The Bechdel Test needs an update: We’ve set the bar for female representation too low. 20th Century Fox The Bechdel Test, the brainchild of cartoonist Alison Bechdel, bubbled out of a 1985 comic strip called Dykes to Watch Out For. It was Bechdel’s modest proposal for assessing how well a given film represented its female characters, and it went like so: Do you, movie, feature two or more named women? Katy Waldman is a Slate assistant editor. Follow The tongue-in-cheek standard caught fire, first on the Internet and then offline. And it has started to work. This is happy news, mostly. I reached out to some female critics and writers to get a sense of what their revised BT might look like. So what’s a better measure? Writer Roxane Gay went full-on fantasy league in a six-part wish list for a revised test, reproduced below. 1. Sounds like a great movie.
Our Core Values | WAM! Gender equity in media access, representation, employment and ownership — and a world in which a just media is considered essential to a just society. WAM! connects, supports and organizes media makers, activists, academics and funders working to advance women’s media participation, ownership and representation. Our work is part of an advocacy movement for gender justice in media. WAM!
Les droits des femmes Les droits des femmes s’entendent de l’ensemble des règles juridiques en vigueur dans le monde et inhérentes à la personne de la femme. Les droits reconnus aux femmes sont de nature diverse (droits civils, droits civiques et politiques, droits économiques, droits socioculturels). Le principe d’égalité est l’élément de base sur lequel se fondent les droits des femmes : l’homme et la femme sont égaux en droits et devoirs. La notion de parité constitue le fondement des politiques de lutte contre les inégalités entre les hommes et les femmes. Au nom de ce principe ont été édictées plusieurs lois visant à réduire les disparités dans les domaines des salaires, de l'emploi, de l'éducation, de la représentation des femmes dans les instances de pouvoir politique et économique. La progression des droits des femmes appelle une mobilisation de l'ensemble des acteurs de la société.
Constructing Arab Female Leadership Lessons from the Moroccan Media Abstract How the Arab media construct Middle Eastern women as political actors, frame their leadership roles, and narrate their activities to the public are important questions largely ignored in the growing scholarship on women’s political participation in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Drawing on Nancy Fraser’s reflections on the politics of recognition and distribution (2007), I examine the construction of women’s leadership in Morocco during the four-month period leading to the local elections of June 2009. Analysis of 1,738 news items from five print media sources reveals that the “symbolic annihilation” of political women, a thesis traditionally applied to Western contexts, is disturbingly robust in Morocco. Article Notes Loubna H. © 2011 The Author(s)
The Mako Mori Test: 'Pacific Rim' inspires a Bechdel Test alternative Fans of feminist film, or any lovers of media with strong female characters, might have a hard time justifying why they love certain movies. But the Mako Mori test, named after a Pacific Rim character at the center of a controversy, is attempting to change the conversation about what constitutes "strong women" in film. It's no secret that Pacific Rim, Guillermo del Toro's $200 million love song to Japanese pop culture, was a risky venture from the start. But despite what seems to be an infatuated, deeply loyal fanbase—last weekend saw an entire online fan convention, JaegerCon, complete with an appearance from del Toro himself—Pacific Rim has encountered trouble from an unexpected source: the Bechdel Test. When Allison Bechdel's comic Dykes to Watch Out For introduced the concept of the Bechdel Test to pop culture in 1985, the female character espousing the rule wryly commented that the last movie they'd been able to see in a theatre was 1978's Alien. Illustration by rhezm/deviantART
What Does it Mean that Most Children's Books Are Still About White Boys? | Soraya Chemaly This article is updated from a version published earlier this year in Role/Reboot. One day when my daughter was in third grade, she had to explain to a classmate what sexism was. Four kids -- two boys and two girls -- had been put in a reading group together, given a basket full of books and asked to talk about them and decide together which one they wanted to read and discuss. As they went through their choices, the boy picked up a book whose cover showed an illustration of a woman in a hoop skirt. "Do you know how many books with boys in them I read?" Frankly, today, I'm pretty certain that what she, a 9-year old, told her classmate was more than most adults can muster. Do you know what percentage of children's books feature boys? 57% of children's books published each year have male protagonists, versus 31% female. There are so many exceptionally good books with strong female characters, but not nearly enough, and boys are not encouraged to immerse themselves in them.
