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Halo Effect

Halo Effect
The idea that global evaluations about a person bleed over into judgements about their specific traits. The ‘halo effect’ is a classic finding in social psychology. It is the idea that global evaluations about a person (e.g. she is likeable) bleed over into judgements about their specific traits (e.g. she is intelligent). In the same way politicians use the ‘halo effect’ to their advantage by trying to appear warm and friendly, while saying little of any substance. But you would think we could pick up these sorts of mistaken judgements by simply introspecting and, in a manner of speaking, retrace our thought processes back to the original mistake. Likeability of lecturers Nisbett and Wilson wanted to examine the way student participants made judgements about a lecturer (Nisbett & Wilson, 1977). In fact the students had been divided into two groups who were going to watch two different videos of the same lecturer, who happened to have a strong Belgian accent (this is relevant!). Related:  AllusoryTheories, approaches and methodsPsycho

Science Fiction Timeline Site . . . Marc Carlson's KNOWN SPACE Chronology . . . Science Fiction Timeline Site • Larry Niven's Known SpaceFramed Site Timeline • Links TIME LINE of Larry Niven's Known Space Universe Revision 111407 Compiled by I. Some additional material by Richard S. Since all of this information has come from other sources, I don't feel as though I can copyright it. Notes on sources: The sources used for this were Larry Niven's stories and novels. The codes in parentheses indicate the source. TKS = Timeline for Known Space, published in Tales of Known Space (1975). The above materials will be superseded should different information be published. Finally, all items marked with an * are conjecture, based on the information on hand, and may be further explained by a description in brackets. I would like to point out that noting the inconsistencies between dates should not be construed as criticism. It should be noted that the dates of the Gil Hamilton stories are absolutely internally inconsistent. But I digress... about 15 Billion Years Ago Galaxies form.

An overview of the recognition primed decision making model What is it? In 1985 Gary Klein and others began to develop the recognition primed decision making model. They were studying decision making in the army and were examining how fire fighting chiefs make decisions. They realized that these expert decision-makers were not comparing lists of options. They were not even comparing two options. This description they called the recognition primed decision making model. How it works In a given situation, the decision maker will pick up cues and indicators that let them recognise patterns. Klein and Co. wondered how people could assess this single option if they were not comparing it to something else. The mental simulation was based on mental models that the decision maker had developed through experience. Moving forward If the decision maker considers the action script will achieve the outcome, they go ahead. If they consider that it might not work because of a potential problem, they may try and alter the action script in some way. The pros The cons

Myths About Giftedness ~ by Mary Rocamora, M.A. ~ There are many myths about the gifted that are held in the mainstream culture. The gifted can make it by themselves — they don’t need any extra attention, either as children or as adults. Actually, gifted children and adults need more mirroring and mentoring than most people because there is more inside that is yearning to be lived. Even if you have extraordinary talents, keep your light under a bushel. One should never feel too good about one’s abilities or show them off except when invited or alone. You can be gifted on your own time. After you have done everything you “should” do, you will finally be free to do something meaningful or creative. In the awareness work we offer, the gifted are moved irrevocably away from the obligatory demands of family, friends, being a “good person,” and even our ideas about survival. You can’t earn a living being who you are. If you get too big, you’ll die. The path to realization for the gifted is littered with land mines.

Cognitive Dissonance — PsyBlog – Mozilla Firefox Understanding this experiment sheds a brilliant light on the dark world of our inner motivations. The ground-breaking social psychological experiment of Festinger and Carlsmith (1959) provides a central insight into the stories we tell ourselves about why we think and behave the way we do. The experiment is filled with ingenious deception so the best way to understand it is to imagine you are taking part. So sit back, relax and travel back. The time is 1959 and you are an undergraduate student at Stanford University… As part of your course you agree to take part in an experiment on ‘measures of performance’. Little do you know, the experiment will actually become a classic in social psychology. The set-up Once in the lab you are told the experiment is about how your expectations affect the actual experience of a task. Perhaps you wonder why you’re being told all this, but nevertheless it makes it seem a bit more exciting now that you know some of the mechanics behind the experiment.

