The Gospel of Wealth "Savage Wealth", more commonly known as "The Gospel of Wealth", is an article written by Andrew Carnegie in 1889 that describes the responsibility of philanthropy by the new upper class of self-made rich. Carnegie proposed that the best way of dealing with the new phenomenon of wealth inequality was for the wealthy to redistribute their surplus means in a responsible and thoughtful manner. This approach was contrasted with traditional bequest (patrimony), where wealth is handed down to heirs, and other forms of bequest e.g. where wealth is willed to the state for public purposes. Carnegie argued that surplus wealth is put to best use (i.e. produces the greatest net benefit to society) when it is administered carefully by the wealthy. Give to give anew Carnegie based his philosophy on the observation that the heirs of large fortunes frequently squandered them in riotous living rather than nurturing and growing them. Assertions Carnegie Libraries See also
Jim Clark James "Jim" (or "Jimmy") Clark, Jr OBE (4 March 1936 – 7 April 1968) was a British Formula One racing driver from Scotland, who won two World Championships, in 1963 and 1965. Clark was a versatile driver who competed in sports cars, touring cars and in the Indianapolis 500, which he won in 1965. He was particularly associated with the Lotus marque. He was killed in a Formula Two motor racing accident in Hockenheim, Germany in 1968. Early years James Clark Jr was born into a farming family at Kilmany House Farm, Fife, the youngest child of five, and the only boy. Although his parents were opposed to the idea, Clark started his racing in local road rally and hill climb events driving his own Sunbeam-Talbot, and proved a fearsome competitor right from the start. "In March 1960, the first race for the newly introduced Formula Junior took place at Goodwood. Clark and Lotus Jim Clark in German GP 1962 Jim Clark in the Lotus pit at the German GP 1964 Remarkable performances The fatal crash Legacy
Dale Carnegie Dale Breckenridge Carnegie (spelled Carnagey until c. 1922) (November 24, 1888 – November 1, 1955) was an American writer and lecturer and the developer of famous courses in self-improvement, salesmanship, corporate training, public speaking, and interpersonal skills. Born into poverty on a farm in Missouri, he was the author of How to Win Friends and Influence People (1936), a massive bestseller that remains popular today. He also wrote How to Stop Worrying and Start Living (1948), Lincoln the Unknown (1932), and several other books. One of the core ideas in his books is that it is possible to change other people's behavior by changing one's behavior toward them. Biography Born in 1888 in Maryville, Missouri, Carnegie was a poor farmer's boy, the second son of James William Carnagey (b. After saving $500 (about $12700 today), Dale Carnegie quit sales in 1911 in order to pursue a lifelong dream of becoming a Chautauqua lecturer. During World War I he served in the U.S. Quotes
Fabian Society Originally, the Fabian society was committed to the establishment of a socialist economy, alongside a commitment to British imperialism as a progressive and modernizing force. Organisational history Establishment Blue plaque at 17 Osnaburgh St, where the Society was founded in 1884. Fabian Society was named after "Fabius the Delayer" at the suggestion of Frank Podmore, above. Tortoise is the symbol of Fabian Society, representing its goal of gradual expansion of socialism. The Fabian Society, which favoured gradual change rather than revolutionary change, was named – at the suggestion of Frank Podmore – in honour of the Roman general Fabius Maximus (nicknamed "Cunctator", meaning "the Delayer"). An explanatory note appearing on the title page of the group's first pamphlet declared: Organizational growth Immediately upon its inception, the Fabian Society began attracting many prominent contemporary figures drawn to its socialist cause, including George Bernard Shaw, H.
Ian Anderson Early life Ian Anderson was born the youngest of three siblings. His father, James Anderson, ran the RSA Boiler Fluid Company in East Port, Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland. Anderson spent the first part of his childhood in Edinburgh, Scotland. His family moved to Blackpool, Lancashire, England, in 1959, where he gained a traditional education at Blackpool Grammar School. In a recent interview, Anderson stated that he was asked to leave Grammar School for refusing to submit to corporal punishment (still permitted at that time) for some serious infraction. He went on to study fine art at Blackpool College of Art from 1964 to 1966. Career Early career While a teenager, Anderson took a job as a sales assistant at Lewis's department store in Blackpool, then as a vendor on a newsstand. In 1963, he formed The Blades from among school friends: Barriemore Barlow (drums), John Evan (keyboards), Jeffrey Hammond (bass) and Michael Stephens (guitar). Later career
Samuel Johnson After nine years of work, Johnson's A Dictionary of the English Language was published in 1755. It had a far-reaching effect on Modern English and has been described as "one of the greatest single achievements of scholarship." This work brought Johnson popularity and success. Until the completion of the Oxford English Dictionary 150 years later, Johnson's was viewed as the pre-eminent British dictionary. His later works included essays, an influential annotated edition of William Shakespeare's plays, and the widely read tale Rasselas. Johnson was a tall and robust man. Biography Early life and education Born on 18 September 1709 (New Style) to Michael Johnson, a bookseller, and his wife, Sarah Ford, Samuel Johnson often claimed that he grew up in poverty. Johnson's health improved and he was put to wet-nurse with Joan Marklew. When he was a child in petticoats, and had learnt to read, Mrs. Boswell's Life of Samuel Johnson Entrance of Pembroke College, Oxford
