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The Truth About Columbus Day: Why Are We Celebrating? Supporters of the Resolution changing "Columbus Day" in Seattle to "Indigenous Peoples' Day," September 2, 2014. (Photo: Jacicita)Christopher Columbus was the ISIS of his day. He justified rape, murder and pillage with religion and funded his efforts with whatever he could steal. Today, while millions across America are celebrating Columbus Day, the city of Seattle is celebrating Indigenous Peoples’ Day. That’s because last week, the Seattle city council unanimously passed a resolution to honor the contributions and cultures of Native Americans on the second Monday of October. While Seattle’s decision may seem unusual, it’s actually part of growing trend. Many cities and states across the country have shifted away from celebrating Columbus Day, and that’s because more and more Americans are learning the real history behind Christopher Columbus and his “discovery.” First of all, Columbus didn’t actually discover the Americas, despite what you may have been taught in elementary school.
Poverty Disturbs Children's Brain Development and Academic Performance Income inequality is growing in the U.S., and the problem is much worse than most people believe. For children, growing up poor hinders brain development and leads to poorer performance in schools, according to a study published this week in JAMA Pediatrics. It has long been known that low socioeconomic status is linked to poorer performance in school, and recent research has linked poverty to smaller brain surface area. Using a sample of 389 healthy children and adolescents from age four to 22, psychologist Seth Pollak and his colleagues at the University of Wisconsin–Madison compared scores on academic achievement tests with tissue volume in select areas of the brain. The researchers found that children who grew up in families below the federal poverty line had gray matter volumes 8 to 10 percent below normal development. Pollak was hoping to see the gap closing as children grew older, spent more time in school and outside their homes, but this was not the case.
Visualizing 200 Years of Urban Sprawl in Paris, São Paulo, and L.A. - Richard Florida New animations show centuries of expansion in three global cities. Two centuries ago, Paris, a city with a population of half a million, barely extended beyond its medieval footprint. São Paulo was still largely a small trading outpost for gold and exploration expeditions. And Los Angeles was just a pueblo of a few dozen buildings. Over the next 200 years, and accelerating rapidly during the second half of the twentieth century, this would all change. A set of three new map animations from my colleagues at NYU's Stern Urbanization Project tracks the history behind these decades of geographic expansion. Built from data in Shlomo Angel's Atlas of Urban Expansion, these show the quick expansion of city centers and suburbs in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, along with the much more astoundingly rapid expansion of suburban and exurban areas in the second half of the twentieth century. Take Paris, the oldest city featured in the visualizations. Top Image: J.
3 maps that explain America The United States of America is a young country, but it's also big and complicated and fascinating. It can be tough to distill all that down to a few maps, but here are three that capture the story of America about as well as anything. If you enjoyed this, please read our much more comprehensive 70 Maps that Explain America, which goes through everything from early colonization to slavery and its legacies to the history of American global power. 1) Watch America become the country it is today Esemono This map shows the non-Native American political borders of North America from 1750 (by which point most of the continent had been claimed by European colonial powers) through today. 2) The most common ancestry in every county U.S. The United States considers itself a nation of immigrants, and this map shows just how true that really is. 3) North America's stunning environmental wealth and diversity (Commission for Environmental Cooperation)
Why Preschool Suspensions Still Happen (And How To Stop Them) : NPR Ed Something's wrong in America's classrooms. According to new data from the Education Department, black students — from kindergarten through high school — are 3.8 times more likely to be suspended than white students. Now the really bad news. This trend begins in preschool, where black children are already 3.6 times more likely to be suspended than white students. In all, 6,743 children who were enrolled in public pre-K received one or more out-of-school suspensions in the 2013-14 school year. Glass half-full: That number's down slightly and relatively small considering the 1.4 million kids who, according to the Education Department, attended public pre-K that year. Glass half-empty: That's 6,743 kids too many, say several top child development experts. "To be clear, preschool suspension just shouldn't be a thing for any kid," says Maryam Adamu, who until recently studied early childhood policy at the Center For American Progress. Training and pay for preschool teachers are often abysmal.
