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The Vitamin Myth: Why We Think We Need Supplements - Paul Offit

The Vitamin Myth: Why We Think We Need Supplements - Paul Offit
On October 10, 2011, researchers from the University of Minnesota found that women who took supplemental multivitamins died at rates higher than those who didn't. Two days later, researchers from the Cleveland Clinic found that men who took vitamin E had an increased risk of prostate cancer. "It's been a tough week for vitamins," said Carrie Gann of ABC News. These findings weren't new. In 1931, Linus Pauling published a paper in the Journal of the American Chemical Society titled "The Nature of the Chemical Bond." For this single paper, Pauling received the Langmuir Prize as the most outstanding young chemist in the United States, became the youngest person elected to the National Academy of Sciences, was made a full professor at Caltech, and won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. In 1949, Pauling published a paper in Science titled "Sickle Cell Anemia, a Molecular Disease." In 1961, Pauling collected blood from gorillas, chimpanzees, and monkeys at the San Diego Zoo. How could this be? Related:  Experiments, Ethics & Society

Famous Physicists Famous Physicists Please also visit the companion site, Famous Astronomers and Astrophysicists. Belarusian translation (by Vicky Rotarova) Belarusian translation (by PNG Team) Bosnian translation (by Amina Dugalic) Brazilian Portuguese translation (by Gary Cave) Croation translation (by Ivana Horak) Croation translation (by Milica Novak) Czech translation (by Patricia Motosan) Danish translation (by Philip Egger) Dutch translation (by Arno Hazecamp) Estonian translation (by Martin Aus) Finnish translation (by Elsa Jansson) French translation (by Translator Group) Georgian translation (by Ana Mirilashvili) German translation (by Gameperiod.com) Greek translation (by Nikolaos Zinas) Haitian Creole translation (by Web Geek Science) Hindi translation (by Dealsdaddy) Hungarian translation (by Elana Pavlet) Indonesian translation (by ChameleonJohn.com) Italian translation (by Musicskanner.com) Japanese translation (by Daily Deals Coupon) Kazakh translation (by Rauan Akhmetov) Latvian translation (by FA Teknoloji)

Obituary: Jacquetta Hawkes - People - News She was born Jacquetta Hopkins in 1910, the third child of Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins and Lady Hopkins (nee Jessie Stephens). Her father was a fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, where his researches into biochemistry led to his discovery of vitamins for which in 1929 he was awarded a Nobel Prize. He was a cousin of the poet Gerard Manley Hopkins. His younger daughter combined the rigours of scholarly research with the imagination of a poet and a writer. Jacquetta was a remarkable child. She seems to have had an idyllically happy childhood. She was educated as a day girl at the Perse School and became the first woman able to study the newly established full degree course in archaeology and anthropology, then the only one in the country. At the end of her second year, as a particularly promising student, she was sent as a volunteer to her first serious excavation of a pre-Roman Celtic capital just outside the Roman town of Colchester. Diana Collins

Linguistics 001 -- Lecture 24 -- Language and Law The meaning of (legal) meaning Legal decisions may depend on how the specific words of a statute or contractual provision are interpreted. For example, US Code § 924(c)(1) says that ... any person who, during and in relation to any crime of violence or drug trafficking crime ... uses or carries a firearm ... shall... be sentenced to a term of imprisonment of not less than 5 years ... If the firearm possessed by a person convicted of a violation of this subsection ... is a machinegun or a destructive device, or is equipped with a firearm silencer or firearm muffler, the person shall be sentenced to a term of imprisonment of not less than 30 years. If someone trades a silenced MAC-10 to a drug dealer for cocaine, does this law mean that he must given a 30-year sentence? Surely petitioner's treatment of his MAC-10 can be described as "use" within the every day meaning of that term. Justice Antonin Scalia dissented: Textualist vs. The U.S. J. Scalia argues that Implicature without intent?

Philo Carpenter Philo Carpenter (1805–1886) was Chicago, Illinois' first pharmacist,[1] and an outspoken abolitionist. Born in Savoy, Massachusetts, February 27, 1805, young Philo learned medicine and the pharmaceutical trade in Troy, New York in the drugstore of Amatus Robins, eventually gaining a half interest in the business. There he married Sarah Bridges in May 1830, but she died that November. Joining the Presbyterian Church, in Troy, he gained an interest in missionary work.[2] Business and religion shaped much of the rest of his life. Hearing from his cousin of the opportunities for both business and proselytizing in the then frontier, in 1832, he sold his share of the drugstore. Shipping ahead a supply of drugs and medical equipment, he moved to Chicago, then an unincorporated village clustered around Fort Dearborn. He opened the settlement's first drug store in a log cabin on what is now Lake Street. His pharmaceutical business soon allowed him to become financially solvent again.

