Permaculture Plants: Oak The majestic Oak. Common Name: OakScientific Name: Quercus speciesFamily: Fagaceae (the Beech family) Ariundle Oakwood, Scotland. One of the last surviving old-growth oak forests in the Scottish Highlands. Angel Oak Tree, outside of Charleston, South Carolina, is over 1,500 years old. Live Oak (Quercus virginiana) Description: The Oaks are a large family of shrubs and trees, about 600 species, which produce acorns. English or Pedunculate Oak (Quercus robur) Watercolor by Ruth de Monchaux History: Native to the northern hemisphere, oaks are found from tropical to cold climates. Trivia: Oak trees can be deciduous or evergreen (a.k.a. Acorns can feed wildlife, domesticated life, and human life alike. Red Oak (Quercus rubra) Oak leaf and acorn variety. 5 oak leaves and 6 acorns found by Coniston Water by Eileen Postlethwaite USING THIS PLANTPrimary Uses: Nut - the "acorn" is typically dried and ground as "meal" or "flour".
The Jean Pain Way In the book Another Kind of Garden, the methods of Jean Pain are revealed. He spent his entire short-lived life studying brush land and forest protection, specifically fire prevention, alongside his wife Ida. These studies led to an enormous amount of practical knowledge for composting, heating water, as well as harvesting methane, all of which are by-products of maintaining a forest or brush land with fire prevention techniques. While this knowledge is applicable in many instances, it is worth remembering that the root of all of this knowledge lies in forest preservation. All of the activities described below are by-products of that process. The book goes into detail with the economics of such an operation. Brushwood Composting Overview To first understand the process of composting brushwood, Jean Pain set about creating a heaping row of chipped material. Once you have your chips, pile them 1.6m tall with a base of 2.2m. Humus – The End Product Harvesting Heat Harvesting Methane
How One Man Revolutionized the Farming World Masanabu Fukuoka Masanobu Fukuoka may be one of the most farsighted and downright radical farmers to have ever lived! Why? Because over the past 30 years, he gradually abandoned most conventional agricultural practices in order to return control of his land to the most skilled grower of all ... On August 16, 2008 Masanobu died, but not without leaving behind some of the most important farming lessons known. Look at this grain! Read more HERE
Update: 36 Hour Permaculture Course - Online and Free! (permaculture design forum at permies) Kathleen Sanderson wrote: Thank you! I didn't know there was an Alaska permaculture site! (Alaska is my home state.)Kathleen Home state? ops: Anyway, this link will be very much appreciated both by me and also by my Russian friends. per day, as much is lost, because there is no time left in the normal 24-hour day. I do not know if this is very interesting for you, but here in Northern Europe, discussing with each other, we have come to the solution that we will use English in everything, use it as lingua franca.
Barefoot Builder :: Natural Building Construction and Consulting Introduction to Agroecology: Green Gold- "The Source of Wealth is [are] the Functional Ecosystems" "Kariegasfontein Ranch, Aberdeen, South Africa: Land on the left managed under Holistic Planned Grazing (HPG) in 200 mm [7.87 inches] rainfall, showing a contrast with advancing desertification," Photo Credit: Norman Kroon. Source. I fixed the horizon line from original image. My last diary in this series shared Allan Savory's TED talk on his system of Holistic Management. Recognizing the audacity of such a statement, I provided the following for context: Allan Savory is NOT proclaiming that Holistic Management is the only solution for climate change. In light of the acknowledgement that Holistic Management (HM in this diary) is not appropriate everywhere all the time, nor is it the only solution for climate change, I wish to present John D. Originally aired on Dutch TV by VPRO, Green Gold was made in conjunction with Liu's Environmental Education Media Project (EEMP).2 Green Gold is an extended version of "Hope in a Changing Climate," coproduced by EEMP and The Open University.3 2." 5.
