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Life in the Trenches Life in the trenches during the First World War took many forms, and varied widely from sector to sector and from front to front. Undoubtedly, it was entirely unexpected for those eager thousands who signed up for war in August 1914. A War of Movement? Indeed, the Great War - a phrase coined even before it had begun - was expected to be a relatively short affair and, as with most wars, one of great movement. Not that there wasn't movement at all on the Western Front during 1914-18; the war began dramatically with sweeping advances by the Germans through Belgium and France en route for Paris. So what was life actually like for the men serving tours of duty in the line, be they front line, support or reserve trenches? Daily Death in the Trenches Death was a constant companion to those serving in the line, even when no raid or attack was launched or defended against. Similarly, novices were cautioned against their natural inclination to peer over the parapet of the trench into No Man's Land.

History Lessons The Reading Like a Historian curriculum engages students in historical inquiry. Each lesson revolves around a central historical question and features a set of primary documents designed for groups of students with a range of reading skills. This curriculum teaches students how to investigate historical questions by employing reading strategies such as sourcing, contextualizing, corroborating, and close reading. Instead of memorizing historical facts, students evaluate the trustworthiness of multiple perspectives on historical issues and learn to make historical claims backed by documentary evidence. To learn more about how to use Reading Like a Historian lessons, watch these videos about how teachers use these materials in their classrooms. Click here for a complete list of Reading Like a Historian lessons, and click here for a complete list of materials available in Spanish.

World War I in Photos: Introduction A century ago, an assassin, a Serbian nationalist, killed the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary as he visited Sarajevo. This act was the catalyst for a massive conflict that lasted four years. More than 65 million soldiers were mobilized by more than 30 nations, with battles taking place around the world. Industrialization brought modern weapons, machinery, and tactics to warfare, vastly increasing the killing power of armies. A century ago, an assassin, a Serbian nationalist, killed the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary as he visited Sarajevo. Life In The Trenches | WW1 Facts There was nothing glamorous about trench life. World War 1 trenches were dirty, smelly and riddled with disease. For soldiers life in the trenches meant living in fear. In fear of diseases (like cholera and trench foot) and of course, the constant fear of enemy attack. Trench warfare WW1 style is something all participating countries vowed never to repeat and the facts make it easy to see why. Constructing WW1 Trenches The British and the French recruited manpower from non-belligerent China to support the troops with manual labour. 140,000 Chinese labourers served on the Western Front over the course of the First World War (40,000 with the French and 100,000 with the British forces). No Man’s Land The open space between two sets of opposing trenches became known as No Man’s Land because no soldier wanted to traverse the distance for fear of attack. The climate in France and Belgium was quite wet, so No Man’s Land soon became a mud bath. Hell on Earth

2. Att vara en sådan som ingriper Det kan vara bekvämt och kännas riskfritt att vara kvar i åskådarrollen. Trots det har människor, oavsett konsekvenser, valt att lämna åskådarrollen för att ingripa och de har därmed påverkat historiens utveckling och individers liv. Den första övningen syftar till att ge eleverna möjlighet att reflektera kring varför en del människor väljer att ingripa. Den andra övningens syfte är att öka förståelsen hos eleverna för att en person som ingriper inte alltid behöver vara en hjälte i stora historiska sammanhang. Den tredje övningen handlar om Agerapriset, ett pris som tilldelas en person som vågar ingripa och agera för sina medmänniskor. Titta på vittnesmålen: I klippet ovan berättar Hania om hur hon lyckades fly ut ur gettot tack vare hennes mamma och hur hon klarar sig undan nazisterna tack vare en polsk kvinna.Hania föddes 1934, i en judisk familj i Osweiecim (senare Auschwitz) i Polen. Övning A Vad är det som gör vissa personer till sådana som ingriper för att hjälpa andra? Övning B

In the trenches of 1914-1918 What were the trenches? Although most of us think primarily of the Great War in terms of life and death in the trenches, only a relatively small proportion of the army actually served there. The trenches were the front lines, the most dangerous places. But behind them was a mass of supply lines, training establishments, stores, workshops, headquarters and all the other elements of the 1914-1918 system of war, in which the majority of troops were employed. The trenches were the domain of the infantry, with the supporting arms of the mortars and machine-guns, the engineers and the forward positions of the artillery observers. Why were the trenches there? The idea of digging into the ground to give some protection from powerful enemy artillery and small arms fire was not a new idea or unique to the Great War. What were the trenches like? The type and nature of the trench positions varied a lot, depending on the local conditions. The enemy had a very similar system of trenches.