www.rowthree A decade into the 21st Century and we have arrived at the future. The promise of Tomorrow. But instead we have looming energy crises, endless middle east conflict and more disappointing, we have no flying cars, Heck, for all the bright and clean future promised in 2001: A Space Odyssey, none of the real companies used as brands in the film even exist anymore. Below are over two dozen science fiction pictures that are worth your time. In the interest of talking about the films, it should be noted that *SPOILERS* are sprinkled through out the list. Code 46 Welcome to a world with borders, very difficult to permeate borders. Children of Men How would social mores change in a world without hope? Primer Time Travel has never been more ‘real’ than in Shane Carruth’s debut film. Moon After 1979’s Alien, nothing gets hammered harder than corporate culture (usually the functioning body of government) in science fiction films. The Fountain 28 Weeks Later The Host Paprika Pontypool Mr. Symbol

The CAF process - Children and young people The CAF is a four-step process whereby practitioners can identify a child's or young person's needs early, assess those needs holistically, deliver coordinated services and review progress. The CAF is designed to be used when a practitioner is worried about how well a child or young person is progressing (e.g. concerns about their health, development, welfare, behaviour, progress in learning or any other aspect of their wellbeing) a child or young person, or their parent/carer, raises a concern with a practitioner a child's or young person's needs are unclear, or broader than the practitioner's service can address. The process is entirely voluntary and informed consent is mandatory, so families do not have to engage and if they do they can choose what information they want to share. The CAF process is not a 'referral' process but a 'request for services'. The CAF should be offered to children who have additional needs to those being met by universal services.

Psicologia Gestalt: teoria, cos'è e uso nel marketing - Inside Marketing Teoria della gestalt: in cosa consiste? La psicologia della Gestalt è nata nel XX secolo e ha avuto tra i principali esponenti Max Wertheimer, Kurt Koffka e Wolfgang Köhler. Le teorie di tale scuola psicologica sono incentrate sulla comprensione dei processi che riguardano la percezione della realtà e sul modo in cui si fa esperienza di diversi fenomeni. L’essere umano tende a cercare di attribuire un certo grado di ordine e di coerenza al mondo attorno a sé, in modo da poter elaborare più facilmente il grande numero di stimoli che lo circondano. Per farlo, come spiegano Robert e Karin Sternberg in “Cognitive Psychology“, si raggruppano elementi “simili” o in qualche modo coerenti tra di loro, riducendo in questa maniera gli elementi da elaborare. A livello percettivo, allora, secondo la visione della Gestalt, si tende a organizzare gli oggetti in «gruppi coerenti», in modo da dar loro una struttura “significativa“. I PRINCIPI o leggi DELLA GESTALT gestalt percezione delle immagini

Success! Why Expectations Beat Fantasies — PsyBlog – Mozilla Firefox Are you building castles in the sky? Psychologists have found that fantasising about future success can be dangerous. We all have fantasies about the future. We often hear from self-help gurus that just this type of happy dreaming is a good source of motivation. Loosely speaking there is some truth to this: positive thinking about the future is broadly beneficial. Fantasy versus expectation The researchers wanted to see how people cope with four different challenges that life throws at us: getting a job, finding a partner, doing well in an exam and undergoing surgery (hopefully not all at the same time). Across four studies the researchers examined how people thought about each of these challenges. The difference might sound relatively trivial, but it’s not. Fantasies, though, involve imagining something you hope will happen in the future, but experiencing it right now. Take those looking for a job. Why positive fantasies are dangerous I expect. Image credit: balt-arts

Lettre à toi qui pense baisser les bras Inscrivez-vous maintenant et recevez un guide gratuit sur les besoins humains Vos informations sont enregistrées dans un fichier informatisé conformément à notre Politique de confidentialité. Si tu envisages de baisser les bras face aux difficultés que tu rencontres en ce moment dans ta vie ou dans la réalisation de tes projets, alors lis cette lettre. J’ai bien entendu derrière les mots que nous échangions récemment que ton chemin de vie semble devenir de plus en plus chaotique. Entendons-nous bien. Nous avions déjà parlé du changement lors de nos précédents entretiens. Pour les changements que tu mets en place dans ta vie, c’est un peu pareil. Ce que je veux te dire par là, c’est que la période difficile que tu vis aujourd’hui se terminera forcément à un moment donné. rien n’est permanent, sauf le changement Je trouve cette pensée très à propos actuellement. Tu soulèves aussi la question pertinente de la différence entre persévérance et obstination. Et donc Oui, tu es en chemin. Christophe

