Dame Enid Lyons: Maiden Speech audio Clip description Dame Enid Lyons reads her maiden speech, originally presented in the House of Representatives in Canberra on 29 September 1943. Curator’s notes While it is possible to access Hansard records, newspaper reports and photos of the day, to actually hear the voice of Dame Enid Lyons brings to life the person as well as an important event in Australian political history. In her biography of Lyons, Anne Henderson argues that she effectively used her domestic experience and abilty to speak plainly to great success in political debate throughout her career. According to newspaper reports of the period there was a great deal of public interest in her first appearance in Parliament. During the speech, Lyons refers to recently seeing a film dealing with the European conflict, which included a scene of the evacuation of Dunkirk.
Forgotten women of science win recognition online | Science By late afternoon scores of red women on Sam Haskell's list had turned blue: female scientists, some dead and some living, many immensely distinguished, some geniuses, but whose names have almost been forgotten even by their peers. Up the grand marble staircase of the Royal Society in London, under the imposing gold and white library ceiling, women and a handful of men had gathered, joined by many more online across the world, to correct a gross injustice. The list gradually changing colour on Haskell's screen represented hundreds of women scientists who have either never had a Wikipedia entry, or whose lives and work are dismissed in a stub a few lines long. The event in London was booked out for weeks, but many more joined online, some starting work days ago. "It is shameful that when you ask people, including scientists, to name well-known female scientists and engineers, they can barely get past Marie Curie," she said. Other stubs were expanded. "Well honestly!"
Earth - Why we do not sleep around all that much any more On first glance, sticking with one partner for life seems like quite a bad idea, at least from an evolutionary point of view. Sperm is plentiful and does not take long to make, so it would not benefit a male to invest in only one female, who will take a long time to reproduce. If monogamy is not that useful, why did it become a favoured way of life in so many cultures? A female can also benefit from having a variety of partners. For these reasons, monogamy is extremely rare among mammals and many other animal groups, as BBC Earth recently explained. The same is true of human societies, many of which permit taking several spouses, or "polygamy". So if monogamy is not that useful, why did it become a favoured way of life in so many cultures? A new analysis provides a possible reason. If you think a behaviour is not acceptable, you have to spend time protesting They argue that this change in lifestyle was socially imposed. His theory goes like this.
Enid Lyons Maiden Speech Transcript Enid Lyons (9.7.1897 - 2.9.1981) United Australia Party, Darwin, Tasmania served in the Parliament from 21 August 1943 until 19 March 1951 29 September 1943 Dame ENID LYONS (Darwin) [8.0]. It would be strange indeed were I not tonight deeply conscious of the fact, if not a little awed by the knowledge, that my shoulders rests a great weight of responsibility; because this is the first occasion upon which a woman has addressed this house. Somewhere about the year 1830 there began a period in Australian history which for me has always held a peculiar fascination. I have been delighted, since I came here, to find the almost unanimity that exists in respect of the need for social service and in respect of many of the other problems that have been discussed in this chamber. I am delighted that the honorable member for Denison (Dr. Another honorable member spoke of the need for decentralization. Let us pause for a moment and think of the time when the war shall end. Mr. HONORABLE MEMBERS.
Invisible women of science – now appearing at the Royal Society | Uta Frith | Science Women in science have an image problem. It is not so much deciding whether they should aspire to the hard image of being a scientist or the soft image of being feminine, it is the more serious problem of invisibility. Nowhere is this more obvious than in our august institutions, our imposing portrait galleries and grand museums. There is a dearth of dignified portraits of women scientists produced by distinguished artists. There are historical reasons for this. In the Royal Society's buildings there are many portraits of great scientists, mainly donated, and many portraits of past presidents, usually commissioned. Preparing for this exhibition made it strikingly clear that there is a void in representations of women in science. Perhaps the time has come to take some steps towards a change. Garry Kennard is an artist who has long been making links between science and art. What does science say? Previous work suggested that men would speak longer than women in this sort of situation.
Are lab mice too cold? Why it matters for science A typical mouse laboratory is kept between 20 and 26 degrees C, but if the mice had it their way, it would be a warm 30 degrees C. While the mice are still considered healthy at cooler temperatures, they expend more energy to maintain their core temperature, and evidence is mounting that even mild chronic cold stress is skewing results in studies of cancer, inflammation, and more. Researchers review the evidence April 19 in Trends in Cancer. "Most people only look at results from experiments at standard lab temperatures," says Bonnie Hylander, an immunologist at the Roswell Park Cancer Institute. There are multiple reasons to keep a mouse lab cool. A few years ago, Hylander and Elizabeth Repasky, an immunologist at the Roswell Park Cancer Institute, along with their colleagues, began investigating the effects of cold stress on the mouse immune system's ability to fight tumors. But the answer isn't necessarily just turning up the thermostats. Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert!
Hypatia, Ancient Alexandria’s Great Female Scholar | Women's History Month One day on the streets of Alexandria, Egypt, in the year 415 or 416, a mob of Christian zealots led by Peter the Lector accosted a woman’s carriage and dragged her from it and into a church, where they stripped her and beat her to death with roofing tiles. They then tore her body apart and burned it. Who was this woman and what was her crime? Hypatia was one of the last great thinkers of ancient Alexandria and one of the first women to study and teach mathematics, astronomy and philosophy. Though she is remembered more for her violent death, her dramatic life is a fascinating lens through which we may view the plight of science in an era of religious and sectarian conflict. Founded by Alexander the Great in 331 B.C., the city of Alexandria quickly grew into a center of culture and learning for the ancient world. Alexandria underwent a slow decline beginning in 48 B.C., when Julius Caesar conquered the city for Rome and accidentally burned down the library.