1. Åskådarens betydelse I en situation där det finns förövare och offer så finns det många gånger även andra som tysta tittar på och inte ingriper, det vi kallar åskådare.Vad är det som gör att vi inte ingriper i en situation där en eller flera människor blir utsatta för något? Den första övningen går ut på att eleverna får reflektera över varför människor blir passiva åskådare i stället för att ingripa. Det finns givetvis många olika orsaker till detta och användbara begrepp i övningen kan vara risk, ansvar och handlingsutrymme. Den andra övningen ger utrymme för en estetisk och/eller litterär reflektion kring åskådarrollen i ett historiskt perspektiv. Syftet är att se likheter mellan situationer som ägt rum tidigare i historien och de som inträffar idag. Du hittar diskussions- och gestalningsövningar längre ned på sidan efter vittnesmålen. Titta på vittnesmålen: Övning A Att ingripa eller inte? Dela in eleverna i mindre grupper och be dem diskutera åskådarens roll i de olika vittnesmålen. Övning. Övning C

Front Line: Life in the Trenches of WWI If you were a soldier fighting in the First World War, what would you see? What would you hear? With only 20 WWI veterans left in the world, fewer and fewer people are able to answer these questions with certainty. For everyone else, there's Front Line. Front Line is a website devoted to the trench experience of the First World War. We detail the sights one would see, and the experiences that one might undergo. Trenches: In this page, you'll find information on the construction of trenches, their layout, the hygiene (or lack thereof) of trenches, the cold, and how burials were handled in trench warfare. Routine: On here, you'll find information on the day-to-day life of the soldiers in the trenches: for example, the food they ate, their various duties, and the ways they attempted to cope. Warfare: This page details the "warfare" part of "trench warfare." Traumas: Trench Warfare was a horrific experience for most of the soldiers. About Front Line Contact Me

Här är bilderna som ändrade världen Amerikanska soldater reser flaggan i Iwo Jima, Japan 23 februari 1945. Foto: Joe Rosenthal/AP/TT En man faller från World Trade center i New York, 11 september 2001, Foto: Richard Drew/AP/TT Den sydvietnamesiske polischefen avrättar en Viet Cong-soldat i Saigon, 1968. Buddhistmunken Quang Duc bränner sig till döds i Saigon 1963, i protest mot den sydvietnamesiska regeringen. Skräckslagna och brända barn flyr sedan sydvietnamesiska styrkor av misstag napalm-bombat egna soldater och civila 1972. Löparna John Carlos och Tommie Smith gör black power-hälsning vid OS i Mexiko 1968. En grupp judar förs bort ur ghettot i Warszawa april 1943. Astronauten Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin på månen, juli 1969. Situation room i Vita huset. Den östtyske gränsvakten Conrad Schumann hoppar över den nästan färdigställda Berlinmuren 15 augusti 1961. En ensam man möter stridsvagnarna i Peking när militären slog ner demokratiprotesterna 1989. Lennart Nilssons banbrytande bilder på ett foster.

Causes of World War I Germany, France, Russia, Austria-Hungary, and Britain attempting to keep the lid on the simmering cauldron of imperialist and nationalist tensions in the Balkans to prevent a general European war. They were successful in 1912 and 1913, but did not succeed in 1914. The crisis came after a long and difficult series of diplomatic clashes between the Great Powers (Italy, France, Germany, Britain, Austria-Hungary and Russia) over European and colonial issues in the decade before 1914 that had left tensions high. In turn these diplomatic clashes can be traced to changes in the balance of power in Europe since 1867.[2] The more immediate cause for the war was tensions over territory in the Balkans. Austria-Hungary competed with Serbia and Russia for territory and influence in the region and they pulled the rest of the Great Powers into the conflict through their various alliances and treaties. Background "Moltke described to me his opinion of our military situation. Domestic political factors

Reading Like A Historian The Reading Like a Historian curriculum engages students in historical inquiry. Each lesson revolves around a central historical question and features sets of primary documents designed for groups of students with diverse reading skills and abilities. This curriculum teaches students how to investigate historical questions by employing reading strategies such as sourcing, contextualizing, corroborating, and close reading. Instead of memorizing historical facts, students evaluate the trustworthiness of multiple perspectives on historical issues. How do I use these lessons in my classroom? The 73 lessons in the U.S. curriculum, initial 37 lessons of the world curriculum, and 5 lessons in the introduction to historical thinking unit can be taught in succession. 1) Establish relevant background knowledge and pose the central historical question. *Note: United Streaming requires a subscription to Discovery Education. 3) Whole-class discussion about a central historical question. Of course!

BBC Schools - Life in the trenches 31 October 2014Last updated at 15:07 Two British soldiers standing in a flooded communication trench during World War One On the Western Front, the war was fought in trenches. Trenches were long, narrow ditches dug into the ground where soldiers lived all day and night. There were many lines of German trenches on one side and many lines of Allied trenches on the other. In the middle, was no man's land, so-called because it did not belong to either army. Rest Soldiers in the trenches did not get much sleep. Dirty trenches The trenches could be very muddy and smelly.

Night will fall När de allierade gick in i nazisternas koncentrationsläger var det de dödas och halvdödas rike som mötte dem. Och allt dokumenterades på film. Andra världskrigets koncentrationsläger befriades av de allierade 1945 och allt dokumenterades på film. Soldaterna hade aldrig kunnat förbereda sig på de fruktansvärda scener som mötte dem. Filmerna skulle bli avgörande i de internationella tribunaler som fällde många av de ansvariga nazisterna för krigsbrott. Filmmaterialet från brittiska, amerikanska och sovjetiska krigskameror skapar tillsammans med de starka ögonvittnesskildringarna från soldater och överlevande, en unik inblick i nazisternas värsta illdåd. Brittisk dokumentär från 2013 av André Singer.