recognise.
The point is love is an illogical emotion, it makes people do things they may not normally do. . • Social Needs – belongingness, affection and love, – from work group, family, friends, romantic relationships. He believed people are ‘motivated to achieve certain needs’ and when you succeed that level you move onto the next. Enrique Simonet (1866–1927)Spanish: El juicio de ParisThe Judgement of ParisThe painting shows the Judgment of Paris, an event in Greek mythology. Paris was married to a nymph Oenone, who he fell in love with while watching over his cattle on Mount Ida. There wasn’t much thinking go on, not upstairs in any case. 1. Was it Paris’ entire fault? Like this: THEOI GREEK MYTHOLOGY, Exploring Mythology & the Greek Gods in Classical Literature & Art. Women in Greek Myths. Greek Mythology: “Agamemnon’s Family and the War of Troy”.- | La Audacia de Aquiles.
Mythology: “Apollo And Daphne”.- | La Audacia de Aquiles. ►Mythology: “Apollo And Daphne”: “Apollo and Daphne” by Jean-Baptiste van Loo (1720/1737).- Apollo was a great archer, but sometimes he was a little full of himself. One day he caught sight of Eros, Aphrodite´s son. Eros was also an archer, and his arrows were responsible for instilling the twists and turns of love and lust in a person’s heart.
Apollo teased young Eros, putting down his abilities as an archer, claiming that one so small could make no difference with his arrows. The insulted Eros took two arrows, one tipped in gold, one blunted and tipped with lead With the leaden shaft, to incite hatred, he shot the nymph Daphne, the daughter of the river and god Peneus. With the golden one, to incite love, he shot Apollo through the heart. Apollo was seized with love for the maiden, Daphne, and she in turn abhorred him.
Apollo continually followed her, begging her to stay, but the nymph continued her flight. Apollo embraced the branches, but even the branches shrank away from him. Related. Mythology: “Pasiphae, Mother of the Minotaur”.- | La Audacia de Aquiles. ►Mythology: “Pasiphae, Mother of the Minotaur”: “The Greek Myth and A Brief Story by Rubén García”: “Pasiphae and the Bull” by Gustave Moreau (1880).- ►“Pasiphae, Mother of the Minotaur”: “The Greek Myth”: “Pasiphae took pleasure in becoming an adulteress with a bull”.
Minos was one of the three sons from the union of Europa and Zeus; when Zeus was in the form of a bull. Europa’s husband was the King of Crete, Asterion, who looked over the boys as if his own. When Asterion died, it was unclear which of the three sons should ascend to power. The three sons were Minos, Sarpedon, and Rhadamanthus; these three men who after they died were made judges in the Underworld. Minos, however, had one advantage that his brothers did not. Thus, one day while sacrificing to Poseidon, he prayed that a bull would appear from the depths of the sea. Poseidon, then, produced a magnificent bull from the sea and gave it to Minos with the expectation that Minos would sacrifice it to him.
-How naive you are!. 1. Greek Mythology: “The Labyrinth of Crete, The Minotaur and Theseus”.- | La Audacia de Aquiles. ►Greek Mythology: “The Labyrinth of Crete, Theseus and The Minotaur”: “Theseus and Ariadne at the Entrance of the Labyrinth” by Richard Westall.- Minos was the king of Crete and Pasipahe´s husband. After Pasiphae become impregnated by a white bull, she then gave birth to an hybrid child, the bull-headed Minotaur. Angered with his wife, Minos imprisoned the minotaur in the labyrinth of Crete in Knossos. Some modern mythologists regard the Minotaur as a solar personification and a Minoan adaptation of the Baal- Moloch of the Phoenicians. Doda, from My space in the Inmense Universe, said that “it is unfair to pay the price for faults we have never committed”.
In the ancient Greek language, the word Labyrinth means “the house of lavrys.” There are clear and straight connections between Minoan Crete and Greece. Aisha also found an analogy worth noting. Pasiphae, wife of King Minos of Crete, had several children before the Minotaur. Theseus then became King of Athens. ►Links Post: Like this: Greek Mythology: “Orpheus and Eurydice”.- | La Audacia de Aquiles. ►Greek Mythology: “Orpheus and Eurydice”: “The Myth and a Brief Story by Andreas Keller”(Nannus): “Orpheus and Eurydice” by John Roddam Spencer Stanhope.- Orpheus was usually said to be the son of the Thracian king Oiagros and Kalliope, one of the Muses. He was a devoted follower of Dionysos and a wonderful singer and musician.
He had been taught to play the lyre by Apollo, and such was his skill on the instrument, together with the sweetness of his singing voice, that he could charm wild animals and even cause trees to uproot themselves and follow in his steps. He also participated in the expedition of Jason and the Argonauts and he saved his companions from death by the Sirens, the monstrous women who were singing to attract men in their death.
