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Web History Timeline

Web History Timeline
Since its founding in 1989, the World Wide Web has touched the lives of billions of people around the world and fundamentally changed how we connect with others, the nature of our work, how we discover and share news and new ideas, how we entertain ourselves and how communities form and function. The timeline below is the beginning of an effort to capture both the major milestones and small moments that have shaped the Web since 1989. It is a living document that we will update with your contributions. To suggest an item to add to the timeline, please message us. 42% of American adults have used a computer.World’s first website and server go live at CERN, running on Tim Berners-Lee’s NeXT computer, which bears the message “This machine is a server. Researchers rig up a live shot of a coffee pot so they could tell from their computer screens when a fresh pot had been brewed. The term “surfing the internet” is coined and popularized. Related:  Vers une définition des cultures numériquesGoogleverseInternet

Politique (3/5) : Que reste-t-il des espoirs politiques du Net des années 2000 ? Troisième temps d’une semaine politique. Il y a quinze ans ou plus, on voyait dans la démocratisation d’Internet un vent nouveau pour le politique de manière générale. Que reste-t-il de ces espoirs ? Qu’est-ce qui a été profondément changé ? "Un internet ouvert pour tous". Philippe Aigrain et Benjamin Bayart © Radio France Interroger Internet n’est pas interroger un monde nouveau et extérieur, sur lequel se brancherait notre monde ancien, mais une émanation de la société pour continuer de faire société en s’adaptant aux dimensions, aux vitesses et aux logiques du monde contemporain. Benjamin Bayart est l'ancien président de French Data Network et Philippe Aigrain est l’un des fondateurs de la Quadrature du Net. Programmation musicale : - Indra Rios-Moore, Heroes - Kate Tempest, Strange Light - Senem Diyici & Oynak Quartet, Oynak Chaque jour, en fin d’émission, pour la rubrique Au singulier nous demandons à quelqu'un de raconter un moment marqué par une émotion forte.

10 research tips for finding online answers Before Danielle Thomson was our TED Prize researcher, she wrote trivia for Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? and spent years finding difficult-to-source info for The Late Show with David Letterman. And she has quickly established herself as our staff secret weapon. We asked Danielle to share some of her best research tips to help you in those “why can’t I find this?” There are no new questions. Have any research tips that you love?

The dark web: what it is, how it works, and why it's not going away 2014 saw the continued growth of the dark web, a collection of underground websites that allow people to engage in often-illegal activities beyond the reach of law enforcement. Here's what the dark web is, how it works, and why it's not going away any time soon. What is the dark web? The dark web is a general term for the seedier corners of the web, where people can interact online without worrying about the watchful eye of the authorities. People use the dark web for a variety of purposes: buying and selling drugs, discussing hacking techniques and selling hacking services, trading child pornography, and so forth. It's important to remember that the technologies used to facilitate "dark web" activities aren't inherently good or bad. What's Tor? (Jussi Mononen) Tor, which stands for "the onion router," is a technology that allows people to browse the web and access online services without revealing their identities. While Tor has many illicit uses, it also has a lot of legitimate ones.

Timeline and History of the Internet and Web The Internet is made up of thousands of computer networks that are connected (networked) to each other. These connected computer networks are using the communication method called TCP/IP. During the Cold War, on October 4, 1957 the Soviet Union (now Russia) quietly launched its first spacecraft satellite called Sputnik into orbit. This launch challenged the United States Department of Defense to put a high priority on research and projects in science and technology and created an agency called ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency). The United States Air Force commissioned the Rand Corporation to proceed with a research project that consisted of protection and transfer of vital information in case of an attack in a nuclear war. Paul Baran of the Rand Corporation created the concept of dividing information into blocks or packets and marking the origin and destination. The ARPANET project was handed over to BBN Planet (GTE). WWW browser was available for download via FTP by CERN.

Alice and Bob Characters used in cryptology and science literature Overview[edit] Alice and Bob are the names of fictional characters used for convenience and to aid comprehension. For example, "How can Bob send a private message M to Alice in a public-key cryptosystem?" History[edit] Although Alice and Bob were invented with no reference to their personality, authors soon began adding colorful descriptions. In addition to adding backstories and personalities to Alice and Bob, authors soon added other characters, with their own personalities. Cast of characters[edit] An example of an "Alice and Bob" used in cryptography. The most common characters are Alice and Bob. Alice and Bob. For interactive proof systems there are other characters: Physics[edit] The names Alice and Bob are also often used to name the participants in thought experiments in physics.[25][26] See also[edit] References[edit] ^ Jump up to: a b c d Rivest, R. External links[edit]

VF - Aux sources de l’utopie numérique. De la contre-culture à la cyberculture - EHESS VF - Aux sources de l’utopie numérique. De la contre-culture à la cyberculture Aux sources de l’utopie numérique. De la contre-culture à la cyberculture Conférence (version française) donnée par Fred TURNER (Stanford University) et animée par Monique Dagnaud, Dominique Cardon et Olivier Alexandre Interprête : Laurent Vannini Au début des années 1990, de nombreux experts ont vu dans la création du Web l’acte de naissance d’une communauté virtuelle. Fred Turner est professeur associé au département de Communication de l’Université de Stanford. Conférence organisée avec le soutien de Terra Foundation for American Art et C&F Éditions

