Might Alien Life Evolve Like the Incredible Octopus? by Natalie Shoemaker Consider the octopus: a creepy skeleton-less creature with limbs that have regenerative properties and a mind of their own. Its structure — inside and out — makes it like no other animal on earth. As a part of the Mollusca phylum, the octopus seems so far removed from its clam cousin. Neurobiologist Benny Hochner, from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Israel, talked about this oddity in an interview with Alison Abbott from Nature: “Very simple molluscs like the clam — they just sit in the mud, filtering food. Scientists have marveled at the octopus for years, and now they've taken the time to delve deeper into its biology by decoding its genome. "The octopus appears so utterly different from all other animals, even ones it's related to, that the British zoologist Martin Wells famously called it an alien. “It’s important for us to know the genome, because it gives us insights into how the sophisticated cognitive skills of octopuses evolved.”
16 Of The Most Magnificent Trees In The World How do I love thee, tree? Let me count the ways; you change carbon dioxide into the oxygen we breathe, you sequester carbon, and you provide shelter for countless critters. There are many reasons for which we should all be tree-hugging hippies, but within the scope of this article, all we’ll focus on is how amazing some of them look. Granted, not all of these amazing beautiful trees are trees (the Wisteria is a vine, Rhododendrons are shrubs, and bamboo technically belongs to the grass family), but we’ll give them a pass because they are amazing, huge and beautiful. So once you step outside and take a breath of fresh air, hug the nearest tree and say thank you! If you know of an amazing tree not on this list, you can submit it at the bottom of this post. 125+ Year Old Rhododendron “Tree” In Canada This huge 125-year-oldold rhododendron is technically not a tree – most are considered to be shrubs. 144-Year-Old Wisteria In Japan Image credits: tungnam.com.hk Wind-Swept Trees In New Zealand
No More Bad Flashbacks: Scientists Find Gene That Erases Memories The war veteran who recoils at the sound of a car backfiring, and the recovering drug addict who feels a sudden need for their drug of choice when visiting old haunts have one thing in common: Both are victims of their own memories. New research indicates those memories could actually be extinguished. A new study from MIT found a gene called Tet1 can facilitate the process of memory extinction. In the study, mice were put in a cage that delivered an electric shock. “We learned from this that the animals defective in the Tet1 gene are not capable of weakening the fear memory,” Le-Huei Tsai, director of MIT's Picower Institute for Learning and Memory told Discovery News. The MIT researchers found that Tet1 changes levels of DNA methylation, the process of causing a chemical reaction. “The results support the notion that once a fear memory is formed, to extinguish that memory a new memory has to form,” Tsai said. Experts in the study of memory and anxiety agree.
How a Musician Unraveled the Secrets of Whale Song Whale songs are some of the most hauntingly beautiful and bizarre noises in the world. But if it hadn’t been for acoustic biologist Katy Payne, we’d probably still be dismissing them as mere sounds — like the noises our own cats and dogs make when they’re hungry, frightened, interested, or affectionate. Payne, however, realized that whales are actually composing songs, not just making noise under the sea, and moreover, she found that over time, whales change their tune. Payne’s discoveries, and ongoing research into the subject, reveal the value of cross-disciplinary collaborations. Her research helped to improve our understanding of whales and the way they interact with each other. Payne’s sharp ear for music didn’t stop with whales. Sometimes, a degree in one subject leads you in an unexpected direction.
Bison attacks woman taking selfie in Yellowstone Park The latest person to find out the hard way is a 43-year-old Mississippi woman who tried to take a selfie with one of the hairy beasts near a trail on Tuesday. She and her daughter turned their backs to the bison, which was about 6 yards away, to take a photo with it, according to the National Park Service. "They heard the bison's footsteps moving toward them and started to run, but the bison caught the mother on the right side, lifted her up and tossed her with its head," the park service said in a statement Wednesday. Her family drove her from the site of the attack, near the Fairy Falls trailhead, to the Old Faithful Clinic in the park for treatment. She was released with minor injuries. 'They thought it would be OK' The woman is the fifth person injured after approaching a bison in Yellowstone so far this season -- and the third whose dangerous encounter resulted from photo-taking. Park authorities make an effort to warn people not to get too close to animals.
Pressions sur Québec en faveur d'une cour islamique Après l'Ontario, le débat sur la charia se transpose au Québec. Depuis quelques semaines, la mouvance islamiste fait des démarches auprès du ministre de la Justice, Jacques P. Dupuis, pour que celui-ci officialise l'instauration d'une instance d'arbitrage et de médiation qui rendrait ses décisions en vertu de la charia, la loi islamique. Cette cour religieuse porterait le nom de Conseil de la charia, indique Salam Elmenyawi, le président du Conseil musulman de Montréal, un regroupement d'une quarantaine de mosquées et d'organisations musulmanes à l'origine du projet. La législation québécoise permet déjà un arbitrage religieux sur les questions commerciales mais l'interdit pour ce qui est des différends familiaux. Dans ces cas, seule une médiation est autorisée. «Tout ce qu'on veut, c'est réguler la pratique et que celle-ci soit encadrée par le gouvernement. [...] Les contacts entre MM. Dans l'entourage du ministre de la Justice, on se fait plutôt discret. Noyau déjà formé Inquiétudes
10 Things You Probably Didn't Know About Fireflies Taking a walk after dark in the Catskill mountains of New York state last fall, I was fascinated by the number of bright blinking lights flashing all around me. I grew up in England, and now live in California, and had never witnessed such a magical display of fireflies. Here are 10 things you probably didn’t know about these fascinating creatures. 1. 2. 3. 4. Photo Credit: thinkstock 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. You can find out even more about fireflies by watching this video: The Surprisingly Bold and Beautiful World of Sea Slugs On land, slugs are far from nature's most beautiful creatures--but underwater, the family of shell-less creatures known as nudibranchs come in bright neons, glowing pastels, and vibrant primary colors. The 3,000 different kinds of nudibranchs get their color from the food they eat--and, in some cases, secrete the poisons from their prey to defend themselves against predators. The Fried Egg Nudibranch gets its name from the perfect yellow-and-white circles that line its back. These nudibranchs grow to about three inches long, and live in the waters of the Pacific and the Red Sea. Click through for more brilliant 'branches in a rainbow of colors. Photo via Jon Hanson @ flickr
15 Tips To Balance Your Hormones (Hint: You Don't Need To Take Hormones!) Estrogen, progesterone, testosterone, thyroid, cortisol, insulin etc. We've heard the names and we may even know how some of them function, but let's be honest: This stuff is complicated! I wrote this to make it easy for you. I've been trying to figure hormones out for years (college, medical school, and beyond) and during my journey, I've learned some solutions that keep coming up in the literature and from the experts. I found that these often mitigate the need for exogenous hormones. Let me say it a different way: DO NOT take hormones if you haven't tried some or all of the natural methods below! Even healthy women and men who follow a good diet may find issues with fatigue, weight gain, brain fog etc. Here are the top tips: 1. In Dr. 2. Getting more polyunsaturated omega-3 fats is one of the easiest ways you can balance your hormones. 3. Many commercial oils contain omega-6 fats which lead to heart disease, and hormonal imbalance to name a few. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.