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Abraham ( Hebrew : אַבְרָהָם ) is the founding father of the Israelites , with a prominent role in Judaism , Christianity and Islam . [ 1 ]
Martin Luther ( German: [ˈmaɐ̯tiːn ˈlʊtɐ] ( listen ) ; 10 November 1483 – 18 February 1546) was a German monk , former Catholic priest , professor of theology and seminal figure of a reform movement in sixteenth century Christianity , subsequently known as the Protestant Reformation . [ 1 ] He strongly disputed the claim that freedom from God's punishment for sin could be purchased with money. He confronted indulgence salesman Johann Tetzel with his Ninety-Five Theses in 1517.
John Calvin ( French : Jean Calvin , born Jehan Cauvin : 10 July 1509 – 27 May 1564) was an influential French theologian and pastor during the Protestant Reformation . He was a principal figure in the development of the system of Christian theology later called Calvinism . Originally trained as a humanist lawyer, he broke from the Roman Catholic Church around 1530.
Jeremiah ( pron.: / dʒ ɛr ɨ ˈ m aɪ . ə / ; [ 1 ] Hebrew ： יִרְמְיָה , Modern Hebrew : Yirməyāhū, IPA : jirməˈjaːhu , Tiberian : Yirmĭyahu , Greek : Ἰερεμίας , Arabic : إرميا Irmiya ) meaning " Yah exalts", also called the " Weeping prophet " [ 2 ] was one of the major prophets of the Hebrew Bible .
Solomon ( Hebrew : שְׁלֹמֹה , Modern Shlomo Tiberian Šəlōmō ISO 259-3 Šlomo ; Arabic : سليمان Sulaymān , also colloquially : Silimān ; Greek : Σολομών Solomōn ), also called Jedidiah (Hebrew יְדִידְיָהּ ), was, according to the Book of Kings , the Book of Chronicles , Hidden Words and the Qur'an [ 1 ] a king of Israel and the son of David . [ 2 ] The conventional dates of Solomon's reign are circa 970 to 931 BC.