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The Children of Húrin. The Children of Húrin is an epic fantasy novel which forms the completion of a tale by J. R. R. Tolkien. He wrote the original version of the story in the late 1910s, revised it several times later, but did not complete it before his death in 1973. Overview[edit] However, the Elves manage to stay his assault, and most of their realms remain unconquered; one of the most powerful of these is Doriath, ruled by Thingol. Eventually Morgoth manages to break the Siege of Angband in the Battle of Sudden Flame. Synopsis[edit] Húrin, lord of Men of the house of Hador in Dor-lómin, marries Morwen Eledhwen and they have two children, a son Túrin and a daughter, Lalaith.

In the disastrous defeat of the Battle of Unnumbered Tears Húrin is taken to Angband, stronghold of Morgoth. At Morgoth's command, the allied Easterlings overrun Hithlum and Dor-lómin. After a year in the wild Beleg succeeds in overtaking the band at a time when Túrin is absent. Publication history[edit] Witch-king of Angmar. The Witch-king of Angmar, also known as the Lord of the Nazgûl and the Black Captain, is a fictional character and a major antagonist in J. R. R. Tolkien's Middle-earth fantasy writings. In Tolkien's novel The Lord of the Rings, he is the chief of the Nazgûl (Ringwraiths), the chief servants of the Dark Lord Sauron. His name is not revealed in any of Tolkien's writings, nor are the names of any of the other Nazgûl, except Khamûl.

Literature[edit] Origin[edit] Campaign against Arnor[edit] The following summer, arriving too late to save Arvedui, Prince Eärnur of Gondor landed at the harbours of Mithlond with an army from Gondor. "Do not pursue him! Pursuit of the Ring[edit] The Witch-king returned to Mordor and led the Nazgûl in the siege of Minas Ithil. When King Eärnil II of Gondor died, his son Eärnur, the Witch-king's old enemy, inherited the throne. As the company made for Rivendell, the realm of Elrond Half-elven, they met Glorfindel, who loaned Frodo his horse Asfaloth. Noldor. Sindar. The Sindar were happy in Middle-earth, but once the desire for the Sea was aroused in them, they could not be content until they sailed to Eldamar.

Although less learned and powerful than the Calaquendi and less interested in crafts than the Noldor, they were extremely gifted in music, and their voices were very fair. Other Teleri also stayed behind: these were the friends of Ossë the Maia, who had fallen in love with the shores of Middle-earth, and did not wish to depart. Their leader was Círdan, and they established cities at Eglarest and Brithombar. They were known as the Falathrim, or Elves of the Falas (Shore). They were not part of the realm of Eglador, but still took Thingol as their King. Yet other stray bands of Teleri settled in Nevrast and Hithlum to the north of Eglador, although these did not form any realms. Just before the arrival of the Noldorin exiles, the Dark Lord Morgoth returned to his old stronghold of Angband, and his activities increased. Notable Sindar[edit] Quenya. "Valinorean" redirects here.

For the language of the Valar, see Valarin. Tolkien began devising the language at around 1910 and re-structured the grammar several times until Quenya reached its final state. The vocabulary remained relatively stable throughout the creation process. Also the name of the language was repeatedly changed by Tolkien from Elfin and Qenya to the eventual Quenya. The Finnish language had been a major source of inspiration, but Tolkien was also familiar with Latin, Greek and ancient Germanic languages when he began constructing Quenya. Another notable feature of Tolkien's Elvish languages was his development of a complex internal history of characters to speak those tongues in their own fictional universe since he felt that, as with the historical languages he studied professionally, his languages changed and developed over time not in a vacuum, but as a result of the migrations and interactions of the peoples who spoke them.

External history[edit] J. Elrond. Esgaroth. A drawing of Esgaroth Esgaroth appears to be a city-state, always independent of Dale, and a republic with no king (the only real republic shown in Middle-earth). The people had always elected from among the old and wise the Master of Lake-town and did "not [endure] the rule of mere fighting men. " History[edit] Master of Lake-town[edit] Master of Lake-town is the title given to the elected leader of Esgaroth. In other media[edit] In the Real Time Strategy game, The Battle for Middle Earth II, the settlement of Esgaroth is featured in the campaign and available for skirmish.

