Cold War Photograph of the Berlin Wall taken from the West side. The Wall was built in 1961 to prevent East Germans from fleeing Communism and to stop an economically disastrous drain of workers. It was an iconic symbol of the Cold War and its fall in 1989 marked the approaching end of the War. The Cold War was a sustained state of political and military tension between powers in the Western Bloc (the United States with NATO and others) and powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its allies in Warsaw Pact). Historians have not fully agreed on the dates, but 1947–1991 is common. The two superpowers never engaged directly in full-scale armed combat but they each armed heavily in preparation of an all-out nuclear World War III. The first phase of the Cold War began in the aftermath of the end of the Second World War. Origins of the term For forty or fifty years past, Mr. Background There is disagreement among historians regarding the starting point of the Cold War.
Korean War The Korean War (25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953)[a] was a war between the Republic of Korea (South Korea), supported by the United Nations, and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea), at one time supported by China and the Soviet Union. It was primarily the result of the political division of Korea by an agreement of the victorious Allies at the conclusion of the Pacific War at the end of World War II. The Korean Peninsula was ruled by the Empire of Japan from 1910 until the end of World War II. Following the surrender of the Empire of Japan in September 1945, American administrators divided the peninsula along the 38th parallel, with U.S. military forces occupying the southern half and Soviet military forces occupying the northern half. The failure to hold free elections throughout the Korean Peninsula in 1948 deepened the division between the two sides; the North established a communist government, while the South established a right-wing government. Names
CIA Releases Declassified Maps from 75 Years of Intelligence Cartography The Cartography Center of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) started in October of 1941 with hand-drawn maps that plotted the geographic data of World War II. The Center today harnesses more advanced, digital technologies, but the goal remains the same: to visually convey data in a way that will be understandable for a broad intelligence audience. For the Center’s 75th anniversary, the CIA announced last month that it was releasing several albums of declassified maps, which represent its decades of activity, onto Flickr. From the Russian front of 1942 to the threatened elephant populations of Africa in 2013, the maps are an archive of American involvement in global conflicts and crises. The CIA states on its site that the Center’s “chief objectives are to analyze geospatial information, extract intelligence-related geodata, and present the information visually in creative and effective ways for maximum understanding by intelligence consumers.”
List of wars 2003–2010 Note: War is a state of opened and declared armed hostile conflict between states or nations. For other conflicts, see rebellions, coups and separate battles. This is a list of wars launched from 2003 to 2010. See also List of ongoing military conflicts References External links Heidelberg Institute for International Conflict Research (HIIK)Conflict Barometer - Describes recent trends in conflict development, escalations, and settlements Science Fiction in the Fifties: The Real Golden Age Historians of science fiction often speak of the years 1939–1942 as "the golden age." But it was more like a false dawn. The real golden age arrived a decade later, and—what is not always true of golden ages—we knew what it was while it was happening. That earlier golden age was centered entirely in a single magazine, John W. Campbell's Astounding Science Fiction, and the war aborted it in mid-stride. The decade of the Fifties is often thought nowadays to have been a timid, conventional, strait-laced time, a boring and sluggish era that was swept away, thank heaven, by the free-wheeling, permissive, joyous Sixties. The disruptions of the Second World War scattered Campbell's talented crew far and wide. And then, suddenly, the Fifties arrived—and with the new decade came a host of new science fiction magazines and a legion of gifted new writers. Many of Campbell's original stars were still in their prime, indeed had much of their best work still ahead. It was a heady time, all right.
JFK on Poetry, Power, and the Artist’s Role in Society: His Eulogy for Robert Frost, One of the Greatest Speeches of All Time In January of 1961, as John F. Kennedy’s inauguration approached, his would-be Secretary of the Interior suggested that the poet Robert Frost participate in the ceremony as the first inaugural poet. Eighty-six-year-old Frost telegrammed Kennedy with his signature elegance of wit: “If you can bear at your age the honor of being made president of the United States, I ought to be able at my age to bear the honor of taking some part in your inauguration.” He proceeded to deliver a beautiful ode to the dream of including the arts in government, which touched Kennedy deeply. Frost died exactly two years later, in January of 1963. The speech was eventually included in the altogether superb Farewell, Godspeed: The Greatest Eulogies of Our Time (public library) — a compendium of breathtaking adieus to cultural icons like Amelia Earhart, Martin Luther King, Jr., Emily Dickinson, Keith Haring, Eleanor Roosevelt, Charles Schulz, and Virginia Woolf, delivered by those who knew them best.
Map Collections The Library of Congress Search by Keyword | Browse by Geographic Location Index | Subject Index | Creator Index | Title Index The Geography and Map Division of the Library of Congress holds more than 4.5 million items, of which Map Collections represents only a small fraction, those that have been converted to digital form. The focus of Map Collections is Americana and Cartographic Treasures of the Library of Congress. Map Collections is organized according to seven major categories. Searching Map Collections The mission of the Library of Congress is to make its resources available and useful to Congress and the American people and to sustain and preserve a universal collection of knowledge and creativity for future generations. The Library of Congress presents these documents as part of the record of the past. Special Presentations: Places in History Places in the News Meeting of Frontiers: Collections from the Library of Congress: Maps
Origins of the Cold War 1945-49 FOUR causes of the Cold War [BARE]. NINE events which caused the Cold War. FOUR decisions made at the Yalta Conference. TWO decisions and three disagreements at the Potsdam conference. Berlin Wall: How the Wall came down, as it happened 25 years ago The Berlin Wall has collapsed. This entire era in the history of the socialist system is over. After the PUWP [Polish Communist party] and the HSWP [Hungarian party] went Honecker. Today we received messages about the "retirement" of Deng Xiaopeng and Todor Zhivkov. Earlier the same morning, Marc Kusnetz, one of Tom Brokaw’s colleagues at NBC, goes back to his hotel to freshen up. Demonstrators pull down a segment of the Berlin wall at Brandenburg gate in 1989 00:05 In Britain, Fleet Street has long since sent out its front pages. East German border police at Checkpoint Charlie were surprised to learn yesterday that citizens could now travel to the West freely. Traffic was light at the famous crossing, meant for foreign travellers through the Berlin Wall... 00:00 It is 1am in united Berlin, and the city will party long into the morning. ABC's Barrie Dunsmore finally goes live. 23:55 Somewhere in the chaos, a young Angela Merkel has made it through the Bornholmer crossing. GOAL!
The Art of War - Otto Dix’s Der Krieg [War] cycle 1924 The Art of War Otto Dix’s Der Krieg [War] cycle 1924 Introduction | Selected works | Slideshow | Checklist | Education (pdf) Otto Dix 'Nachtliche Begegnung mit einem Irrsinnigen [Night-time encounter with a madman]' 1924 etching, aquatint Collection of the National Gallery of Australia, The Poynton Bequest 2003 © Otto Dix, Licensed by VISCOPY, Australia click to enlarge Otto Dix was born in 1891 in Untermhaus, Thuringia, the son of an ironworker. He initially trained in Gera and at the Dresden School of Arts and Crafts as a painter of wall decorations and later taught himself how to paint on canvas. He volunteered as a machine-gunner during World War I and in the autumn of 1915 he was sent to the Western Front. After the war he studied at the academies of Dresden and Dusseldorf. Der Krieg [War] 1924 arose out of Dix’s own experiences of the horrors of war. Like Los Desastres, Der Krieg uses a variety of etching techniques and does so with an equally astonishing facility. Supported by