Extinct language An extinct language is a language that no longer has any speakers, or that is no longer in current use. Extinct languages are sometimes contrasted with dead languages, which are still known and used in special contexts in written form, but not as ordinary spoken languages for everyday communication. However, language extinction and language death are often equated. Language loss
What to Do After Duolingo Recently, a reader named Stefan asked me in the comments, “What do I do after Duolingo?” It was a good question, and one I imagine a lot of people have. Swimming Pool in Luxor, EgyptBy Przemyslaw “Blueshade” Idzkiewicz [CC 2.0] – Image Source If you’ve finished a Duolingo skill tree, congratulations! That required a lot of commitment, and by now you are likely able to do some things in your new language. But maybe you’ve realized that while Duolingo is a great program, using it alone didn’t quite get you to where you want to be.
ArcWatch August 2011 - Grounds for Change Save the Date Esri International User Conference July 23–27, 2012 San Diego, CaliforniaEsri.com/uc 2011 Esri International User Conference Timothy T. Schilling and Michèle Adesir-Schilling say that Rwandan coffee is now highly sought after by the specialty coffee market. The establishment of 200 coffee berry-washing stations in Rwanda over the last decade, sited using GIS technology, has put the East African nation on the specialty coffee map. Morisco language and alphabet (alfabeto aljamiado) The Moriscos (Spanish for "Moor-like") were Muslims in Spain and Portugal how were forced to convert to Christianity at the beginning of the 16th century. Many Moriscos continued to practice Islam, most in secret, but some did so openly. A decree issued by King Felipe II in 1566 oblidged the Moriscos to adopt Spanish language, dress and customs.
The World Factbook The Office of Public Affairs (OPA) is the single point of contact for all inquiries about the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). We read every letter, fax, or e-mail we receive, and we will convey your comments to CIA officials outside OPA as appropriate. However, with limited staff and resources, we simply cannot respond to all who write to us. Contact Information Submit questions or comments online By postal mail: Central Intelligence Agency Office of Public Affairs Washington, D.C. 20505
Lists of endangered languages In order to be listed, a language must be classified as "endangered" in an academic source quoted. SIL Ethnologue (2005) lists 473 out of 6,909 living languages inventorized (6.8%) as "nearly extinct", indicating cases where "only a few elderly speakers are still living"; this figure dropped to 6.1% as of 2013. In order to judge if a language is endangered, the number of speakers is less important than the age distribution; There are languages in Indonesia reported with as many as two million native speakers alive now, but all of advancing age, with little or no transmission to the young. On the other hand, while there are 30,000 Ladin speakers left, almost all children still learn it as their mother tongue, thus Ladin is not endangered in the 21st century. UNESCO distinguishes four levels of endangerment in languages, based on intergenerational transfer: Vulnerable
Anki - friendly, intelligent flashcards Languages Arabic, Chinese, English, French, German, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Russian, Spanish Art, sciences and trivia Anatomy, Biology, Chemistry, Geography, Law, Math, Music, Pathology, Physics Can't find what you're looking for? David Salisbury - Geography and the Environment - University of Richmond Posters Boettner, J., Sager-Gellerman, G., Strickler, E., Courtenay, C., Gilb, R., Gordon, W., Leonard, G., Marconi, J., McGovern, M., Nagle, M., Paiz Tejada, C., Pericak, A., Price, M., Vassallo, D., Yowell, R., y Salisbury, D. S. 2012. “Un Análisis Multi-escalar del Sistema Forestal Peruano.” Poster presented at the Conference of Latin Americanist Geographers, January 10-13, 2012, Mérida, México. Price, R.
Ladino (djudeoespanyol) language Ladino is a language derived from medieval Spanish, with influences from such languages as Aragonese, Astur-Leonese, Catalan, Galician-Portuguese, and Mozarabic. Ladino also has vocabulary from Ottoman Turkish, Hebrew, Aramaic and Arabic, French, Italian, Greek, Bulgarian and Serbo-Croatian. It is variously known as Judaeo-Spanish, Espanyol (Español), Judío, Judesmo, Sefardí and Haketia/Haquetía, Spanyolit or Ladino (לאדינו). Ladino is spoken by the descendants of the Sefardim or Sephardim, Jews who were expelled from Spain in 1492. Chartres: Cathedral of Notre-Dame - Image Collection Chartres Cathedral is among the best preserved of the major French cathedrals, with extensive programmes of sculpture and stained glass. It was a major site of pilgrimage in honour of the Virgin Mary, to whom the cathedral is dedicated. This website provides access to a comprehensive collection of images and detailed descriptions of Chartres Cathedral.