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The 10 Most Important Theories About Why We Make War

The 10 Most Important Theories About Why We Make War
I'm very disappointed, though not surprised, at this analysis. I don't fault the author, but rather the inherent bias of the academic fields involved. Most of these items help explain how people are exploited in order to support war, but none offer the main motivation for war: the health of the state. Government is not somehow the pooling of community resources for the common good under the supervision of society's best and brightest. This is worthless propaganda of the same sort as war propaganda itself, and is well explained by the points listed in the article. Politics is an arrangement by which the most ruthless and violent factions in a socio-cultural environment consolidate their power and violence to gain beneficial economic advantages. Malthusian pressure has nothing to do with war as a direct cause. And, to finish the thought, if there was true Malthusian pressure that social and technological innovation couldn't solve, then the result would be migration. Related:  War Machine

Liquid Democracy | Global Freedom Movement Illustration of how Liquid Democracy Works via Wikipedia Liquid democracy is a group-decision-making method that works as a sort of “direct democracy for people who know they’re not experts on a subject, but know of people that they trust who who know more about a subject than themselves”. Questions are settled by asking everyone… but many people’s answer will be “whatever X says”. It works by enabling people to solicit recommendations on how to vote from people they trust. So, people who know nothing about foreign policy can get vote recommendations on a subject from people who agree with the basic thrust of similar values and who either have a personal connection with pundits or experts on a given subject who also agree with the attitude, or who are experts in their own right. In fact, one of the original influences on Liquid Democracy was the desire to replace the chain of command in a military situation with something more efficient and flexible. What Does Liquid Democracy Mean?

Soldier Andrew Garthwaite's mind-control bionic op 25 January 2012Last updated at 12:00 By Sharon Barbour BBC News, Vienna The soldier went to Austria for the first stage of the process to fit him with a bionic arm As the first British serviceman injured in battle to use a new bionic arm, Cpl Andrew Garthwaite's story has already been remarkable. But this week he underwent six hours of surgery at a hospital in Austria at the start of a process to make it even more so - to prepare him to be fitted with an arm he will be able to control with his brain. The 24-year-old, from South Tyneside, was badly injured in Helmand, Afghanistan, in September 2010 when a Taliban rocket-propelled grenade took off his right arm and killed one of his comrades. He first had to learn how to carry out everyday tasks with one arm but was delighted to learn he would have one of the latest models of bionic arms fitted. He could hold a beer and do basic tasks. A technician then designed a new arm so he could ride his motorbike. Rewire nervous system 'Difficult surgery'

How far back in history do you have to go before it's considered archaeology instead of grave robbing? : Showerthoughts How Covert Agents Infiltrate the Internet to Manipulate, Deceive, and Destroy Reputations One of the many pressing stories that remains to be told from the Snowden archive is how western intelligence agencies are attempting to manipulate and control online discourse with extreme tactics of deception and reputation-destruction. It’s time to tell a chunk of that story, complete with the relevant documents. Over the last several weeks, I worked with NBC News to publish a series of articles about “dirty trick” tactics used by GCHQ’s previously secret unit, JTRIG (Joint Threat Research Intelligence Group). By publishing these stories one by one, our NBC reporting highlighted some of the key, discrete revelations: the monitoring of YouTube and Blogger, the targeting of Anonymous with the very same DDoS attacks they accuse “hacktivists” of using, the use of “honey traps” (luring people into compromising situations using sex) and destructive viruses. Other tactics aimed at individuals are listed here, under the revealing title “discredit a target”:

The bitter tears of the American Christian supermajority The most persecuted minority in the United States is not Muslims, African-Americans or immigrants. It’s our Christian supermajority that’s truly oppressed. Verily, consider three anecdotes from the past few weeks. On March 2, three Baptist ministers in Akron, Ohio, arranged for the local police to mock-arrest them in their churches and haul them away in handcuffs for the simple act of preaching their faith. On Feb. 26, Arizona’s conservative Gov. And the feature film “Persecuted,” a political thriller about a federal government plan to censor Christianity in the name of liberalism, is due out in May. Needless to say (or maybe not) this news ticker of persecuted American Christians floats far and free from reality. To be sure, there are Christians in the world who face persecution, from Copts in Egypt to Catholics in northern Nigeria. What accounts for this orgy of self-pity? The persecution of Christians is the historical equivalent of a false memory, she argues.

