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Noam Chomsky on Where Artificial Intelligence Went Wrong - Yarden Katz

Noam Chomsky on Where Artificial Intelligence Went Wrong - Yarden Katz
An extended conversation with the legendary linguist Graham Gordon Ramsay If one were to rank a list of civilization's greatest and most elusive intellectual challenges, the problem of "decoding" ourselves -- understanding the inner workings of our minds and our brains, and how the architecture of these elements is encoded in our genome -- would surely be at the top. Yet the diverse fields that took on this challenge, from philosophy and psychology to computer science and neuroscience, have been fraught with disagreement about the right approach. In 1956, the computer scientist John McCarthy coined the term "Artificial Intelligence" (AI) to describe the study of intelligence by implementing its essential features on a computer. Some of McCarthy's colleagues in neighboring departments, however, were more interested in how intelligence is implemented in humans (and other animals) first. Noam Chomsky, speaking in the symposium, wasn't so enthused. I want to start with a very basic question. Related:  articles

Why ‘Slacktivism’ Matters The following piece is a guest post. Read more about MediaShift guest posts here. We all have at least one social or political issue that gets our blood boiling. The question is whether it boils vigorously enough to incite action. Of course, the majority of us vent our frustrations about these issues at the water cooler and on social media, rather than marching in the streets. We create an echo chamber of like-minded people with whom we can openly share opinions and commiserate grievances. In April of 2014, hundreds of girls in Nigeria were kidnapped from their school by the militant group, Boko Haram. While the idea that a single post on social media could have an iota of impact on a global issue might sound absurd, it can actually be the catalyst for a successful awareness campaign given the right set of circumstances. SLACKTIVISM vs. I see Facebook as the most effective venue because it offers every tool needed to organize.

Inconscient L’inconscient ou subconscient est, selon la psychanalyse freudienne classique, une "partie" de l'esprit qui stocke des souvenirs refoulés. La théorie de la répression (ou du refoulement) stipule qu’il est trop douloureux de se souvenir de certaines expériences et que, par conséquent, l'esprit les relègue dans le cellier. Ces souvenirs refoulés douloureux se manifestent dans les comportements névrotiques ou psychotiques et dans les rêves. Cependant, il n'y a pas de preuve scientifique tant pour le refoulement inconscient des expériences traumatisantes que pour leur rôle d’agent causal dans les comportements névrotiques ou psychotiques. Certains, comme par exemple Jung et Tart, pensent que l’inconscient est également un réservoir des vérités transcendantes. Il serait absurde de rejeter la notion d’inconscient simplement parce que l’on rejette la notion freudienne de l’inconscient défini comme réservoir de souvenirs refoulés d’expériences traumatisantes. déni de cécité.

What Ever Happened to the Pepsi Generation? | In the CEO Afterlife The concept of a Pepsi advertising campaign designed to capture America’s youth had its roots in the 1960’s. But it wasn’t until the 1980’s that “The Choice of a New Generation” struck 14-24 year olds like a social tsunami. Michael Jackson, the theme to “Billie Jean” and a phenomenal blend of marketing and entertainment drove the Pepsi brand to the pinnacle of contemporary culture. Coca-Cola was so taken aback by the success that they made a colossal error in judgment. They abandoned their century-old recipe and launched “New Coke”. The result was disastrous. Pundits attribute Coca-Cola’s rebound to the reintroduction of Coke Classic and better marketing and advertising. Make no mistake; the Pepsi-Cola brand is still big business. Did you like this?

Critique de la psychanalyse La critique de la psychanalyse porte principalement sur le fait que cette théorie et sa pratique n'ont (et ne peuvent avoir, de par leur nature) aucune démonstration de ses fondements scientifiques. Les critiques de la psychanalyse présentent, schématiquement, deux temps majeurs : l'élaboration de la psychanalyse en tant que méthode d'exploration du fonctionnement psychique avec ses principaux concepts ;l'évolution ultérieure de la théorie et de la pratique ; et deux versants : l'un théorique comme connaissance du psychisme, centrée sur le déterminisme psychique inconscient ;l'autre pratique, en filiation directe avec la théorie, comme thérapie ou clinique. Corrélativement, la critique de la psychanalyse porte sur : Cette démarche de réévaluation de la psychanalyse concilie donc un abord épistémologique et scientifique avec un abord historiographique (et aussi thérapeutique). Mise en perspective[modifier | modifier le code] Critiques de Freud et du freudisme[modifier | modifier le code] J.