Orpheus fell in love with a nymph named Eurydice and blissful was their life together until one day she was pursued by a son of Apollo, the minor deity Aristaeus. “Orpheus and Eurydice” by Peter Paul Rubens Orpheus: So I have been betrayed. Related. Greek Mythology: “Atalanta, Hippomenes, a Footrace and Three Golden Apples”.- | La Audacia de Aquiles. ►Greek Mythology: “Atalanta, Hippomenes, a Footrace and Three Golden Apples”: “The Race between Atalanta and Hippomenes” by Nicolas Colombel (1680).- Atalanta was a great Arkadian huntress and a favourite of the goddess Artemis. She swore to the goddess to defend her virginity and, when Centaurs burst into her grove, destroyed them with her arrows.
Later she participated in the voyage of the Argonauts, and defeated the hero Peleus in wrestling at the funeral games of King Pelias. When Meleagros gathered heroes to destroy the Kalydonian Boar, Atalanta joined the hunt and was the first to draw blood. Meleagros awarded her the prize of the skin, and when his uncles tried to take it from her force, he slew them. After the Calydonian boar hunt, Atalanta was rediscovered by her father. Hippomenes asked the goddess Aphrodite for help, and she gave him three golden apples in order to slow Atalanta down. “Atlanta and Hippomenes” by Willem van Herp (1632) ►”Three Greek Myths related to Golden Apples”: Mythology: “The Golden Apple of Discord” / Poetry: “Who is The Fairest?”, by Christy Birmingham .- | La Audacia de Aquiles.
►Greek Mythology: “The Golden Apple of Discord” / ►Poetry: “Who is The Fairest?” , by Christy Birmingham: “The Judgment of Paris” by Guillaume Guillon Lethière (1812).- The Garden of the Hesperides was Hera´s orchard, where either a single tree or a grove of immortality-giving golden apples grew. The apples were planted from the fruited branches that Gaia gave to Hera as a wedding gift when Hera accepted Zeus. However, in the mythology surrounding “the Judgement of Paris”, the goddess of Discord Eris managed to enter the garden and pluck a golden apple, Eris had become disgruntled after she was excluded from the wedding of Peleus and Tetis (Achilles ‘ parents).
Angered by this snub, Eris arrived at the celebration with a golden apple, which she threw into the proceedings, upon which was the inscription Kallisti ( ‘For the most beautiful one’ or ‘For the Fairest’). Three goddesses claimed the apple: Hera, Athena and Aphrodite. This was Helen of Sparta, wife of the Greek king Menelaus. Related. Greek Mythology: “Deucalion and Pyrrha, surviving the Flood”.- | La Audacia de Aquiles. ►Greek Mythology: “Deucalion and Pyrrha, surviving the Flood”: “Deucalion and Pyrrha” by Giovanni Maria Bottalla (1635).- Deucalion’s parents were Prometheus, the rebel Titan, and Clymene the Oceanid.
Pyrrha’s parents were Epimetheus (Prometheus’ brother) and Pandora. Deucalion and Pyrrha had been chosen as the gods’ favorite humans, as they were considered the purest ones. The story of Deucalion and Pyrrha began during the Bronze Age, when humans were violent and loved to kill. Because of that reason, Zeus planned to destroy them all. Warned by his father, Prometheus, Deucalion built an ark to survive the coming Bronze Age ending flood that Zeus was sending. Like the version from the Old Testament, in the Greek version, the flood is a mean to punish mankind. Deucalion and his cousin-wife, Pyrrha survived for nine days of flooding before landing at Mt. Only Deucalion and Pyrrha survived for nine days of flooding.
Other Greek regions also claimed survivors. ►Links Post: Community Heart Award 1. Mythology: “Dionysus, Greek God of Wine and Fertility”.- | La Audacia de Aquiles. ►Mythology: “Dionysus, Greek God of Wine and Fertility”: “The Youth of Bacchus (Dionysus)” by William-Adolphe Bouguereau (1884).- Dionysus, also commonly known by his Roman name Bacchus and sometimes Liber, appears to be a god who has two distinct origins. On the one hand, Dionysus was the god of wine, agriculture, and fertility of nature. On the other hand, Dionysus also represents the outstanding features of mystery religions, such as those practiced at Eleusis: ecstasy, personal delivery from the daily world through physical or spiritual intoxication, and initiation into secret rites. He was son of the king of the Greek gods, Zeus, and Semele, the mortal daughter of Cadmus and Harmonia of Thebes. ►Dionysus’ Birth: Hera, queen of the gods, jealous because her husband was playing around (again), took characteristic revenge: She punished the woman.
Zeus had visited Semele in human form, but claimed to be a god. ►Companions of Dionysus: The Nymphs of Nysa raised the infant Dionysus on Mt. 1. Greek Mythology / Philosophy: “The Dichotomy Apollonian -Dionysian”, according to Friedrich Nietzsche.- | La Audacia de Aquiles. ►Greek Mythology and Philosophy: “The Dichotomy Apollonian -Dionysian”, according to Friedrich Nietzsche: Apollonian and Dionysian are terms used by Nietzsche in his book “The Birth of Tragedy” to designate the two central principles in Greek culture. Apollo was the son of zeus and Leto.