[Egalité H/F] Une charte pour le cinéma / En continu Le 10 octobre, Aurélie Filippetti, ministre de la Culture et de la Communication et Najat Vallaud-Belkacem, ministre des Droits des femmes, porte-parole du Gouvernement, ont signé la Charte pour l’égalité entre les femmes et les hommes dans le secteur du cinéma, élaborée par l'association "Le deuxième regard" — en présence de Frédérique Bredin, présidente du Centre national du cinéma et de l’image animée, et Véronique Cayla, présidente d’Arte France et marraine de l’association. Un politique incitative. La culture est évidemment un terrain privilégié dans la lutte contre les stéréotypes, puisqu’elle « véhicule les représentations du monde » a rappelé Aurélie Filippetti. La culture et notamment l’image, qui « a une très forte influence sur la formation des idées et la construction des consciences ». Cinq engagements. Le deuxième regard regroupe des femmes et des hommes issus des différentes sphères de la création et de l’Industrie cinématographique.
Gender equality, a huge issue in the Australian screen industry As the world celebrates the International Women’s Day and Australian screen professionals such as Jan Chapman, Liz Watts and Mandy Walker continue to succeed globally, it would seem that gender imbalance is a thing of the past. However, Georgina Pearson sat down with Women in Film and Television’s (WIFT) program director Ana Tiwary, who explained that gender equality is not only a huge issue today, but in fact the number of women in the industry is actually decreasing. How many members do you have? Women in Film and Television NSW has several hundred members and thousands of industry practitioners in our network. I frequently meet men who are baffled by the lack of women in certain specialised fields and want to help bring about change but just don’t know where to start. In your opinion , what are the main issues for women in the screen industry? A lot of arguments presented on this topic tend to revolve around personal and physical shortcomings of women. lack of work-family balance.
Humour Feministe Typecast : parodie de Royals, par Lorde, sur les problèmes rencontrés par les actrices non blanches, bien souvent réduites à des stéréotypes ethniques. Ecrit et interprété par Tess Paras, avec la participation de Haneefah Wood et Ayana Hampton.Réalisation : Rebekka JohnsonMusique produite par Jack Dolgen. Crédits complets et paroles :Cast:Tess Paras (“Grimm,” “Wilfred”) @TessParasHaneefah Wood (“Ave Q,” “Nurse Jackie”) @HaneefahWoodAyana Hampton (“In Living Color” reboot) @ayanadiscoStephen Guarino (“Happy Endings”) @IAmStephenGMo Welch (“The Mo Show”) @momowelchMike Still (Artistic Director, Upright Citizens Brigade Theatre, LA) @mikestillJohn David “J.D.” Witherspoon (www.youtube.com/WhoIsUTV) @JDwitherspoonSofia Gonzalez (“Community”) @SofiaMarieGJin Namkung (“Arrested Development”) @Rjnamkung Special thanks to Mo Welch, Jimmy Fowlie, Joseph Porter, and Ryan Noggle. Tess Paras is represented by:Manager, Bryan Brucks at Luber Roklin EntertainmentAgent, Brianna Ancel at Clear Talent Group
'Too Much Estrogen': The Golden Globes, Chris Christie and Men Who Don't Want to Share Culture | Soraya Chemaly Brit Hume thinks Chris Christie is paying for a "feminized atmosphere," in which his naturally tough guy (read: male) behavior has been erroneously cast as bullying. Meanwhile, the NY Post's film critic Kyle Smith's take on the Golden Globes was that there was just "too much estrogren." These are just this weekend's examples of men having a hard time-sharing culture. "Guys [like Christie] who are masculine and muscular like that in their private conduct, kind of old-fashioned tough guys," explains Hume, "Run some risks." Smith, in the meantime, thinks that the Globes should have just been called "Girls." You can't argue with the way people feel. The Globes red carpet and crowd shots suggested a nice gender parity, everyone seemed to have a spouse or a date, usually of the opposite sex. Horrors. First, let's put Smith's disgust in context. It is in this context that Tina Fey, Amy Poehler and every other woman in television and film, works.