Lexi Rose, Just all about life: Practice Education- The importance of student... Theory is one of those things right at the centre of social work practice. It is a given that during any social work degree programme, theory will become part and parcel of a students studies and practice from very early on in their career. Having said that however, I have learnt over recent months that the emphasis of theory is different for everyone, depending largely on the type of course and university establishment in which a student attends. For me, I remember my very first lecture on my first day of university being:Theories 1- Carl Rogers, person centred approach. From then on, every week, I would engage in a Lecture on a different theory or approach to practice, followed by a seminar, working on case studies and integrating that theory in to practice. This went on for two solid years and was actually, something I really enjoyed. Photo by Sharon McCutcheon on Unsplash For me, I argue that theory informs our practice which in turn, supports analysis, hypothesis and judgement.

When Complex Trauma Is Misdiagnosed as Anxiety 3K+Save I’ve been living with the effects of complex trauma for a long time, but for many years, I didn’t know what it was. Off and on throughout my life, I’ve struggled with what I thought was anxiety and depression. Or rather, In addition to being traumatized, I was anxious and depressed. Regardless of the difference, no condition should ever be minimized. If you are feeling anxious or depressed, it’s important and urgent to find the right support for you. For someone dealing with complex trauma, the anxiety they feel does not come from some mysterious unknown source or obsessing about what could happen. For those who have experienced trauma, anxiety comes from an automatic physiological response to what has actually, already happened. Those living with generalized anxiety often live in fear of the future. The remedy for both anxiety and trauma is to pull one’s awareness back into the present. At the first sign of anxiety or depression, traumatized people will spiral into toxic shame.

Brainstorming Reloaded — PsyBlog – Mozilla Firefox · Why brainstorming is ineffective and how to fix it. Brainstorming was once thought a fantastic way for groups to generate new ideas. Although not as fashionable as it once was, brainstorming is still frequently used in business and, often inadvertently, for all sorts of personal decisions; people happily brainstorm for holiday destinations, restaurants and even new careers. Brainstorming certainly looks like a great way of dealing with some of the problems associated with decision-making and creativity in groups, such as groupthink and people’s failure to share information effectively. But now we know that brainstorming doesn’t actually work that well. Social loafing: people slack off to a frightening degree in certain types of group situations like brainstorming.Evaluation apprehension: although evaluation isn’t allowed in a traditional brainstorming session, everyone knows others are scrutinising their input.Production blocking: while one person is talking the others have to wait.

Quantum Physics Is Fine, Human Bias About Reality Is The Real Problem By creating two entangled photons from a pre-existing system and separating them by great distances, we can 'teleport' information about the state of one by measuring the state of the other, even from extraordinarily different locations. Interpretations of quantum physics that demand both locality and realism cannot account for a myriad of observations, but multiple interpretations all appear to be equally good. Melissa Meister, of laser photons through a beam splitter When it comes to understanding the Universe, scientists have traditionally taken two approaches in tandem with one another. On the one hand, we perform experiments and make measurements and observations of what the results are; we obtain a suite of data. On the other hand, we construct theories and models to describe reality, where the predictions of those theories are only as good as the measurements and observations they match up with. Wikimedia commons users MichaelMaggs and (edited by) Richard Bartz Chad Orzel Dr.

- Free Articles & Strategies © 2019 Think Social Publishing, Inc. The social world is vast and filled with countless social landscapes; it becomes increasingly nuanced and complex as we age. From the time we are babies and throughout our lives we are observers and participants in what's happening around us and through different types of media. Each of us is expected to intuitively learn (to varying degrees) about the social world through movies, news, literature, history and during face-to-face and online experiences with people we know and even those we don’t. We usually take one another’s social skills for granted because of the ease in which most of us learn to produce them—usually without direct instruction. The typically developing brain learns over time to be a super-sensitive detector to what others are doing, saying, thinking, planning, and feeling in the social world. The Social-Academic Connection Sample Academic Standards: The Social Thinking-Social Competency Model Image 1 Image 2 Image 3 Image 4 Image 5 Image 6

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