Decriminalizing Drugs in Portugal a Success Pop quiz: Which European country has the most liberal drug laws? (Hint: It's not the Netherlands.) Although its capital is notorious among stoners and college kids for marijuana haze–filled "coffee shops," Holland has never actually legalized cannabis — the Dutch simply don't enforce their laws against the shops. The correct answer is Portugal, which in 2001 became the first European country to officially abolish all criminal penalties for personal possession of drugs, including marijuana, cocaine, heroin and methamphetamine. At the recommendation of a national commission charged with addressing Portugal's drug problem, jail time was replaced with the offer of therapy. The argument was that the fear of prison drives addicts underground and that incarceration is more expensive than treatment — so why not give drug addicts health services instead? The question is, does the new policy work? Compared to the European Union and the U.S., Portugal's drug use numbers are impressive.
Rainy season brings glow-in-the-dark mushrooms 24 May 2006 With the arrival of Japan's rainy season, a mysterious type of green, glow-in-the-dark mushroom begins to sprout in Wakayama prefecture. The Mycena lux-coeli mushrooms, known locally as shii no tomobishi-dake (literally, "chinquapin glow mushrooms"), sprout from fallen chinquapin trees. As they grow, a chemical reaction involving luciferin (a light-emitting pigment contained within the mushrooms) occurs, causing them to glow a ghostly green. The luminescent mushrooms were long believed to be indigenous solely to Tokyo's Hachijojima Island after they were discovered there in the early 1950s. The mushrooms thrive in humid environments, popping up during Japan's rainy season, which typically lasts from the end of May to July. [Source: Mainichi Shimbun]
Artist Takes Every Drug Known to Man & Draws This is all kinds of cool, and everything your mother told you not to do. Bryan Lewis Saunders is an artist from Washington D.C., not just any artist though. Saunders prefers to take a more unconventional approach to his artwork. Arguably his most interesting project, entitled DRUGS is described as follows: Below, you can view a collection of portraits Saunders drew while under the influence of various substances ranging from cocaine, to marijuana, to DMT. Abilify / Xanax / Ativan 90mg Abilify 1 sm Glass of “real” Absinth 10mg Adderall 10mg Ambien Bath Salts 15mg Buspar (snorted) 4 Butalbitals Butane Honey Oil 250mg Cephalexin 1/2 gram Cocaine Computer Duster (2 squirts) 2 bottles of Cough Syrup 1 “Bump” of Crystalmeth 4mg Dilaudid 1 shot of Dilaudid / 3 shots of Morphine 60mg Geodon Hash Huffing Gas Huffing Lighter Fluid 7.5mg Hydrocodone / 7.5mg Oxycodone / 3mg Xanax 3mg Klonopin 10mg Loritab Marijuana (Kine Bud) G13 Marijuana Morphine IV Psilocybin Mushrooms (2 caps onset) 2mg Nicotine Gum Nitrous Oxide 2mg Xanax
The psychedelic mind expresses coherence and plasticity with all that is. It unifies the spiritual and material with a cosmic glue that sticks and drips with a smiley smile The psychedelic mind expresses coherence and plasticity with all that is. It unifies the spiritual and material with a cosmic glue that sticks and drips with a smiley smile. External Stimuli : www.mars-1.com, MARS 1 flickr Themes : Art Nodes : creamy, dreamy, Mario Martinez, MARS 1, Painting, psychedelic, taffy
Cannabis seeds species genetic origins and history of marijuana strains Although thousands of hybridized cannabis seeds varieties have been created by enthusiastic home and professional seed breeders, the fundamental genetic stock of traditional cannabis seeds strains is well-known and respected. Consider strains presented here the basic colour palette from which breeders mix and combine to create limitless diversity of new cannabis strains. Base origins and history of cannabis strains: Columbian aka Gold: It was one of the original sativa strains imported, that fueled the sixties marijuana renaissance in North America. Ohhhh the sweet smell and taste with a mellow high that can’t be matched these days. Sativa at its best. Thai: sometimes called Thai Sticks by the Vietnam veterans, this Asian sativa variety produces loose clusters which are often woven onto sticks of bamboo or cannabis stems. Jamaican: these mostly sativa plants are fast-growing, known to produce a stimulating, up high. Bob Marley Sativa Marijuana Seeds Price: € 35.00 Price: € 25.00
Basidiospore Basidiomycetes form sexual spores externally from a structure called a basidium. Four basidiospores develop on appendages from each basidium. These spores serve as the main air dispersal units for the fungi. The spores are released during periods of high humidity and generally have a night-time or pre-dawn peak concentration in the atmosphere. When basidiospores encounter a favorable substrate, they may germinate, typically by forming hyphae. These hyphae grow outward from the original spore, forming an expanding circle of mycelium. General structure and shape Basidiospores are generally characterized by an attachment peg (called a hilar appendage) on its surface. Potential opportunist and Pathogen: Depend on genus. Industrial uses: Edible mushrooms are used in the food industry. Potential Toxins produced: Amanitins, monomethyl-hydrazine, muscarine, ibotenic acid, psilocybin. Basidiospores are the result of sexual reproduction and formed on a structure called the basidium.