A Secret History Of Women In Science, From Marie Curie To Florence Nightingale “This is not the run-of-the-mill stuff you can find at a library,” curator Ronald Smeltzer says. But the exhibit doesn’t just focus on the scientific discoveries of the female scientists. There’s plenty of artifacts that add a biographical dimension to some of the famous (and not-so-famous) names. “We were trying to embed the human interest story in the scientific life,” Smeltzer says. Whether you’re looking to further explore the work of a female scientist you already know about, or ready to discover a totally new researcher, the exhibit has something to offer. Florence Nightingale, Passionate Statistician What do you think of when you hear the name “Florence Nightingale?” Actually, one of Nightingale’s greatest legacies is related to math. The number of soldier deaths in the Crimean War attributed to enemy fire is in red; the number of deaths attributed to disease is in green. courtesy Ronald Smeltzer On a tour of America, Curie gifted the machine to the Mutter Museum in Philadelphia.
What Is it Like to Be a Bat? "What is it like to be a bat?" is a paper by American philosopher Thomas Nagel, first published in The Philosophical Review in October 1974, and later in Nagel's Mortal Questions (1979). In it, Nagel argues that materialist theories of mind omit the essential component of consciousness, namely that there is something that it is (or feels) like to be a particular, conscious thing. He argued that an organism had conscious mental states, "if and only if there is something that it is like to be that organism—something it is like for the organism Summary The thesis attempts to refute reductionism (the philosophical position that a complex system is nothing more than the sum of its parts). Nagel begins by arguing that the conscious experience is widespread, present in many animals (particularly mammals), and that for an organism to have a conscious experience it must be special, in the sense that its qualia or "subjective character of experience" are unique. Criticisms
Dame Enid Muriel Lyons Dame Enid Muriel Lyons (1897-1981), politician, was, according to her birth certificate, born on 9 July 1897 at Duck River (Smithton), Tasmania, second of four children of William Burnell, sawyer, and his wife Eliza, née Taggett. Anne Henderson has raised the possibility that her real father may have been Aloysius Joyce, son of a wealthy landowner in the Burnie district. During her childhood William transferred from Lee’s Mill to Glance Creek Mill and the family moved to Stowport. Ambitious for her children, Mrs Burnell had Enid taught elocution and encouraged her to perform whenever she had an audience. Although the mother of six children by 1922, Enid played a leading part in Tasmanian election campaigns, talking politics, especially to women, in terms of 'pots and pans and children’s shoes'. When (Sir) John Latham offered to step aside as leader of the Opposition in Lyons’s favour, it was Enid who urged Joe to accept, despite his reluctance.
This Brilliant Female Physicist Was Overlooked for a Nobel Prize History is full of household names … the Roosevelts, the Kennedys — you know, those familiar names from textbooks. But often if you dig a little deeper, the most moving stories involve names still in relative obscurity. Chien-Shiung Wu is a perfect example. Born in 1912, Wu was raised in a small town in Taicang, China. Her father was an advocate for girls’ education and had founded a women’s school in China. During World War II, Wu worked on the Manhattan Project at Columbia University. In 1956, Wu devised an experiment with revolutionary results. Wu’s work was termed the most important development in the field of atomic and nuclear physics to date; a 1959 AAUW press release called her experiment the “solution to the number-one riddle of atomic and nuclear physics.” The October 1959 “AAUW Journal” article announcing Wu’s Achievement Award Despite the obvious omission, Wu received many accolades for her work.
Why do consious beings exist? Thomas Nagel The philosopher Thomas Nagel thinks the materialist scientific worldview cannot explain consciousness. Is he right? Image: perpetualplum If we’re to believe science, we’re made of organs and cells. But what if science is fundamentally incapable of explaining our own existence as thinking things? For most philosophers, and many people in general, this is a radical departure from the way we understand things. Nagel’s pessimism about science’s ability to explain things like consciousness has a long history. Nagel’s argument has been criticised in a variety of ways. But this line of attack is hard to accept. Of course philosophers sympathetic to science have many ways to make this seem like a non-problem. Nagel, however, goes much further, which is what makes Mind and Cosmos interesting. By this stage Nagel’s argument might have begun to appear absurd. What sort of explanations are there for human consciousness? Another explanation looks to the theory of evolution.
Julia Margaret Cameron: Complete Photographs According to one of Julia Margaret Cameron’s great-nieces, “we never knew what Aunt Julia was going to do next, nor did anyone else.” This is an accurate summation of the life of the British photographer (1815–1879), who took up the camera at age forty-eight and made more than twelve hundred images during a fourteen-year career. Living at the height of the Victorian era, Cameron was anything but conventional, experimenting with the relatively new medium of photography, promoting her own art though exhibition and sale, and pursuing the eminent personalities of her age—Alfred Tennyson, Charles Darwin, Thomas Carlyle, and others—as subjects for her lens. For the first time, all known images by Cameron, one of the most important nineteenth-century artists in any medium, are gathered together in a catalogue raisonné.
Women Nobel Prize Winners: 16 Women Who Defied Odds To Win Science's Top Award (PHOTOS) Women make up a bit more than half of the world’s population, yet even in the most developed countries, men hold the lion's share of jobs in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) fields. What's more, men take home most of the prestigious scientific awards. That includes the Nobel Prizes, widely considered the ultimate mark of scientific achievement. Of the 357 people awarded a Nobel in the science categories — Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, and Economic Sciences — only 16 have been women (see slideshow below). What accounts for this discrepancy? "This low representation is likely due to there unfortunately being very few women scientists in the first half of the 20th Century," Dr. Until the 1970s the number of women who received Nobel Prizes was roughly proportional to the number of women doing scientific research — a small group of women winning a small number of Nobels. Check out our list below of the 16 women who have won a Nobel Prize in science.