background preloader

Argument map

Argument map
A schematic argument map showing a contention (or conclusion), supporting arguments and objections, and an inference objection. Argument maps are commonly used in the context of teaching and applying critical thinking.[2] The purpose of mapping is to uncover the logical structure of arguments, identify unstated assumptions, evaluate the support an argument offers for a conclusion, and aid understanding of debates. Argument maps are often designed to support deliberation of issues, ideas and arguments in wicked problems.[3] Key features[edit] A number of different kinds of argument map have been proposed but the most common, which Chris Reed and Glenn Rowe called the standard diagram,[5] consists of a tree structure with each of the reasons leading to the conclusion. According to Doug Walton and colleagues, an argument map has two basic components: "One component is a set of circled numbers arrayed as points. Statements 1 and 2 are dependent premises or co-premises History[edit] Notes[edit] Related:  G.T.D - Next Action Analysis - Process...Thinking, Teaching and Learning

Argunet | Open-Source Argument Mapping Prioritization - 1000Minds 1000Minds helps you prioritize alternatives or individuals systematically and transparently. Prioritization involves confronting difficult choices, the implications of which can be monumental for the people affected. Examples include: prioritizing patients for access to ‘elective’ (ie. non-urgent) health care – see case study, peer-reviewed articles, news items ‘health technology prioritization’ – ie. deciding which pharmaceuticals, medical devices, equipment, procedures, etc to fund – see news release, peer-reviewed articles, news items prioritizing social welfare assistance (eg. housing, health care, income support) for people in need ranking research-grant funding applications selecting students for scholarships or admission to restricted courses Criteria and weights Such prioritization decisions – often implemented by groups of decision-makers – involve agreeing on the relevant criteria for the decision at hand and weighting them and other considerations relative to each other.

Systems Thinking Mind Map The Analysis-Synthesis Bridge Model Written for Interactions magazine by Hugh Dubberly, Shelley Evenson, and Rick Robinson. The simplest way to describe the design process is to divide it into two phases: analysis and synthesis. Or preparation and inspiration. But those descriptions miss a crucial element—the connection between the two, the active move from one state to another, the transition or transformation that is at the heart of designing. How do designers move from analysis to synthesis? From problem to solution? How do designers bridge the gap? The bridge model illustrates one way of thinking about the path from analysis to synthesis—the way in which the use of models to frame research results acts as a basis for framing possible futures. The bridge model here is organized as a two-by-two matrix. Analysis-Synthesis Bridge Model Ideally, the design process begins in the lower-left quadrant with observation and investigation—an inventory (or description) of the current situation. Robinson Model Beer Model Kumar Model

Global Priorities Project | Future of Humanity Institute Summary The Global Priorities Project aims to bring new analysis to the problem of how to allocate scarce resources between diverse global priorities such as education, health, enterprise, and future generations. The project is hosted by the Future of Humanity Institute in collaboration with the Centre for Effective Altruism. The importance of prioritisation Every day organisations and governments make decisions about how to use their resources to benefit society. Without prioritising between their options, these organisations would achieve far fewer of their aims than they would by prioritising. There are theoretical reasons to expect large disparities between the effectiveness of different types of intervention in different fields. Framework In order to compare between options, we need a common scale on which to rank them. Recommendations Researchers Owen Cotton-Barratt leads the Global Priorities Project. Nick Beckstead is a research fellow at the Future of Humanity Institute.

Using Webb's Depth of Knowledge to Increase Rigor The word "rigor" is hard to avoid today, and it provokes strong reactions from educators. Policymakers tout its importance. Publishers promote it as a feature of their materials. But some teachers share the view of Joanne Yatvin, past president of the National Council for Teachers of English. To them, rigor simply means more work, harder books, and longer school days. Calculating Cognitive Depth For classroom teachers, the more important question is one of practice: how do we create rich environments where all students learn at a high level? Level 1: Recall and Reproduction Tasks at this level require recall of facts or rote application of simple procedures. Level 2: Skills and Concepts At this level, a student must make some decisions about his or her approach. Level 3: Strategic Thinking At this level of complexity, students must use planning and evidence, and thinking is more abstract. Level 4: Extended Thinking Level 4 tasks require the most complex cognitive effort. Apply as Needed

