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The state of our union is … dumber: How the linguistic standard of the presidential address has declined

The state of our union is … dumber: How the linguistic standard of the presidential address has declined
Related:  Information, Knowledge, Epistemology, LanguageData Showdown

18 Complicated Scientific Ideas Explained Simply A few months ago, Randall Munroe of the webcomic xkcd published a description of the Saturn V rocket using only the 1000 most frequent words in English. Under this restriction, the rocket was called "up-goer five," the command module was "people box," and the liquid hydrogen feed line was "thing that lets in cold wet air to burn." The comic inspired Theo Anderson, a geneticist who supports accessible science education, to build a text editor that would force the user to write with only the 1000 most frequent words. Geologists Anne Jefferson and Chris Rowan created the Tumblr " Ten Hundred Words of Science " to collect examples of scientific text rendered into up-goer five speak. 1. "I watch boy flies try to do it with girl flies to see if they really like to do it, or they like boys flies more. 2. "Computers are used to share pictures, words, and movies (usually of cats) with other computers. 3. 4. "Deep inside our world is a huge ball of hot stuff. 5. "I study old human stuff. 6. 7.

Top 6 des infographies et visualisations sur Game of Thrones - Webilicious Votes : 4.5/5 (8 votes fait) Comparable à la faune et la flore tolkenienne, l’univers fantastique de George R. R. Martin est d’une grande complexité. Si bien que nombre de fans du Trône de Fer se sont attelés à essayer de retranscrire de manière éclairante, les alliances et relations entre les innombrables protagonistes, ainsi que la chronologie des évènements par des techniques parfois novatrices. Voici une sélection des visualisations les plus marquantes. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Bonus : 7.

Ten Hundred Words of Science I build things that look at tiny living things in the water, so that we can study where they live the most. This study is important because these tiny living things help larger living things, all the way to land, to us. Now we know very little about these tiny living things. On land, the question is, where does this tree or that animal grow the most? What does it eat? In water, we also ask, do these tiny living things live deep, or near the top? The things we build have computers, are very good with numbers, and move around without getting tired. They take many such drinks of water, over many hours, over a large place, and bring them back to us to look into. The things we build, now knowing more, continues bringing back water to us for us to study. — JD.

The 9 Best Data Visualization Examples from 2015 - ScribbleLive In the past, the idea of putting the words “creative” and “mathematician” in the same sentence would have seemed out of place. These days though, making sense of complex data requires design skills and number crunching that are as much art as they are science. If you think this stuff is simply for nerds, you might not be laughing when your buddy starts making $200,000 a year in his new gig as a data scientist. But whoever they are (and however much they get paid), the folks behind 2015’s best data visualizations have done the following things well: Used design and/or data science to make insights from a data set easily understoodDesigned a visualization that tells the whole story by itself, meaning it does note need added context to be compellingDelivers the data in a way that surprises, startles, or is (totally subjectively) awesome aesthetically Here are a few of our favorites from 2015. FlowingData: A Day in the Life of Americans Vocativ: How Americans Came to Accept Gay Marriage

Knowledge How First published Tue Dec 4, 2012 It is common in epistemology to distinguish among three kinds of knowledge. There's the kind of knowledge you have when it is truly said of you that you know how to do something—say, ride a bicycle. Debates about knowledge-how revolve around two main issues. Second, there are debates about exactly what knowledge-how consists in. 1. The distinction between knowledge-how and knowledge-that overlaps three other distinctions: the ancient distinction between technê and episteme, the distinction between practical and theoretical knowledge, and the distinction between procedural and declarative knowledge. 1.1 Epistêmê and Technê The ancient Greek philosophers had one word, epistêmê, that is usually translated as knowledge and another, technê, often translated as craft or art. According to Plato, to live a good life we ultimately need knowledge of the forms of virtue. So, it might be thought that, for Plato, technê is ultimately a matter of epistêmê. 2.

Dataviz : 5 projets de contenus et d'outils à la loupe En janvier dernier Ouest Médialab organisait un apéro StoryCode Grand Ouest entièrement dédié à la datavisualisation et au datajournalisme. 5 spécialistes du sujet sont donc venus nous présenter leurs réalisations, les outils qu’ils ont développé ou leurs projets en cours. Voici leur retours d’expériences. Ask Média : la production régulière d’infographies pour Paris Match L’agence spécialisée dans la réalisation d’infographies et de datavisualisations propose des sujets clés en main à plusieurs rédactions dont celle de Paris Match, pour qui elle prend en charge tous les 15 jours la recherche de données, l’enquête, la conception de l’infographie et bien sûr, sa réalisation. La plupart du temps, c’est à l’agence que revient le choix du sujet qui dépend surtout de la disponibilité des données. Pour réaliser une carte de ce type, l’équipe a eu recours à 3 jeux de données issus du Ministère de l’Intérieur et de l’INSEE. La plateforme Bakamap dédiée à l’exploration de vos données

Knotty Fun at the Joint Math Meetings | Roots of Unity Mathematicians attempting to untangle a human knot at a knot "flash mob" on January 11, 2013 at the Joint Mathematics Meetings. Image: American Mathematical Society Anyone with necklaces or lace-up shoes has some first-hand experience with knots, but believe it or not (knot?) My first knotty experience was on Thursday afternoon during the joint prize session. MurphyKate Montee, winner of this year's Alice T. But as a young(-ish) female mathematician, I was most excited about the Alice T. Montee’s research has been primarily in the area of knot theory. Two knot diagrams. One of the problems knot theorists tackle is how to tell knot diagrams apart. A tricky unknot described by Morwen Thistlethwaite, created by wikimedia commons user Stannered. In one of the papers Montee has coauthored [pdf], she and her colleauges developed a new way of creating knot projections that she describes as “daisy-shaped.” A "petal projection" of a knot.

Fantasy Map: Rail Transport in Westeros by Michael... - Transit Maps Fantasy Map: Rail Transport in Westeros by Michael Tyznik Not the first Game of Thrones/A Song of Ice of Fire transit map I’ve seen, but definitely the best designed. It was created by Michael Tyznik, who also made this great fantasy map of Columbus (May 2012, 4 stars). I do detect the influence of my TGV Routes of France map in this work – the general station symbology, the curved routes lines out of King’s Landing and the use of colour coding to define route groups – but Michael has done a fine job of taking things further. His intelligent use of non-standard angles keeps the map nice and compact, but also creates some nice, fun visual shapes. (Spoilers below, I guess…) There is some commentary in the map based on the events of the books and TV series, but it’s limited to some wry notes or labels: "Please pardon our dust as Harrenhal is restored", or having most of the stations on the Wall Line shown as being closed, for example. Source: Michael’s Behance page.

Arens: GER 389K.1: Fundamentals of Scholarship Description: This course is designed for beginning graduate students, to introduce the various branches of literary, linguistic, and cultural studies today, in the context of the national literatures and for comparative literature. The first section of the course focuses on today's professions of teaching and research in languages and literature; it introduces literary, linguistic, and cultural studies as professions and as areas of scholarship. Intertwined with this introduction of the major subject areas will be systematic work on bibliographic and reference sources, professional organizations, journals, and conferences. **NOTE: for assignments other than the in-class final, full credit will be given for appropriate work done on them, not for any “correct” or exhaustive answer.

the data of long distance lovers August 25, 2015 · textmining · It is a truism to say that relationship is hard to maintain. It might be even more difficult when the Atlantic Ocean separates them. But thanks to internet and those big data companies that feed themselves with our personal informations, we can now have a real relationship even with 5,500 km between us. Real in sense of small talks, common projects, and fights... To illustrate this point, here some analysis of our daily discussions through the phone app viber. The log hold slight more than a year of data and exactly 20,846 messages, she is responsible for 51.2% of the total. It is interesting to continue the comparison between Her and Him with a focus on the time taken to respond to a message. I like the previous graph that shows that more than 60% of messages from Her and Him are answered within 2 minutes. The table illustrates the huge difference between the mean and the median time to answer. As a bonus, here is the two personal wordcloud:

Race, IQ, and Wealth At the end of April, Charles Kenny, a former World Bank economist specializing in international development, published a blistering attack in Foreign Policy entitled “Dumb and Dumber,” with the accusatory subtitle “Are development experts becoming racists?” Kenny charged that a growing number of development economists were turning towards genetic and other intrinsic human traits as a central explanation of national economic progress, often elevating these above the investment and regulatory issues that have long been the focus of international agencies. Although Kenny suggested that many of his targets had been circumspect in how they raised these highly controversial ideas, he singled out IQ and the Wealth of Nations, published in 2001 by Richard Lynn and Tatu Vanhanen, as a particularly extreme and hateful example of this trend. Now this hypothesis might indeed be correct, but it is not necessarily warranted by the empirical data that Lynn and Vanhanen have gathered.

The Ultimate Crowdsourced Map of Long Distance Relationships Around Valentine's Day this year, we got the idea of asking Atlas Obscura readers about one of the most fraught kind of relationships—the long distance kind, or LDRs. We assumed we'd get 50 or so responses, and maybe we'd pick a few stories to highlight. But nearly 600 of you filled out the survey. The results were incredible—and fill the interactive map above. People conducted relationships from the ends of the earth, spanning years and ostensibly filling whole hard drives with video chats and text messages. The reasons for the geographical spread were manifold, and many people reported being continents apart for years. Long distance relationships are not temporary. But the numbers can only tell us so much. Paradise Bay, Antarctica. Remote Locations New York, New York to McMurdo Station, Antarctica I was living in NY when I got an OkCupid message from someone in Denver, even though my searches were set to the NY metro area only. Bering Sea to New Milford, New Jersey Met Online

Gödel, Escher, Bach Gödel, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid (commonly GEB) is a book by Douglas Hofstadter, described by the author as "a metaphorical fugue on minds and machines in the spirit of Lewis Carroll".[1] On its surface, GEB examines logician Kurt Gödel, artist M. C. Escher and composer Johann Sebastian Bach, discussing common themes in their work and lives. At a deeper level, the book is a detailed and subtle exposition of concepts fundamental to mathematics, symmetry, and intelligence. Through illustration and analysis, the book discusses how self-reference and formal rules allow systems to acquire meaning despite being made of "meaningless" elements. In response to confusion over the book's theme, Hofstadter has emphasized that GEB is not about mathematics, art, and music but rather about how cognition and thinking emerge from well-hidden neurological mechanisms. Structure GEB takes the form of an interweaving of various narratives. Full article ▸

What You Like Falls on Party Lines Far and away, the Republican group is more country, while fans of Mrs. Clinton are more pop. At the top of the list for people who like Mrs. Clinton is Adele. On Mrs. Rocker Ted Nugent tops the list for people who like Mr.