Correlative Conjunctions. There are four types of conjunctions: Coordinating, Subordinating, Adverbial (Conjunctive adverbs), and Correlative.
Correlative conjunctions are different from the other types because they work in pairs, joining words, phrases, or clauses that are equal (noun to noun, for example). There are only 5 pairs to remember: both. . .and either. . .or neither. . .nor not only. . .but (also) whether. . .or The conjunctions must go right in front of the words, phrases or clauses being joined.
Two subjects: Both Mary and Tom stayed late. Two verbs: Jason will either go to MPC or take a job for a year. Two phrases: Not only in the morning but also in the afternoon, I nap. (Note: be sure to separate independent clauses with a comma as would with a coordinating conjunction.) Either/or plural or singular verb? Neither nor, Either or, and not only..but also - UsingEnglish.com ESL Forum. Neither-nor: Correlative Conjunctions « Writing Tips. Over 30 years ago, I had a British boyfriend named Philip.
He was sophisticated, well educated, and played classical music (beautifully) on his grand piano. That alone would have been enough to blind me to his imperfections. But on top of all that greatness, his wife had died and he was raising their daughter Melanie on his own. In my eyes, he verged on sainthood, and I was in awe of him. One day, Philip said something I have never forgotten: Neither Melanie nor I watches much television. Watches? Neither Melanie nor I watch much television. Dead certain that Philip the Great couldn’t be wrong, I kept my preference for watch a secret, substituting alternatives such as these for neither-nor: Melanie and I don’t watch much television.
I don’t watch much television; Melanie doesn’t, either. I don’t watch much television and neither does Melanie. And wouldn’t you know it? Neither Sarah nor Sam plans to attend the concert. Either George or the twins are going to bring the sushi. And (drumroll):
The Correlative Conjunction. Printer Fabulous!
Recognize a correlative conjunction when you see one. Either ... or, neither ... nor, and not only ... but also are all correlative conjunctions. They connect two equal grammatical items. If, for example, a noun follows either, then a noun will also follow or. Read these examples: In the fall, Phillip will either start classes at the community college as his mother wishes or join the Navy, his father’s hope.
When you use correlative conjunctions, be careful about verb agreement. If you connect two subjects with a correlative conjunction, the second one must agree with the verb that follows. Every single evening either the horned owl or the squabbling cats wake Samantha with their racket. When you use correlative conjunctions, be careful about pronoun agreement. If you connect two antecedents with a correlative conjunction, the second one must agree with the pronoun that follows.
Grammar Mishaps: Neither-Nor vs. Either-Or. What is the difference between "neither-nor" and "either-or"?
I recently received an email with the following question: "Peter has not gone to school today, _______ has he done his homework.” The question was regarding whether "neither" or "nor" should be placed in the blank. What do you think? If you're not sure, read the explanations for the two pairings and then try. "Neither" and "Nor" "Neither" is a singular adjective and can be paired with "nor" in a sentence. Neither Corie nor Bob went to the play. Questions about "paired conjunctions" Advanced English 4 - Part 2 (Grammar) - Yard Sale. Paired Conjunctions - ESL Lesson Plan for Paired Conjunctions. Paired conjunctions are often used in both spoken and written English to make a point, give an explanation, or discuss alternatives.
Unfortunately, not only are they difficult to use, but their structure is also rather strict! For this reason, this lesson is a straight forward, teacher centered, grammar lesson focusing on written and oral production of the target structure. Aim: Grammar focus on the use of paired conjunctions Activity: Teacher introduction followed by sentence completion, construction and, finally, oral drill work Level: Upper-intermediate Outline: Introduce paired conjunctions by asking students to give reasons for some simple event. Match the sentence halves to make a complete sentence. Both Peter Not only do we want to go Either Jack will have to work more hours That story was Students who do well not only study hard In the end he had to choose Sometimes it is I would love to take Sentence Half B We could fly.
You like tennis. Back to lessons resource page. Stunning sentences: Paired conjunctions. Esla199 / Parallel Structure, Paired Conjunctions, Coordinating Conjunctions. Parallel Structure with and, but, or, and nor You need to use parallel structure when you connect two words on both sides of (and, but, or, nor).
We’re just talking about words here, not clauses. Steve and his friend are coming to dinner. N and N Susan raised her hand and snapped her fingers. Verb + and + Verb. Both...and: paired conjunctions. Correlative Conjunctions. A correlative conjunction is essentially a coordinate conjunction used in pairs.
A correlative conjunction gets its name from the fact that it is a paired conjunction that has a reciprocal or complementary relationship. Correlative conjunctions always join grammatically equal elements (e.g., noun & noun, adjective & adjective, phrase & phrase, clause & clause, etc.). They also lend equal weight to the joined elements; which is to say, one joined element is always equal to but never subordinate to the other. It's interesting to note that the second word of each conjunctive pair is a coordinating conjunction. Grammar Lesson 1 : “Paired Conjunctions” English Grammar: Correlative Conjunctions Subject-Verb Agreement.