Gender Equality Pernilla August was Guldbagge awarded for Best Director in 2011 for Beyond (Svinalängorna). Photo: Patrik Österberg Gender equality has been brought into stronger focus in the 2013 Film Agreement, which means that production funding is to be divided equally between women and men. Special actions The Film Institute has drawn up the action plan Towards Gender Equality in Film Production in which we highlight some of the measures and initiatives that will help us achieve our goals. Our funding and gender equality In short film, the production funding was equally distributed between women and men in 2012. Reports and studies As part of the several-year initiative, a report entitled Inför nästa tagning (Ahead of the next take) was also produced. Towards Gender Equality in Film Production (pdf) En route vers la parité dans le 7e Art (pdf) Gender Equality Statistics
Overcoming Gender Stereotypes | Gender Equality Written by Eden B. King Friday, July 22 2011 Most people would like to believe that coworkers and bosses have moved beyond the idea of men and women as Mars and Venus. The unfortunate truth, however, is that everybody holds strong beliefs about what men and women can and should be and do. Decades of social science research have documented the problems that arise from gender stereotypes. Social science research has also shown that these beliefs get in the way of women’s success in the workplace, where competence is valued more than warmth. In another study led by M.E. Luckily, social science research has also begun to highlight some of the solutions to gender stereotyping. Counteract Others’ Stereotypes. Of particular importance for women at work is the need to demonstrate competence. These are nonverbal and verbal strategies that can communicate authority and assertiveness, thereby dispelling beliefs of incompetence, explained D. However, a caveat is important here. Eden B.
I hate Strong Female Characters I hate Strong Female Characters. As someone spends a fair amount of time complaining on the internet that there aren’t enough female heroes out there, this may seem a strange and out of character thing to say. And of course, I love all sorts of female characters who exhibit great resilience and courage. I love it when Angel asks Buffy what’s left when he takes away her weapons and her friends and she grabs his sword between her palms and says “Me”. But the phrase “Strong Female Character” has always set my teeth on edge, and so have many of the characters who have so plainly been written to fit the bill. I remember watching Shrek with my mother. “The Princess knew kung-fu! She rolled her eyes. No one ever asks if a male character is “strong”. The obvious thing to say here is that this is because he’s assumed to be “strong” by default. This is true, and yet it’s not all of the truth. Are our best-loved male heroes Strong Male Characters? Is Sherlock Holmes strong? 1. 2. Equality. No.
Sports Direct under fire for 'Girl Stuff' toy cleaning set Emily Gosden – Published 06 January 2014 03:05 PM SportsDirect has come under fire for encouraging sexism after selling a toy set of cleaning products branded “It’s Girl Stuff!”. The set, which includes a dustpan, brushes and spray bottle, is sold in a bright pink packaging adorned with flowers and a “female” sign. The retailer, controlled by Mike Ashley, was tight-lipped about the product on despite a growing backlash online. Twitter users have reacted with dismay to images of the toy set, made by manufacturer Kandytoys and being sold for £5 on the SportsDirect website. One, Em Murphy-Wearmouth, a director at Octopus Communications, described it on the social media site as “outrageous” and “the most disgusting sexism I have seen targeting young girls”. Louise Mensch, the former Tory MP, joined the backlash, writing: “Wow. ”I just wouldn’t label it girl’s stuff – it’s just so unnecessary and restrictive for both boys and girls.” A spokesman for SportsDirect declined to comment.