Explanations > Emotions > Basic Emotions List of emotions | So what List of emotions What are the basic emotions? As ever, theorists disagree. Ortony and Turner (1990) collated a wide range of research on identification of basic emotions. Here is a deeper list of emotions as described in Shaver et al. (2001), where emotions were categorised into a short tree structure. There are also moves to minimize the number of basic emotions. Learn to recognise emotions at increasing levels of detail. See also Plutchik's Ten Postulates Ekman, P. (1972). Ekman, P., Friesen, W. Frijda, N. Gray, J. Izard, C. Jack, R.E., Garrod, O.G.B and Schyns, P.G. James, W. (1884). McDougall, W. (1926). Oatley, K., & Johnson-Laird, P. Ortony, A., & Turner, T. Panksepp, J. (1982). Parrott, W. (2001), Emotions in Social Psychology, Psychology Press, Philadelphia Plutchik, R. (1980). Shaver, P., Schwartz, J., Kirson, D., & O'Connor, C. (2001).
Related: The Psychology of Emotions
Recognize these emotionsThe Passion and Reason 15 The book Passion and Reason provides clear definitions and descriptions of 15 separate emotions. These are: Anger — Conspecific threat, trespass, loss attributed to an agent, unjust insult, thwarted goals, plea for justice Envy — Desiring other's stature objects Jealousy — Threat to sexual access. Fright — Concern for a future specific unpleasant event. The Rationalized 22 The book The Cognitive Structure of Emotions describes these 22 distinct emotions in an organized structure: Appraisal of an event: Joy — (contented, cheerful, delighted, ecstatic, elated, euphoric, feeling good, glad, happy, joyful, jubilant, pleasantly surprised, pleased) — Pleased by the appraisal of an event Distress — (depressed, distressed, displeased, dissatisfied, distraught, feeling bad, feeling uncomfortable, grief, homesick, lonely, lovesick, miserable, regret, sad, shock, uneasy, unhappy, upset) — displeased by the appraisal of an event Fortune of others: Appraisal of an Object:
Contrasting and categorization of emotionsThe contrasting and categorisation of emotions describes how emotions are thought to relate to each other. Various recent proposals of such groupings are described in the following sections. Contrasting basic emotions The following table, based on a wide review of current theories, identifies and contrasts the fundamental emotions according to a set of definite criteria. The three key criteria used include mental experiences that: have a strongly motivating subjective quality like pleasure or pain;are in response to some event or object that is either real or imagined;motivate particular kinds of behaviour. The combination of these attributes distinguish the emotions from sensations, feelings and moods. HUMAINE's proposal for EARL (Emotion Annotation and Representation Language) The emotion annotation and representation language (EARL) proposed by the Human-Machine Interaction Network on Emotion (HUMAINE) classifies 48 emotions. Parrott's emotions by groups
Human Emotions Chart - Free, Comprehensive Chart Of EmotionsList of cognitive biasesSystematic patterns of deviation from norm or rationality in judgment Cognitive biases are systematic patterns of deviation from norm and/or rationality in judgment. They are often studied in psychology, sociology and behavioral economics. Although the reality of most of these biases is confirmed by reproducible research, there are often controversies about how to classify these biases or how to explain them. Several theoretical causes are known for some cognitive biases, which provides a classification of biases by their common generative mechanism (such as noisy information-processing). Gerd Gigerenzer has criticized the framing of cognitive biases as errors in judgment, and favors interpreting them as arising from rational deviations from logical thought. Explanations include information-processing rules (i.e., mental shortcuts), called heuristics, that the brain uses to produce decisions or judgments. Belief, decision-making and behavioral Social 
List of Emotions - Human Emotional ChartThis list of human emotions plots the descending spiral of life from full vitality of the energy of life and high consciousness through half-vitality and half-consciousness down to death. This list of emotions chart also enables to both predict and understand human behavior in all manifestations, making possible to predict the behavior of a potential spouse, a business partner, employee or friend - before you commit to a relationship. Numbers assigned to this list of emotions chart are arbitrary to show a relative degree or intensity of perceived emotion of happiness in accordance to available creative power or life's energy to the individual. Happiness encompasses a whole range of emotions from certain energy frequency level (4.0 enthusiasm level in our chart below) and up. - What we call the Happiness Domain. Neuroscientist Richard J. Human Emotions Frequency Scale Of course, there are no "holes" in the emotional scale. The Law of Attraction Emotional Energy - Visible Light Energy
GoogleList of EmotionsUnderstanding Stress: Symptoms, Signs, Causes, and EffectsWhat is stress? The Body’s Stress Response When you perceive a threat, your nervous system responds by releasing a flood of stress hormones, including adrenaline and cortisol. Your heart pounds faster, muscles tighten, blood pressure rises, breath quickens, and your senses become sharper. Stress is a normal physical response to events that make you feel threatened or upset your balance in some way. The stress response is the body’s way of protecting you. The stress response also helps you rise to meet challenges. But beyond a certain point, stress stops being helpful and starts causing major damage to your health, your mood, your productivity, your relationships, and your quality of life. How do you respond to stress? It's important to learn how to recognize when your stress levels are out of control. The signs and symptoms of stress overload can be almost anything. Stress doesn’t always look stressful Foot on the gas – An angry, agitated, or “fight” stress response. How stressed are you?
untitledThe Search for Basic EmotionsTable of Contents Before reading this you might want to explore your own emotions. One way to help a person do this is to study this web page: Understand, Identify Release Your Emotions. It was written by Mary Kurus. In a very simple way the left brain is very logical and linear and is always trying to figure out how the right brain sees the big picture and has more insight into emotions. Later in this web page, I describe seven basic emotions that seem to cover all the many presented on this web page. Language Confusing Before we start, a word of warning. Emotions have all sorts of words used to describe them. If we are to investigate emotions we have to include the observer. Emotions and feelings stem from two great sources, namely the body (sickness, tired, etc) and other people (love, hate, anger, etc). The Plutchik Model of Emotions Before we continue, it would be best to consider Robert Plutchik's psychoevolutionary theory of emotion. Various Lists of Emotions Hunter B. 1. 1.