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Alfred Korzybski

Alfred Korzybski
Alfred Habdank Skarbek Korzybski ([kɔˈʐɨpski]; July 3, 1879 – March 1, 1950) was a Polish-American independent scholar who developed a field called general semantics, which he viewed as both distinct from, and more encompassing than, the field of semantics. He argued that human knowledge of the world is limited both by the human nervous system and the languages humans have developed, and thus no one can have direct access to reality, given that the most we can know is that which is filtered through the brain's responses to reality. His best known dictum is "The map is not the territory". Early life and career[edit] Korzybski was educated at the Warsaw University of Technology in engineering. During the First World War Korzybski served as an intelligence officer in the Russian Army. His first book, Manhood of Humanity, was published in 1921. General semantics[edit] He sought to train our awareness of abstracting, using techniques he had derived from his study of mathematics and science. Related:  Philosophy

Victor Kandinsky Victor Khrisanfovich Kandinsky (Russian: Виктор Хрисанфович Кандинский) (April 6, 1849, Byankino, Nerchinsky District, Siberia – July 3, 1889, Saint Petersburg) was a Russian psychiatrist, and was 2nd cousin to famed artist Wassily Kandinsky.[1] He was born in Siberia into a large family of extremely wealthy businessmen.[2] Victor Kandinsky was one of the famous figures in Russian psychiatry and most notable for his contributions to the understanding of hallucinations.[3] Biography[edit] He graduated from Moscow Imperial University Medical School in 1872 and started to work as a general practitioner in one of the hospitals in Moscow.[4] In 1878 he married his medical nurse Elizaveta Karlovna Freimut (Russian: Елизавета Карловна Фреймут).[4] In October 1878, Victor again entered a psychiatric hospital. In 1881, he moved to Saint Petersburg.[4] Kandinsky was a mental health worker employed by the Psychiatric Hospital of St. Kandinsky joined the St. Scientific contribution[edit] Works[edit]

Marxist Internet Subject Archive Famous Quotes Famous quotes from Hegel, Marx, Engels, Lenin, Trotsky, Mao and other communists with links to the context on the Marxists Internet Archive. The only source on the internet of genuine, sourced Marxist quotations. In addition, you get a randomly selected “Quote-of-the-Day” from one of the collections, for you to ponder. Selected Marxist Writers The works of 18 pre-World War Marxists, who together provide a broad base of Marxist thinking shared across most of the differing currents of communism of the present time: Karl Marx, Frederick Engels, Paul Lafargue, Karl Kautsky, George Plekhanov, Clara Zetkin, Daniel De Leon, Vladimir Lenin, Nikolai Bukharin, Leon Trotsky, Alexandra Kollontai, James Connolly, Rosa Luxemburg, José Carlos Mariátegui, Antonio Gramsci, M.

Mircea Eliade-biography etc. 1 Life Mircea Eliade was born in Bucharest, Romania on 13 March 1907. Although Romanian records give his date of birth as 28 February, this is according to the Julian calendar, since the Gregorian calendar was not adopted in Romania until 1924. Eliade’s Orthodox Christian family celebrated his birthday on the Day of the Forty Martyrs, which is 9 March by the Julian calendar, and Eliade himself gave that date as his birthday. Despite a childhood interest in entomology and botany (which doubtless first attracted his attention to Goethe, a lifelong role model and inspiration), he developed an interest in world literature and was led from there to philology, philosophy, and comparative religion. In 1925 Eliade enrolled at the University of Bucharest where he studied in the department of philosophy. He returned to Bucharest in 1932 and successfully submitted his analysis of Yoga as his doctoral thesis at the Philosophy department in 1933. 2 Thought 3 List of Works Comments?

Nikolai Berdyaev Berdyaev's grave, Clamart (France). Nikolai Alexandrovich Berdyaev (/bərˈdjɑːjɛf, -jɛv/;[1] Russian: Никола́й Алекса́ндрович Бердя́ев; March 18 [O.S. March 6] 1874 – March 24, 1948) was a Russian political and also Christian religious philosopher who emphasized the existential spiritual significance of human freedom and the human person. Alternate historical spellings of his name in English include "Berdiaev" and "Berdiaeff", and of his given name as "Nicolas" and "Nicholas". Biography[edit] Nikolai Berdyaev was born at Obukhiv,[2] Kiev Governorate in 1874, in an aristocratic military family.[3] His father, Alexander Mikhailovich Berdyaev, came from a long line of Kiev and Kharkiv nobility. Greatly influenced by Voltaire, his father was an educated man that considered himself a freethinker and expressed great skepticism towards religion. Berdyaev decided on an intellectual career and entered the Kiev University in 1894. In 1904, he married Lydia Yudifovna Trusheff. Philosophy[edit] Sources

