Carmina Burana The Wheel of Fortune from Carmina Burana Carmina Burana (/ˈkɑrmɨnə bʊˈrɑːnə/; Latin for "Songs from Beuern" ("Beuern" is short for Benediktbeuern) is the name given to a manuscript of 254 poems and dramatic texts mostly from the 11th or 12th century, although some are from the 13th century. The pieces are mostly bawdy, irreverent, and satirical. They were written principally in Medieval Latin; a few in Middle High German, and some with traces of Old French or Provençal. Some are macaronic, a mixture of Latin and German or French vernacular. They were written by students and clergy when the Latin idiom was the lingua franca across Italy and western Europe for travelling scholars, universities and theologians. The collection was found in 1803 in the Benedictine monastery of Benediktbeuern, Bavaria, and is now housed in the Bavarian State Library in Munich. Manuscript The Forest, from the Carmina Burana History Themes This outline, however, has many exceptions. Notes
SOAP Characteristics SOAP can form the foundation layer of a web services protocol stack, providing a basic messaging framework for web services. This XML-based protocol consists of three parts: an envelope, which defines the message structure and how to process ita set of encoding rules for expressing instances of application-defined datatypesa convention for representing procedure calls and responses SOAP has three major characteristics: extensibility (security and WS-routing are among the extensions under development)neutrality (SOAP can operate over any transport protocol such as HTTP, SMTP, TCP, UDP, or JMS)independence (SOAP allows for any programming model) As an example of what SOAP procedures can do, an application can send a SOAP request to a server that has web services enabled—such as a real-estate price database—with the parameters for a search. The SOAP architecture consists of several layers of specifications for: History Specification Processing model
Scientists have created the first ever porous liquid You're probably familiar with porous rocks – rocks that can hold and filter liquids – and now scientists from Queen's University in Belfast have created a synthetic liquid with similar properties. The newly developed substance has a huge range of potential uses, including being able to capture harmful carbon emissions to prevent them from entering the Earth's atmosphere. The porous liquid collects and absorbs gas through its pores, and researchers think it could open up new ways to collect and filter chemicals without relying on solid materials for the job: that obviously gives manufacturers and scientists much more flexibility. The substance is still under development but the academics from Queen's University, together with colleagues from across the world, are confident in the results they've seen so far. "Materials which contain permanent holes, or pores, are technologically important," explained Stuart James, one of the lead researchers.
Message Transmission Optimization Mechanism MTOM is the W3C Message Transmission Optimization Mechanism, a method of efficiently sending binary data to and from Web services. MTOM is usually used with the XOP (XML-binary Optimized Packaging). Application MTOM only optimizes element content that is in the canonical lexical representation of the xs:base64Binary data type. Since there is no standard way to indicate whether data is in the canonical lexical representation, the mechanism for applying MTOM is implementation-dependent. The use of MTOM is a hop-by-hop contract between one SOAP node and the next. Details Although most users treat MTOM as a single mechanism, the MTOM specification defines it as three related features: Firstly, an "Abstract SOAP Transmission Optimization Feature" for sending and receiving SOAP messages that contain binary data. Sometimes the term "MTOM" is used as a shorthand to mean "MTOM with XOP". See also External links
German universities face funding fears as states scrap fees The German city state of Hamburg has abolished tuition fees at its universities, a pattern being repeated across Germany Photograph: Fabian Bimmer/AP The German university fee system is on the brink of collapse after another state confirmed it would abolish charges for students following a change in local government. The city of Hamburg – a state in its own right – will follow the lead of several other states that have scrapped fees since last month's elections saw Angela Merkel's Christian Democrats ousted by the centre-left Social Democrats. A spokesman for the Social Democrats said: "Tuition fees keep young people from low-income families from studying and are socially disruptive." North Rhine-Westphalia announced it would scrap fees earlier this month, and once Hamburg follows suit only three of Germany's federal states – Baden-Wüttemberg, Bavaria and Lower Saxony – will continue to charge. Fees would be very difficult to reintroduce, he added.
Biggest Ever VLC Release: Download for All Platforms VLC the world’s most popular video popular video player has launched its biggest ever release of VLC to date. Your favorite open source media player is now better than ever with its stable version of VLC 2.2.0 with another release of VLC 3.0.0 scheduled later this year. VLC said that this massive release is a result of more than a year of volunteer work on VLC engine and libVLC library. In its biggest ever release, VLC has covered all major platforms including Windows, Linux, Mac, Android, Windows Phone, iOS, Window RT and Android RT. Also know: How to Convert Audio or Video Files to Any Format Using VLC Let’s take a quick look at the major improvements in VLC video player and download different versions from the links given in the end: What different in new VLC and why should you download it? In-app extensions and subtitles: VLC already provided an extension marketplace offering features like radio, YouTube playlist parser, variety of skins, lyrics fetchers etc. What’s next for VLC?
