During the 1930s and 40s, the Nazis and their collaborators murdered six million Jews. Hitler's intention was to destroy all Jewish communities, and to build a 'master race' of Aryans. Many other 'non-aryans' were persecuted including Romanies, homosexuals, and the disabled, as well as those who were politically opposed to the Nazis. This terrible moment in history is now known as the Holocaust. It remains one of the most horrific examples in recent European history of indifference, inhumanity, prejudice and genocide. Voices of the Holocaust consists of oral history testimonies gathered from Jewish men and women who came to live in Britain during or after WWII. Further interviews with Jewish survivors of the Holocaust can be found on the Sounds website. Survivor testimonies Listen to personal stories from Jewish Holocaust survivors, and learn what life was like for Jews during Hitler's reign. Information cards Discover more about the background to the Holocaust. Reference Activities ShareThis
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Digitised ManuscriptsAlmost 900 Greek manuscripts and some of the most important papyri, ranging in date from the first to the 18th centuries, are now included in the Digitised Manuscripts site. The first two phases of the Greek Manuscripts Digitisation Project were generously funded by the Stavros Niarchos Foundation and the third phase was funded by the Stavros Niarchos Foundation, the A. G. Leventis Foundation, Sam Fogg, the Sylvia Ioannou Foundation, the Thriplow Charitable Trust, and the Friends of the British Library. A guide to the Greek Manuscripts collections, including articles, videos and collection highlights, is available here. Over fifty Thai manuscripts and the Chakrabongse Archive of Royal Letters have been digitised with the generous support of the Royal Thai Government, in celebration of the occasion of the eightieth birthday anniversary of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand on 5 December 2007.
Jewish survivors of the Holocaust - Oral history | British LibraryShort description: Recordings in this collection can be played by anyone. These recordings are powerful personal accounts of the Holocaust from Jewish survivors living in Britain. Oral history recordings provide valuable first-hand testimony of the past. Long description: Recordings in this collection can be played by anyone. These recordings are powerful personal accounts of the Holocaust from Jewish survivors living in Britain. During the 1930s and 1940s, the German Nazis and their collaborators murdered six million Jews. The testimonies on this site are drawn from two major oral history programmes:- – The Living Memory of the Jewish Community – which between 1987 and 2000 gathered 186 audio life story interviews with Jewish survivors of the Holocaust and their children. Some of the testimonies also feature in an online educational resource – Voices of the Holocaust - available through the BL Learning website at
What was the Holocaust? - Key Stage 3 - The Holocaust ExplainedThe Holocaust (Shoah) was a unique event in 20th century history. It evolved slowly between 1933 and 1945. It began with discrimination; then the Jews were separated from their communities and persecuted; and finally they were treated as less than human beings and murdered. During the Second World War the Nazis sought to murder the entire Jewish population of Europe and to destroy its culture. In 1941 there were about 11 million Jews living in Europe; by May 1945 the Nazis had murdered six million of them. One-and-a-half million of these were children. We now call these events the Holocaust. Whilst the Jews of Europe were the Nazis’ primary target, many millions of other people were also imprisoned, enslaved and murdered. The Nazis did not act alone. Now you have read the introduction to the Holocaust you can begin to explore The Holocaust Explained web resource.
Hodder Education - Modern History Review extrasModern History Review extra resources Volume 20, Number 3, February 2018 Timeline: Art stylesClaire FitzgeraldA printable PDF of this issue's centre spread for display and revisionAQA Edexcel OCR Volume 20, Number 2, November 2017 Timeline: Russia 1905Christopher ReadA printable PDF of this issue's centre spread for display and revisionAQA Edexcel OCR Revision: Russia 1905Roz HartTry these exercises on the topic of 'turning points' in Russian historyAQA Edexcel OCR Volume 20, Number 1, September 2017 Timeline: Vietnam WarTim LockleyA printable PDF of this issue's centre spread for display and revisionAQA Edexcel OCR Volume 19, Number 4, April 2017 Timeline: Russia, 1917Chris ReadA printable PDF of this issue's centre spread for display and revisionAQA Edexcel OCR Volume 19, Number 3, February 2017 Volume 19, Number 2, November 2016 Timeline: 1848 revolutionsChristopher ReadA printable PDF of this issue's centre spread for display and revisionAQA Edexcel OCR Volume 19, Number 1, September 2016
Teaching Salvaged Pages: Young Writers' Diaries of the HolocaustMoshe Ze’ev Flinker was born in The Hague on October 9, 1926, and was raised in an Orthodox Jewish home. After being subjected to increasingly restrictive anti-Jewish measures following the German occupation of the Netherlands in 1940, the Flinker family fled to Belgium in 1942. In Belgium, Moshe and his family were able to pass as non-Jews with the help of false identity papers and relative anonymity. Moshe was a deeply religious young boy who grappled with the theological problems posed by the unprecedented persecution of the Jews. In April 1944, after being betrayed by a known Belgian Jewish collaborator, Moshe, his mother, and his sisters Esther Malka and Leah, were arrested at their home and deported to Malines. Two weeks later, Moshe’s father was caught and sent to Malines, where he found his family. Esther Malka and Leah survived Auschwitz-Birkenau and were reunited with their four siblings in Brussels after the liberation.
Introduction to the HolocaustThe Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. Holocaust is a word of Greek origin meaning "sacrifice by fire." The Nazis, who came to power in Germany in January 1933, believed that Germans were "racially superior" and that the Jews, deemed "inferior," were an alien threat to the so-called German racial community. During the era of the Holocaust, German authorities also targeted other groups because of their perceived "racial inferiority": Roma (Gypsies), the disabled, and some of the Slavic peoples (Poles, Russians, and others). Other groups were persecuted on political, ideological, and behavioral grounds, among them Communists, Socialists, Jehovah's Witnesses, and homosexuals. WHAT WAS THE HOLOCAUST? Although Jews, whom the Nazis deemed a priority danger to Germany, were the primary victims of Nazi racism, other victims included some 200,000 Roma (Gypsies). Further Reading