Interview with Nick Hornby (Author of High Fidelity) February, 2015 English author and screenwriter Nick Hornby, perhaps best known for his autobiography Fever Pitch and his novels High Fidelity and About a Boy, returns to bookstores this month with Funny Girl, his first novel in over five years. Set in London in the mid-1960s, featuring a female protagonist who rejects a beauty queen title to instead pursue a career as a comedic television actor, Hornby's newest book captures a brief window of time in 20th century popular culture when over half of the U.K. would watch a hit TV show and the Beatles and Rolling Stones had yet to fully assert their dominance. With his usual humor, pop culture references, and enviable empathy, Hornby has created another cast of instantly memorable characters. Just before departing on his book tour, Hornby spoke with Goodreads Author J. Error rating book. Rate this book Clear rating Nick Hornby: I think anything I've ever done in movies has fed into this. GR: She's also very much her father's daughter. NH: Right. GR: Right.

Mémoire à long terme Certaines informations figurant dans cet article ou cette section devraient être mieux reliées aux sources mentionnées dans les sections « Bibliographie », « Sources » ou « Liens externes »(avril 2017). Améliorez sa vérifiabilité en les associant par des références à l'aide d'appels de notes. La mémoire à long terme : mémoire explicite et implicite. La notion de MLT est un concept utilisé dans les modèles de mémoire qui distinguent plusieurs sous-systèmes en fonction du type d'information mémorisé et de la durée de rétention. Les contenus de la mémoire à long terme sont décrits selon leur nature comme épisodique ou sémantique. Types de mémoire à long terme[modifier | modifier le code] Il existe trois types de mémoire à long terme qui se distinguent par leur contenu. Mémoire épisodique[modifier | modifier le code] Ce type de mémoire comprend les souvenirs des évènements vécus. Mémoire sémantique[modifier | modifier le code] Mémoire procédurale[modifier | modifier le code]

The Lazy Person's Guide to a Happy Home: Tips for People Who (Really) Hate Cleaning I'm always a little ashamed to admit this, but I hate to clean. I really hate it. I mean, there are so many more interesting things I could be doing. And the annoying thing is that when you clean something, it just gets dirty all over again. I've been working at this for a while, and I've realized that "not caring about it" is not an effective solution. 1. 2. 3. 4. So if you dread cleaning (like me) because you're lazy but also sort of a crazy perfectionist and think everything has to be SUPER SUPER clean: it doesn't. 5. So drink a glass of wine while you wash the dishes. 6. I've experienced firsthand the difficulty of getting rid of things because I'm planning to sell my house soon, so I've been cleaning out bigtime. Even More Cleaning Tips for Lazy People: • How To Clean Your House in 20 Minutes a Day for 30 Days • How To Keep Your Bathroom Clean In 5 Minutes A Day • The Stress Free Plan: How To Clean House for a Party • Dirty Little Secrets of Tidy Families • "Tidy Time" vs.

Mémoire de travail La mémoire de travail est un modèle du fonctionnement de la mémoire à court terme, mais la mémoire à court terme est exposée, communément, comme permettant un maintien temporaire de l'information, tandis que la mémoire de travail est exposée comme permettant, à la fois un maintien temporaire, mais aussi la manipulation de l'information maintenue. Les réseaux intervenant dans la mémoire de travail, s'exécutant sur une information finalisée, sont ainsi plutôt frontaux. D'ailleurs, en termes de fonctions exécutives, habituellement attribuées aux lobes frontaux, la mémoire de travail correspond à l'inhibition, à la mise à jour [archive] et à la flexibilité [archive] (Miyake, 2000)[1]. Modèle de Baddeley[modifier | modifier le code] Alan Baddeley et Graham Hitch (en) (1974)[3] sont les premiers à avoir introduit le concept de mémoire de travail. Les trois composants du modèle de Baddeley et Hitch sont : Dans sa première expérience de ce type, Baddeley utilisa plusieurs groupes de sujets.