German Universities Excellence Initiative Map showing Germany's eleven elite "Universities of Excellence", in 2012 Since almost all German universities are public (most private universities do not have the official German "Universitätsstatus"), and therefore mainly paid by taxes and generally egalitarian, there is no German Ivy League of institutions of higher education. However, the Excellence Initiative aims to strengthen some selected universities more than others in order to raise their international visibility. 1st line of funding: The establishment of more than 40 research schools for young scientists and PhD candidates, which will receive one million euros each per year. 2nd line of funding: The creation of thirty so-called Clusters of Excellence, that connect universities with leading German research institutes and businesses. Altogether 2.7 billion euros (1.9 billion for 2007-2012) of additional funds will be distributed over the coming five years, most of this coming from the federal government. Results
VEC9 Gives Vector Arcade Gaming a Modern Upgrade Photos courtesy of the VEC9 team If you were a gamer in the 80s you will remember vector arcade games. Whether they were brand new when you saw them, or aging rapidly, they caught all gamers’ eyes. The team, 68 Crew, took a different approach with their game “VEC9.” As you can see in the video, they’re doing things with vector graphics that we really couldn’t do in the past. The game itself is fantastically designed, but the arcade cabinet really brings it all together. Caleb Kraft Community Editor for Make: I get ridiculously excited seeing people make things. I’d always love to hear about what you’re making, so send me an email any time at firstname.lastname@example.org Make Magazine
Teddy Girls: The Style Subculture That Time Forgot On reflection, the paring of the aristocratic flamboyancy of an Edwardian gent with the rebellious attitude of American rock and roll shouldn't have worked – but it did. This sartorial hybrid, engineered by the Teddy Boys of the 1950s and later adopted by their feisty female counterpart, Teddy Girls (also known as Judies) – created a strangely alluring visual identity, one which set them apart from their contemporaries in a decade where youth culture was finally carving out an aesthetic of its own. Sharply-suited Teds (whose name derives from ‘Edwardian’) might look remarkably smart to a contemporary eye – particularly when positioned against fellow groups of teenagers, like the punks who threatened to puncture the fabric of society with their safety pins – but their reality was more rebellious than it initially seems. Working GirlsMost Teddy Girls left school at 14 or 15, taking secretarial jobs in London, or working in factories on the outskirts.
User Manual For a French translation, please see here… To start with Docear as smooth as possible, we wrote this manual. It’s detailed, it’s long, it takes some time to read, but be assured that if you invest this time, you will know how to master one of the most powerful tools to manage your academic literature. Let’s get started… Contents We created a teaser video that explains in 5:30 minutes what Docear can do. The central entities in Docear are annotations, i.e. comments, highlighted text, and bookmarks that you create in PDF files. Annotations created with your favorite PDF editor Docear imports your PDFs and annotations. Research categories created by a user, and the contained PDFs and annotations The next step is drafting your own paper, assignment, thesis, or book. Finally, you export your draft and do the final editing in Microsoft Word or Libre/OpenOffice. In the following sections, we will explain everything again – in much much more detail. Operating System Java 1.5 (or later) Initial Settings
William Tyndale William Tyndale (sometimes spelled Tynsdale, Tindall, Tindill, Tyndall; c. 1494–1536) was an English scholar who became a leading figure in Protestant reform in the years leading up to his execution. He is well known for his translation of the Bible into English. He was influenced by the work of Desiderius Erasmus, who made the Greek New Testament available in Europe, and by Martin Luther. While a number of partial and incomplete translations had been made from the seventh century onward, the grass-roots spread of Wycliffe's Bible resulted in a death sentence for any unlicensed possession of Scripture in English—even though translations in all other major European languages had been accomplished and made available. Tyndale's translation was the first English Bible to draw directly from Hebrew and Greek texts, the first English one to take advantage of the printing press, and first of the new English Bibles of the Reformation. Life At Oxford In Europe
Top 10 Coolest Notepad Tricks and Hacks for Your PC What work do you perform with Notepad? Nothing much? Well, Notepad is a lot more than a simple text editor. Few lines of commands create interesting tricks that will definitely surprise you. In this article, I’ve compiled my 10 personal favorite tricks and shared it with you. Check these tricks out and if you have some more, don’t hesitate to share with us. 1. Do you want a diary in your computer? Follow these steps to make notepad your diary: 1. 2. 3. 2. You can protect the files and folders in your computer by using this Notepad trick. Type the following code. 3. ‘Matrix’ movie fan? Type the following code, save the file as .bat, open the saved file and see the Matrix magic! @echo off color 02 :start echo %random% %random% %random% %random% %random% %random% %random% %random% %random% %random% goto start 4. Don’t you find the process of shutting down too tedious? Open Notepad, type the following code and save the file with any name but with extension .bat 5. 6. 1. 2. 3. 7. 8. 1. 2. 3. 4.
John Tyndall John Tyndall FRS (2 August 1820 – 4 December 1893) was a prominent 19th century physicist. His initial scientific fame arose in the 1850s from his study of diamagnetism. Later he made discoveries in the realms of infrared radiation and the physical properties of air. Tyndall also published more than a dozen science books which brought state-of-the-art 19th century experimental physics to a wide audience. From 1853 to 1887 he was professor of physics at the Royal Institution of Great Britain in London. Early years and education Tyndall was born in Leighlinbridge, County Carlow, Ireland. In 1847 Tyndall opted to become a mathematics and surveying teacher at a boarding school in Hampshire. Early scientific work Main scientific work Beginning in the late 1850s, Tyndall studied the action of radiant energy on the constituents of air, and it led him onto several lines of inquiry, and his original research results included the following: Molecular physics of radiant heat
Go From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Go, G.O., or Go! may refer to: Games Companies Film Literature Music Albums Songs Labels Go Records, an Australian recording companyGo! Television Other media Science and measurement Computers and technology Other uses See also