Libros The Politics of Experience The Politics of Experience and The Bird of Paradise is a 1967 book by Scottish psychiatrist R.D. Laing, comprising two essays. The work was inspired by Laing’s extensive experimentation with LSD.[1] Summary[edit] Laing examines and challenges the idea of normality in modern society, and argues that it is not people who are mad, but the world.[2][3] He presents psychosis as "a psychedelic voyage of discovery in which the boundaries of perception were widened, and consciousness expanded".[1] Influence[edit] The Politics of Experience is Laing's best-known book.[2] References[edit] Nicolás Gómez Dávila We ask you, humbly, to help. Hi reader in Canada, it seems you use Wikipedia a lot; that's great! It's a little awkward to ask, but this Wednesday we need your help. We’re not salespeople. We’re librarians, archivists, and information junkies. We depend on donations averaging $15, but fewer than 1% of readers give. Maybe later Thank you! Close Nicolás Gómez Dávila (18 May 1913 – 17 May 1994) was a prominent Colombian writer and champion of reactionary social political theory. Gómez Dávila's fame began to spread only in the last few years before his death, particularly by way of German translations of his works. Biography[edit] In 1954, Gómez Dávila's first volume of works was published by his brother, a compilation of notes and aphorisms under the title Notas I – the second volume of which never appeared. Gómez Dávila discussed a vast range of topics, philosophical and theological questions, problems of literature, art, and aesthetics, philosophy of history and the writing of history.

Slavoj Zizek Slavoj Zizek nacio en Ljubljana, Slovenia en el año de 1949. Es profesor en la European Graduate School, director internacional del Instituto de Humanidades Birkbeck en Londres e investigador en el Instituto de Sociología de la Universidad de Ljubljana. Ha escrito más de treinta libros con temas tan diversos como Hitchcock, Lenin y el 9/11, e incluso preparó y condujo la serie de televisión “The Pervert's Guide To Cinema”. (La Guía de Cine para Perversos) ¿Cuándo fuiste más feliz? ¿Cuál es tu mayor temor? ¿Cuál es tu recuerdo más temprano? ¿Cuál es la persona en vida que más admiras? ¿Cuál es el rasgo que más deploras de ti mismo? ¿Qué rasgo deploras más en los otros? ¿Cuál ha sido la situación más vergonzosa en la que te has encontrado? ¿Aparte de una propiedad, qué es lo más costoso que has comprado? ¿Cuál es la posesión que más valoras? ¿Qué te deprime? ¿Qué es lo que más desprecias de tu apariencia? ¿Cuál es tu hábito más desagradable? ¿Cuál es el placer del que más te arrepientes?

Double bind A double bind is an emotionally distressing dilemma in communication in which an individual (or group) receives two or more conflicting messages, in which one message negates the other. This creates a situation in which a successful response to one message results in a failed response to the other (and vice versa), so that the person will automatically be wrong regardless of response. The double bind occurs when the person cannot confront the inherent dilemma, and therefore can neither resolve it nor opt out of the situation. Double bind theory was first described by Gregory Bateson and his colleagues in the 1950s.[1] Double binds are often utilized as a form of control without open coercion—the use of confusion makes them both difficult to respond to as well as to resist.[2] Double bind theory is more clearly understood in the context of complex systems and cybernetics because human communication and the mind itself function in an interactive manner similar to ecosystems. History[edit]

Emil Cioran Romanian philosopher and essayist Emil Cioran (Romanian: [eˈmil t͡ʃoˈran] ( listen); 8 April 1911 – 20 June 1995) was a Romanian philosopher and essayist, who published works in both Romanian and French. Early life[edit] Cioran was born in Resinár (Rășinari), Szeben County, which was part of Austria-Hungary at the time. Cioran had a good command of German. Career[edit] Berlin and Romania[edit] In 1933, he received a scholarship to the University of Berlin, where he came into contact with Klages and Nicolai Hartmann. Cioran’s first book, On the Heights of Despair (literally translated: "On the Summits of Despair"), was published in Romania in 1934. Although Cioran was never a member of the group, it was during this time in Romania that he began taking an interest in the ideas put forth by the Iron Guard—a far right organization whose nationalist ideology he supported until the early years of World War II, despite allegedly disapproving of their violent methods. France[edit] William H.

Introducción a la Filosofía Moderna - Filosofía ¡Bienvenidos al maravilloso mundo de la filosofía moderna! En esta sección vamos a comenzar a dar los primeros pasos en lo que respecta a esta etapa de la historia del pensamiento. La filosofía moderna nace en el siglo XV, justo cuando el hombre se comienza a dar cuenta que las explicaciones que antes valían para explicar todo, ya no valen. Y no es que el hombre moderno haya sido un incrédulo, pero resulta ser que aparecen en escena personajes como Nicolás Copérnico y de pronto el hombre descubre que la Tierra no era el centro del Universo. Que ese sol que veíamos brillar muy arriba en los cielos era ahora el protagonista de todo. Entonces, a la par que se descubrían nuevas cosas, se empieza a dar una revolución dentro de la ciencia y de la historia del pensamiento, y será la filosofía moderna la encargada de mostrarnos cuáles fueron las respuestas que dieron aquellos filósofos modernos, aquellos que empezaron a tener más confianza en la razón que en Dios.