A Guide to the Wayward Ways of Wood Grain Photo: Vince Babak Learning to read wood grain will enhance your woodworking skills. By Strother Purdy As one of our contributing editors is fond of saying, a board's grain is a bit like a cat's fur. If you brush the cat's fur in the wrong direction, you tend to make the cat hiss. Brush it in the right direction, and the cat purrs. Working wood with the grain will yield smooth boards. Grain patterns describe the structure of the wood Depending on how a board has been milled, you will see flat grain, quarter grain or end grain on a board's face. Tangent vs. Flatsawn lumber is cut along a tangent, and is stable in thickness but tends to twist and cup. Quartersawn lumber, sliced along the radius, is more expensive and less common, but it's twice as stable in width than flatsawn and doesn't warp much. Flatsawn vs. quartersawnFlatsawing a log (far left) slices it against a tangent. Cut against the grain at your peril Frequently, though, it's impossible to avoid cutting against the grain.
My Ultimate Character Background Questionnaire | dmleviathan (I built this from several questionnaires I found online. I hope it helps your NPCs or your player character’s backgrounds) Why was the character given the name he has? Does the character have a nickname? What is the source of the nickname? Is it flattering or not? What is the character’s hometown? How long has he lived there? Does he like it or want to get away or already miss it? Has he traveled much? Where & Why? Has he lived for a long period in another town? Which town(s)? Has he lived in any unusual/harsh environments? How does he react to it? How old is your character? What would somebody see at first glance (i.e. height, weight, skin color, eye color, hair color, physique, race, and visible equipment)? What additional attributes would be noticed upon meeting the character (i.e. Does your character have any personality quirks (i.e. antisocial, arrogant, optimistic, paranoid)? Does your character have any distinguishing marks (birthmarks, scars, deformities)? Are your parents still alive?
4 Ways to Determine the Rate of Foreign Exchange Four ways to determine the rate of foreign exchange are: (a) Demand for foreign exchange (currency) (b) Supply of foreign exchange (c) Determination of exchange rate (d) Change in Exchange Rate! In a system of flexible exchange rate, the exchange rate of a currency (like price of a good) is freely determined by forces of market demand and supply of foreign exchange. Expressed graphically the Intersection of demand and the supply curves determines the equilibrium exchange rate and equilibrium quantity of foreign currency. This is called equilibrium in foreign exchange market). Let us assume that there are two countries—India and USA—and the exchange rate of their currencies, viz., rupee and dollar are to be determined. (a) Demand for foreign exchange (currency): (b) Supply of foreign exchange: Supply of foreign exchange conies (i) when foreigners purchase home country’s (say, India’s) goods and services through our exports (iii) when speculation causes inflow of foreign exchange
Human Dimension & Interior Space | Cool Tools When designing a space or wearables for humans, you’ll need precise measurements of our size. How high to put a door knob, the circumference of our necks, how far we can reach overhead? There’s no such thing as an average person, so you’ll also need to know what the variances are, too. There’s a number of good sources for this data, but the most complete set, with the greatest clarity, and most affordable price is Human Dimensions. Figure 1-4.
