The Cold War | The History of Media Use for Propaganda Purposes Published in 1947 by the Catechetical Guild Educational Society of St. Paul, Minnesota “A nation that knows how to popularize cornflakes and luxury automobiles ought to be able to tell the world the simple truth about what it is doing and why it is doing it.” – Lyndon B. Johnson, Then-Vice President of the United States in 1961 The political hostility between the United States of America and the Soviet Union from 1945 to 1990 not only perpetuated enemy propaganda in both countries, but was also a power battle between both nations to sell their respective ideologies to the world. Just like advertising firms use different media outlets and have to create worldwide campaigns, we will take a closer look here at how America more specifically used different media to propagate the “anti-commie” message in its own nation, but also around the world. In order to transmit an effective message, it is very important to know your audience’s profile. General Turgidson: Perhaps it might be better, Mr.
Cold War Photograph of the Berlin Wall taken from the West side. The Wall was built in 1961 to prevent East Germans from fleeing Communism and to stop an economically disastrous drain of workers. It was an iconic symbol of the Cold War and its fall in 1989 marked the approaching end of the War. The Cold War was a sustained state of political and military tension between powers in the Western Bloc (the United States with NATO and others) and powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its allies in Warsaw Pact). Historians have not fully agreed on the dates, but 1947–1991 is common. The two superpowers never engaged directly in full-scale armed combat but they each armed heavily in preparation of an all-out nuclear World War III. The first phase of the Cold War began in the aftermath of the end of the Second World War. Origins of the term For forty or fifty years past, Mr. Background There is disagreement among historians regarding the starting point of the Cold War.
CIA Releases Declassified Maps from 75 Years of Intelligence Cartography The Cartography Center of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) started in October of 1941 with hand-drawn maps that plotted the geographic data of World War II. The Center today harnesses more advanced, digital technologies, but the goal remains the same: to visually convey data in a way that will be understandable for a broad intelligence audience. For the Center’s 75th anniversary, the CIA announced last month that it was releasing several albums of declassified maps, which represent its decades of activity, onto Flickr. From the Russian front of 1942 to the threatened elephant populations of Africa in 2013, the maps are an archive of American involvement in global conflicts and crises. The CIA states on its site that the Center’s “chief objectives are to analyze geospatial information, extract intelligence-related geodata, and present the information visually in creative and effective ways for maximum understanding by intelligence consumers.”
The Cold War for Kids: Summary The Cold War was a long period of tension between the democracies of the Western World and the communist countries of Eastern Europe. The west was led by the United States and Eastern Europe was led by the Soviet Union. These two countries became known as superpowers. Time Period (1945 - 1991) The Cold War began not too long after World War II ended in 1945. The Cold War came to an end with the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. Proxy Wars The Cold War was often fought between the superpowers of the United States and the Soviet Union in something called a proxy war. Arms Race and Space Race The United States and the Soviet Union also tried to fight the Cold War by demonstrating their power and technology. Activities Crossword Puzzle Word Search For reference and further reading: The Cold War (20th Century Perspectives) by David Taylor. 2001. Back to History for Kids
List of wars 2003–2010 Note: War is a state of opened and declared armed hostile conflict between states or nations. For other conflicts, see rebellions, coups and separate battles. This is a list of wars launched from 2003 to 2010. See also List of ongoing military conflicts References External links Heidelberg Institute for International Conflict Research (HIIK)Conflict Barometer - Describes recent trends in conflict development, escalations, and settlements JFK on Poetry, Power, and the Artist’s Role in Society: His Eulogy for Robert Frost, One of the Greatest Speeches of All Time In January of 1961, as John F. Kennedy’s inauguration approached, his would-be Secretary of the Interior suggested that the poet Robert Frost participate in the ceremony as the first inaugural poet. Eighty-six-year-old Frost telegrammed Kennedy with his signature elegance of wit: “If you can bear at your age the honor of being made president of the United States, I ought to be able at my age to bear the honor of taking some part in your inauguration.” He proceeded to deliver a beautiful ode to the dream of including the arts in government, which touched Kennedy deeply. Frost died exactly two years later, in January of 1963. The speech was eventually included in the altogether superb Farewell, Godspeed: The Greatest Eulogies of Our Time (public library) — a compendium of breathtaking adieus to cultural icons like Amelia Earhart, Martin Luther King, Jr., Emily Dickinson, Keith Haring, Eleanor Roosevelt, Charles Schulz, and Virginia Woolf, delivered by those who knew them best.