Artemis was his twin sister. He was the greek god of prophecy, music, intellectual pursuits, healing, plague, and sometimes, the sun. Writers often contrast the cerebral, beardless young Apollo with his half-brother, the hedonistic Dionysus. As to Dionysus, he was the son of Zeus and Semele. Apollo, as the sun-god, represents light, clarity, and form, whereas Dionysus, as the wine-god, represents drunkenness and ecstasy.
The Apollonian, which corresponds to Schopenhauer’s principium individuationis (“principle of individuation”), is the basis of all analytic distinctions. The Dionysian, which corresponds to Schopenhauer’s conception of “Will”, is directly opposed to the Apollonian. Dionysus (on the right side) Mythology / Philosophy: “The Lost City of Atlantis”, according to Plato.- | La Audacia de Aquiles. ►Mythology / Philosophy: “The Lost City of Atlantis”, according to Plato’s dialogues “Timaeus” and “Critias”: Plato’s two dialogues pertaining to Atlantis are “Timaeus” and “Critias”, written in 360 BC.
These are the earliest known written records about the Lost Continent of Atlantis, all other written references to Atlantis have been written since, and have been based on these writings by Plato. “Timaeus” and “Critias” are actually written in the form of dialogues between four main characters: Socrates (Greek philosopher, and Plato’s teacher), Critias (poet & historian), Timaeus (an Italian astronomer.), and Hermocrates (a general from Syracuse). All were real people. The dialogue “Timaeus” includes only a passing reference to Atlantis, but the second writing, the Critias, has a much more in depth description of Atlantis leading upto it’s downfall.
The fabled island-continent derives its name from the Titan Atlas. •The Atlantis, as described by Plato: •Destruction of the Atlantis: Like this: Greek Mythology: “Demeter, Goddess of the Harvest / Persephone, Queen of the Underworld”.- | La Audacia de Aquiles. ►Greek Mythology: “Demeter, Goddess of the Harvest / Persephone, Queen of the Underworld”: “Persephone and Demeter Reunite” by Frederic Leighton, (1891).- Demeter (Roman equivalent: Ceres) is often described as the greek goddess of the harvest, but she presided also over the sacred law, and the cycle of life and death.
She and her daughter Persephone were the central figures of the Eleusinian Mysteries of the Olympian pantheon. Demeter’s greatest gifts to humankind were agriculture, particularly of cereals, and the Mysteries which give the initiate higher hopes in this life and the afterlife. These two gifts were intimately connected in Demeter’s myths and mystery cults.
Demeter’s virgin daughter was called Persephone (Roman equivalent: Proserpine) . Zeus’s was not only Demeter’s father but also Demeter, Poseidon and Hades‘ brother. In one ocassion, Persephone was abducted to the underworld by Hades. The seasons halted; living things ceased their growth, then began to die. ►Links Post: 1. 1. Greek Mythology: “The Eleusinian Mysteries”.- | La Audacia de Aquiles. ►Greek Mythology: “The Eleusinian Mysteries”: “Proserpine / Persephone” (three-quarter portrait holding a pomegranate), by Dante Gabriel Rossetti (1874).- The Eleusinian Mysteries are related to a greek religious festival held each year at Eleusis, fourteen miles northwest of Athens. It was celebrated in honor of the grain and fertility goddess Demeter (whose name means “spelt mother” being “spelt” is a variety of wheat.) The festivity took place each year, when it was time for the crops to be sown, in the month of Boedromion (September).
It all stems from the myth of Demeter and her daughter Persephone. Demeter was the Greek Goddess of the Harvest, while Persephone was the Goddess of wheats. The conflict was originated when Hades, God of the Underworld, abducted Persephone and took her down into the underworld. After that, Demeter searched the world looking for her daughter, and while doing this, she neglected her duties and let the earth go barren. •Literary Sources and Philosophical Notes: Greek Mythology: “Dionysian Mysteries”.- | La Audacia de Aquiles.
►Greek Mythology: “Dionysian Mysteries”: Dionysus is best known in Greek mythology as the god of wine, but he has also been associated with peace, agriculture, law, civilization, and most especially, the theatre. In Thrace he was known as Eleutherios, “the Liberator,” or Liber Pater, “the Free One,” because he freed people through drunken ectasy The place of origin of the Hellenic Dionysian Mysteries is unknown, but they almost certainly first came to Greece with the importation of wine, which is widely believed to have originated, in the West, around 6000 BC in one of two places, either in the Zagros Mountains (the borderlands of Mesopotamia and Persia, both with their own rich wine culture since then) or from the ancient wild vines on the mountain slopes of Libya / North Africa (the source of early Egyptian wine from around 2500 BC, and home of many ecstatic rites), quite probably from both Wine probably also entered Greece over land from Asia Minor.
“The Initiation Chamber”. Like this: La Audacia de Aquiles | El Mundo Visible es Sólo un Pretexto.