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LATIN AMERICA

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Public.asu. -- Wide Urban World blog -- Publishing Archaeology Blog -- Calixtlahuacca Archaeological Project Blog -- "Urban Organization Through the Ages" (project) I am an archaeologist specializing in the Aztecs of central Mexico. My professional title is Professor of Anthropology in the School of Human Evolution and Social Change (formerly the Department of Anthropology) at Arizona State University. My other affiliations are: Affiliated Faculty in the School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning (ASU); Core Faculty, Center for Social Dynamics and Complexity (ASU); and Investigador External, El Colegio Mexiquense (Toluca, Mexico). I have directed fieldwork projects at Aztec sites in the Mexican state of Morelos and in the Toluca Valley.

My research focuses on two broad areas: Aztec social and economic organization, and the comparative analysis of ancient urban societies. No, I am NOT the interior decorator of the Obama White House (nor am I the jockey who won the Kentucky Derby in 2005) The Spanish Conquest and its Aftermath - National Institute of Culture and History. A Late Postclassic Maya chronicle, known as the “Book of Chilam Balam of Chumayel”, notes that “11 Ahau was when the mighty men arrived from the east. They were the ones who first brought disease here to our land, the land of us who are Maya, in the year 1513”.

The first contact The first contact between Europeans and the Maya, however, was made just over ten years before. It was, in fact, in 1502 when during his final voyage to the New World Columbus came across a trading canoe near the Bay Islands in the Gulf of Honduras. The next recorded contact between Spaniard and Maya is in 1511. Between 1515 and 1516 a great pestilence known as the mayacimil (or “easy death”) devastated the Maya people along the eastern coast of the Yucatan peninsula. The most astounding expedition of the time was made by Cortes in 1524. The conquest of the Yucatan was undoubtedly the most prolonged and difficult campaign attempted by the Spanish.

History of Mexico - The Aztec Empire. THE RISE OF THE AZTEC EMPIRE By John P. Schmal The Aztec Empire of 1519 was the most powerful Mesoamerican kingdom of all time. The multi-ethnic, multi-lingual realm stretched for more than 80,000 square miles through many parts of what is now central and southern Mexico. This enormous empire reached from the Pacific Ocean to the Gulf coast and from central Mexico to the present-day Republic of Guatemala. Fifteen million people, living in thirty-eight provinces and residing in 489 communities, paid tribute to the Emperor Moctezuma II in Tenochtitlán, the capital city of the great empire.

The Mexica (pronounced "me-shee-ka") Indians, the dominant ethnic group ruling over the Aztec Empire from their capital city at Tenochtitlán in the Valley of Mexico, had very obscure and humble roots that made their rise to power even more remarkable. My understanding of the Mexica Indians and the Aztec Empire has been greatly augmented by the works of the anthropologist Professor Michael E. Metztitlan. Houston Institute for Culture - History of Mexico. World History Timeline South America History AD 1453. Explorers of South America. James Cook (October 27, 1728- February 14, 1779) was a British explorer and astronomer who went on many expeditions to the Pacific Ocean, Antarctic, Arctic, and around the world. Cook's first journey was from 1768 to 1771, when he sailed to Tahiti in order to observe Venus as it passed between the Earth and the Sun (in order to try to determine the distance between the Earth and the Sun).

During this expedition, he also mapped New Zealand and eastern Australia. Cook's second expedition (1772-1775) took him to Antarctica and to Easter Island. Cook's last expedition (1776-1779) was a search for a Northwest Passage across North America to Asia. Cook was killed by a mob on Feb. 14, 1779, on the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii). Cook was the first ship's captain to stop the disease scurvy (now known to be caused by a lack of vitamin C) among sailors by providing them with fresh fruits. For more information on James Cook, click here. A timeline of Latin America. History of Colonial Brazil. Brazilian history can be divided in three parts: when it was a colony, then, as an empire, and years after, as a republic. In this article, we try to show some historical moments of the largest Portuguese colony between the 16th and the 19th centuries. Before Discovery (1492) When the New World was discovered by Italian navigator Christopher Columbus in 1492, the two powerful countries of the time were Portugal and Spain.