Notes[edit] References[edit] Tolkien, J. External links[edit] Esgaroth at the Tolkien Gateway. Dúnedain. History[edit] Sauron's spirit fled from Númenor to Middle-earth, and he again raised mighty armies to challenge the new Dúnedain kingdoms, Gondor and Arnor. With the aid of Gil-galad and the Elves, Sauron was defeated, and he vanished into the wild East for many centuries. Gondor and Arnor prospered during this time. As Sauron began to re-form and gather strength, a series of deadly plagues came from the East. After the fall of Arthedain, a remnant of the northern Dúnedain became the Rangers of the North, doing what they could to keep the peace in the near-empty lands of their Fathers. Over the centuries, the southern Dúnedain of Gondor intermarried more and more with so-called Middle Men. In the Fourth Age, the Dúnedain of Gondor and Arnor were reunited under King Aragorn II Elessar (who was also called the Dúnadan).

In addition to the Faithful, there were Dúnedain in the South who manned Númenórean garrisons at places like Umbar. Characteristics[edit] See also[edit] External links[edit] Númenor. The author had intended Númenor to be an allusion to the legendary Atlantis.[2] An unfinished story Aldarion and Erendis is set in the realm of Númenor at the time of its zenith, and Akallabêth summarizes its history and downfall. Otherwise only compendious or abandoned writings of Tolkien deal with Númenor, such as the appendices to The Lord of the Rings and several accounts published in Unfinished Tales and The History of Middle-earth series.

Originally intended to be a part of a time-travel story, the tale of the fall of Númenor was for some time viewed by Tolkien as a conclusion to his Silmarillion and the "Last Tale" about the Elder Days.[3] Later, with the emergence of The Lord of the Rings, it became the link between these two works and a major part of his legendarium. Literature[edit] History[edit] In the year 3255 of the Second Age, the 25th king, Ar-Pharazôn, sailed to Middle-earth and landed at Umbar. Names and etymology[edit] Geography[edit] Regions[edit] Forostar or "Northlands" Minor places in Middle-earth. The stories of J. R. R. Tolkien's Middle-earth legendarium contain references to numerous places. Some of these places are described below. A[edit] Aldburg All-welcome Inn An inn located at the junction of the Northway and the East Road on the Hobbiton side of Frogmorton.

Amon Hen A hill located on the western bank of the river Anduin, at the southern end of the long lake Nen Hithoel above the Falls of Rauros. Amon Lhaw (S. Although at one time Amon Lhaw had been on the northern boundary of Gondor and a high seat was built there (probably called The Seat of Hearing), this was no longer the case at the time of the War of the Ring; by then, it had long since fallen under the influence of Mordor. Argonath A monument comprising two enormous pillars carved in the likenesses of Isildur and Anárion, standing upon either side of the River Anduin at the northern approach to Nen Hithoel. Also known as the Gate of Kings or the Pillars of the Kings. Azanulbizar See Dimrill Dale B[edit] Bamfurlong Barazinbar. Minas Tirith. Description[edit] Minas Tirith was built culminating in the Citadel at the summit.

Each of the seven levels stood 100 ft (30 m) higher than the one below it, each surrounded by a white wall, with the exception of the wall of the First Circle, which was black. The outer face of this outer wall, the lowest, was made of black stone, the same material used in Orthanc; it was vulnerable only to earthquakes capable of rending the ground where it stood.[2] Each wall held a gate, and each gate faced a different direction.

Great Gate[edit] The Great Gate was the main gate on the first level of the City of Minas Tirith. A temporary barricade was erected in place of the Great Gate. Other gates[edit] The gates of the Second Level through the Sixth Level were staggered at different positions of the wall. The Seventh Gate led to the Citadel. Pelennor Fields[edit] The Pelennor Fields were the townlands and fields of Minas Tirith. Facts[edit] The first level included an inn, the Old Guesthouse. History[edit] Dwarf (Middle-earth) They appear in his books The Hobbit (1937), The Lord of the Rings (1954–55), and the posthumously published The Silmarillion (1977), Unfinished Tales (1980), and The History of Middle-earth series (1983–96), the last three edited by his son and literary executor Christopher Tolkien.

The representation of Dwarves as evil changed dramatically with The Hobbit. Here the Dwarves became occasionally comedic and bumbling, but largely seen as honorable, serious-minded, but still portraying some negative characteristics such as being gold-hungry, extremely proud and occasionally officious. Tolkien also elaborated on Jewish influence on his Dwarves in a letter: "I do think of the 'Dwarves' like Jews: at once native and alien in their habitations, speaking the languages of the country, but with an accent due to their own private tongue.. After preparing The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien returned again to the matter of the Silmarillion, in which he gave the Dwarves a creation myth. The Silmarillion. The Silmarillion /sɪlməˈrɪlɨən/ is a collection of J.

