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Critical Reasoning for Beginners

Critical Reasoning for Beginners
Related:  Critical thinkingFeed Your Head (Lifelong Learning)philosophy

An Illustrated Book of Bad Arguments Impossible Learning How to Criticize with Kindness: Philosopher Daniel Dennett on the Four Steps to Arguing Intelligently By Maria Popova “In disputes upon moral or scientific points,” Arthur Martine counseled in his magnificent 1866 guide to the art of conversation, “let your aim be to come at truth, not to conquer your opponent. So you never shall be at a loss in losing the argument, and gaining a new discovery.” Of course, this isn’t what happens most of the time when we argue, both online and off, but especially when we deploy the artillery of our righteousness from behind the comfortable shield of the keyboard. That form of “criticism” — which is really a menace of reacting rather than responding — is worthy of Mark Twain’s memorable remark that “the critic’s symbol should be the tumble-bug: he deposits his egg in somebody else’s dung, otherwise he could not hatch it.” Daniel Dennett (b. If only the same code of conduct could be applied to critical commentary online, particularly to the indelible inferno of comments.

The Four Hidden Habit Skills By Leo Babauta When you learn a new skill, feedback is important: if you fall off a bike, you need to make an adjustment so you don’t keep falling. But when people learn the skill of creating new habits, they usually take the feedback of missing the habit as complete failure. In actuality, it means no such thing. What people don’t realize is that creating habits is actually a skillset that can be learned and practiced and mastered. And there are four hidden habit skills that most people don’t realize they’re bad at, which I talk about in my new book: Committing to actually starting. If you’re not good at creating habits, you simply need to practice these four hidden skills. But if you get good at this, you can unlock almost unlimited achievements.

«Ключ к счастливой старости» Серия репортажей и интервью о том, как материально обеспечиваются пожилые люди в странах с разными политическими, экономическими и социальными укладами. В России сейчас активно обсуждается проект пенсионной реформы, предполагающий, в частности, повышение пенсионного возраста и другие меры, которые, по мысли авторов проекта, должны обеспечить россиянам достойную старость. Создание гибкой и эффективной пенсионной системы – чрезвычайно сложная задача, причем не только для России, но и для высокоразвитых стран, особенно учитывая нынешнюю демографическую ситуацию в мире. Впрочем, материальное обеспечение пожилых людей зависит не только от размера пенсий, но и от семейного уклада, национальных традиций, политических особенностей того или иного государства. Радио Свобода предлагает вашему вниманию серию материалов, посвященных тому, как в странах с разным социальным и политическим укладом обеспечивается жизнь пожилых людей. Пенсионный педантизм Купить домик в Бодруме Старость на обочине реформ

Why I Don't Dig Buddhism - Cross-Check - Scientific American Blog Network I've been brooding over Buddhism lately, for several reasons. First, I read that Steve Jobs was a long-time dabbler in Buddhism and was even married in a Buddhist ceremony. Second, a new documentary, Crazy Wisdom, celebrates the life of Chogyam Trungpa, who helped popularize Tibetan Buddhism here in the U.S. in the 1970s. Third, Slate magazine, for some reason, just re-published a critique of Buddhism that I wrote eight years ago, and once again Buddhists are berating me for my ignorance about their religion. I'm a sucker for punishment, so I thought I'd try to explain, once again, my misgivings about Buddhism, in this heavily revised and updated version of my Slate essay (which was put through an especially tortuous editing process). In 1999, a flier appeared in my mailbox announcing that a local Japanese-American woman would soon start teaching Zen at my hometown library. Eventually, I stopped attending my Zen sessions (for reasons that I describe in detail elsewhere).

Demystifying the Older Adult Student Segment Demystifying the Older Adult Student Segment Older learners have some very specific, but not necessarily well-understood, barriers to accessibility which institutions must accommodate for in order to be able to better serve this growing cohort of learners. Photo by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority of the State of New York. Older learners make up a growing number of adult students, and they have different needs and goals when it comes to their higher education. The EvoLLLution interviewed Pat Spadafora from Sheridan College’s Elder Research Center to learn more about this group of students and the barriers they face. AA: What are some of the biggest misconceptions about the older learner cohort? It’s kind of hard to compare somebody who, say, is 90 and who lived through the great depression and the war with a 50 year old. AA: You’ve touched on sort of the differences that exist within the group of older learners, could you elaborate on what those differences are? PS: Maybe.

Boatos triunfam no Facebook A Internet colocou a nossa disposição uma grande quantidade de informação e nos deu a possibilidade de comprovar em poucos segundos a maior parte das afirmações que lemos. Isso não beneficiou, entretanto, a difusão de informações verdadeiras. Uma análise recente mostrou que alguns boatos, como a relação entre as vacinas e o autismo, a possibilidade de que estarmos sendo envenenados com produtos químicos com intenções escusas ou a existência de um Governo alienígena escondido, têm tanta repercussão em redes como o Facebook quanto a mais legítima informação publicada nos veículos de comunicação. Os autores do estudo mencionado, liderado por Walter Quattrociocchi, da Universidade do Nordeste de Boston (EUA), tentaram analisar também as diferenças entre os grupos que consomem a informação convencional e os que preferem as fontes alternativas. Em um novo trabalho, mostram que existe uma importante polarização entre os dois grupos.

A Gradual Approach to Healthy Eating By Leo Babauta A lot of us have tried various diets over the years, with little success. I remember trying about half a dozen different diets when I was trying to lose weight, and none of them stuck for more than a few weeks. Why is that? A few reasons: You’re trying to change a lot of things at once — from learning new recipes to strategies for social situations to what to eat when you go out to what you should do when you’re craving a snack and much more. That’s a lot of powerful forces working against you, and that’s just the start. What worked for me is gradual change. Why Gradual Change Works If you understand the reasons that people fail at trying to create a healthy lifestyle, then you can see why gradual is better: Those are some good reasons. How to Transition to Amazingly Healthy Before we start the gradual process, it’s a good idea to know where we’re going, generally. A less helpful approach is to think of the perfectly healthy diet, and say that’s what you need to do.

How Was Your Week with Julie Klausner On this episode of HWYW, music legend RICKIE LEE JONES talks to Julie about the messages girls can get from billboards, the barbed blessing of working with a producer whose opinion you trust, and her horse, Cinderella. What a treat to chat with Ms. Jones! This is a huge deal. Then, author KAMBRI CREWS is here to discuss her fascinating new memoir, BURN DOWN THE GROUND. Kambri is the daughter of two deaf adults, and her dad is currently incarcerated in a Texas prison. I also have to mention that there's a pretty incredible connection between Kambri and Rickie because Kambri, as she mentions in her interview, used to work at Chuck E. Also, the seductive quality of a certain volume of the encyclopedia! A show that is neither to be missed nor to be underestimated!