Hofstede « Notes on Intercultural Communication Organizational Culture as a Root of Performance Improvement (Organizational Culture as a Root of Performance Improvement:Research and Recommendations; R.C. Rose, Naresh Kumar, Haslinda Abdullah; Universiti Putra Malaysia – download pdf here). Map of Corporate Cultures Nation Branding in Pop-Culture Sources: (retrieved 22.11.2012) Somewhere in western Europe a middle-sized textile printing company struggled for survival… Cloth, usually imported from Asian countries, was printed in multicolored patterns according to the desires of customers, firms producing fashion clothing for the local market. The working climate in the firm was often disturbed by conflicts between the sales and manufacturing managers. The manufacturing manager had an interest, as manufacturing managers have the world over, in smooth production and in minimizing product changes. The design and sales manager tried to satisfy his customers in a highly competitive market. C.
5 Minute Introduction • What is Buddhism? Buddhism is a religion to about 300 million people around the world. The word comes from 'budhi', 'to awaken'. It has its origins about 2,500 years ago when Siddhartha Gotama, known as the Buddha, was himself awakened (enlightened) at the age of 35. • Is Buddhism a Religion? To many, Buddhism goes beyond religion and is more of a philosophy or 'way of life'. (1) to lead a moral life, (2) to be mindful and aware of thoughts and actions, and (3) to develop wisdom and understanding. • How Can Buddhism Help Me? Buddhism explains a purpose to life, it explains apparent injustice and inequality around the world, and it provides a code of practice or way of life that leads to true happiness. • Why is Buddhism Becoming Popular? Buddhism is becoming popular in western countries for a number of reasons, The first good reason is Buddhism has answers to many of the problems in modern materialistic societies. • Who Was the Buddha? • Was the Buddha a God? • Do Buddhists Worship Idols?
Mission & History | About Asia Society Mission Asia Society is the leading educational organization dedicated to promoting mutual understanding and strengthening partnerships among peoples, leaders and institutions of Asia and the United States in a global context. Across the fields of arts, business, culture, education, and policy, the Society provides insight, generates ideas, and promotes collaboration to address present challenges and create a shared future. History Asia Society was founded in 1956 by John D. In 2011, Asia Society appointed its first-ever Co-Chairs on both sides of the Pacific Ocean to reflect the rise of global interdependence and growing regional partnerships. The global center of gravity is shifting toward the fast-growing economies and countries of Asia," Ms. Mr. "The institution's focus covers more than 50 countries and territories. Here's what some leading figures have said about Asia Society: "At a time when the eyes of the world are on Asia, this institution is indispensable." — The New York Times
Cultural Differences Chapter 5 Imagine this scene - you are inspecting a house with the possibility of purchasing it and you open a bathroom door to see a woman sitting naked in a bathtub. How would you expect the surprised woman to react? A British or American woman would cover her breasts with one hand and her genitals with the other, while a Swedish woman would cover only her genitals. A Muslim woman would cover her face, a Sumatran woman would cover her knees and a Samoan only her navel. We Were Having Pizza at the Time All cultures walk on the same side of the pavement as they drive on the road. You'd also be stunned when you go to shake hands to say goodbye to an Italian but, instead, you get a kiss on both cheeks. As I departed, the Italian man kissed me on both cheeks. As you talk with local Italians, they seem to stand in your space, continually grabbing you, talking over the top of you, yelling in fact, and sounding angry about everything. Take the Cultural Test What did you score? Greeting Differences
Lecture Notes: Early Indian and Chinese Civilizations The Rise and Spread of Civilization in India and China, c. 2500 BC-AD 535 Introduction and Overview: Early Indian Civilization 1) The third of the great river valley civilizations developed along the Indus River in present-day Pakistan. It flourished from about 2400 BC to about 1500 BC. 2) Shortly before its collapse, Indo-European or Aryan invaders entered the Indian sub-continent. 3) Over the course of the following centuries, these two civilizations blended and evolved, forming Indian civilization. 4) During this period, two great religious traditions — Hinduism and Buddhism — had their origins and then spread outwards. 5) Rise of Maurya and Gupta Empires. 6) Establishment of fundamental patterns of Indian civilization. Indus Valley Civilization View of Mohenjo-Daro towards the Great Bath. Street in Mohenjo-Daro with Covered Drain. Little is known about Harappan political life. Scholars can only speculate on the causes of the decline of Harappan civilization. Nature of the caste system
The Zhou Enlai Internet Archive Documents Biography On Taking Prompt Punitive Action Against Chiang Kai-Shek (April 1927) Communist Co-Operation by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (July 15, 1937) Guidelines for Myself (March 18, 1943) How to be a Good Leader (April 22, 1943) Actively Propogate Opposition to Civil War and Dictatorship and Expose Chiang Kai-Shek's Deceitful Plot (August 16, 1945) Frustrate the Enemy's Scheme for a Sham Peace Campaign (July 27, 1948) Chinese People Will Not Tolerate Aggresstion (October 1950) Letter to Prime Minister Nehru (November 7, 1959) Letter to All Government Heads (August 2, 1963) Message from Chairman Liu Shaoqi and Premier Zhou Enlai to Roberto Chiari, President of the Republic of Panama (January 12, 1964) Premier Zhou Enlai's Speech at the National Day Reception (September 30, 1966) Speech at the Grand Banquet Celebrating Second Anniversary of Sihanouk's Coming to China (March 19, 1972) Report on the Work of the Government (January 13, 1975) Links Related Archives
Intercultural Communication Articles For fresh articles and content visit our blog! Below you will find access to a range of articles relating to cross cultural and intercultural communication. The articles touch upon a number of topics that will be of interest to a wide range of reader involved in intercultural communication such as international business personnel, HR staff, people working in public services and in many other areas where intercultural communication is an issue. Intercultural Training Articles > An Introduction to Intercultural Communication - a basic summary of the purpose of intercultural communication. > Cross Cultural Communication Consultants - A look at the role, skills and qualifications of cross cultural communication consultants. > Definition of Intercultural Communication - what does intercultural communication mean? > Cross Cultural Understanding - an examination of common cross cultural terms and their meanings. > Stereotypes: An Intercultural No-No - why stereotyping is dangerous.
