Summary of the 1780s In 1787 Lord Sydney (1733–1800) of the British Colonial Office in Great Britain gave instructions to Governor Arthur Phillip (1738–1814) to establish a penal colony on the Dutch-named land, New Holland. He was also ordered to open friendly communications with the local Indigenous peoples and encourage the convicts and marines to show them kindness. His instructions required giving protection to Indigenous people and punishing those who harmed them. There is no evidence of any acknowledgement of Indigenous peoples' ownership of the land. At this time, the Indigenous population of Australia is estimated to have been approximately between 500,000 and 750,000 people. The First Fleet left England on 13 May 1787, comprising a flotilla of ships with convicts and marines. In 1788 the lives of the Eora people, living near the harbour they called Warrang, were about to change forever with the arrival of the First Fleet. From the start, the colony was beset with problems.
Free ESL worksheets, ESL printables, English grammar handouts, free printable tests Welcome to our downloadable ESL worksheets section. Whether you're an ESL student looking to practice English, or an ESL teacher looking for printables/ handouts for the classroom, check out our list of topics below. The topics covered include verb tenses, phrasal verbs, articles, prepositions, pronouns, countable and non-countable nouns, and many others. Click if you want to save time by downloading an exercise package in one zip file: IMPORTANT: The worksheets are for classroom/home use only. WRITING SKILLS (for advanced/native speakers): A or AN? SIMPLE PRESENT tense 1SIMPLE PRESENT tense 2Present tense of the verb TO BE 1TO BE? Prepositions after adjectives 1Prepositions after adjectives 2Prepositions after adjectives 3Prepositions (Mixed) 1Prepositions (Mixed) 2Prepositions (Mixed) 3Prepositions (Mixed) 4Prepositions (On, At, In) 1Prepositions (On, At, In) 2Prepositions (On, At, In) 3Prepositions (On, At, In) 4PREPOSITION or NO PREPOSITION?
First Australians | Sections | Share Our Pride Local people may have a preference for how they are described, for example at a function or event. If you’re not sure of a person’s particular language group and can’t find out, it’s usually okay to simply acknowledge them as Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander. The easiest way to find out is to ask the person themselves – they will see this as showing respect and they’ll appreciate it. Connection with country is crucial to the wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. For millennia, when Indigenous people visited the country of others, there would be rituals of welcoming to country. Usually a ‘Welcome to Country’ will occur at the beginning of any major public meeting. An ‘Acknowledgment of Country’ can be done by any Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander Australians that are not traditional owners of the country you are meeting on, or by non-Indigenous Australians. Acknowledgements can be done at the beginning of any meeting.
Summary of the 1790s The 1790s opened with the small Port Jackson British colony under threat of starvation. After substantial crop failures and the wreck of the store ship HMS Guardian off the Cape of Good Hope, a mere five weeks' supply of rations was left in the stores. In 1790, the settlement's non-Indigenous population was 1,715 and the settlement at Norfolk Island numbered 524. The Second Fleet arrived in June 1790 after losing more than a quarter of its 'passengers' en route through sickness. The Third Fleet arrived in April 1791 bearing convicts whose physical condition was equally appalling. The New South Wales Corps replaced the marines in 1791. A complete map of New Holland was gradually being drawn due to sea explorations and the charting of the inlets and coasts of the continent. In 1792, Major Francis Grose (1758–1814) was appointed commandant of the New South Wales Corps, administering the penal colony after the departure of Governor Arthur Phillip (1738–1814).
The Simpsons (ESL listening comprehension exercises) - Practice English with the Simpsons HOME > VIDEO BASED LISTENING COMPREHENSION > The Simpsons SECTION 2: The Simpsons Learning through media (movies, music, etc.) is one of the best ways to learn a new language. The exercises below use clips from the popular American TV show "The Simpsons" to help you to better understand spoken English. Here's what you do: Click on the video you want to watch below.Watch the video, and pay attention to it! By watching these videos you will: a) Learn real English vocabulary, as spoken by real native speakers. b) Practice and improve your listening skills and comprehension skills c) Learn proper pronunciation d) Learn useful English language expressions as well as phrases for conversation e) Feel that learning English can be fun! NOTE: All of these videos are protected by copyright.
Stradbroke Dreamtime - Reading Australia Publisher's synopsis Stradbroke Dreamtime is a collection of 27 short stories, ideal for reading in class, from acclaimed Aboriginal author Oodgeroo. The stories are traditional Aboriginal tales from Stradbroke Island, the Tambourine Mountains and from the Old and New dreamtime. A bright, beautiful and unique colour illustrated book, paired with Dreamtime tales just for younger readers. Awards Winner 1994 Children's Book Council Book of the Year Award About the author On 3 November 1920, Kathleen Jean Mary Ruska was born on North Stradbroke, an island in Moreton Bay about 30 kilometres east of Brisbane, and the home of the Noonuccal tribe. Kath married Bruce Walker, a waterside worker in Brisbane, and had two sons, Denis and Vivian. In 1964 her first volume of verse and the first by an Australian Aborigine, We Are Going, was published (with the encouragement of Judith Wright and the aid of a Commonwealth Literary Fund) by The jacaranda Press. The eighties also saw further travel.
Pemulwuy | National Museum of Australia Disrupting colonisation Pemulwuy featured significantly in the ongoing resistance to colonisation. He was involved in the mortal wounding of John McIntyre on 10 December 1790. McIntyre, appointed Phillip’s gamekeeper on 3 March 1788, was one of three convicts armed and sent out to hunt game to add to the colony’s meagre and dwindling supplies of food. The Australian Dictionary of Biography notes that McIntyre was ‘feared and hated by the Eora people’, and it surmises that the attack was a retribution for him breaking Indigenous laws and for his violence towards Indigenous people. Phillip, who had until then been tolerant in his views, changed his position and called for a punitive raid. It was in response to this, and the growing attacks on his people’s rights, that Pemulwuy led a series of raids from 1792. The Bidjigal burnt huts, stole maize crops and attacked travellers. The most substantial confrontation was the ‘Battle of Parramatta’.
English Language Centre Study Zone: Welcome! About the Study Zone The Study Zone is for students of the English Language Centre (ELC) at the University of Victoria. ELC teachers create the English language lessons and practice exercises. News and Feedback We occasionally post news on the Study Zone blog and we're happy to receive comments on the blog's Feedback Page. Who visits Study Zone? This map shows the visitors to this page only. What do I do? First, choose your level. Study Zone is made up of levels. Where am I now? The menu at the top of each page tells you where you are. drs2aboriginaldreaming.pdf