Neuro-enhancement in the military: far-fetched or an inevitable future? | Science About five years ago, not long after I started up my research group at Cardiff University, something rather strange happened. One morning I came down to my lab to find the door wide open and a suited man standing in the middle of the room, peering around and scribbling on a clipboard. He told me he worked for a private defence firm who were interested in applications of my research on human brain stimulation. Thinking about it afterward, something about the encounter chilled me. Five years later, brain stimulation research has moved far and fast. Different forms of neurostimulation in humans have now been shown to boost our ability to learn and perform motor actions, to pay attention to events in the environment, to recall information in memory, and to exercise self-control. Most of these findings stem from two basic forms of brain stimulation. The second major approach, called transcranial direct current stimulation (or TDCS), works quite differently.

The_Old_Gentleman comments on Anarcho-"Capitalism," as described by a mutualist's comment in /r/anarcho-capitalism. Thoughts? 43 Books About War Every Man Should Read Editor’s Note: This is a guest post from Ryan Holiday. War is unquestionably mankind at his worst. Yet, paradoxically, it is in war that men — individual men — often show the very best of themselves. I am not a soldier. The greats have been writing and reading about war — its causes, its effects, its heroes, its victims — since the beginning of written text. The study of war is the study of life, because war is life in the rawest sense. As Virgil put it, “the sword decides all.” This is a post about the canon of books about war. I’m certainly not recommending every book about war ever written, or even every book I’ve read on the subject, but instead a collection of the most meaningful. Note: I have them roughly organized by chronology and era but feel free to skip around. There’s no question it is a good thing a full generation has passed in the West without requiring the majority of young people to feel the full brunt of war. They may rear their ugly head tomorrow.

Degrees of Clarity - Utilitarianism and the Transplant Surgeon Objection » Downloadable RTF of this piece One of the most commonly-posed objections to the moral doctrine of hedonistic utilitarianism (read: principle of greatest utility, principle of greatest happiness, or whatever label pleases), the consequentialist prescription that advocates actions only which increase pleasure and decrease pain for all affected, is a thought experiment sometimes referred to as the “transplant surgeon.” It is so popular because, at best, it necessitates an examination of the lowest levels of the utilitarian philosophy, and at worst seems to present insurmountable difficulties for the died-in-the-wool utilitarian. In this piece I will examine the scenario and explain how it dovetails perfectly with standard utilitarian precepts, and how its objections are largely irrelevant. Philippa Foot poses the example as such: Five mortally ill patients are in care at a hospital, all of whom will soon die. Most observers intuitively say it is not right.

Military Must Prep Now for 'Mutant' Future, Researchers Warn | Danger Room Lockheed Martin tests its Human Universal Load Carrier exoskeleton. Photo: Lockheed Martin The U.S. military is already using, or fast developing, a wide range of technologies meant to give troops what California Polytechnic State University researcher Patrick Lin calls “mutant powers.” But the risk, ethics and policy issues arising out of these so-called “military human enhancements” — including drugs, special nutrition, electroshock, gene therapy and robotic implants and prostheses — are poorly understood, Lin and his colleagues Maxwell Mehlman and Keith Abney posit in a new report for The Greenwall Foundation (.pdf), scheduled for wide release tomorrow. If we don’t, we could find ourselves in big trouble down the road. “With military enhancements and other technologies, the genie’s already out of the bottle: the benefits are too irresistible, and the military-industrial complex still has too much momentum,” Lin says in an e-mail. The ethical concerns certainly have precedent.