Hash Oil Hash oil, AKA hashish oil, is a firm liquid made by dissolving high-THC cannabis and/or hash in a solvent (like alcohol, petroleum, acetone and others). After the solids break down, the liquid is strained and left out to encourage the complete evaporation of the remaining solvent. Once the solvent has evaporated fully, the remaining liquid is called hash oil. Interesting facts about hashish oil: Produced first by a British chemist, Peter Squire in 1840. Well-made hash oil is very high in THC, anywhere from 30 to 80% in fact. People usually put a drop of hash oil on the tip of a cannabis joint to smoke it.
DMT, Moses, and the Quest for Transcendence by Cliff Pickover, Reality Carnival "DMT in the pineal glands of Biblical prophets gave God to humanity and let ordinary humans perceive parallel universes." The molecule DMT (N,N-Dimethyltryptamine) is a psychoactive chemical that causes intense visions and can induce its users to quickly enter a completely different "environment" that some have likened to an alien or parallel universe. The transition from our world to theirs occurs with no cessation of consciousness or quality of awareness. In this environment, beings often appear who interact with the person who is using DMT. The beings appear to inhabit this parallel realm. Author Terence McKenna has used DMT and feels that, "Right here and now, one quanta away, there is raging a universe of active intelligence that is transhuman, hyperdimensional, and extremely alien... DMT is also naturally produced in small quantities in the human brain, and it has been hypothesized that DMT is produced in the pineal gland in the brain.
How Hemp Got High If Genome Biology had been launched today, instead of 11 years ago, it might well have been given the alternative title of "Transcriptome Biology". While Genome Biology captured the millennial zeitgeist of genomics brought about by the project(s) to sequence the human genome, the breathtaking progress of this field in the intervening decade has brought us to a new frontier: the transcriptome. The development of RNA-seq, which applies high-throughput next-generation sequencing technology to cDNA generated from RNA samples, has resulted in an explosion of transcriptome sequences. Not only does RNA-seq benefit from higher sensitivity than microarrays, it also does not require the a priori knowledge needed for constructing chips; this flexibility has infused the transcriptome explosion with a biologically diverse character and encompassed many species not well covered by commercially available microarrays.
Basidium Schematic showing a basidiomycete mushroom, gill structure, and spore-bearing basidia on the gill margins. A basidium (pl., basidia) is a microscopic, spore-producing structure found on the hymenophore of fruiting bodies of basidiomycete fungi. The presence of basidia is one of the main characteristic features of the Basidiomycota. Basidium structure Mechanism of basidiospore discharge In most basidiomycetes, the basidiospores are ballistospores--they are forcibly discharged. Upon maturity of a basidiospore, sugars present in the cell wall begin to serve as condensation loci for water vapor in the air. Successful basidiospore discharge can only occur when there is sufficient water vapor available to condense on the spore. Evolutionary loss of forcible discharge Some basidiomycetes lack forcible discharge, although they still form basidiospores. References Ingold, C.T. 1998. External links
Cooking with Vaporized Weed These days Marijuana users are seeking out more healthful ways to consume Marijuana. That’s why many of us own vaporizers like the Volcano, Vapor Genie or one of the many homemade variations of. For years I disposed of my vapor “remnants” or “vapor poo” (who came up with that anyways?) Preparing the vaped weed for consumption is easy. You are going to adjust how much butter you are going to use based on how much vaped weed you have. When 4 hours is up get yourself a sink strainer or a tea strainer that will fit over the mouth of a cup. Coming soon in a post about Marijuana Milk, you will learn to use all of the plant matter saved from your butter cooking adventure.