Twelve Virtues of Rationality The first virtue is curiosity. A burning itch to know is higher than a solemn vow to pursue truth. To feel the burning itch of curiosity requires both that you be ignorant, and that you desire to relinquish your ignorance. The second virtue is relinquishment. The third virtue is lightness. The fourth virtue is evenness. The fifth virtue is argument. The sixth virtue is empiricism. The seventh virtue is simplicity. The eighth virtue is humility. The ninth virtue is perfectionism. The tenth virtue is precision. The eleventh virtue is scholarship. Before these eleven virtues is a virtue which is nameless. Miyamoto Musashi wrote, in The Book of Five Rings: “The primary thing when you take a sword in your hands is your intention to cut the enemy, whatever the means. Every step of your reasoning must cut through to the correct answer in the same movement. If you fail to achieve a correct answer, it is futile to protest that you acted with propriety. These then are twelve virtues of rationality:
Logical Fallacies: The Fallacy Files Sick of not being able to see the real you when you look in the mirror? | Sciencedump Whenever you look in the mirror, you are not seeing the real you, but the reversed image of you. If you want to see yourself as others see you; you can take a picture, or a make video, or very awkwardly use one mirror whilst standing in front of another mirror to look over your shoulder, and.......aaaah forget it. Introducing the "True Mirror" to solve all your mirror related problems. This 1887 patented novelty mirror shows you as you really are (as in the way the rest of the world sees you, and not in reverse). The "True Mirror" is a non-reversing mirror which uses two mirrors instead of just one. Within its cabinet resides two crystal-clear, "front surface" mirrors joined perfectly at 90 degrees using special materials and bonding techniques that eliminate that line optically. Check out the video above to see the "True Mirror" in action.
Genetic switch left in 'on' position identified by scientists as likely cause of autism in children - Science - News - The Independent It is the first time that researchers have been able to identify a precise mutation that appears to lead to autism, which is known to have a strong inherited component as well as being influenced by non-genetic factors. There are an estimated 700,000 people in Britain with some kind of autistic disorder, which is more than 1 in 100 people in the general population. There is no cure for the condition but the researchers behind the research believe that it might eventually lead to the development of drugs that could ameliorate the symptoms. Scientists studying the cells of a child with autism found that a key enzyme needed for the developing brain seems to be permanently switched on rather than being able to be switched on and off at different times of normal brain development. Loading gallery Science News in Pictures 1 of 103 “Genetic studies are showing that there will be about 1,000 genes linked to autism. “The phosphate group is being added to the UBE3A protein, not to DNA.
Rational and Irrational Thought: The Thinking that IQ Tests Miss No doubt you know several folks with perfectly respectable IQs who repeatedly make poor decisions. The behavior of such people tells us that we are missing something important by treating intelligence as if it encompassed all cognitive abilities. I coined the term “dysrationalia” (analogous to “dyslexia”), meaning the inability to think and behave rationally despite having adequate intelligence, to draw attention to a large domain of cognitive life that intelligence tests fail to assess. Although most people recognize that IQ tests do not measure every important mental faculty, we behave as if they do. We have an implicit assumption that intelligence and rationality go together—or else why would we be so surprised when smart people do foolish things? It is useful to get a handle on dysrationalia and its causes because we are beset by problems that require increasingly more accurate, rational responses. IQ tests do not measure dysrationalia. Are you a cognitive miser? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
Ten Virtues for the Modern Age The Virtues Project comes as a response to the wave of discussion and feedback that followed the publication of my book, Religion for Atheists, and a growing sense that being virtuous has become a strange and depressing notion, while wickedness and evil bask in a peculiar kind of glamour. My ultimate aim for the project is that it ignites a vital conversation around moral character to increase public interest in becoming more virtuous and connected as a society. In the modern world, the idea of trying to be a ‘good person’ conjures up all sorts of negative associations: of piety, solemnity, bloodlessness and sexual renunciation, as if goodness were something one would try to embrace only when other more difficult but more fulfilling avenues had been exhausted. Throughout history, societies have been interested in fostering virtues, in training us to be more virtuous, but we're one of the first generations to have zero public interest in this. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.
Do you live in 'Bro' country? | Sciencedump Where in America do people bro it up? Who's got the most pals? And do you ever refer to another human being as fella, or buddy since the beginning of the 21st Century? Nikhil Sonnad recently published a series of maps based on his research to Quartz, showing the popularity of the words dude, bro, pal, buddy and fella in the United States. "When Hill wrote his history of “dude,” understanding such trends in slang was close to impossible. Check out the source link for the full explanation, and the other maps.
This is how optical illusions work We know the mind can be tricked by an optical illusion, but most people don't know why that happens. This video from Inside Science explains just what goes on inside the brain when, for example, a person looks at the dress. In essence, what you see isn't what you get because the brain takes shortcuts to process information. "When you look at something, what you’re really seeing is the light that bounced off of it and entered your eye, which converts the light into electrical impulses that your brain can turn into an image you can use," the video explains. "The process that takes about a tenth of a second but your eyes receive a constant stream of light, an incredible amount of information, so it’s really difficult for your brain to try to focus on everything at once. To find out more, watch the video below More: These Amazon reviews of the dress are really something We know the mind can be tricked by an optical illusion, but most people don't know why that happens.
4 Secrets of Great Critical Thinkers In 2009, J D Wetherspoon, a chain of more than 800 pubs in the UK, was facing declining sales. Demand for beer had been down for five years. In addition, pricing pressure from super market chains was intense, and higher alcohol taxes further squeezed its already tight margins. What would you say is the company's real business problem? Most people see it as a sales problem and recommend better marketing and promotion. The strategy worked. If you fail to do this, you risk solving the wrong problem. Ironically, the more experience you have, the harder it will to break from conventional mindsets. In his book Thinking, Fast and Slow, Nobel laureate Daniel Kahneman attributes shallow framing to people substituting easy questions for hard ones. 1. 2. 3. 4. This article was co-authored with John Austin and is second of in a series examining the key components of strategic aptitude: anticipating, thinking critically, interpreting, deciding, aligning, learning.
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