Developmental Psychology at Vanderbilt
Jacob Lee and Matthew Snodgress There is no one individual who influences the development of a child more than the parent. Every aspect of the child’s progression through life, beginning with their genetic makeup, is greatly influenced, if not completely determined by, the parent figure in the child’s life. Parent figures choose the climate which the child will grow up in. Whether that is in regard to family dynamics, intellectual stimulation, or social development. One way parents dictate the development of their child is through discipline. Some methods may effectively keep a child “in line,” but they could be harmful in the long term. form of classical conditioning. However, dangers do not only lie in extreme approaches to parenting such as the one described above. Considering each of the four modes of operant conditioning–positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, positive punishment, and negative punishment–not every method alters undesirable behavior in children equally.
Related: Reinforcement and Punishment on Teenagers: A Guide for Parents
Related: How Parents Can Influence Behaviour of Teenage Children
• Reinforcement and punishment to influence behaviour