In Memory of W. B. Yeats Wystan Hugh Auden was born in York, England, on February 21, 1907. He moved to Birmingham during childhood and was educated at Christ Church, Oxford. As a young man he was influenced by the poetry of Thomas Hardy and Robert Frost, as well as William Blake, Emily Dickinson, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and Old English verse. At Oxford his precocity as a poet was immediately apparent, and he formed lifelong friendships with two fellow writers, Stephen Spender and Christopher Isherwood. In 1928, his collection Poems was privately printed, but it wasn’t until 1930, when another collection titled Poems (though its contents were different) was published, that Auden was established as the leading voice of a new generation. He visited Germany, Iceland, and China, served in the Spanish Civil war, and in 1939 moved to the United States, where he met his lover, Chester Kallman, and became an American citizen. W. Selected Bibliography Poetry Prose Anthology Selected Poems by Gunnar Ekelöf (1972) Drama
Barbara Dickson Barbara Ruth Dickson, OBE (born Dunfermline, Fife, 27 September 1947) is a Scottish singer whose hits include "I Know Him So Well" and "January February". Dickson has placed fifteen albums in the UK Albums Chart from 1977 to date, and had a number of hit singles, including four which reached the Top 20 in the UK Singles Chart. The Scotsman newspaper has described her as Scotland's best-selling female singer in terms of the numbers of hit chart singles and albums she has achieved in the UK since 1976. Career Early years Dickson went to Woodmill High. Dickson's singing career started in folk clubs around her native Fife in 1964. Mainstream success She became a well-known face on the British folk circuit of the late 1960s and early 1970s, but changed her career course after meeting Willy Russell. 1990s and beyond Recent career Personal life Selected discography Archie Fisher and Barbara Dickson References
Yogi Berra Berra is widely regarded as one of the greatest catchers in baseball history. He was named to the Major League Baseball All-Century Team in a voting of fans in 1999. According to the win shares formula developed by sabermetrician Bill James, Berra is the greatest catcher of all time and the 52nd greatest non-pitching player in major-league history. Berra, who quit school after the eighth grade, was also known for his mangled quotes, such as "It ain't over 'til it's over", while speaking to reporters. Early life He began playing baseball in local American Legion leagues, where he learned the basics of catching while playing outfield and infield positions as well. Professional career In 1942, the St. Yogi Berra in 1956. Berra was a fifteen-time All-Star, and won the league's MVP award three times, in 1951, 1954 and 1955. Playing style Managing career Berra as the New York Mets' first base coach, 1969. The following season looked like a disappointment at first.
Spies by Michael Frayn What is a plot? For the reader, it is the discovery of concealed connections between events in a narrative. Michael Frayn's Spies is a novel with a carefully engineered plot, and a story whose two main characters are determined to uncover the sinister logic of apparently ordinary events. They are themselves looking for a plot. During the second world war, Stephen and his friend Keith live in a suburban cul-de-sac on the edge of the countryside. "There's something clearly wrong about her, if you really look at her and listen to her as we now are." Some of the data that the sexually innocent Stephen records does seem to hold clues about adult sexuality. Spies is divided into 11 numbered sections and the first and last of these are like a prologue and an epilogue. The narrator knows what has really happened, and our sense of a plot relies on his holding back from explanation. John Mullan is professor of English at University College London.
Robert Adam Robert Adam was a leader of the first phase of the classical revival in England and Scotland from around 1760 until his death. He influenced the development of Western architecture, both in Europe and in North America. Adam designed interiors and fittings as well as houses. Biography Early life Royal High School (1578-1777) on site of Blackfriars Monastery, Edinburgh. On his recovery from illness in 1746, he joined his elder brother John as apprentice to his father. Architectural practice in Edinburgh Entrance front of Hopetoun House, designed by William Adam and modified by the Adam Brothers On William Adam's death, John Adam inherited both the family business and the position of Master Mason to the Board of Ordnance. In the winter of 1749–1750, Adam travelled to London with his friend, the poet John Home. Among his friends at Edinburgh were the philosophers Adam Ferguson and David Hume and the artist Paul Sandby whom he met in the Highlands. Grand Tour
Howard Schultz Howard D. Schultz (born July 19, 1953) is an American businessman. He is best known as the chairman and CEO of Starbucks and a former owner of the Seattle SuperSonics. He was a member of the Board of Directors at Square INC. Schultz co-founded Maveron, an investment group, in 1998 with Dan Levitan. In 2012, Forbes magazine ranked Schultz as the 354th richest person in the United States, with a net worth of $1.5 billion. Early life and education Howard D. Career On his return, he tried to persuade the owners (including Jerry Baldwin) to offer traditional espresso beverages in addition to the whole bean coffee, leaf teas and spices they had long offered. Schultz renamed Il Giornale with the Starbucks name, and aggressively expanded its reach across the United States. Schultz authored the book Pour Your Heart Into It: How Starbucks Built a Company One Cup at a Time with Dori Jones Yang in 1997. Ownership of the Seattle SuperSonics Controversy Awards
Mrs. Dalloway / Virginia Woolf Mrs. Dalloway said she would buy the flowers herself. For Lucy had her work cut out for her. The doors would be taken off their hinges; Rumpelmayer’s men were coming. And then, thought Clarissa Dalloway, what a morning — fresh as if issued to children on a beach. What a lark! She stiffened a little on the kerb, waiting for Durtnall’s van to pass. For having lived in Westminster — how many years now? For it was the middle of June. “Good-morning to you, Clarissa!” “I love walking in London,” said Mrs. They had just come up — unfortunately — to see doctors. She could remember scene after scene at Bourton — Peter furious; Hugh not, of course, his match in any way, but still not a positive imbecile as Peter made out; not a mere barber’s block. (June had drawn out every leaf on the trees. For they might be parted for hundreds of years, she and Peter; she never wrote a letter and his were dry sticks; but suddenly it would come over her, If he were with me now what would he say? Edgar J.