Interactive map: Loss of Indian land The Vault is Slate's history blog. Like us on Facebook, follow us on Twitter @slatevault, and find us on Tumblr. Find out more about what this space is all about here. This interactive map, produced by University of Georgia historian Claudio Saunt to accompany his new book West of the Revolution: An Uncommon History of 1776, offers a time-lapse vision of the transfer of Indian land between 1776 and 1887. As blue “Indian homelands” disappear, small red areas appear, indicating the establishment of reservations. The project’s source data is a set of maps produced in 1899 by the Bureau of American Ethnology. While the time-lapse function is the most visually impressive aspect of this interactive, the “source map” option (available on the map's site) offers a deep level of detail. In the site’s “About” section (reachable by clicking on the question mark), Saunt is careful to point out that the westward-moving boundaries could sometimes be vague.
Ancient Siberian genome reveals genetic origins of Native Americans -- ScienceDaily The genome sequence of a 24,000-year-old Siberian individual has provided a key piece of the puzzle in the quest for Native American origins. The ancient Siberian demonstrates genomic signatures that are basal to present-day western Eurasians and close to modern Native Americans. This surprising finding has great consequences for our understanding of how and from where ancestral Native Americans descended, and also of the genetic landscape of Eurasia 24,000 years ago. The breakthrough is reported in this week's Nature (Advance Online Publication) by an international team of scientists, led by the Centre for GeoGenetics at the Natural History Museum of Denmark (University of Copenhagen). The search for Native American ancestors has been focused in northeastern Eurasia. In late 2009, researchers sampled at the Hermitage Museum, St. Instead, both the mitochondrial and nuclear genomes of MA-1 indicate that he was related to modern-day western Eurasians. Dual ancestry of Native Americans Dr.
Native American Quotes, Native American Wisdom Sayings Inspirational sayings, quotes, and words of wisdom from a Native American perspective, reflecting Native American beliefs, philosophy and spirituality. Cherokee Prayer Blessing May the Warm Winds of HeavenBlow softly upon your house.May the Great SpiritBless all who enter there.May your MocassinsMake happy tracksin many snows,and may the RainbowAlways touch your shoulder. Treat the earth well.It was not given to you by your parents,it was loaned to you by your children.We do not inherit the Earth from our Ancestors,we borrow it from our Children. Ancient Indian Proverb You have noticed that everything an Indian does in a circle,and that is because the Power of the World always works in circles,and everything and everything tries to be round. In the old days all our power came to us from the sacred hoopof the nation and so long as the hoop was unbroken the peopleflourished. The life of a man is a circle from childhood to childhood, and so it isin everything where power moves. White Elk Hold On
DNA Analysis Shows Native American Genealogy The suppression of the Native Americans and the decimation of their culture is a black page in the history of the United States. The discrimination and injustices towards this ancient race, which had lived on the American continent long before the European conquerors came to this land, are still present to this day despite the efforts of different groups and organizations trying to restore the justice. The destruction of their culture is one of the most shameful aspects of our history, the extent of the damage that was done is still being down-played and denied entry into textbooks and history-lessons to this day. The origin and history of the Indigenous Peoples of the Americas have been studied for years by researchers from different countries, and a recent DNA study showed that the genealogy of the western aboriginals is one of the most unique in the world. This explanation was persuasive enough; however, there was no strong evidence to support it.
Crimes against native culture and children The small state of Maine just took a big step towards statewide healing. In a new state report, The Pine Tree State owned up to the cultural genocide of indigenous communities, particularly the Wabanaki (“The People of the Dawn”) experience. Native Maine Children are “Five Times More Likely to Enter Foster Care” As reported in WCSH 6, the Maine Wabanaki-State Child Welfare Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) report focused on the practice of ripping Wabanaki families and communities apart for the greater good of the nation: white assimilation. In textbooks, American Indian history may talk about specific events, like a war or the first Thanksgiving dinner, or contain benign words like “contact” with non-Natives. But textbooks are less likely to reveal the more insidious side of colonization, such as Indian boarding schools. Fortunately, the focus of the TRC report is what actually happened to indigenous people during colonization. But cultural genocide is only one truth.
Fight the Power: 100 Heroes of Native Resistance, Part 1 There were many Native heroes and many who resisted; here are a few from the 1700s and 1800s: Dragging Canoe, born around 1738, was a Cherokee war chief. The first battle he fought in was during the Anglo-Cherokee War (1759-1761), and that earned him the reputation of being a strong opponent against encroachment. He then led the Cherokee against white settlers in North Carolina with Abraham of Chilowee in 1776. During the American Revolution his forces were often joined by Upper Muskogee, Chickasaw, Shawnee, Indians from other nations, British Loyalists, French and Spanish agents. He was a prominent war leader during the Chickamauga Wars (1776-1794). Dragging Canoe was a prominent Cherokee war chief. Tecumseh, born in 1768, was a Shawnee leader who not only resisted, he tried to unite all Native Americans so they could defend themselves against the growing United States. Tecumseh, a Shawnee leader, tried to united all Natives against the growing United States.
