Ten Most Extreme Substances Known to Man. Aerogel: See-Through, Strong as Steel & Ligher than Air. Despite its incredibly low density, aerogel is one of the most powerful materials on the planet.
It can support thousands of times its own weight, block out intense heat, cold and sound – yet it is 1,000 times less dense than glass, nearly as transparent and is composed of %99.8 air. The lowest-density silica-based aerogels are even lighter than air. Despite its fragility in certain regards and its incredible lack of density, aerogel has amazing thermal, acoustical and electrical insulation properties as illustrated by the images here. A single one-pound block can also support half a ton of weight. NASA continues to find new space-based applications for this incredible material. An aerogel window one inch thick has the effective insulative capacity of a ten-inch thick glass window system. Aside from its other capabilities, aerogel also has amazing absorbing abilities.
Fuel cell - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - StumbleUpon. Demonstration model of a direct-methanol fuel cell.
The actual fuel cell stack is the layered cube shape in the center of the image Scheme of a proton-conducting fuel cell The first fuel cells were invented in 1838. The first commercial use of fuel cells came more than a century later in NASA space programs to generate power for probes, satellites and space capsules. Since then, fuel cells have been used in many other applications. There are many types of fuel cells, but they all consist of an anode, a cathode and an electrolyte that allows charges to move between the two sides of the fuel cell. The fuel cell market is growing, and Pike Research has estimated that the stationary fuel cell market will reach 50 GW by 2020. History Sketch of William Grove's 1839 fuel cell The first references to hydrogen fuel cells appeared in 1838. In 1939, British engineer Francis Thomas Bacon successfully developed a 5 kW stationary fuel cell.
Chemistry is the study of matter, and how matter behaves and interacts with other kinds of matter. Terms and Concepts Bibliography Materials and Equipment Table 1.