R. R. Tolkien's mythopoeic works, edited and published posthumously by his son, Christopher Tolkien, in 1977, with assistance from Guy Gavriel Kay,[1] who later became a noted fantasy writer. The Silmarillion, along with J. After the success of The Hobbit, and prior to the publication of The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien's publisher requested a sequel to The Hobbit, and Tolkien sent them an early draft of The Silmarillion. The five parts were initially separate works, but it was the elder Tolkien's express wish that they be published together.[1] Because J. Overview[edit] The Silmarillion, like Tolkien's other Middle-earth writings, was meant to have taken place at some time in Earth's past.[4] In keeping with this idea, The Silmarillion is meant to have been translated from Bilbo's three-volume Translations from the Elvish, which he wrote while at Rivendell.[5] Among the notable chapters in the book are: Synopsis[edit] Akallabêth[edit]

Durin's folk. In the Third Age, after being driven out of Moria by the Balrog Durin's Bane, most of Durin's Folk fled north and established cities in Erebor and the Ered Mithrin. Both the Ered Mithrin and Erebor were later occupied by Dragons, and they then became a wandering folk in exile. Most of them settled in the Iron Hills, while others under Thráin II wandered west, till they came to the Ered Luin and settled there. Finally, the Dwarven Kingdom of Erebor was restored when Dáin II, Lord of the Iron Hills, became King of Erebor in T.A. 2941 after Smaug's death. Durin I was succeeded by many generations of kings, among whom[1] appeared six others also named Durin.

These six were believed by the Dwarves to be reincarnations (or even reanimations) of Durin I, with memories of his earlier lives.[2] Durin VI was killed by Durin's Bane in 1980 of the Third Age. Kings of Durin's folk[edit] A son or later descendant of Thorin III was Durin VII the Last, who refounded Khazad-dûm. See also[edit] Notes[edit] Thorin Oakenshield. Characteristics[edit] Thorin is described as haughty, stern and officious. He has a talent for singing and playing the harp, wears a gold chain, and has a very long beard. He wears a distinctive sky blue hood with a long silver tassel. He refers to his home in the Blue Mountains as "poor lodgings in exile".

He is a capable and a cunning warrior, if not a particularly inspiring or clever leader. While shorter than elves or men, Thorin is said to be quite tall for a Dwarf. Appearances[edit] The Hobbit[edit] If more of us valued food and cheer and song above hoarded gold, it would be a merrier world. Thorin, The Hobbit When Thorin died, he was buried with the Arkenstone, and Orcrist was returned and laid upon his tomb. The Lord of the Rings[edit] Unfinished Tales[edit] Names and titles[edit] As he was by right of birth the king of Erebor following the death of his father Thrain, he was King under the Mountain in exile until Smaug was destroyed.

Adaptations[edit] References[edit] Silmaril. Appearance[edit] The Silmarils are not mere jewels which shine with a great light. The three Silmarils are in some sense both alive and sacred. [citation needed] How Fëanor, admittedly the greatest of the Noldor, was able to create these objects is not fully explained.

Even the Valar, including Aulë, master of craftsmanship, could not copy them. In fact, even Fëanor may not have been able to copy them as part of his essence went into their making. Internal history[edit] Fëanor, son of Finwë, created the Silmarils—"the most renowned of all the works of the Elves"—from the light of the Two Trees.[3] The Silmarils were hallowed by Varda, so that they would burn the hands of any evil creature or mortal who touched them (with the exception of Beren).

Fëanor was furious at Melkor, whom he named Morgoth, "Dark Enemy of the World", and at the Valar's perceived desire to take the gems for their own purposes. One of the Silmarils was recovered by Beren and Lúthien through great peril and loss. Arda (Middle-earth) In J. R. R. Tolkien's legendarium, Arda is the name given to the Earth in a period of prehistory, wherein the places mentioned in The Lord of the Rings and related material once existed. It included several seas and oceans, and the continents of Middle-earth, the Dark Lands, and Aman (The Undying Lands), as well as the island of Númenor and other lands, left largely unnamed by Tolkien.

Originally the Earth (Arda) was flat, the continents were surrounded by a mighty ocean (or perhaps by space), Ekkaia or Vaiya, the Encircling Sea, and separated by Belegaer, called the Great Sea and the Sundering Seas. In the First Age, the area in the northwest of Middle-earth was occupied by the country of Beleriand, but this was destroyed during the War of Wrath.

There was also a separate continent south and east of Middle-earth called the Dark Land. Information regarding both was vague. After the Dagor Dagorath, a new world will then be created, which will be Arda Healed (Quenya, Arda Envinyanta). Timeline of Arda. Vala (Middle-earth) Ainur (Middle-earth) Middle-earth cosmology. Akallabêth. Tolkien research. Tolkien's legendarium.