Northern Virginia Housing Development, Wallpaper, Download, Photos Written by John G. Mitchell The American Dream has long promised life, liberty, and the pursuit of a spacious, single-family home in the suburbs (with a pool, even). But as new generations of home seekers look for breathing room in the burbs and the lands beyond, the dream has been displaced by all too familiar worlds—places plagued by traffic jams, high taxes, and pollution: the irony of urban sprawl. Tom Spellmire lives with his mother on an 87-acre (35-hectare) farm in Turtle Creek Township, Warren County, Ohio. One county away, to the south, lies Cincinnati. One blustery day late last year I traveled with Tom Spellmire to see how that dream had been playing around Warren County. Spellmire is a tall, ruddy, intensely focused man who served on Ohio's Farmland Preservation Task Force in the 1990s. When investors come, can developers be far behind? "We lease that farm," he said. An old saying has it that you can't have your cake and ea3t it too. "Why are the people leaving?"
Many Black Cowboys Developed Their Skills in Africa, not America: Little Known Facts About Black Cowboys | Rewinding Black The cowboy remains one of the most popular figures in American culture. Whether chasing bad guys or herding cattle or sitting around the campfire, the cowboy has been immortalized in countless movies, books and television shows. However, he is seldom seen as African American. Despite the lack of Black images, men of color did in fact handle cattle, tame horses, work ranches, encounter outlaws and star in rodeos. According to the Handbook of Texas, Black cowboys have been a part of Lone Star State history since the early nineteenth century. Black cowboys were familiar with bigotry, but some found that they experienced less discrimination on the open range, as cowboys depended on each other regardless of their ethnicity. There are more facts about Black cowboys. Some Black cowboys developed their skills in Africa, not America. Following the Civil War, the cattle industry became a larger part of the Texas economy as a profitable market for beef developed in northern cities.
Preschool To Prison Pipeline: Three Year Old Suspended 5 Times In One Year April V. Taylor As more and more people become aware of the mass incarceration epidemic that has seen America’s prison population grow to be the largest in the world, many are realizing how the school to prison pipeline is a contributing component that activists and politicians have both attempted to address. However, those tackling the issue may not be realizing just how young the school to prison pipeline starts. Powell spoke with the Washington Post, revealing that her oldest son JJ was just four years old when he was suspended from preschool, and while Powell’s own negative experiences in school left her self-esteem shambles, she initially ignored her concerns. It wasn’t until she took her boys to a birthday party for one of their classmates where she had a conversation with other mothers that she began to look at things differently. What was the one glaring difference between JJ and the other children?
IROWS: Wilkinson's Maps Wilkinson's Maps These maps appear in the following publications: Wilkinson, David 1992a "Decline phases in civilizations, regions and oikumenes." A paper presented at the annual meetings of the International Studies Association, Atlanta, GA. Back to IROWS' Main Page Corruption in America: From Benjamin Franklin’s Snuff Box to 'Citizens United' The following excerpt is the introduction to Zephyr Teachout’s new book, Corruption in America: From Benjamin Franklin’s Snuff Box to Citizens United. The Citizens United decision was not merely bad law; it was bad for politics, and displayed an even worse understanding of history. Americans from James Madison onward have argued that it is possible for politicians and citizens alike to try to achieve a kind of public good in the public sphere. Like liberty, speech or equality, corruption is an important concept with unclear boundaries. Corruption in America is my effort to fill in the history that Citizens United ignored. The Supreme Court, along with a growing subset of scholars, began to confuse the concept of corruption and throw out many of the prophylactic rules that were used to protect against it. The contemporary era is full of proverbial diamond-encrusted gifts, although they are less likely to come from the king of France.
Dissent is Patriotic – The Codex Yesterday was the Day of Remembrance, the 75th anniversary of the Japanese American internment during World War II. In remembrance, artists commemorated the experience, communities gathered in solidarity, and families shared their stories. Earlier on January 30, 2017, Google Doodle honored the 98th birthday of Fred Korematsu—a civil rights icon and face of the Korematsu v. United States (1944) Supreme Court case that questioned the constitutionality of the WWII Japanese American internment. During a time, now, when Muslims are targeted by the Trump administration and huge swaths of the American public feel unsafe and unrepresented, Google reminding millions of users of Korematsu’s legacy is no accident. In honor of the Day of Remembrance, it’s important to remember, to revisit the past, and to learn about it’s ripples into our world now. U.S. In the wake of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941, President Franklin D. Korematsu v. Coded Racism in “Emergency and Peril”
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