History 266: World History from the Renaissance to Imperialism--Lecture Notes Lecture Notes Developed by Lee M. Pappas and Nicholas C. J. Pappas Lecture 1: An Introduction to History. A. Lecture 2: The World in the 15th Century. A. Lecture 3: Fifteenth Century Europe: Social and Economic Changes A. Lecture 4: Fifteenth Century Europe: Cultural Changes: The Renaissance. A. Lecture 5: Sixteenth Century Europe: Cultural Changes--The Reformation. A. Lecture 6: Lecture Protestants, Catholics and the Wars of Religion. While Lutheranism was essentially sober, restrained, and moderate in nature as it spread throughout Germany and Scandinavia, the Protestant wave produced far reaching religious change in other areas in Europe. Lecture 7: The Ottoman Empire and the Muscovy. A. Lecture 8: The Expansion of Europe: Initial Phase and General effects, 1400-1600. Overview: The European discovery of America was a complete accident: a momentous piece of serendipity on the part of men who had set out to look for something else. A. Lecture 10: State Formation in Early Modern Europe.
What If China Had a Second Political Party Tomorrow? At age eighty-eight, Sidney Rittenberg has had a singularly remarkable life. Born in Charleston, South Carolina, he joined the Army, studied Chinese, and was posted to China in 1944. He stayed after the war ended and became the only American citizen to join the Chinese Communist Party. He came to know Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai, and other senior leaders, though it didn’t prevent him being imprisoned twice amid China’s turmoil, first in 1949, and again in 1968. I saw Rittenberg speak in Beijing yesterday, and his comments, on topics ranging from nationalism to corruption to Tibet policy, were perceptive. On the prospects for multi-party democracy: If you had a second party alternative in China now, I think it would be an anti-foreign party. On the Chinese government’s responsibility to whistleblowers who expose corruption: Protect whistleblowers, protect journalists and those who expose wrongdoing. You have to protect those who expose [wrongdoing], or talk of fighting corruption is just talk.
Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions - Leadership Training from MindTools Understanding Workplace Values Around the World Learn how to be more sensitive to the needs of people in different cultures. We know that we are living in a global age. Technology has brought everyone much closer together. This means that people of different cultures find themselves working together and communicating more and more. This is exciting, but it can also be frustrating and fraught with uncertainty. Building connections with people from around the world is just one dimension of cultural diversity. How can we understand cultural differences? Fortunately, psychologist Dr Geert Hofstede asked himself this question in the 1970s. With access to people working for the same organization in over 40 countries of the world, he collected cultural data and analyzed his findings. He scored each country using a scale of roughly 0 to 100 for each dimension. The Five Dimensions of Culture The five dimensions are: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Note: Hofstede's analysis is done by country. Key Points
The Middle Ages | Feudalism Characteristics of the Feudal World Timeline The Middle Ages or medieval time is believed to have started with the fall of the Roman Empire in 476 and to have lasted about 1,000 years until about 1450. The beginning of the Middle Ages is called the Dark Ages because the great civilizations of Rome and Greece had been conquered. The end of the Middle Ages in about 1450 led to the beginning of the Renaissance. The principal features of the Renaissance were that learning became important, the lords and the church were both becoming powerful forces for change, the art world was flourishing with innovations like the development of perspective in painting and there was great advancement in science. The barbarians were prevalent in most of the European nations of the Middle Ages. It should be noted that other parts of the world were thriving in this era. The People Life was very hard in the Middle Ages. The Family Family life was governed by the place one held in society.
'The Revolutionary': An Unrequited Love For China Mao Zedong signs Sidney Rittenberg's copy of The Little Red Book during a gathering of party leaders in Beijing on May 1, 1967, at the beginning of China's Cultural Revolution. Courtesy of Sidney Rittenberg hide caption itoggle caption Courtesy of Sidney Rittenberg Sidney Rittenberg went to China as an American GI at the end of World War II and fell in love with the country. By the time Rittenberg came back to the United States, more than 30 years later, he had become one of only a few American citizens to join the Chinese Communist Party. Sidney Rittenberg exhorts a crowd in Beijing's Tiananmen Square to defend Mao Zedong Thought — or Maoism — in December 1966. Sidney Rittenberg exhorts a crowd in Beijing's Tiananmen Square to defend Mao Zedong Thought — or Maoism — in December 1966. Courtesy of Sidney Rittenberg Rittenberg saw Chinese history unfold, from the founding of the People's Republic of China to the Great Leap Forward, great famines and the Cultural Revolution.