background preloader

We are social, we are political, we are (non-)religious

Facebook Twitter

Kids Benefit From Having a Working Mom. Here's some heartening news for working mothers worried about the future of their children.

Kids Benefit From Having a Working Mom

Women whose moms worked outside the home are more likely to have jobs themselves, are more likely to hold supervisory responsibility at those jobs, and earn higher wages than women whose mothers stayed home full time, according to a new study. Men raised by working mothers are more likely to contribute to household chores and spend more time caring for family members. “There are very few things … that have such a clear effect on gender inequality as being raised by a working mother” The findings are stark, and they hold true across 24 countries.

New Stanford research finds computers are better judges of personality. By Clifton B.

New Stanford research finds computers are better judges of personality

Parker mimagephotography/Shutterstock New research shows that a computer's analysis of data can better judge a person's psychological traits than family and friends. Computers can judge personality traits far more precisely than ever believed, according to newly published research. In fact, they might do so better than one's friends and colleagues. The researchers were Michal Kosinski, co-lead author and a postdoctoral fellow at Stanford's Department of Computer Science; Wu Youyou, co-lead author and a doctoral student at the University of Cambridge; and David Stillwell, a researcher at the University of Cambridge.

According to Kosinski, the findings reveal that by mining a person's Facebook "likes," a computer was able to predict a person's personality more accurately than most of their friends and family. The computer predictions were based on which articles, videos, artists and other items the person had liked on Facebook. Professional Networking Makes People Feel Dirty. For many of us, the idea of professional networking conjures unctuous thoughts of pressing the flesh with potential employers, laughing at unfunny jokes, and pretending to enjoy ourselves.

Professional Networking Makes People Feel Dirty

No wonder a recent study found that professional networking makes people feel unclean, so much so that they subconsciously crave cleansing products. The study, titled The Contaminating Effects of Building Instrumental Ties: How Networking Can Make Us Feel Dirty, appeared in the December 2014 issue of Administrative Science Quarterly. “Even when people know networking is beneficial to their careers, they often don't do it” "Even when people know networking is beneficial to their careers, they often don't do it," says Francesca Gino, a professor in the Negotiation, Organizations & Markets unit at Harvard Business School, who coauthored the study with Tiziana Casciaro (Rotman School, University of Toronto) and Maryam Kouchaki (Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University.)

About the author. How Being Unemployed Changes Your Personality. When Laughter Is Bad For You. You know that feeling when you’re helpless with laughter, unable to speak or even breathe?

When Laughter Is Bad For You

Well, you’re not alone. Elsewhere in the universe a group of rats is giggling, chimps are chortling and, yes, your dog really is grinning at you. But there’s a dark side to giggling, too. But first: “Laughter is the only positive emotion that’s universally expressed,” says Dr. Sophie Scott, professor of cognitive neuroscience at University College London, who has led landmark studies of the world’s greatest bonding experience. According to Dr. Are women and men forever destined to think differently? The headlines The Australian: Male and female brains still unequal The International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis: Gender disparities in cognition will not diminish The Economist: A variation in the cognitive abilities of the two sexes may be more about social development than gender stereotypes The story Everybody has an opinion on men, women and the difference (or not) between them.

Are women and men forever destined to think differently?

What they actually did Researchers led by Daniela Weber at Austria’s International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis analysed data collected as part of the European Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement. No really, bossy is gendered. My post on the gendered use of the word bossy has gotten a lot of attention in the past week.

No really, bossy is gendered.

In it, I presented a modest bit of data to support Sheryl Sandberg’s campaign attempting to raise awareness of the obstacles that hinder young girls from developing leadership skills. When an “Educated” Black Man Becomes Lighter in the Mind’s Eye. Abstract We offer novel evidence that a Black man appears lighter in the mind’s eye following a counter-stereotypic prime, a phenomenon we refer to as skin tone memory bias.

When an “Educated” Black Man Becomes Lighter in the Mind’s Eye

Cellular Solutions meet the staff page: Company ridiculed for gender imbalance online. This is the website for Cellular Solutions, apparently the ‘leading communications provider to south-east England’ and listed by Companies House.

Cellular Solutions meet the staff page: Company ridiculed for gender imbalance online

Quite admirably, the company took the time to highlight its 31 employees in a ‘meet the staff’ page. Here you can see all the business managers: Next come the account managers: Got a problem? The support team can probably help! When 3+1 is more than 4. In a famous scene from the film “Jerry Maguire,” NFL wide receiver Rod Tidwell repeatedly screams, “Show me the money!”

When 3+1 is more than 4

As his agent listens on the other end of the telephone. Intuition might tell us that showing the money motivates, and that increasing an employee’s salary should correspondingly boost his or her motivation. It does — under certain conditions. The evolving field of behavioral economics is challenging the assumption that more money inevitably leads to increased effort. In a recent field study that he conducted along with Harvard colleagues Duncan Gilchrist and Michael Luca, Harvard Business School Professor Deepak Malhotra set out to answer a basic question: “Do employees work harder when they are paid more?” In the field study with 266 workers, three groups were hired to do a one-time, four-hour data entry task via the Internet labor market, which allows for online recruitment of freelancers from around the world.

Study: More crime at church than strip clubs. How naïve are MTurk workers? More and more social scientists have adopted MTurk as a venue for their research, praising its speed, cost, and diversity relative to undergraduate samples.

How naïve are MTurk workers?