9 Examples of Indigenous Sense in a Nonsensical Time By Rucha Chitnis / buzzfeed.com Sometimes it seems like we live in nonsensical times. Do you ever wonder what happened to good old common sense? 1. The first episode of the film series, Pilgrims and Tourists, shows the Winnemem Wintu Tribe in California resisting U.S. government plans to raise the height of Shasta Dam, which threatens their sacred sites and the ceremonies that have taken place on the McCloud RIver for over a thousand years. 2. In the film series, Onondaga Chief Oren Lyons, reflects on the values in life that matter more than money and markets: a sacred relationship to land, reciprocity and our obligation to give back to the Earth, a commitment to equity and peace for seven generations. 3. In episode two of the film series, Profit and Loss, First Nations in Alberta, Canada, fight threats from a mega-mining invasion—the tar sands—dubbed as the world’s largest development project. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.
Native Intelligence - 2 clicks please On March 22, 1621, a Native American delegation walked through what is now southern New England to meet with a group of foreigners who had taken over a recently deserted Indian settlement. At the head of the party was an uneasy triumvirate: Massasoit, the sachem (political-military leader) of the Wampanoag confederation, a loose coalition of several dozen villages that controlled most of southeastern Massachusetts; Samoset, sachem of an allied group to the north; and Tisquantum, a distrusted captive, whom Massasoit had brought along only reluctantly as an interpreter. Massasoit was an adroit politician, but the dilemma he faced would have tested Machiavelli. About five years before, most of his subjects had fallen before a terrible calamity. Whole villages had been depopulated. Europeans had been visiting New England for at least a century. Over time, the Wampanoag, like other Native societies in coastal New England, had learned how to manage the European presence. "A Friendly Indian"
Native American populations descend from three key migrations, scientists say Scientists have found that Native American populations -- from Canada to the southern tip of Chile -- arose from at least three migrations, with the majority descended entirely from a single group of First American migrants that crossed over through Beringia, a land bridge between Asia and America that existed during the ice ages, more than 15,000 years ago. By studying variations in Native American DNA sequences, the international team found that while most of the Native American populations arose from the first migration, two subsequent migrations also made important genetic contributions. The paper is published in the journal Nature July 11. "For years it has been contentious whether the settlement of the Americas occurred by means of a single or multiple migrations from Siberia," said Professor Andres Ruiz-Linares (UCL Genetics, Evolution and Environment), who coordinated the study. "But our research settles this debate: Native Americans do not stem from a single migration.
The Map Of Native American Tribes You've Never Seen Before : Code Switch Aaron Carapella, a self-taught mapmaker in Warner, Okla., has designed a map of Native American tribes showing their locations before first contact with Europeans. Hansi Lo Wang/NPR hide caption toggle caption Hansi Lo Wang/NPR Aaron Carapella, a self-taught mapmaker in Warner, Okla., has designed a map of Native American tribes showing their locations before first contact with Europeans. Finding an address on a map can be taken for granted in the age of GPS and smartphones. Aaron Carapella, a self-taught mapmaker in Warner, Okla., has pinpointed the locations and original names of hundreds of American Indian nations before their first contact with Europeans. As a teenager, Carapella says he could never get his hands on a continental U.S. map like this, depicting more than 600 tribes — many now forgotten and lost to history. Carapella has designed maps of Canada and the continental U.S. showing the original locations and names of Native American tribes. Courtesy of Aaron Carapella
American Indian Tribes Map Abenaki Acoma Algonquin Anishinaabe Apache Arapaho Assiniboine Athabascan Aztec Blackfeet Blackfoot Caddo Cayuga Cheraw Cheyenne Chickasaw Chicora Chinook Chippewa Choctaw Chumash Coeur d'Alene Comanche Costanoan Cree Creek (Muskogee) Crow Dakota Delaware Dene Edisto Euchee Flathead Gros Ventre Gwitchan Haida Haudenosaunee Havasupai Hidatsa Ho-Chunk Hopi Huron Iowa Iroquois Kaw Kawaiisu Kickapoo Kiowa Lakota Lenape Lumbee Maliseet Mandan Mattaponi Maya Menominee Metis MicMac Mojave Mohawk Mohegan Mohican Monacan Muscogee Nanticokes Narragansett Navajo Nez Perce Nipmuc Odawa Ohlone Ojibwe Omaha OneidaOnondaga Osage Paiute Pima Ponca Potawatomi Powhatan Pueblo Quapaw Sac Salish Seminole Seneca Shawnee Shinnecock ShoshoneSioux Tsalagi Tuscarora Ute Wea Wichita Winnebago Wyandot Yavapai Yokut Zuni " I was born upon the prairie where the wind blew free, and there was nothing to break the light of the sun. I was born where there were no enclosures, and where everything drew free breath.
Ira Hayes – Iwo Jima Flag Raiser & Very Reluctant Hero | WAR HISTORY ONLINE Ira Hamilton Hayes was one of five men who helped raise the American flag over Mt. Suribachi on the Japanese island of Iwo Jima on 23 February 1945. This event was immortalized in a black-and-white photograph that symbolized America’s inevitable victory in WWII. Sadly, the end of that war would also spell Hayes’ own. Hayes was a Pima Indian of the Akimel O’odham people in Arizona. According to friends and family, he was an extremely shy kid who could go for days without talking. When Japan bombed Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941, 17-year-old Hayes told friends that he was going to become a Marine. Hayes saw his first actual combat on 4 December 1943 as a platoon automatic rifleman with Company K at the Bougainville Campaign in Papua New Guinea. The Battle of Iwo Jima lasted till March 26 and became one of the bloodiest battles during WWII. On the first day alone, 760 Marines had to make a near-suicidal charge from the beaches to secure their position. Continues on Page 2