As soon as it was confirmed the existence of the New World, the two countries decided to split between themselves every piece of land that might belong to America – even though they had no idea of the continent's size. In 1494, the Portuguese and Spaniards closed the Tordesillas Treaty, a document that established an imaginary line that would separate the lands of the New World which would belong to Portugal (on the east) and to Spain (on the west). Discovery (1500) Settling Down in Brazil (1530s) The Sugarcane Cycle (1532 – 1700) Governorate General of Brazil (1548)

History of Mexico - Mexico. People Citizens of Mexico highly value their nation, independence and community. Their culture is a composite of influences handed down by countless civilizations. From the early Mesoamerican civilizations to the diverse populations that live there today, Mexico’s citizens have remained proud of their heritage and their country. Many rural communities maintain strong allegiances to regions, often referred to as patrias chicas (small homelands).

The large number of indigenous languages and customs in these regions, especially in the south, naturally accentuate cultural differences. However, the indigenismo (ancestral pride) movement of the 1930s played a major role in unifying the country and solidifying national pride among the various populations.

Family remains among the most important elements in Mexican society, both in private and public life. Languages The majority of the Mexican population speaks Spanish, the official national language. Spanish in America *** Spanish in AmericaSpain was one of the 'super powers' in Europe during the Age of Exploration. England, Spain, France, the Netherlands and Sweden were all looking to new lands, wealth and riches to build their empires and gain power.

The European policies of Colonialism and Imperialism were designed to extend a nation's authority, power and influence by territorial gain and by the establishment of economic and political dominance. The discovery of the 'New World' provided new lands and opportunities for Spain and the Spanish in America, including their fervor to convert the indigenous population to the Christian and the Roman Catholic religion. Spanish in America - The Spanish ExplorersSpain sent explorers of America who undertook the 3000 mile journey from Europe to North America across perilous, unchartered seas. Spanish in America - The Conquistadors and the Encomienda systemThe Conquistadors were the Spanish Soldiers and Explorers referred to as 'el conquistador'. A Brief History of Piracy in the Caribbean: 1500-1730. 'First Contact: Lost Tribe of the Amazon' – Survival responds to new documentary. Still from footage of a recently contacted Sapanawa man, featured in the documentary © Channel Four/ Ronachan Films A documentary broadcast in the UK yesterday, entitled “First contact: Lost Tribe of the Amazon”, examined the situation of a group of formerly uncontacted Brazilian Indians known as the Sapanawa, who made contact in 2014.

As one of the group explained, they were fleeing from a series of massacres in which many members of their families had been killed. The perpetrators remain unidentified. Illegal loggers and drug smugglers have operated with impunity in the region for decades, especially on the Peruvian side of the border. Stephen Corry, Survival International’s Director, said today: "We’re glad that this programme has highlighted the violence and atrocities that are still being committed against uncontacted tribes, but much of the programme was pretty dismaying. “The film-makers also described uncontacted Indians as living in an ‘almost constant state of terror.’ South America Timeline - Timeline of South America.

South America Timeline: 5000 BC - 1200 BC The ancient ancestors of the people of South America were believed to have been nomadic Asian hunter-gatherers who crossed over the frozen Bering Strait and into North America. From there they traveled south to the lands of Central and South America.900 BC – 300 BC The Chavín civilization established a trade network and developed agriculture products in the highlands of Peru.400 BC – 800 Along the central coastline of Peru, the Moche, Paracas and Nazca cultures flourished.600 BC – 1200 The Tiahuanaco and Wari empire of central and northern Peru expanded their influence to all of the Andean region.1000 BC – 1450 The Cañaris culture of Ecuador, Chimu Empire in Peru, and the Chachapoyas, and the Aymaran kingdoms of Bolivia and southern Peru flourished.1400 Machu Picchu, Lost City of the Incas was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti.

Trending on WorldAtlas. The South American slave trade · Manchester Historian. Histories of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade typically focus on those enslaved in the North American colonies and often overlook its Southern counterpart. However, those enslaved in North America during the colonial period were a minority; only 6% of Africans were taken to the East Coast of North America between 1500 and 1870. Slave imports from Africa were overwhelmingly taken to South America and the Caribbean. Although the Southern United States is renowned for its past brutality towards the slave population, those enslaved in areas such as Brazil, Colombia and Bolivia experienced a much harsher reality. Yet, not unlike North America, slavery existed in South America even before African slave importation transformed the region’s landscape. After Christopher Columbus’s discovery of the Americas in 1492, much of South America was divided between the Spanish and the Portuguese with the Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494.

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