The 50 Greatest Breakthroughs Since the Wheel - James Fallows Any collection of 50 breakthroughs must exclude 50,000 more. What about GPS systems, on which so many forms of movement now depend, and which two panelists recommended? What about the concept of the number zero, as suggested by Padmasree Warrior, the chief technology and strategy officer at Cisco? (She did not rank her 25 items, but 18 of them showed up among the final 50; Michelle Alexopoulos, an economics professor at the University of Toronto, had 21, and Walter Isaacson had 25 of the 26 he submitted.) In addition to coal, how can no one have mentioned paved roads? We notice that innovation may be less personalized than we assume. We learn, finally, why technology breeds optimism, which may be the most significant part of this exercise. The Future Popular culture often lionizes the stars of discovery and invention. By expanding the pool of potentially literate people, the adoption of corrective lenses may have amounted to the largest onetime IQ boost in history. Most of these U.S. 1.

Angela Merici Angela Merici, or Angela de Merici, (21 March 1474 – 27 January 1540) was an Italian religious leader and saint. She founded the Order of Ursulines in 1535 in Brescia. Life[edit] Angela's uncle died when she was twenty years old and she returned to her previous home in Desenzano. Angèle Mérici Veneration[edit] In life, Saint Angela Merici often prayed at the tombs of the Brescian martyrs at the Church of St Afra in Brescia. Saint Angela Merici was beatified in Rome on April 30, 1768, by Pope Clement XIII. Feast Day[edit] Legacy[edit] Parishes are dedicated to Saint Angela Merici Parish in Brea, California;[6] Metairie, Louisiana;[7] Fairview Park, Ohio [8] and Youngstown, Ohio.There is a St. See also[edit] References[edit] Bibliography[edit] Q. External links[edit]

The Stanford Prison Experiment: A Simulation Study of the Psychology of Imprisonment Thirty Years Later, Stanford Prison Experiment Lives On By Meredith Alexander Stanford Report, August 22, 2001 Thirty years ago, a group of young men were rounded up by Palo Alto police and dropped off at a new jail -- in the Stanford Psychology Department. Strip searched, sprayed for lice and locked up with chains around their ankles, the "prisoners" were part of an experiment to test people's reactions to power dynamics in social situations. Other college student volunteers -- the "guards" -- were given authority to dictate 24-hour-a-day rules. They were soon humiliating the "prisoners" in an effort to break their will. Psychology Professor Philip Zimbardo's Stanford Prison Experiment of August 1971 quickly became a classic. "In a few days, the role dominated the person," Zimbardo -- now president-elect of the American Psychological Association -- recalled. Its story, however, endures, achieving a level of recognition shared by few other psychological experiments.

Nikolay Przhevalsky Nikolai Mikhaylovich Przhevalsky[nb 1] April 12 [O.S. 31 March] 1839 – November 1 [O.S. 20 October] 1888), was a Russian geographer[1] and a renowned explorer of Central and Eastern Asia. Although he never reached his ultimate goal, the holy city of Lhasa in Tibet, he traveled through regions then unknown to the West, such as northern Tibet, modern Qinghai and Dzungaria (northern Xinjiang).[2] He contributed significantly to European knowledge of Central Asia and was the first known European to describe the only extant species of wild horse,[3] which is named after him. Biography[edit] Przhevalsky was born in Smolensk into a noble polonized Belarusian family (Polish name is Przewalski), and studied there and at the military academy in St. Petersburg. In 1867, Przhevalsky successfully petitioned the Russian Geographical Society to be dispatched to Irkutsk, in central Siberia. In the following years he made four journeys to Central Asia: Accusations of imperialism and racism[edit] Myth[edit]

The Stanford Prison Experiment: Still powerful after all these years (1/97) CONTACT: Stanford University News Service (415) 723-2558 The Stanford Prison Experiment: Still powerful after all these years I was sick to my stomach. When it's happening to you, it doesn't feel heroic; it feels real scary. It feels like you are a deviant. ­ Professor Christina Maslach, UC-Berkeley, to psychologists gathered in Toronto, Aug. 12, 1996 The view through the doorway was too familiar ­ like something she had seen in the international news sections of Life or Newsweek. Several young men ­ dressed in khaki uniforms and wearing reflector sunglasses that hid their eyes ­ were herding a larger group of men down a hallway. Christina Maslach's stomach reacted first. On that fateful Thursday night a quarter-century ago, Maslach would take actions that made her a heroine in some circles as "the one who stopped the Stanford Prison Experiment." Yet she had difficulty resisting the group pressure to be enthusiastic about what was going on in the name of science. Jekyll and Hyde experience

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