However, many of them may fail to take into account some other critical aspects that differentiate MTurk samples from undergraduate subject pool samples. In a paper just published in Behavior Research Methods, we find worker non-naïveté to be a serious concern. One general issue is that MTurk workers share information about HITs with each other publicly and searchably on various forums, including on two different subreddits (see here and here for some collected examples of manipulation checks and common measures that have become common knowledge among workers via forum). More specifically, while the probability that any worker has seen some manipulation may be low, there is a population of “superturkers”, i.e., extremely prolific workers, who are significantly more likely to end up in your studies. References Like this:

Engaging lecturers can breed overconfidence. Eloquent and engaging scientific communicators in the mould of physicist Brian Cox make learning seem fun and easy. So much so that a new study says they risk breeding overconfidence. When a presenter is seen to handle complicated information effortlessly, students sense wrongly that they too have acquired a firm grasp of the material. Shana Carpenter and her colleagues showed 42 undergrad students a one-minute video of a science lecture about calico cats.

Half of them saw a version in which the female lecturer was confident, eloquent, made eye-contact and gestured with her hands. Science faculty’s subtle gender biases favor male students. Intuitive? Try God. God is related to decision-making style, with those who rely more heavily on intuition reporting higher rates of belief, while those who are more reflective tilt toward atheism. By linking religious belief to intuition, the study supports the idea that there is something in the cognitive makeup of humans that promotes belief in a higher power.

For example, the natural tendency that people have to see a purpose behind random events, or the need to reduce uncertainty in their lives — as well as the anxiety it causes — may promote a belief in God. The work, conducted by researchers in Harvard’s Psychology Department, found that cognitive style was an important indicator of religious belief. They found that this was true even when accounting for factors such as intelligence, education, income, and political orientation. They also found that more intuitive people reported an increase in religious faith over the course of their lives, a rise independent of religious upbringing. When it pays to weigh: different effects of weight gain on income for men and women. Weight matters to boxers, jockeys and gymnasts, but for the rest of us it's not high on our radar during work hours. However, increasing evidence suggests that consideration of body size affects how employees are evaluated in the workplace.

A study from late last year tells us more about the troubling relationship between weight and pay – and how it works differently for men and women. While much previous research on the “wage penalty” of obesity has been in the economics literature, Timothy Judge and Daniel Cable take a psychological approach. They acknowledge that the stereotyping literature provides some plausible psychological mechanisms: for instance, people who are obese are judged as less agreeable, less emotionally stable, less extraverted, and less conscientious than their lighter peers, despite this being untrue. Neuroscience, free will and determinism: 'I'm just a machine'. What does this mean in terms of free will? "We don't have free will, in the spiritual sense.

What you're seeing is the last output stage of a machine. There are lots of things that happen before this stage – plans, goals, learning – and those are the reasons we do more interesting things than just waggle fingers. For the Benefit of Other Patrons, Please Refrain from using your Mobile Phone. You Dick. Tuesday, February 22, 2011 In 1994 Monk and friends investigated why people on mobile phones are annoying. You know what I'm talking about. When you're sitting on a train just minding your own business and you heard the dingle-dingle of someone's phone and you just know you're going to hear all about someone's baby / Saturday night / shopping list / job. FSM, that's annoying. Seriously, when my phone rings I keep it as quick and as quiet as possible, often returning the call as soon as I'm in a more appropriate setting. Why sleep deprivation can make you unethical - Post Leadership. Posted at 10:21 AM ET, 05/13/2011. Science: People Really Do Take Longer Leaving a Parking Spot When You're Waiting For It - Alexis Madrigal - Technology.

About face. Restaurant Noise Can Alter Food Taste: Scientific American Podcast. Predicting when a crime is about to take place on CCTV. How good are we at estimating other people's drunkenness? Disbelieving Free Will Makes Brain Less Free. What psychology can teach us about our response to climate change.

Tonight at the Royal Society's lecture hall in central London, Prof David Uzzell will present this year's joint British Academy/British Psychological Society annual lecture. Smart Journalism. Real Solutions. Miller-McCune. New research finds when a female news anchor’s sexual attractiveness is played up, male viewers retain less information. Bad gossip affects our vision as well as our judgment. Religion is irrational, but so is atheism - opinion - 28 March 2011. Why are some people religious and others atheists?

Religion causes a chronic biasing of visual attention. Tanya L Chartrand: Botox impairs our ability to relate to others. Tanya L Chartrand is a professor of psychology and neuroscience at the Duke University Fuqua School of Business in North Carolina. With David T Neal from the University of Southern California she recently published a paper entitled "Embodied Emotion Perception: Amplifying and Dampening Facial Feedback Modulates Emotional Perception Accuracy", which found that using Botox – a neurotoxin injected into muscles to reduce frown lines – reduces a person's ability to empathise with others. The face looks familiar. Just Say No to Christmas Displays? Launching Into Unethical Behavior: Lessons from the Challenger Disaster.

CCTV cameras don't reassure, they frighten. Research reveals true worth of a smile. Are pink toys turning girls into passive princesses? No love for outsiders – oxytocin boosts favouritism towards our own ethnic or cultural group. Hey, good lookin'... you must be a Mormon! If "Religion is natural", what about atheism? What Are You Looking At? Conservatives May Be Less Sensitive to Certain Social Cues. Political activism is good for you.

How going green may make you mean. At what age do girls prefer pink? Pink v blue - are children born with gender preferences? Crowd dynamics: The wisdom of crowds.