Coppicing - A Lost Art Revisited - Verge Permaculture Coppicing has always been interesting to me as a wood production system (fuel, timber) because it uses trees that can be cut perpetually. In other words, the tree is cut and grows back. This is quite different from the type of forestry we practice here in Canada with spruce, fir, and pine trees. These conifers are cut once and then die. As mentioned in my wood gasification article, if we all moved over to burning wood for heat and power, we would deforest the planet in a matter of years. Here is a great Wikipedia definition on coppicing: In Canada we can grow a number of different trees that can be cut and grow back. Here is a great video on Coppicing from Britain. In addition to fuel and timber coppice systems can be used for basketry, propagation, mulch and fodder. In Ohaton in Camrose County, Alberta, they are using willow to clean up their waste water from a lagoon while growing a feed stock for producing heat for the municipality.
Permaculture Free Press | Incorporating biomimicry into building design Matthew Webb, Umow Lai | In the past 20 years there have been number of initiatives across a range of technologies that have demonstrated the potential of biomimicry to significantly improve human designs and challenge conventional thinking. Commercially available products include the StoCoat Lotusan self-cleaning surface coatings and Viridian Renew self-cleaning glass, which mimic the cleaning effect intrinsic to lotus leaves and insect wings. Architecture has taken inspiration from the natural world from its very beginnings. Functional biomimicry, however, is the practice that translates characteristics from biological systems to building design. It is critical to developing the role of biomimicry to improve building performance. Biomimicry 3.8 Design Lens Janine Benyus, a pioneer of modern biomimicry, has been researching functional biomimicry for more than 20 years. The Biomimicry 3.8 design philosophy follows the Biomimicry Design Lens, which consists of three key components: BioTRIZ
A Quick Guide to Raising Ducks - Sustainable Farming People are always giving us something. We got our trio of Muscovy ducks one day when a lady who lives near our Country Bookstore in Noroton, Conn., moved. They were breeders and she didn't want to have them killed. Knowing that we had a small farm, she thought we might like them. There is a good deal to be said for making ducks your second poultry project, particularly if you have any kind of small stream or pond on your place, although neither is necessary. Don't start a duck project unless your family is fond of duck. Anyway, ducks do furnish delicious variety for the table. You have three choices as to how to plan your duck raising program. Keeping A Small Flock Of Breeder Ducks Reasons for owning ducks varies. You don't have to qualify on all these points to keep a flock of breeders, but if you do, then your flock will practically keep themselves, providing you with plenty of tasty meals from spring until late fall. For housing, almost any kind of shelter will do.
Hugelkultur – Idyll on the A406 Hügelkultur: a mound culture My definition: the use of logs, twigs, leaves and food waste layered to replicate the rich humus layer that occurs on a woodland floor. Pros Nutrients: as the Hügel decomposes it releases all the necessary nutrients for healthy plant growth.Warmth: as it decomposes the Hügel releases heat. Cons Difficulty harvesting: if your bed is too wide at the bottom you may struggle to reach some of the crops towards the centre (tall plants become very tall plants when grown on a mound).Maintenance: filling holes in as they open up (although this is minimal).Watering: it can be difficult to water over the mound and difficult to get the water to penetrate the soil because of the steep gradient. Our experience Our garden looked like it hadn’t been touched for about thirty years. The broad mixed hedging on the right hand side almost the width of the Anderson shelter Christiaan starting the hedge removal Some permaculture principles we applied Observation Increasing edge Succession
Bill Mollison Permaculture Lecture Series On-Line Straw Bale Construction Straw bale construction is gaining worldwide recognition as a viable, high-performance, earth- and people-friendly building technique which utilizes a natural by-product of food production. The Straw Bale Solution is 30-minute video introduction to straw bale building. It offers viewers an excellent look at $1.50 a square foot straw-bale homes in Mexico and the custom high-end straw-bale mansions of Santa Fe... The Straw Bale Solution (#C 01) Building with bales can produce ecological, empowering and affordable housing, and NetWorks' award-winning video provides an entertaining overview of how and why. The Last Straw The Last Straw, the quarterly journal of straw-bale and natural building, began in 1992 with Judy Knox and Matts Myhrman of Out On Bale (un)Ltd at the publishing helm. In 2003, TLS was transfered to, and is now published by the Green Prairie Foundation for Sustainability in Lincoln, Nebraska. Networks still sells back issues (#1-39) of TLS