The Cold War Erupts Prime Minister Churchill, President Roosevelt, and Premier Stalin meet at Yalta to discuss post-war Europe. It was at both the Yalta and Dumbarton Oaks conferences that the framework for the United Nations was devised. In 1945, one major war ended and another began. The Cold War lasted about 45 years. The United States became the leader of the free-market capitalist world. Winston Churchill's 1946 speech to Westminster University in Missouri contained the first reference to the communism of Eastern Europe as an "iron curtain." The long-term causes of the Cold War are clear. There was hostility on the Soviet side as well. Stalin made promises during the war about the freedom of eastern Europe on which he blatantly reneged. When the Soviet Union entered the war between the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the United States no longer needed their aid, but Stalin was there to collect on Western promises. At Potsdam, the Allies agreed on the postwar outcome for Nazi Germany.
Map Collections The Library of Congress Search by Keyword | Browse by Geographic Location Index | Subject Index | Creator Index | Title Index The Geography and Map Division of the Library of Congress holds more than 4.5 million items, of which Map Collections represents only a small fraction, those that have been converted to digital form. The focus of Map Collections is Americana and Cartographic Treasures of the Library of Congress. Map Collections is organized according to seven major categories. Searching Map Collections The mission of the Library of Congress is to make its resources available and useful to Congress and the American people and to sustain and preserve a universal collection of knowledge and creativity for future generations. The Library of Congress presents these documents as part of the record of the past. Special Presentations: Places in History Places in the News Meeting of Frontiers: Collections from the Library of Congress: Maps
Berlin Wall: How the Wall came down, as it happened 25 years ago The Berlin Wall has collapsed. This entire era in the history of the socialist system is over. After the PUWP [Polish Communist party] and the HSWP [Hungarian party] went Honecker. Today we received messages about the "retirement" of Deng Xiaopeng and Todor Zhivkov. Earlier the same morning, Marc Kusnetz, one of Tom Brokaw’s colleagues at NBC, goes back to his hotel to freshen up. Demonstrators pull down a segment of the Berlin wall at Brandenburg gate in 1989 00:05 In Britain, Fleet Street has long since sent out its front pages. East German border police at Checkpoint Charlie were surprised to learn yesterday that citizens could now travel to the West freely. Traffic was light at the famous crossing, meant for foreign travellers through the Berlin Wall... 00:00 It is 1am in united Berlin, and the city will party long into the morning. ABC's Barrie Dunsmore finally goes live. 23:55 Somewhere in the chaos, a young Angela Merkel has made it through the Bornholmer crossing. GOAL!
The Cold War 1945-1991 Add this to your favourites The Cold War 1945-1991 Cold War tensions between the USA and the USSR became so significant that a potentially disastrous nuclear war seemed imminent. About this digibook What was the Cold War? view Cold War summary Who is this for? Secondary History Years: 10 Source: Australian War Memorial Find more resources from Australian War Memorial Copyright information Metadata © Australian Broadcasting Corporation and Education Services Australia Ltd 2012 (except where otherwise indicated). Related keywords: Cold War | Superpowers | Arms race | National security | Korean War | Berlin Wall | Vietnam War | Cuban missile crisis | Afghanistan | Glasnost | Sir Robert Menzies | Nikita Khrushchev | Richard Nixon Send me more stuff like this! Sign up for the ABC Splash weekly enews so you can find out about the new resources we add every day. Explore ABC Splash Watch, listen and play videos, audio clips and games. Follow us: ABC Splash Partners