Google & Books: An Exchange by Edward Mendelson, Paul N. Courant, and Ann Kjellberg In response to: Google & the Future of Books from the February 12, 2009 issue To the Editors: My colleague and friend Robert Darnton is a marvelous historian and an elegant writer. His utopian vision of a digital infrastructure for a new Republic of Letters [NYR, February 12] makes the spirit soar. At the heart of Darnton’s dystopia about the Google settlement is his view that “Google will enjoy what can only be called a monopoly…of access to information.” Darnton is also concerned that Google will employ the rapacious pricing strategies used by many publishers of current scientific literature, to the great cost of academic libraries, their universities, and, at least as important, potential users who are simply without access. The settlement is far from perfect. Of course I would prefer the universal library, but I am pretty happy about the universal bookstore. Paul N. We applaud Robert Darnton for his measured appraisal of the promise and danger of Google’s mass digitization effort.

The Creepy New Wave of the Internet by Sue Halpern The Zero Marginal Cost Society: The Internet of Things, the Collaborative Commons, and the Eclipse of Capitalism by Jeremy Rifkin Palgrave Macmillan, 356 pp., $28.00 Enchanted Objects: Design, Human Desire, and the Internet of Things by David Rose Scribner, 304 pp., $28.00 Age of Context: Mobile, Sensors, Data and the Future of Privacy by Robert Scoble and Shel Israel, with a foreword by Marc Benioff Patrick Brewster, 225 pp., $14.45 (paper) More Awesome Than Money: Four Boys and Their Heroic Quest to Save Your Privacy from Facebook by Jim Dwyer Viking, 374 pp., $27.95 Every day a piece of computer code is sent to me by e-mail from a website to which I subscribe called IFTTT. Welcome to the beginning of what is being touted as the Internet’s next wave by technologists, investment bankers, research organizations, and the companies that stand to rake in some of an estimated $14.4 trillion by 2022—what they call the Internet of Things (IoT). And then there is the creepiness factor.

Toute l’histoire du web en une seule infographie Dans cette infographie, vous allez retrouver les grandes étapes de la construction du web tel qu’on le connaît. Séquence émotion. Tout va tellement vite. En moins de deux décennies, la galaxie internet a été un véritable tsunami : travail, vie personnelle, relations sociales, business model, etc. Par exemple, on apprend que le 1er virus s’appelait Creeper Virus. Même si plusieurs choses se déroulent entre temps, il faut attendre une vingtaine d’années pour voir le premier site internet. Tellement de choses se sont passées depuis : les blogs, les paiements virtuels, les bannières. En regardant cette mini frise historique, on se dit que le web n’a pas fini de nous étonner. Aaron Swartz, itinéraire d'un enfant du Net Le | • Mis à jour le | Par Damien Leloup L'image du film de famille tremble un peu. On y voit un petit garçon lire un livre à voix haute, en butant encore parfois sur les mots. Surdoué, génie, hacker, activiste, criminel : bien des mots sont utilisés pour décrire ce jeune homme, qui s'est suicidé à l'âge de 26 ans, dans le documentaire de TakePart qui lui est consacré, The Internet's Own Boy. Emouvant et sensible, le film donne largement la parole aux proches d'Aaron Swartz, qu'il s'agisse de sa famille, de ses amis ou de militants qu'il a côtoyés, pour dresser un portrait riche d'un des grands défenseurs des libertés numériques. Mort très jeune, Aaron Swartz avait connu plusieurs vies. Mais l'arrivée à la fac se passe mal : « On l'a collé dans un programme de baby-sitting pour surdoués, ça l'a rendu dingue », explique le fondateur du site BoingBoing, Cory Doctorow. Le monde de l'entreprise lui convient encore moins que la fac. Voulait-il les publier en ligne ?

[Infographic] Google's 200 Ranking Factors There’s no doubt that Google’s algorithm is more complex — and volatile — than ever. The days where SEO was all about meta tags and backlinks is long gone. Google now uses at least 200 ranking factors in their algorithm, including social signals, user-interaction signals, and trust. If you’d like a bird’s eye view of these factors, then this infographic by and Backlinko may give you some much needed perspective. Either way, I’m sure you’ll learn something new (even if you’re an industry veteran). Having said that, enjoy this excellent infographic. Which ones will you implement into your business?

​The Future of the Web Is as Much About Psychology as Technology Even the most forward-thinking futurist would find it near-impossible to imagine with any great confidence what the World Wide Web will look like in 2050. Thirty-five years into the future seems like an unfathomably long view when technology is advancing at various exponential rates. Only 25 years ago, the web didn’t exist at all. That’s the task a group of delegates from various tech companies (plus a token futurist in the form of Book of the Future’s Tom Cheesewright) set themselves to at a roundtable discussion in London this morning. The event was a precursor to the IP Expo Europe next month, at which web creator Sir Tim Berners-Lee will share some of his own thoughts on the matter. Dan Simmons from BBC Click, who chaired the discussion, attempted to set the scene for a potential vision of technology in 2050. Human beings are not very good at open-endedness; we like to compartmentalise things into small chunks. Of course, that’s already a problem here in 2014.