Handbound Books and Journals Effectiveness of Monetary and Fiscal Policy (explained with diagram) | Economics The relative effectiveness of monetary and fiscal policy has been the subject of controversy among economists. The monetarists regard monetary policy more effective than fiscal policy for economic stabilisation. On the other hand, the Keynesians hold the opposite view. In between these two extreme views are the synthesists who advocate the middle path. Contents 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 1. The government influences investment, employment, output and income through monetary policy. Figure 1 illustrates an expansionary monetary policy with given LM and IS curves. But the relative effectiveness of monetary policy depends on the shape of the LM curve and the IS curve. This is because when the demand for money is less elastic to a change in interest rate, an increase in the money supply is more powerful in the bringing about a large fall in interest rate. The more interest elastic is the demand for money, the smaller is the fall in interest rate when the money supply is increased. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
Pentacryl: the Wood Stabilizer that Prevents Cracks - Preservation Solutions Question: A recent storm left a large tree limb in our yard. I’d like to slice cross sections for plaques and trivets. How do I keep the slices from splitting as they dry? Answer: Pentacryl wood preservative is an excellent product made for this very purpose. A slice of wood will always split because, as it dries, the cells collapse and wither just like a dry sponge. This stress from contraction literally pulls the disk apart, usually resulting in a single, nasty split that rims from the bark edge toward the pith. Pentacryl reinforces the cells so they retain their shape as they dry. Here are a few tips about making plaques, cross-cut sections from Dale, the technical person at Preservation Solutions, which makes Pentacryl. Article from American Woodworker, March, 2005, Q&A SectionSee Our Step-By-Step DIY Guide for Wood Cookies, Plaques, Wedding Cake Platters & Coasters Share This Story, Choose Your Platform!
A Writer's Guide to Horses An Equestrian Writer’s Guide by Susan F. Craft In this motorized era the majority of humanity suffers from equestrian amnesia. Thoughts on equestrian writing by Long Rider authors Jeremy James is a Founding Member of the Long Riders’ Guild. Far be it for me to presume how anyone might tackle such a subject, since we all have our own idiosyncrasies when it comes to what to spout upon the subject of horses, but if there were one suggestion I would advance it would be to stop and think about any piece of received wisdom that people tend to hoy about without further thought. CuChullaine O’Reilly is a Founding Member of The Long Riders’ Guild, who has spent thirty years studying equestrian travel techniques on every continent. Doug Preston is a North American Long Rider who rode from Arizona to New Mexico across the Despoblado Desert, retracing the equestrian route of Coronado, a 16th Century Conquistador. As fiction writers, we cannot be experts in everything we write about. Sex/Age
The Most Impressive Wood Joints – Woodworking ideas Joinery is a part of woodworking that involves joining together pieces of wood, to produce more complex items. Some wood joints employ fasteners, bindings, or adhesives, while others use only wood elements. The characteristics of wooden joints – strength, flexibility, toughness, appearance, etc. – derive from the properties of the joining materials and from how they are used in the joints. Therefore, different joinery techniques are used to meet differing requirements. For example, the joinery used to build a house is different from that used to make puzzle toys, although some concepts overlap.
Aeon Timeline: Outlining Made Easy | Writing Is Hard Work Aeon Timeline is a great way to plan a novel. I broke down and bought Aeon Timeline. It was $39.99 in the AppStore, but so far it has been worth every penny. Even though there is currently not a Windows version, I have found the program to be probably one of the greatest tools for planning out multiple story arcs, keeping track of character relationships and viewing all of the subtle nuances of my novel at a glance. After watching a detailed video tutorial found on Scribblecode’s website, I was off and running, plotting out my fictional future timeline with ease. Events are things that happen on the timeline, but they are much more than that. Entities are not just characters. Arcs are like story arcs. One cool feature is that the calendar is not bound by the real world. Above all I found it easy to use. Like this: Like Loading...
9 Super Easy DIY Outdoor Firewood Racks If you have a wood-burning fireplace, chances are you have firewood, right? Unfortunately, that also means you need place to store it! If you are like me, you want the firewood nearby so you don’t have to trek out to a cold shed through a snowy yard, but you don’t really want it inside. Firewood is dirty, it brings in some bugs and unless you live in a rustic mountain cabin, chances are it doesn’t do much for your style. But then if you store it stacked outside, you need to make sure it doesn’t trap moisture between it and the side of the house or become a perfect home for vermin in the garage. Oh, yes, on top of all that, you want it to stay off the ground so it doesn’t get waterlogged! Our featured project above, is from our favorite woodworking girl, ‘Ana White’. From ‘Home Depot’ you can use their firewood rack bracket kit and some 2×4’s to make your own firewood rack in just a few minutes. This idea from ‘Metal Garden Beds‘ is smart and simple. From Shayna (and Anthony!)