What is a Decision Matrix, FREE Template and Example Also known as: decision-making matrix, solutions prioritization matrix, cost/benefit analysis matrix, problem/solution matrix, options/criteria matrix, vendor selection matrix, criteria/alternatives matrix, RFP evaluation matrix, COWS decision matrix, C.O.W.S. decision matrix, supplier rating spreadsheet, comparison matrix template, importance/performance matrix, criteria-based decision matrix, importance/performance-based decision matrix, weighted score matrix, proposal evaluation matrix, criteria/alternatives matrix, software selection matrix, or bid decision matrix. Use templates and samples provided in your FREE RFP Letters Toolkit to create your own Decision Matrix. Decision Matrix Definition A decision matrix allows decision makers to structure, then solve their problem by: specifying and prioritizing their needs with a list a criteria; thenevaluating, rating, and comparing the different solutions; and selecting the best matching solution. The Decision Matrix is also called: and then

Category:Decision theory Decision theory is the study of optimal actions, as determined by considering the probability and utility of different outcomes. Subcategories This category has the following 15 subcategories, out of 15 total. Pages in category "Decision theory" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 207 total. (previous 200) (next 200)(previous 200) (next 200) Ten Takeaway Tips for Teaching Critical Thinking Suggestions from educators at KIPP King Collegiate High School on how to help develop and assess critical-thinking skills in your students. Ideally, teaching kids how to think critically becomes an integral part of your approach, no matter what subject you teach. But if you're just getting started, here are some concrete ways you can begin leveraging your students' critical-thinking skills in the classroom and beyond. 1. Questions, questions, questions. Questioning is at the heart of critical thinking, so you want to create an environment where intellectual curiosity is fostered and questions are encouraged. In the beginning stages, you may be doing most of the asking to show your students the types of questions that will lead to higher-level thinking and understanding. 2. Pose a provocative question to build an argument around and help your students break it down. 3. 4. 5. Lively discussions usually involve some degree of differing perspectives. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Society for Judgment and Decision Making Murphy's Law Calculator Murphy's Law Calculator From a formula for * Sod's Law provided by British Gas: ((U+C+I) x (10-S))/20 x A x 1/(1-sin(F/10)) "anything that can go wrong, will go wrong!" Find out in advance whether you will be able to successfully repair your VCR, get to a meeting on time, impress your date, or be a success at any activity whatsoever ! British Gas commissioned Dr David Lewis, a chartered psychologist; Dr Keylan Leyser, an economist and business consultant; and Philip Obadya, a mathematician, to devise the formula. Likelihood scores are for a typical adult and are based on the nation-wide survey of 1023 adults, conducted by Taylor Nelson Sofres (TNS) that the team used to test their work. Murphy's Law Links: Note: Murphy's Law has long been known in the UK as "Sod's Law".

Claim Evidence Reasoning By far, the biggest shift in my teaching from year 1 to year 7 has been how much emphasis I now place on evaluating evidence and making evidence-based claims. I blame inquiry. Not inquiry in the generalized, overloaded, science teaching approach sense. Even now, when I hear the word "inquiry" I still think mainly of asking questions and designing experiments. We were very busy and very engaged and learned very little. There are a few structures I've been using to help shift the focus on the class to analysis and argument. Claim-Evidence-Reasoning (pdf and pdf) is a framework for writing scientific explanations. As part of their lab handout they get a prompt that looks like this: As the year goes on I remove most of the scaffolds until ultimately the students just get a prompt or question. I've been happy with it. I like frameworks a lot. The key to implementation is that the structure of the class really has to be designed around C-E-R. I also give my students a whiteboard format now.

Diagramme de cause-effets Présentation Ce diagramme, sous l'aspect d'une arête de poisson, est composé d'un tronc principal au bout duquel est indiqué l'effet étudié et de 5 branches correspondant à 5 familles de causes : Main d'oeuvre, (Connaissances, compétences, comportement, organisation del'équipe de travail...) Milieu, (Environnement de réalisation de la tâche :température, luminosité, humidité, pression, ambiance...) Matière (Matière première ou matière utilisée :référence d'un acier, huile, papier, stylos) Méthode, ( Méthode de rélisation de la tâche : Systématique de travail, Marche à suivre, Document de description de la tâche) Moyens ( Outils utilisés pour la réalisation de la tâche : Machines, outils ) Les noms des différentes famille pourront être adapté aux différentes situations de résolution de problèmes. Etapes Pour construire le diagramme , les étapes suivantes devront être menées : 1. Utilisez la méthode QQOQCP. 2. Utilisez la méthode Brainstorming. 3. Main d'oeuvre Milieu, Matière Méthode Moyens

The Best Global Development Quotes of 2012

Related: