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Jevons paradox

Jevons paradox
The Jevons paradox has been used to argue that energy conservation may be futile, as increased efficiency may increase fuel use. Nevertheless, increased efficiency can improve material living standards. Further, fuel use declines if increased efficiency is coupled with a green tax or other conservation policies that keep the cost of use the same (or higher).[3] As the Jevons paradox applies only to technological improvements that increase fuel efficiency, policies that impose conservation standards and increase costs do not display the paradox. History[edit] The Jevons paradox was first described by the English economist William Stanley Jevons in his 1865 book The Coal Question. Jevons observed that England's consumption of coal soared after James Watt introduced his coal-fired steam engine, which greatly improved the efficiency of Thomas Newcomen's earlier design. Cause[edit] Rebound effect[edit] Khazzoom–Brookes postulate[edit] Energy conservation policy[edit] See also[edit]

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The Land Grant Idea and the Evolving Outreach University January 1998 To be published as Chapter 2 in University-Community Collaborations for the Twenty-First Century: Outreach to Scholarship for Youth and Families, eds. Richard M. Lerner and Lou Anna K. Simon, New York: Garland, 1998.  America Has Been At War 93% of the Time – 222 Out of 239 Years – Since 1776  February 23, 2015 "ICH" - The U.S. Has Only Been At Peace For 21 Years Total Since Its Birth Below, I have reproduced a year-by-year timeline of America’s wars, which reveals something quite interesting: since the United States was founded in 1776, she has been at war during 214 out of her 235 calendar years of existence. In other words, there were only 21 calendar years in which the U.S. did not wage any wars.

About Compassionate Seattle - Compassionate Seattle In 2008, the City of Seattle welcomed His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama, Archbishop Desmond Tutu, and other luminaries to an event called Seeds of Compassion. The purpose of the five-day gathering was to nurture kindness and compassion in children and all those who touch their lives. One outcome of the event is the Compassionate Action Network (CAN) that makes it easier for you to make a difference! How did Compassionate Seattle come into existence?

Mideast arms sales surging to record $18b in 2015, with Saudis in lead The Middle East is facing a burgeoning arms race which in 2015 is expected to include weapons purchases totaling an unprecedented $18 billion, the Guardian reported Thursday. Get The Times of Israel's Daily Edition by email and never miss our top stories Free Sign up! According to the report, based on data gathered and published by IHS Jane’s and the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, Western nations are selling an increasing amount of weaponry to the region’s top military buyers, which include Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Iraq, United Arab Emirates and Algeria. The arms sold include various aircraft, missiles and armored vehicles. While the West says it seeks to foster peace and stability in the region, the report notes, it is increasingly providing the Middle East’s major players with more and more tools with which to make war.

Fulfilling the promise of India’s manufacturing sector - McKinsey Quarterly - Operations - Performance India’s manufacturers have a golden chance to emerge from the shadow of the country’s services sector and seize more of the global market. McKinsey analysis finds that rising demand in India, together with the multinationals’ desire to diversify their production to include low-cost plants in countries other than China, could together help India’s manufacturing sector to grow sixfold by 2025, to $1 trillion, while creating up to 90 million domestic jobs. Capturing this opportunity will require India’s manufacturers to improve their productivity dramatically—in some cases, by up to five times current levels. The country’s central and state governments can help by dismantling barriers in markets for land, labor, infrastructure, and some products (see sidebar, “Four imperatives for India’s government”).

W.H. Petition Calls for Stripping Citizenship and Exile for Anyone Who Signs Petition to Secede A White House petition gathering force calls for citizenship to be stripped and exile for anyone who signs a petition in favor of a state's secession. "Mr. President, please sign an executive order such that each American citizen who signed a petition from any state to secede from the USA shall have their citizenship stripped and be peacefully deported," the full petition reads. The title of the petition is, "WE PETITION THE OBAMA ADMINISTRATION TO: Strip the Citizenship from Everyone who Signed a Petition to Secede and Exile Them."

Best Essays of 2015 (1): Bernard Stiegler on the New Desires of Post-Capitalism A new society could arise on the same technological base that is now still predominantly destroying the social bonds. The digital networks might be the prime catalysts in the transformation from today’s consumer society into what he calls a ‘society of contribution’. This is a strongly recommended interview to get to know the otherwise difficult writing of that most p2p of philosophers alive today, Bernard Stiegler, and whose ideas on the society of contribution, rather precisely match p2p theory, though at a much greater level of philosophical sophistication, for which the p2p/commons movement must be thankful to Stiegler. * Article: ‘THIS SYSTEM DOES NOT PRODUCE PLEASURE ANYMORE’. Arms industry Workers assemble Browning-Inglis Hi-Power pistols at the John Inglis munitions plant, Canada, April 1944 It is estimated that yearly, over 1.5 trillion United States dollars are spent on military expenditures worldwide (2.7% of World GDP).[1] This represents a decline from 1990 when military expenditures made up 4% of world GDP. Part of this goes to the procurement of military hardware and services from the military industry. The combined arms sales of the top 100 largest arms producing companies amounted to an estimated $395 billion in 2012 according to Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).[2] In 2004 over $30 billion were spent in the international arms trade (a figure that excludes domestic sales of arms).[3] According to SIPRI, the volume of international transfers of major weapons in 2010–14 was 16 per cent higher than in 2005–2009. History[edit] Painting shells in a shell filling factory during World War I.

Hype cycle The Hype Cycle is a branded graphical presentation developed and used by IT research and advisory firm Gartner for representing the maturity, adoption and social application of specific technologies. Five phases[edit] general Hype Cycle for technology Each Hype Cycle drills down into the five key phases of a technology’s life cycle. The term "Hype Cycle" and each of the associated phases are now used more broadly in the marketing of new technologies. Universal Recognition of Inalienable Right to Self-Determination Most Effective Way of Guaranteeing Fundamental Freedoms Sixty-seventh General Assembly Third Committee 30th & 31st Meeting (AM & PM) Hears from Some 35 Speakers in Day-Long Debate, With Focus on Eliminating Racism, Self-Determination, Human Rights Protections

Why Paul Mason is wrong: you can't innovate away social oppression Excerpted from a critique of the PostCapitalism thesis by Kate Aronoff: “Matt Taibbi wrote in 2010, banks are a “highly sophisticated engine for converting the useful, deployed wealth of society into the least useful, most wasteful and insoluble substance on Earth — pure profit for rich individuals.” Technology is just another hurdle they can ably jump over.