In Praise of Melancholy and How It Enriches Our Capacity for Creativity by Maria Popova How the American obsession with happiness at the expense of sadness robs us of the capacity for a full life. “One feels as if one were lying bound hand and foot at the bottom of a deep dark well, utterly helpless,” Van Gogh wrote in one of his many letters expounding his mental anguish. And yet the very melancholy that afflicted him was also the impetus for the creative restlessness that sparked his legendary art. And yet the modern happiness industrial complex seems bent on eradicating this dark, uncomfortable, but creatively vitalizing state — something Eric G. With an eye toward the marketable ticker of bad news on which our commercial news media feed, Wilson writes: Our minds run over a daunting litany of global problems. Considering what lies behind our desire to eradicate sadness from our lives, Wilson admonishes that our obsession with happiness — something he considers a decidedly American export — “could well lead to a sudden extinction of the creative impulse.”

Mémoire à court terme Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Introduction et historique[modifier | modifier le code] Le concept de mémoire à court terme est assez ancien en psychologie scientifique. William James dans ses Principles of psychology (1890) distingue déjà ce qu'il appelle la mémoire primaire de la mémoire secondaire. Cette mémoire primaire serait capable de retenir un petit nombre d'informations, immédiatement présentes à l'esprit, alors que la mémoire secondaire contient un nombre pratiquement illimité de connaissances qui nécessitent cependant un effort pour être rappelées. À la même époque cette distinction se retrouve aussi dans les travaux de l'Allemand Hermann Ebbinghaus, souvent considéré comme le fondateur de l'étude expérimentale de la mémoire ou de l'Anglais Francis Galton qui considère lui aussi qu'il existe une sorte de mémoire à court terme, liée à l'expérience consciente de l'activité mentale : Effet de récence[modifier | modifier le code] Le fameux article de George A. A.

The Secret to Creativity, Intelligence, and Scientific Thinking: Being Able to Make Connections - When we shared this image from the @buffer Twitter account a while back, it got me thinking. The Tweet resulted in over 1,000 retweets, which seems like an indication that it resonated with a lot of people. There’s a key difference between knowledge and experience and it’s best described like this: The original is from cartoonist Hugh MacLeod, who came up with such a brilliant way to express a concept that’s often not that easy to grasp. The image makes a clear point—that knowledge alone is not useful unless we can make connections between what we know. Lots of great writers, artists and scientists have talked about the importance of collecting ideas and bits of knowledge from the world around us, and making connections between those dots to fuel creative thinking and new ideas. This is a really fun, inspiring topic to read about, so I collected some quotes and advice from my favorite creative thinkers about the importance of making connections in your brain. It starts off like this: 1.

Data, drones, and 3-D-printed hearts It’s been a busy year for MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL). Researchers won the Turing Award, created groundbreaking algorithms to fix code and detect disease, and developed exciting new robots and artificial-intelligence systems. As 2015 comes to a close, here are a few highlights in seven key areas from the past 12 months: 1. DARPA Robotics Challenge In June a CSAIL-led robotics team finished mere inches away from winning the finals of the DARPA Robotics Challenge, a U.S. The team programmed its 6-foot-tall, 400-pound Atlas robot to climb stairs, open doors, and drive a car, all while producing state-of-the-art planning and manipulation algorithms. 2. Researchers have developed numerous tools for the fields of health care and medicine, including: 3. Robots developed by CSAIL researchers this year include: 4. This year the Association for Computing Machinery’s A.M. 5. Researchers developed key algorithms aimed at optimizing, fixing, and recovering code:

archives.chicagotribune King Solomon had blintzes for the royal coffee break. By Francis Coughlin I N YOUR EXPERINCE has this year s spring fever seemed to set in and linger late? It always has. In addition to this unhappy prospect, the woes of millions of us who are chronically afflicted will be made the more irksome by energetic quacks of- fering all sorts of remedies for the con- dition. Never mind that the shirker -is in there trying and the cheer leader is only jumping up and down on the side- lines. It's probably no use, tho, to try to con- vince the energy boys they re bark- ing up the wrong tree. And it s a pity the well worn proverbs don't have much bearing on the present situation. job to help meet his current expenses. Ten'll get you one that Solomon didn't go anywhere at all. The old proverbs don't apply any more. I say, let the busybody who goes around calling spring fever victims shirkers keep a civil tongue in his head. rhe big boss, back at the office, is not 1 there anyway.

Is the human brain analog or digital? - Quora

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