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Public Library of Science: Open Access The Case for Open Access Open Access (OA) stands for unrestricted access and unrestricted reuse. Here’s why that matters. Most publishers own the rights to the articles in their journals. Anyone who wants to read the articles must pay to access them. Anyone who wants to use the articles in any way must obtain permission from the publisher and is often required to pay an additional fee.

Publications - Journals by Subject Ocean Science (OS) is an international open access journal dedicated to the publication and discussion of research on all aspects of ocean science, experimental, theoretical and laboratory. OS covers the fields ocean physics, ocean chemistry, biological oceanography, air-sea interactions, ocean models (physical, chemical, biological and biochemical), coastal and shelf edge processes, and paleoceanography. Aims & Scope | Editorial Board | Online Library OS | Online Library OSD Urobilin Skip to Main Content Join ACS ACS is committed to helping combat the global COVID-19 pandemic with initiatives and free resources. Learn More

PLoS Biology : Publishing science, accelerating research A Peer-Reviewed, Open Access Journal Current Issue PLOS Biology is a peer-reviewed, open-access journal featuring research articles of exceptional significance in all areas of biological science, from molecules to ecosystems. Journals PLOS publishes seven peer-reviewed open-access journals. The journals vary in their selectivity and contain differing amounts of commentary articles from opinion leaders in a variety of scientific disciplines.The journals are editorially independent. They include PLOS ONE, which publishes all rigorous science across the full range of life and health sciences; the community journals (PLOS Genetics, PLOS Computational Biology, PLOS Pathogens, and PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases); and our flagship journals, PLOS Medicine and PLOS Biology, highly selective journals publishing fewer than 10% of submissions along with a range of informative and influential non-research content. You can search the journals for specific articles here and you can sign up for e-mail Content Alerts for all our journals here.

Opposition to sand mining on Stradbroke Wednesday, April 9, 1997 - 10:00 By Ruth Ratcliffe BRISBANE — Around 60 people gathered at Dunwich on Stradbroke Island (Minjerribah) on March 26 to protest against sand mining on land of great environmental and cultural significance. The group marched to one of the mines at the beginning of the restricted access road chanting "Sandmining sucks — the life out of Straddie". Donna Ruska of the local Koenpil-Nunukal people welcomed the protesters, most of whom had come from Brisbane, although there was significant representation from the local Aboriginal community. Porous Aromatic Frameworks (PAFs) Porous aromatic frameworks (PAFs) represent an important category of porous solids. PAFs possess rigid frameworks and exceptionally high surface areas, and, uniquely, they are constructed from carbon−carbon−bond−linked aromatic-based building units. Various functionalities can either originate from the intrinsic chemistry of their building units or are achieved by postmodification of the aromatic motifs using established reactions. Specially, the strong carbon−carbon bonding renders PAFs stable under harsh chemical treatments. Therefore, PAFs exhibit specificity in their chemistry and functionalities compared with conventional porous materials such as zeolites and metal organic frameworks. The unique features of PAFs render them being tolerant of severe environments and readily functionalized by harsh chemical treatments.

Accelerating Future There isn’t enough in the world. Not enough wealth to go around, not enough space in cities, not enough medicine, not enough intelligence or wisdom. Not enough genuine fun or excitement.  Synthetic Biology "Synthetic biology" is an umbrella term that refers to a new set of powerful techniques for manipulating the fundamental molecular structures of life, including genes, genomes, cells and proteins. Techniques being developed under the "synthetic biology" rubric include the modification of existing bacteria to produce useful substances or perform new functions, the creation of novel artificial organisms from "scratch," and — less noted to date — the modification of animal and human genes. Synthetic biologists foresee a host of human applications, including new methods to produce drugs, biofuels and vaccines; to diagnose, prevent and cure disease; and — far more controversially — to screen, select, and modify genes for specified traits in embryos, children, and adults. Nonetheless, the field remains in its early days, and separating hype from real potential remains difficult. Such prospects raise concerns for social justice, human rights, and equality.

A new way to remove salts and toxic metals from water Most people on Earth get fresh water from lakes and rivers. But these account for only 0.007% of the world’s water. As the human population has grown, so has demand for fresh water.